|Borough of Montreal|
The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall
Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
|Merged||January 1, 2002|
|• Mayor||Claude Dauphin|
|• Federal MP(s)||Isabelle Morin (NDP)|
|• Quebec MNA(s)||François Ouimet (PLQ)|
|• Land||17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,344.6/km2 (6,072/sq mi)|
|• Change (2006-11)||0.5%|
|• Dwellings (2006)||19,909|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Lachine, apparently from French la Chine (China), is often said to have been named in 1669, in mockery of its then owner Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America, trying to find a passage to Asia. When he returned unsuccessful, he and his men were derisively named les Chinois (Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1678, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829.6
On August 5, 1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors raided the small village and burned it to the ground in retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands by governor Denonville and his men. The Lachine massacre left 80 dead. Lachine was incorporated as a city in 1872. In 1999, it merged with the town of Saint-Pierre before being merged into Montreal in 2002. Its logo during its municipality days is still in use as of today.
The borough is located in the southwest portion of the island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle, and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until municipal mergers on January 1, 2002 and did not demerge on January 1, 2006 .
The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River.
It has an area of 17.83 km² and a population of 41,391.
|Both English and French||800||12%|
|Non Official language only||3,240||8%|
As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:
|Claude Dauphin||Équipe Dauphin|
|—||City councillor||Jean-François Cloutier||Équipe Dauphin|
|Du Canal||Borough councillor||Maja Vodanovic||Équipe Dauphin|
|Fort-Rolland||Borough councillor||Kymberley Simonyik||Équipe Dauphin|
|J.-Émery-Provost||Borough councillor||Daniel Racicot||Équipe Dauphin|
Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the Lachine Canal and its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René Lévesque Park (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.
- Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Lachine
- 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Lachine, Quebec
- "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité". Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Lachine, QC". Local Calling Guide.
- Official Transport Quebec Road Map
- Commission de toponymie du Québec - Lachine (Ville)
- "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Lachine" (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Community Profiles: Lachine, Quebec". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
||Saint-Laurent (Montreal)||Côte Saint-Luc||Montreal West|
|Dorval||Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal)|
|Saint Lawrence River||Saint Lawrence River||LaSalle (Montreal)|