Lafayette County, Mississippi
|Lafayette County, Mississippi|
Lafayette County courthouse in Oxford, Mississippi
Location in the state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
|• Total||679.29 sq mi (1,759 km2)|
|• Land||631.11 sq mi (1,635 km2)|
|• Water||48.17 sq mi (125 km2), 7.09%|
|• Density||62/sq mi (24/km²)|
Lafayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,351.1 Its county seat is Oxford2. The local pronunciation of the name is "la-FAY-et". Lafayette County is often regarded as the inspiration for Yoknapatawpha County, the fictional setting of many of William Faulkner's stories. The county is named to honor Marquis de Lafayette, a French military hero and American general who fought during the American Revolutionary War.
The Oxford Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Lafayette County.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 679.29 square miles (1,759.4 km2), of which 631.11 square miles (1,634.6 km2) (or 92.91%) is land and 48.17 square miles (124.8 km2) (or 7.09%) is water.3
- Mississippi Highway 6 (Lafayette County sections are co-signed U.S. Route 278)
- Mississippi Highway 7
- Mississippi Highway 9W
- Mississippi Highway 30
- Mississippi Highway 334
- Mississippi Highway 331
- Mississippi Highway 315 (only two short portions are in Lafayette County)
- Marshall County (north)
- Union County (northeast)
- Pontotoc County (southeast)
- Calhoun County (south)
- Yalobusha County (southwest)
- Panola County (west)
- Tate County (northwest)
||Tate County||Marshall County||Union County|
|Yalobusha County||Calhoun County||Pontotoc County|
As of the census5 of 2000, there were 38,744 people, 14,373 households, and 8,321 families residing in the county. The population density was 61 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 16,587 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.85% White, 25.05% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
The largest European ancestry groups in Lafayette county are:6
Many people in Mississippi may claim Irish ancestry because of the term "Scots-Irish", but most of the time in Mississippi this term is used for those with Scottish roots, rather than Irish.7
In 2000, there were 14,373 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.20% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.10% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county the population was spread out with 19.50% under the age of 18, 27.10% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 17.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,517, and the median income for a family was $42,910. Males had a median income of $30,964 versus $21,207 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,406. About 10.20% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 19.40% of those age 65 or over.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- American FactFinder. Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
- Census 2000 Map - Top U.S. Ancestries by County
- Lafayette County Records (MUM00256) owned by the University of Mississippi, Archives and Special Collections.