Lake Hammar

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Lake Hammar
Coordinates 30°46′0″N 47°3′0″E / 30.76667°N 47.05000°E / 30.76667; 47.05000Coordinates: 30°46′0″N 47°3′0″E / 30.76667°N 47.05000°E / 30.76667; 47.05000
Type saline lake
Basin countries Iraq
Surface area 600 - 1,350 km²
Max. depth 1.8 m (winter)
3.0 m (spring)

Lake Hammar (Arabic: هور الحمّار‎, Hawr al-Ḥammār) is a saline lake in southeastern part of Iraq within the Hammar Marshes.1 It has an area of 600-1,350 km². Water level in the lake fluctuates, with maximum depths varying from 1.8 metres (winter) to 3.0 metres (spring). The lake is an important wetland site for birds.2 The native inhabitants are Marsh Arabs, some of whom occupy villages on artificial, floating islands.

Hammar Lacus, a feature on Titan, the moon of Saturn, is named after Hammar Lake.3


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