Laurel, Mississippi

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Laurel, Mississippi
City
Nickname(s): "The City Beautiful"
Location of Laurel in the State of Mississippi
Location of Laurel in the State of Mississippi
Coordinates: 31°41′51″N 89°8′22″W / 31.69750°N 89.13944°W / 31.69750; -89.13944Coordinates: 31°41′51″N 89°8′22″W / 31.69750°N 89.13944°W / 31.69750; -89.13944
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Jones
Incorporated 1882
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Melvin Mack
Area
 • Total 15.8 sq mi (40.8 km2)
 • Land 15.4 sq mi (40.0 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 269 ft (82 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 18,838
 • Density 1,203.90/sq mi (463.5/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 39440-39443
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-39640
GNIS feature ID 0672321
Website LaurelMS.com

Laurel is a city in Jones County, Mississippi, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 18,548.

Laurel is the principal city of the Laurel Micropolitan Statistical Area. Its major employers include Howard Industries, Sanderson Farms, Masonite, Family Health Center, Howse Implement, Thermo-Kool and South Central Regional Medical Center. Laurel is home to the Lauren Rogers Museum of Art (Mississippi's oldest art museum).

History

Laurel was founded in 1882 as a lumber town.citation needed

Geography

Laurel is located at 31°41'51" North, 89°8'22" West (31.697412, -89.139315).1 According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.8 square miles (41 km2), of which 15.4 square miles (40 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) is water. The total area of Laurel is 2.09% water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 3,193
1910 8,465 165.1%
1920 13,037 54.0%
1930 18,017 38.2%
1940 20,598 14.3%
1950 25,038 21.6%
1960 27,889 11.4%
1970 24,145 −13.4%
1980 21,897 −9.3%
1990 18,827 −14.0%
2000 18,393 −2.3%
2010 18,540 0.8%
Est. 2012 18,838 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census2
2012 Estimate3

As of the census of 2000, there were 18,393 people, 6,925 households, and 4,542 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,192.3 people per square mile (460.2/km²). There were 7,804 housing units at an average density of 505.9 per square mile (195.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 40.64% White, 55.08% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.17% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 3.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There has been a steady influx of Hispanic migrant labor in the last few years, most of them being employed at Howard Industries, Sanderson Farms and independent labor. Companies in the area tend to recruit foreign workers due to the benefits of the federal government subsidizing their cost for training of those on worker visas. Those on visas also tend to be paid substantially less. There has been some debate regarding the legal status of the majority of these workers, particularly after Immigration Customs and Enforcement arrested nearly 600 suspected illegal immigrants at the Howard Industries plant on August 26, 2008.4

There were 6,925 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.2% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,988, and the median income for a family was $30,185. Males had a median income of $27,077 versus $17,336 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,561. 28.9% of the population and 21.4% of families were below the poverty line. 37.5% of those under the age of 18 and 19.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government

Lauren Rogers Museum of Art
City Officials
  • Johnny Magee – Mayor
  • Dennis Keveryn – City Administrator
  • La'Juan Jones – Ward 1 Councilman
  • Tony Wheat – Ward 2 Councilman
  • Tony Thaxton – Ward 3 Councilman
  • George Carmichael – Ward 4 Councilman
  • Manuel L. Jones – Ward 5 Councilman
  • Travares Comegys – Ward 6 Councilman 
  • David Wash – Ward 7 Councilman

The United States Postal Service operates the Laurel Post Office and the Choctaw Post Office.56

The Mississippi Department of Mental Health South Mississippi State Hospital Crisis Intervention Center is in Laurel.7

Education

Public schools

The City of Laurel is served by the Laurel School District, which has five campuses and a total enrollment of approximately 3,100. The Jones County School District also provides education for Laurel-area students.

Private schools

Media

Infrastructure

The Train Station in Laurel, Mississippi

Amtrak's Crescent train connects Laurel with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans. The Amtrak station is situated at 230 North Maple Street.

Hattiesburg-Laurel Regional Airport is located in an unincorporated area in Jones County, near Moselle.89

Major highways

Notable people

Laurel is the birthplace and/or primary residence of many celebrities.

In addition, the fictional character Blanche DuBois of Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar Named Desire is described as having come from the Laurel area.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Laurel has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.24

References

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ Tim, Gaynor (2008-08-26). "U.S. immigration cops nab 595 in largest-ever raid". reuters.com (Reuters). Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  5. ^ "Post Office Location – LAUREL." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 1, 2010.
  6. ^ "Post Office Location - CHOCTAW." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 1, 2010.
  7. ^ "Contact Us." South Mississippi State Hospital. Retrieved on November 1, 2010. "SMSH Crisis Intervention Center 934 West Drive Laurel, MS 39440."
  8. ^ "Contact." Hattiesburg-Laurel Regional Airport. Retrieved on July 15, 2011. "Our Address Airport Director, 1002 Terminal Dr. Moselle, MS 39459"
  9. ^ "Hattiesburg city, Mississippi." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 16, 2011.
  10. ^ "Ralph Boston". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  11. ^ "Jason Campbell". Yahoo. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  12. ^ "Ed Hinton". CNN/Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  13. ^ Alberge, Dalya (November 16, 2010). "'Jesuit priest' forger has fooled US museums for more than 20 years". Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  14. ^ Stoilas, Helen (November 10, 2010). ""Jesuit priest" donates fraudulent works". The Art Newspaper. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  15. ^ Kennedy, Randy (January 11, 2011). "Elusive Forger, Giving but Never Stealing". New York Times. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  16. ^ Gapper, John (January 21, 2011). "The Forger's Story". The Financial Times. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  17. ^ Keel, Beverly (March 4, 2007). "Sharing His Faith". American Profile. Retrieved May 5, 2012. 
  18. ^ Rush, Diane Samms (March 24, 1998). "Ruby Lovett Writes About Her Own Life". The Ledger. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Mississippi Musicians: Mundell Lowe". mswritersandmusicians.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Cartoonist Doug Marlette dies in wreck". Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original on 2007-07-13. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  21. ^ McKee, Dale (April 15, 2012). "Jones County native Payne played key role in Kentucky's title quest". HattiesburgAmerican.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Charles W. Pickering, Sr.". fjc.gov. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Clinton Portis – Washington Redskins". sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012. 
  24. ^ Climate Summary for Laurel, Mississippi

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