|Motto||Homo minister et interpres naturae (Latin)|
|Motto in English||Man, the servant and interpreter of nature|
|Endowment||$1.103 billion (2013)1|
|President||Alice P. Gast|
|Provost||Patrick V. Farrell|
|Location||Bethlehem, PA, USA|
|Campus||Urban and Suburban; 2,350 acres (9.5 km2)|
|Colors||Brown and white|
|Athletics||NCAA Division I
25 varsity teams
|Affiliations||Patriot League, MAISA|
Lehigh University is an American private research university located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. It was established in 1865 by businessman Asa Packer and has grown to include studies in a wide variety of disciplines. As of 2012, the university comprises 4,883 undergraduate students and 2,187 graduate students.2 Lehigh is considered one of the twenty-four Hidden Ivies in the Northeastern United States.3
Lehigh is ranked 12th in the nation, according to The Wall Street Journal, in college return on investment (ROI).4 The university has over 680 faculty members; awards and honors recognizing Lehigh faculty and alumni include the Nobel Prize, the Pulitzer Prize, Fulbright Fellowship, and membership in the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences.5
The university has four colleges: the P.C. Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science, the College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Business and Economics, and the College of Education. The College of Arts and Sciences is the largest college today, home to roughly 40% percent of the university's students.6 The university offers a variety of degrees, including Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts, Master of Science, Master of Business Administration, Master of Engineering, Master of Education, and Doctor of Philosophy.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Rankings
- 4 Admissions
- 5 Academics
- 6 Athletics
- 7 Greek Letter Organizations
- 8 Spirit and traditions
- 9 Notable alumni
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Asa Packer named his university "Lehigh" after his other passion, the railroad, despite suggestions from some to call it "Packer University". It was founded to provide a well-rounded education for young men, combining a liberal and scientific education with the technical skills necessary to increase the prosperity of the region. According to William Bacon Stevens, the first president of the board of trustees, Asa Packer's founding gift of $500,000 was the largest single endowment gift ever received by an institution of higher learning up to that time.7 Mr. Packer also provided for the first structure ever to be built by the young University on campus: "Packer Hall", now known also as the University Center. An unusual Mansard Gothic edifice featuring a prominent bell tower, at which, upon a suggestion that it be composed of the less expensive brick, Packer declared that it would be made "of stone". In the construction, a branch of the railroad was diverted to bring stone to the sight.
From 1871 to 1891, Packer's endowment allowed the institution to offer its education free of charge by competitive exam.7 This, plus its blend of engineering and liberal arts, attracted some of the nation's brightest students, many of whom went on to distinguished careers in industry and engineering.
Unlike other engineering schools of the day, Lehigh was envisioned as a university instead of an "institute of technology," offering an education that was rooted in both scientific and classical traditions as espoused by John Amos Comenius.7 Initially there were five schools: four scientific (civil engineering, mechanical engineering, mining and metallurgy, and analytical chemistry) and one of general literature. Over time, additional areas of the arts and sciences were added and engineering curricula were both merged and expanded.
The stock market crash accompanying the Panic of 1893 was a major financial blow to the university, since its endowment was largely invested in stocks, particularly shares of Lehigh Valley Railroad donated by the founder.7 As a consequence, Lehigh decided to drop its Episcopal Church affiliation in 1897, allowing it to qualify for state and federal government aid.
Based on the experience of Lehigh engineers who went into industry8 a College of Business & Economics was added in 1910. Lehigh's business curriculum was unique8 in that it combined both the abstract emphasis on Economics seen in the Ivy League with the practical skills of management seen in more common business administration degrees given by other universities.
A similar emphasis on the well-rounded graduate can be seen in Lehigh's approach to education degrees. Lehigh's School of Education started as (and remains) a solely graduate-level program. This is based8 on the principle that people need to learn primary subject matter well before they can learn how to teach it to others. Thus future teachers at Lehigh often take a five-year program earning both a Bachelors Degree in a specialized field and a Masters Degree in Education.
On April 5, 1986, a 19-year-old Lehigh freshman was raped and murdered in her dorm room; the perpetrator was apprehended, tried and sentenced to death. The backlash against unreported crimes on numerous campuses across the country led to the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. The Clery Act requires that colleges reveal information regarding crime on their campuses.910 As a result, Lehigh takes campus security very seriously. Readers Digest ranked Lehigh as one of the country’s safest college campuses in 2008, giving it the top grade of “A”.11
Twenty years after the federal Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act took effect, the nation’s most prominent thought leaders on campus safety came to Lehigh to discuss critical safety issues for colleges and universities. The event, "Proceeding in Partnership: The Future of Campus Safety,” was held on the Lehigh campus in September 2011, and was co-sponsored by Security on Campus (SOC), which was founded by Connie and Howard Clery following the death of their daughter, Jeanne Clery. The conference represented the first cooperative effort between Lehigh and the organization since Jeanne Clery’s death.12
- Henry Coppée (1866–1875), soldier, author, and engineer
- John McDowell Leavitt (1875–1880), Episcopal clergyman
- Robert Alexander Lamberton (1880–1893), lawyer
- Thomas Messinger Drown (1895–1904), chemistry professor
- Henry Sturgis Drinker (1905–1920), the only alumnus to serve as president; father of Catherine Drinker Bowen
- Charles Russ Richards (1922–1935), presided over the first graduate degrees awarded to women
- Clement C. Williams (1935–1944), civil engineer
- Martin Dewey Whitaker (1946–1960), who worked to develop the atomic bomb
- Harvey A. Neville (1961–1964), the only faculty member ever elected president
- W. Deming Lewis (1964–1982), presided over the admission of undergraduate women
- Peter Likins (1982–1997), civil engineer
- William C. Hittinger (1997–1998), electrical engineer
- Gregory C. Farrington (1998–2006), chemist
- Alice P. Gast (2006–2014), Lehigh's first female president, chemical engineer
Lehigh encompasses 2,350 acres (9.5 km2), including 180 acres (0.73 km2) of recreational and playing fields and 150 buildings comprising four million square feet of floor space. It is organized into three contiguous campuses on and around South Mountain, including:
- the Asa Packer Campus, built into the Northern slope of the mountain, is Lehigh's original and predominant campus;
- the Mountaintop Campus, atop South Mountain, featuring an intramural sports field as well as Iacocca Hall; and
- the Murray H. Goodman Campus, immediately south, where a 16,000-seat stadium and other sports facilities are located.
In May 2012, Lehigh became the recipient of a gift of 755 acres of property in nearby Upper Saucon Township from the Donald B. and Dorothy L. Stabler Foundation. The gift from the estate of the long-time benefactor allows the university to expand its footprint to now comprise 2,350 acres across all its campuses, and to consider its long-term potential uses.14
|U.S. News & World Report17||41|
Lehigh has appeared in several international university rankings. The university ranked 301-350 overall in the 2013-2014 Times Higher Education World University Rankings,24 401-500 overall in the 2012 edition of the Academic Ranking of World Universities,25 and 551-600 overall in the 2013 QS World University Rankings.26
U.S. News & World Report classifies Lehigh's selectivity as "more selective."21 For the Class of 2016 (enrolled fall 2012), Lehigh received 11,529 applications and accepted 3,756 (32.6%), with 1,217 enrolling.28 The middle 50% range of SAT scores for the enrolled freshmen was 570-670 for critical reading and 630-730 for math, while the ACT Composite range was 28–31.28 Of the 31% of enrolled freshman reporting class rank, 64% were in the top 10% of their high school classes, and 92% were in the top 25%.28
Lehigh's average class size is 27 students; 80% of classes have fewer than 35 students. The undergraduate student-to-faculty ratio is 10:1.2
Lehigh University offers undergraduate enrollment in all colleges but the College of Education: the P.C. Rossin School of Engineering and Applied Science, the College of Business and Economics, and the College of Arts and Sciences. Students are able to take courses or major/minor in a subject outside of their respective college.29 The university operates on a semester system.30
Graduates of Lehigh's engineering programs invented the escalator31 and founded Packard Motor Car Company32 and the companies that built the locks and lockgates of the Panama Canal. Other notable alumni include Roger Penske and Lee Iacocca. Tau Beta Pi, the renowned engineering honor society, was founded at Lehigh.33
In 2012, BusinessWeek ranked Lehigh's College of Business and Economics 31st in the nation among undergraduate business programs.34 Lehigh's finance program is particularly strong, ranked as 7th overall undergraduate finance program in the nation by BusinessWeek. The accounting program is also strong, ranked as the 21st best undergraduate program in the nation by BusinessWeek.34 Accounting and finance majors at Lehigh are heavily recruited by Big Four auditors and many consulting firms. Additionally, BusinessWeek ranked Lehigh's part-time MBA 15th in the nation and third in the region in 2011.35 Entrepreneur Magazine and The Princeton Review named Lehigh the 24th best undergraduate college for entrepreneurship in 2012.22
Based in Maginnes Hall,36 Lehigh offers a variety of humanities courses and visual arts programs. In particular, it has many music programs, including its Marching 97,37 the Wind Ensemble and the Philharmonic orchestra. In addition to the sciences, English and Journalism are particularly strong, with a long history dating back to Richard Harding Davis's days. It has a dedicated Humanities Center, which is the site for many literature and other arts-based programs, including the DWS, or Drown Writers Series.38vague
Lehigh also has a program called ArtsLehigh,39 oriented towards enhancing interest in the arts on campus.
The College of Education offers graduate programs in Counseling Psychology, Educational Leadership, School Psychology, Special Education, "Teaching, Learning, and Technology", and "Comparative and International Education" (see comparative education).40 More than 6000 students have received one of these degrees as of 2007, with some of them going on to receive awards such as MetLife/NASSP National Middle Level Principal of the Year.41
As of 2012, Lehigh has 681 faculty members teaching undergraduate and graduate level courses, and 482 of whom are permanent full-time faculty. 99% of tenure-track faculty hold a doctorate degree or the highest degree in their field. About 68% of all full-time faculty are tenured.2 Faculty members are required to have a minimum of four office hours per week.
In 2009, Lehigh announced a comprehensive strategic plan.42 The plan has four key components:
- Addressing Grand Challenges and National Needs in Strategic Areas of Focus43
- Investing in Faculty and Staff: A Strategic Expansion44
- Providing a Best-in-Class Experience: Promoting Student Success through Core Competencies and Student Engagement45
- Partnering in the Renaissance of the Local Community 46
Progress in the above areas was reported at the end of the 2011-2012 academic year. Cluster hires in Africana Studies and Smart Grid Electricity Systems were approved during the strategic plan's first implementation phase.47
Lehigh has joined top schools across the country as a part of an innovative program focused on reducing high-risk drinking behaviors. Lehigh has created alternative programs that offer students more social and recreational options on Thursday, Friday and Saturday evenings. The new "Lehigh After Dark" program began in the Fall 2012 semester.48
Called the Engineers until 1995, Lehigh's teams are now officially known as the Mountain Hawks. Teams prior to 1995 may be referred to by the historic title, Lehigh Engineers.
As a member of the Patriot League, Lehigh competes in 25 different NCAA Division I sports. Lehigh's 2006 student-athlete graduation rate of 97% ranked 12th among all 326 NCAA Division I institutions.49 In 2002, it won the inaugural USA Today/NCAA Foundation Award for having the nation's top graduation rate of all Division I institutions.49 Lehigh student-athletes' success on the field and in the classroom has resulted in Lehigh being one of the 20 Division I schools included in U.S. News & World Report's "America's Best College Sports Programs."
Lehigh graduates have gone on to professional careers in the National Football League, Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer,and the National Basketball Association as players, scouts, coaches and owners. Lehigh graduates have competed in the Super Bowl and won gold medals for the USA at the Olympics. And while not a school sport, a number of graduates such as Roger Penske, Al Holbert, and John Fitch went on to successful careers in auto racing.
Lehigh's fifth trip to the NCAA tournament in 2012 proved to be their most notable to date, thanks to its first-round game as a #15 seed on March 16, 2012 against the #2 seed Duke Blue Devils. Despite being a heavy underdog, thanks to C. J. McCollum's 30-point heroics, the Mountain Hawks pulled off the stunning upset, defeating the Blue Devils 75-70 and making it only the sixth time that a 15th seed has defeated a 2nd seed.50
The most storied athletic program at Lehigh is its Wrestling team dating back to 1910. Over the past several decades it has turned out 136 All-Americans and had numerous squads finish with Top 20 NCAA national rankings, including the highest finish at the NCAA tournament as 2nd in 1939.51 Under coach Greg Strobel, recent teams have dominated the EIWA (The Patriot League does not sponsor wrestling). On April 15, 2008, the athletic department announced the hiring of former assistant coach and two-time national champion and two-time winner of the EIWA Coach of the Year (2009, 2012) Pat Santoro as Lehigh's next head wrestling coach.52 Home dual meets and tournaments take place at on campus at the Leeman-Turner Arena at Grace Hall.53 Grace Hall has historically been the sight of Lehigh's matches, but just recentlywhen? the entirety of the building has been converted into the Caruso Wrestling Complex, with a visiting area and a 'Wall of Fame'. The latter lists various Lehigh National Champions, in their respective weight class.
Lehigh University is notable for its rivalry in sports and academics with nearby Lafayette College. Since 1884, the two football teams have met 147 times, making "The Rivalry" the most played in the history of college football. It is also the longest uninterrupted rivalry in college football, with the teams playing at least once every year since 1897. The Rivalry is considered one of the best in all of college athletics and ESPNU recently ranked The Rivalry #8 in their Top Ten College Football Rivalries. This game is sold out long before gameday each year.
Nearly all of Lehigh's fraternities and sororities have their own houses which are owned by the university; most of the fraternities and sororities are located on the "Hill" along Upper and Lower Sayre Park Roads. Approximately 34% of undergraduates are members of a fraternity or sorority. During new member education, Greek membership rises to almost 45%. There are currently 19 fraternities, 16 of which are housed on campus, and 9 sororities, 8 of which are housed on campus:54
In addition to the 28 social fraternities and sororities, there are also a number of multicultural, professional and honor fraternities and sororities on campus. It is most well known for Tau Beta Pi the engineering honor society since it was founded at Lehigh.55
- Alpha Pi Mu Industrial Engineering
- Alpha Sigma Mu Materials Science Engineering
- Chi Epsilon Civil Engineering
- Eta Kappa Nu 1 Electrical/Computer Engineering
- Phi Alpha Theta History
- Phi Beta Delta 1 International
- Phi Beta Kappa 1 Liberal Arts
- Phi Eta Sigma 1 Freshman Honors
- Phi Sigma Pi 1
- Phi Sigma Tau Philosophy
- Pi Tau Sigma Mechanical Engineering
- Sigma Alpha Pi 1 Leadership
- Sigma Tau Delta English
- Sigma Xi 1 Research
- Tau Beta Pi Engineering
1.^ Non-Affiliated with the Association of College Honor Societies
Lehigh students have several lasting traditions: Lehigh's school colors, brown and white, date back to 1874, and the school newspaper of the same name was first published in 1894.
Following the death of Asa Packer in May 1879, the University established "Founder's Day" to be held in October to remember and recognize those have contributed to the success of the University. The event remains an annual tradition.
Freshmen are traditionally inducted into the University in a convocation in the Zoellner Arts Center and welcomed at a Freshman-Alumni Rally where their class flag is given to them by the class from fifty years before.
Until the 1970s, freshmen wore small brown hats with their class numbers called "dinks" from the beginning of the fall semester until the Lafayette football game. The week leading up to the big game was full of festivities created to unite the students and fuel spirit. In one of these events, "The Pajama Parade," the freshmen were led across the penny toll bridge in their pajamas singing "We Pay No Tolls Tonight" to the Moravian College dormitories where they would serenade the women. The week before the game still involves decoration of the Greek houses, a bonfire, parties, rallies and the Marching 97 performing unexpectedly during classes the Friday before the game.
While the riots to rip down the goal posts in Taylor Stadium are a thing of the past, many alumni return for the Lafayette game (which is usually sold out three months in advance) to root Lehigh on, to attend parties at their former fraternities and sororities, and to see old friends.8
In January 2012, Lehigh announced plans to celebrate the University's 150th anniversary in 2015. A steering committee was formed that will oversee planning and implementation of the university's celebratory events. The sesquicentennial year coincides with the class of 2016's senior year. “Lehigh’s 150th anniversary will provide an opportunity to celebrate the university’s founding and its wonderful traditions, and to focus on its direction for the future,” said university president Alice Gast.56
- As of June 30, 2013. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2013 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2012 to FY 2013". National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2014.
- "Lehigh at a Glance". .lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- Greene, Howard (2010). The Hidden Ivies: 50 Top Colleges—from Amherst to Williams —That Rival the Ivy League. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780062011640.
- "Top 20: Colleges That Offer Best Return on Investment". June 30, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- "Sahagian plays role in IPCC receiving 2007 Nobel Peace Prize". November 5, 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- "Class Summary" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- Yates, W. Ross. "An Institution is Born, A Tradition Begins". Lehigh University. Retrieved August 14, 2006.
- Plotnicki, Rita M., Looking Back: A Lehigh Scrapbook, Lehigh University, 1991
- Gross, Ken (February 19, 1990). "After Their Daughter Is Murdered at College, Her Grieving Parents Mount a Crusade for Campus Safety". People.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Complying With The Jeanne Clery Act". Securityoncampus.org. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Ranking the Safest (and Least Secure) College Campuses". Readers Digest. 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "National campus safety issues are focus of summit". 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- "Driving Directions to Lehigh from New York, Philadelphia". Maps.google.com. January 1, 1970. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Message from the President on Stabler Foundation Gift". lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- "World University Rankings". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "America's Top Colleges". Forbes.com LLC™. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "Best Colleges". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "World University Rankings". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "World University Rankings". TSL Education Ltd. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "U.S. News Best Colleges Rankings". US News & World Report. 2014.
- Entrepreneur Magazine's Top 25 Undergraduate Colleges Entrepreneur.com. Retrieved 2012-10-08.
- Zhao, Emmeline (June 30, 2010). "Top 20: Colleges That Offer Best Return on Investment - Real Time Economics - WSJ". Blogs.wsj.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "World University Rankings 2012-2013". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2013". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "QS World University Rankings 2013/14". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "Top Party Schools: Princeton Review Releases 2013-14 Rankings". The Huffington Post. August 6, 2013.
- "Lehigh University Common Data Set 2012-2013, Part C". Lehigh University.
- "Chart Showing Undergraduate Enrollment". .lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- Lehigh University – U.S. News & World Report.
- "Stairways to Heaven: Escalators in the Vernacular". Terrastories.com. May 16, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Packard, James Ward – Lehigh Engineering Heritage Initiative". Heritage.web.lehigh.edu. April 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Tau Beta Pi Founder, Dr. Edward Higginson Williams, Jr". Tbp.org. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- BusinessWeek rankings.
- "The Best Part-Time MBA Programs". Bwnt.businessweek.com. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- "College of Arts & Sciences". Cas.lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "The Marching 97 website". Marching97.org. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Department of English". Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- ArtsLehigh from the Lehigh website
- COE Academic Programs from Lehigh's website
- "COE Alumni page". Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- ["http://www.lehigh.edu/2009plan/" "Lehigh University Strategic Plan"]. Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Addressing Grand Challenges and National Needs in Strategic Areas of Focus Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Investing in Faculty and Staff: A Strategic Expansion Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Providing a Best-in-Class Experience: Promoting Student Success through Core Competencies and Student Engagement Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Partnering in the Renaissance of the Local Community Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- ["http://www4.lehigh.edu/news/newsarticle.aspx?Channel=/Channels/News:+2011&WorkflowItemID=c35ac973-a263-4d6e-9554-0b607c475929" "First two cluster faculty proposals selected"]. Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- ["http://www4.lehigh.edu/news/newsarticle.aspx?Channel=/Channels/News:%202012&WorkflowItemID=2aab813b-9429-48ea-bbca-11a925207daf" "Lehigh joins a national effort to promote students’ health"]. Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- dead link
- Housenick, Tom (March 16, 2012). "NCAA basketball: Lehigh pulls off monumental upset of Duke". MCall.com. The Morning Call. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
- "LU Wrestling History". Lehigh University Athletics. Retrieved 2014.
- "LU Wrestling Pat Santoro Bio". Lehigh University Athletics. Retrieved 2014.
- "LU Wrestling Arena". Lehigh University Athletics. Retrieved 2014.
- "Fraternities and Sororities". Lehigh University Office of Fraternity and Sorority Affairs. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- "Organizations Directory". Lehigh University Office of Student Activities. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- Steering committee named for 150th celebration Lehigh.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lehigh University.|
- Official website
- Official athletics website
- "Lehigh University". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.