Libertarian National Convention
The Libertarian National Convention is held every two years by the United States Libertarian Party to choose members of the Libertarian National Committee, and to conduct other party business. In presidential election years, the convention delegates enact a platform and nominate the Libertarian presidential and vice-presidential candidates who then face the nominees of other parties in the November general election.
While most delegates to the Republican National Convention and the Democratic National Convention are tied to particular candidates, delegates to the Libertarian National Convention are free to choose, as was previously the case for the larger parties. Accordingly, Libertarian National Conventions place less emphasis on festivities and spinning the press, though some of each may be found. The complete convention is televised by C-SPAN with additional broadcast television coverage of the presidential nominating process. Perhaps the most interesting difference between Libertarian National Conventions and those of the Republican and Democratic parties in the United States is that the Libertarian Party has not and refuses to accept taxpayer money to pay for its convention.citation needed This is in keeping with Libertarian principles that taxation is coerced (i.e. not voluntary) and, therefore, theft; it is considered an "ethical violation" for a good Libertarian who adheres to the Non-Aggression Principle to knowingly commit theft.citation needed None of the above is always an option on all ballots.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2010)|
The first Libertarian National Convention was held in 1972 in Denver, Colorado. John Hospers and Theodora Nathan were nominated presidential and vice presidential candidates respectively. They received the first electoral vote won by a woman, cast by Roger MacBride.
The 1987 Libertarian national convention was held the first weekend in September in Seattle, Washington. At the convention, the party was split between conservative and liberal factions.5 Ron Paul, representing the former, was nominated as the Libertarian Party's 1988 presidential candidate on the first ballot with 196 of the 368 votes cast. His closest opponent, Native American activist Russell Means, received 120 votes.6 Andre Marrou was selected as Paul's running mate as the candidate for Vice President without any opposition.6
The 2000 Libertarian National Convention was held in Anaheim, California, from June 30 to July 4. Harry Browne was again chosen as the party's presidential candidate, becoming the first Libertarian Party candidate to run twice for President of the United States.10
The 2004 Libertarian National Convention was held at the Marriott Marquis Hotel in Atlanta, Georgia Memorial Day weekend, May 27 to May 31. Michael Badnarik was chosen as the party's presidential candidate, beating out Gary Nolan and Aaron Russo on the third ballot; Richard Campagna was chosen as the party's vice-presidential candidate over Tamara Millay, and Michael Dixon was elected chair of the Libertarian National Committee.
The 2006 Libertarian National Convention was held at the Hilton Portland & Executive Tower in Portland, Oregon, July 1–2.12 Delegates chose (in a "retain or delete" vote process) to eliminate about three quarters of the specific planks in the party's platform13 and to essentially overturn the Dallas Accord by inserting statements in the platform recognizing the legitimacy of government's role in protecting rights. This turn of events was referred to as the "Portland Massacre."14
- Michael Badnarik, candidate for U.S. House of Representatives (TX-10) and the 2004 Libertarian Presidential candidate
- Judge John A. Buttrick, Maricopa County (Arizona) Superior Court Judge, 1994 Arizona gubernatorial candidate, 1998 Arizona House of Representatives candidate
- Megan Dickson, an eighth-grade honors student who spoke about libertarianism
- Patrick Dixon, city councilman, Lago Vista, Texas
- Bill Lynn, Alderman, Davenport, Iowa
- Tonie Nathan, former Libertarian Vice-Presidential candidate, and the first women to receive an electoral vote in U.S. history
- BetteRose Ryan, at-large LNC member
- Rev. Anthony Williams, candidate for U.S. House of Representatives (IL-2)
- Former Congressman Bob Barr, who currently serves as the chairman of Patriots to Restore Checks and Balances
- Andrew Neil, founding chairman of Sky TV, former publisher of The Scotsman, former editor of The Economist and former editor-in-chief of the Sunday Times
- Christopher J. Farrell, member of the Judicial Watch's Board of Directors
- Greg Nojeim, associate director and chief legislative counsel for the ACLU
- Krist Novoselic, founding member of the grunge rock band Nirvana, founder JAMPAC (Joint Artists and Music Promotions Political Action Committee), author of Of Grunge and Government: Let's Fix This Broken Democracy
The 2008 Libertarian National Convention was held at the Sheraton Denver Downtown Hotel (formerly the Adam’s Mark Hotel) in Denver, Colorado (the same city as the very first convention in 1972), May 23–26.
|Year||Location||Presidential Nominee||Vice Presidential Nominee|
|1972||Denver||John Hospers of California||Theodora Nathan of Oregon|
|1975||New York||Roger MacBride of Virginia||David Bergland of California|
|1979||Los Angeles||Ed Clark of California||David Koch of Kansas|
|1983||New York||David Bergland of California||James Lewis of Connecticut|
|1987||Seattle||Ron Paul of Texas||Andre Marrou of Alaska|
|1991||Chicago||Andre Marrou of Alaska||Nancy Lord of Nevada|
|1993||Salt Lake City||N/A||N/A|
|1996||D.C.||Harry Browne of Tennessee||Jo Jorgensen of South Carolina|
|2000||Anaheim||Harry Browne of Tennessee||Art Olivier of California|
|2004||Atlanta||Michael Badnarik of Texas||Richard Campagna of Iowa|
|2008||Denver||Bob Barr of Georgia||Wayne Allyn Root of Nevada|
|2012||Las Vegas||Gary Johnson of New Mexico||Jim Gray of California|
- Hihn, Mike. "The Dallas Accord, Minarchists, and why our members sign a pledge", Washington State Libertarian Party, August 2009.
- Gottfried, Paul. The conservative movement: Social movements past and present , Twayne Publishers, 1993, p. 46.
- Antman, Less. The Dallas Accord is Dead, Lew Rockwell.com, May 12, 2008.
- "David Bergland - Libertarian". Advocates for Self-Government via Internet Archive. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Head, Tom (May 26, 2008). "The Libertarian Party Takes a Hard Right Turn". Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- Turner, Wallace (September 6, 1987), "Libertarians Pick Ex-Congressman in '88 Bid", New York Times (New York, New York): 35
- Walsh, Edward (September 1, 1991). "Libertarian Party Nominates Real Estate Broker for Run at a Million Votes". The Washington Post via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved May 6, 2012.
- O'Donnell, Maureen (October 7, 1992). "To Libertarian, Less Is More". Chicago Sun-Times via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved May 6, 2012.
- Browne, Harry (July 10, 1996). Strict Interpretation. Interview with Hunter-Gault, Charlayne. PBS. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/election/july96/browne_7-10.html. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Werner, Erica (July 3, 2000). "Libertarians nominate Browne for presidency". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Associated Press). Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- "Candidates for Libertarian National Committee". Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- "2006 National Convention Portland, Oregon Draft Minutes". February 17, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- LP News, 07/12/06
- Myers, Laura (November 30, 2010) "Las Vegas will host Libertarian convention", Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
- Malcolm, Andrew (November 30, 2010) "Las Vegas gets its first national political convention", Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 30, 2010.