Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including:
- living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly known to as gardening, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of creating a beautiful environment within the landscape.
- natural elements such as landforms, terrain shape and elevation, or bodies of water;
- human elements such as structures, buildings, fences or other material objects created and/or installed by humans; and
- abstract elements such as the weather and lighting conditions.
Landscaping is both science and art, and requires good observation and design skills. A good landscaper understands the elements of nature and construction and blends them accordingly.
Construction requires study and observation. It is not the same in different parts of the world. Landscaping varies according to different regions.1 Therefore normally local natural experts are recommended if it is done for the first time. Understanding of the site is one of the chief essentials for successful landscaping. Different natural features like terrain, topography, soil qualities, prevailing winds, depth of the frost line, and the system of native flora and fauna must be taken into account.2 Sometimes the land is not fit for landscaping. In order to landscape it, the land must be reshaped. This reshaping of land is called grading.2
Removing of earth from the land is called cutting while when earth is added to slope, it is called filling. Sometimes grading process may involve removing of excessive waste, soil and rocks, so designers should take into account while at planning stage.34
In the start, the landscaping contractor makes a letter which is a rough design and layout of what could be done with the land in order to achieve the desired outcome.2 Different pencils are required to make graphics of the picture. Landscaping has become more technological then natural as only few projects begin without bulldozer, lawnmowers and chainsaw.15 It is estimated that 40 million lawnmowers consume approximately 200 million gallons of gasoline annually. Different areas have different qualities of plants. Fertilizers are required for this purpose in excess amounts as natural landscaping is done. Some landscapers prefer to use Mix gravel with rocks of varying sizes to add interest in large areas.6
- Landscape architecture
- Landscape contracting
- Landscape design
- Landscape ecology
- Landscape engineering
- Landscape planning
- Sustainable landscaping
- Natural Landscaping: Designing With Native Plant Communities - John Diekelmann, Robert M. Schuster - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Landscaping Principles and Practices - Jack Ingels - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Landscaping - William Slack - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Taylor's Master Guide to Landscaping - Rita Buchanan - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- "Commercial Landscapers | Townscapes". Townscapes, Inc. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Sharon Cohoon and Jim McCausland. "How to Landscape Gravel - Page 2". Sunset.com. Retrieved 2013-04-10.