Messi playing for Barcelona at the 2011 FIFA Club World Cup
|Full name||Lionel Andrés Messi1|
|Date of birth||124 June 1987|
|Place of birth||Rosario, Argentina1|
|Height||1.69 m (5 ft 7 in)1|
|1995–2000||Newell's Old Boys|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 18:03, 5 May 2013 (UTC).
† Appearances (Goals).
Lionel Andrés "Leo" Messi (Spanish pronunciation: [ljoˈnel anˈdɾes ˈmesi], born 24 June 1987) is an Argentine footballer who plays as a forward for La Liga club FC Barcelona and the Argentina national team. He serves as the captain of his country's national football team. By the age of 21, Messi had received Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year nominations. The following year, in 2009, he won his first Ballon d'Or2 and FIFA World Player of the Year awards. He followed this up by winning the inaugural FIFA Ballon d'Or in 2010,3 and again in 20114 and 2012.5 He also won the 2010–11 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award. At the age of 24, Messi became Barcelona's all-time top scorer in all official club competitions.6 At age 25, Messi became the youngest player to score 200 La Liga goals.78
Commonly rated by commentators, coaches and colleagues as the best footballer in the world and as one of the greatest players in the history of the game,91011121314 Messi is the first football player in history to win four FIFA/Ballons d'Or, all of which he won consecutively. Messi has won six La Ligas, two Copas del Rey, five Supercopas de España, three UEFA Champions Leagues, two Super Cups and two Club World Cups. In March 2012, Messi made Champions League history by becoming the first player to score five goals in one match.15 He also matched José Altafini's record of 14 goals in a single Champions League season.16 Messi became the first player to top-score in four successive Champions League campaigns.1718 He set the European record for most goals scored in a season during the 2011–12 season, with 73 goals.19 In the same season, he set the current goalscoring record in a single La Liga season, scoring 50 goals.20 On 16 February 2013, Messi scored his 300th Barcelona goal.21 On 30 March 2013, Messi scored in 19 consecutive La Liga games, becoming the first footballer in history to net in consecutive matches against every team in the league.22
Messi was the top scorer of the 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship with six goals. In 2006, he became the youngest Argentine to play in the FIFA World Cup and he won a runners-up medal at the Copa América tournament the following year, in which he was elected young player of the tournament.23 In 2008, he won his first international honour, an Olympic gold medal, with the Argentina Olympic football team. Sportspro has rated Lionel Messi as the third most marketable athlete in the world.24 His playing style and stature have drawn comparisons to compatriot Diego Maradona, who himself declared Messi his "successor".25
Messi was born in Rosario, Santa Fe Province, to parents Jorge Horácio Messi, a factory steel worker, and Celia María Cuccittini, a part-time cleaner.26272829 His paternal family originates from the Italian city of Ancona, from which his ancestor, Angelo Messi, emigrated to Argentina in 1883.3031 He has two older brothers, Rodrigo and Matías, and a sister, María Sol.32 At the age of five, Messi started playing football for Grandoli, a local club coached by his father Jorge.33 In 1995, Messi switched to Newell's Old Boys who were based in his home city Rosario.33 He became part of a local youth powerhouse that lost only one match in the next four years and became locally known as "The Machine of '87", from the year of their birth.34
At the age of 11, Messi was diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency.35 Local powerhouse River Plate showed interest in Messi's progress, but were not willing to pay for treatment for his condition, which cost $900 a month.29 Carles Rexach, the sporting director of FC Barcelona, had been made aware of his talent as Messi had relatives in Lleida, and Messi and his father were able to arrange a trial with the team.29 Rexach, with no other paper at hand, offered Messi a contract written on a paper napkin.3637 Barcelona offered to pay for Messi's medical bills if he was willing to move to Spain. Messi and his father moved to Barcelona where Messi enrolled in the club's youth academy.3337
Messi played in Barcelona's junior Infantil B and Cadete B & A teams from 2000 to 2003 (scoring 37 goals in 30 matches in Cadete A). Season 2003–04 saw him on a record38 five different teams: He started one match in Juvenil B (one goal) and got promoted to Juvenil A (14 matches, 21 goals). Later he debuted for FC Barcelona C team (Tercera División) on 29 November 2003 and for FC Barcelona B (Segunda División B) on 6 March 2004. He played for both teams during the season (ten matches, five goals and five games, zero goals, respectively).394041 Even before these two debuts, Messi made his official debut for the first-team on 16 November 2003 aged 16 years and 145 days, in a friendly match against Porto.4243
Less than a year after his start, Frank Rijkaard gave him his league debut against RCD Espanyol on 16 October 2004 (at 17 years and 114 days), becoming the third-youngest player ever to play for Barcelona and youngest club player who played in La Liga, which would be broken by Bojan Krkić in September 2007. When he scored his first senior goal for the club against Albacete Balompié on 1 May 2005, Messi was 17 years, ten months and seven days old, becoming the youngest to ever score in a La Liga game for Barcelona44 until it was again broken by Bojan Krkić in 2007, scoring from a Messi assist.45 Messi said about his ex-coach Rijkaard: "I'll never forget the fact that he launched my career, that he had confidence in me while I was only sixteen or seventeen."46 During the season, Messi played also in Barcelona B (Segunda División B) scoring 6 goals in 17 matches.
On 16 September, for the second time in three months, Barcelona announced an update to Messi's contract; this time it was improved to pay him as a first team member and extended until June 2014.33 Messi obtained Spanish citizenship on 26 September 200547 and was finally able to make his debut in the season's Spanish First Division. Messi's first home outing in the Champions League came on 27 September against Italian club Udinese.42 Fans at Barcelona's stadium, the Camp Nou, gave Messi a standing ovation upon his substitution, as his composure on the ball and passing combinations with Ronaldinho had paid dividends for Barcelona.48
Messi netted six goals in 17 league appearances, and scored one Champions League goal in six. His season ended prematurely on 7 March 2006, however, when he suffered a muscle tear in his right thigh during the second leg of the second round Champions League tie against Chelsea.49 Rijkaard's Barcelona ended the season as champions of Spain and Europe.5051
In the 2006–07 season, Messi established himself as a regular first team player, scoring 14 times in 26 matches.52 On 12 November, in the game against Real Zaragoza, Messi suffered a broken metatarsal, ruling him out for three months.5354 On 10 March, El Clásico saw Messi in top form, scoring a hat-trick to earn 10-man Barcelona a 3–3 draw, equalising three times, with the final equaliser coming in injury time.55 In doing so he became the first player since Iván Zamorano (for Real Madrid in the 1994–95 season) to score a hat-trick in El Clásico.56 Messi is also the youngest player ever to have scored in this fixture. Towards the end of the season he began finding the net more often; 11 of his 14 league goals for the season came from the last 13 games.57
Messi also proved the "new Maradona" tag was not all hype, by nearly replicating Maradona's most famous goals in the space of the single season.58 On 18 April 2007, he scored two goals during a Copa del Rey semi-final against Getafe CF, one of which was very similar to Maradona's famous goal against England at the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, known as the Goal of the Century.59 The world's sports press drew comparisons with Maradona, and the Spanish press labelled Messi as "Messidona".60 He ran about the same distance, 62 metres (203 ft), beat the same number of players (six, including the goalkeeper), scored from a very similar position, and ran towards the corner flag just as Maradona did in Mexico 21 years before.58 In a press conference after the game, Messi's team-mate Deco said: "It was the best goal I have ever seen in my life."61 Against RCD Espanyol Messi also scored a goal which was remarkably similar to Maradona's 'Hand of God' goal against England in the World Cup quarter-finals. Messi launched himself at the ball and connected with his hand to guide the ball past the goalkeeper Carlos Kameni.62 Despite protests by Espanyol players and replays showing it was clear handball, the goal stood.62 During his time at FC Barcelona, manager Frank Rijkaard decided to move Messi from the left flank onto the right wing, initially against the player's wishes, allowing him to cut into the centre of the pitch and shoot or cross with his left foot.63
Messi was nominated for a FIFPro World XI Player Award under the category of Forward.65 A poll conducted in the online edition of the Spanish newspaper Marca had him as the best player in the world with 77 percent of the vote.66 Columnists from Barcelona-based newspapers El Mundo Deportivo and Sport stated that the Ballon d'Or should be given to Messi, a view supported by Franz Beckenbauer.67 Football personalities such as Francesco Totti have declared that they consider Messi to be one of the current best footballers in the world.68 Messi finished third in the 2007 Ballon d'Or, behind Kaká and Cristiano Ronaldo, and finished second in the 2007 FIFA World Player of the Year award, once again behind Kaká. He also came in third in the IFFHS World's Best Playmaker Award, once again behind Kaká and Andrea Pirlo.69
Messi was sidelined for six weeks following an injury on 4 March when he suffered a muscle tear in his left thigh during a Champions League match against Celtic FC. It was the fourth time in three seasons that Messi suffered this type of injury.70 Messi scored 6 goals and provided 1 assist during the Champions League that season, as Barcelona were knocked out in the semi-finals, to the eventual winners Manchester United. When the season was over Messi had managed to score 16 goals and assisted 13 times in all competitions.
Upon Ronaldinho's departure from the club, Messi inherited his number 10 jersey.71 During this season he placed second in the 2008 FIFA World Player of the Year awards with 678 points and third in the 2008 IFFHS World's Best Playmaker Award for the second consecutive year.72
Messi scored his first hat-trick of 2009 in a Copa del Rey tie against Atlético Madrid which Barcelona won 3–1.73 Messi scored another important double on 1 February 2009, coming on as a second half substitute to help Barcelona defeat Racing Santander 1–2 after being 1–0 down. The second of the two strikes was Barcelona's 5000th league goal.74 On 8 April 2009, he scored twice against Bayern Munich in the Champions League, setting a personal record of eight goals in the competition.75
As Barcelona's season was drawing to a close, Messi scored twice (his 35th and 36th goals in all competitions) to cap a 6–2 win over Real Madrid at the Santiago Bernabéu76 in what was Real's heaviest defeat since 1930.77 He won his first Copa del Rey on 13 May, scoring one goal and assisting another two, in a 4–1 victory over Athletic Bilbao.78 He helped his team win the double by winning La Liga. On 27 May he helped Barcelona win the Champions League by scoring a second goal in the 70th minute giving Barcelona a two goal lead; he also became the top scorer in the Champions League, the youngest in the tournament's history, with nine goals.79 Messi also won the UEFA Club Forward of the Year: and the UEFA Club Footballer of the Year rounding off a spectacular year in Europe.80 This victory meant Barcelona had won the Copa del Rey, La Liga and Champions League in the one season,81 and was the first time a Spanish club had ever won the treble.82 Messi finished the season with 38 goals and 18 assists in all competitions.
After winning the 2009 UEFA Super Cup, Barcelona manager Pep Guardiola asserted that Messi was probably the best player he had ever seen.84 This would also be the season in which Guardiola would first move Messi from the position of right winger into his now iconic "false-9" role in the centre of the front line at Barcelona.85 On 18 September, Messi signed a new contract with Barcelona, running until 2016 and with a buy-out clause of €250 million included, making Messi, then along with Zlatan Ibrahimović, the highest paid players in La Liga, with earnings of around €9.5 million yearly.8687
Messi was named winner of the 2009 Ballon d'Or on 1 December 2009, beating runner-up Cristiano Ronaldo by largest ever margin of 473 to 233.888990 He also placed 2nd in the 2009 IFFHS World's Best Playmaker Award.91 behind team mate Xavi Hernández.
On 19 December, Messi scored the winner in the final of the 2009 Club World Cup against Estudiantes in Abu Dhabi, giving the club their sixth title of the year.92 Two days later, he was given the FIFA World Player of the Year award,93 beating Cristiano Ronaldo, Xavi, Kaká and Andrés Iniesta to the award. This was the first time he had won the award, and he became the first Argentinian to ever receive this honour.94 On 10 January 2010, Messi scored his first hat-trick in 2010 and his first hat-trick of the season against CD Tenerife in the 0–5 victory,95 and on 17 January he scored his 100th goal for the club in the 4–0 victory over Sevilla FC.96
Messi scored a hat-trick against Valencia CF in a 3–0 home win,97 and finally he scored another hat-trick against Real Zaragoza in a 4–2 away win,98 becoming the first Barcelona player to score back-to-back hat-tricks in La Liga.99 He played his 200th official match for Barcelona against CA Osasuna on 24 March 2010.100
On 6 April 2010, for the first time in Messi's career he scored four goals in a single match, netting the lot in a 4–1 home win over Arsenal in the Champions League quarter-final second leg.103104 This also saw him overtake Rivaldo as Barcelona's all time greatest scorer in the competition.105 In the final league match of the season against Valladolid, he scored two goals in the second half to tie Ronaldo's club record of 34 goals in a single league season, set in 1996–97,106107 and to finish four goals behind the all-time record held by Telmo Zarra.108 He was named La Liga player of the year for the second year in a row on 3 June 2010.109 He finished the season with 47 goals in all competitions, tying Ronaldo's record from the 1996–97 season, and he provided 11 assists.110
On 21 August 2010, Messi scored a hat-trick in his first start of the season in a 4–0 victory over Sevilla FC in the Supercopa de España, helping Barcelona secure their first trophy of the season after a 1–3 first leg loss.111
On 19 September 2010, Messi suffered an ankle injury due to an ill-advised tackle by Atlético Madrid defender Tomáš Ujfaluši in the 92nd minute of their Round 3 match at the Vicente Calderón Stadium. At first sight it was feared that Messi suffered a broken ankle that could have kept the star player away from the pitch for a minimum of six months, but MRI performed the next day in Barcelona showed he suffered a sprain in the internal and external ligaments of his right ankle.112 Team-mate David Villa stated "the tackle on Messi was brutal" after watching the video of the play and also added that he believed the Atlético defender "didn't go into the tackle to hurt".113 The incident caused widespread media attention and brought up the debate of equality in protecting all players in the game.
Messi won the 2010 FIFA Ballon d'Or, beating his Barcelona teammates Xavi and Iniesta.115 Messi had been nominated for the awards for the fourth consecutive year.116 On 5 February, Barcelona broke the record for most consecutive league wins with 16 victories after they defeated Atlético Madrid 3–0 at the Camp Nou.117 Lionel Messi scored a hat-trick to ensure the victory for his side and after the match he stated, "it's an honor to be able to pass a record set by a great like Di Stéfano" and "if the record has been around for so long is because it's very complicated to achieve and we have reached it by defeating a very difficult team who's going through a bad situation, which makes it even more difficult."118
After failing to score for a month he scored a brace against UD Almería; the second goal was his 47th of the season, equalling his club record return of the previous season.119 He surpassed his record on 12 April 2011 by scoring the winner against Shakhtar Donetsk in a UEFA Champions League game, which put him in the record book as all time top scorer in a single season for Barcelona.120 He scored his eighth goal on El Clásico on a 1–1 tie at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. On 23 April, Messi scored his 50th goal of the season against CA Osasuna in a 2–0 home victory which he came on as a substitute in the 60th minute.121 He finished the season by winning La Liga and scoring 31 goals as he finished runner-up in the Pichichi trophy to Cristiano Ronaldo, who had managed to score 40. Messi finished the league season as the top assist provider with 18 assists.
On 20 April, Barcelona were defeated by arch-rivals Real Madrid in the 2011 Copa del Rey Final. Messi set up a goal for Pedro, which was however ruled offside. Cristiano Ronaldo scored the only goal of the match in extra time. Messi was however the joint top-scorer of the tournament along with Cristiano Ronaldo, with 7 goals.122123123
In the first leg of the Champions League semi-finals, he gave a memorable performance, scoring twice against Real Madrid in a 2–0 win, the second goal (a dribble past several players) being acclaimed as one of the best ever at that stage of the competition.124125 At the Champions League Final at Wembley, Messi scored the eventual game-clinching goal to give Barcelona their third title in six years and fourth overall.126 This was also Messi's 12th goal in the Champions League that season, which allowed him to tie Ruud Van Nistelrooy's record of 12 goals in a single European Cup season, after it was re-established as the UEFA Champions League, in 1992.123 The overall record of goals scored in a single European Cup Season, is José Altafini's record of 14 goals, which Messi did however equal in the following season.123 Messi finished the 2010–11 season with 53 goals and 24 assists in all competitions combined.
Messi started the season by lifting the Spanish Supercup with Barcelona, scoring three goals and providing two assists in a 5–4 aggregate win against Real Madrid.127 His vital interventions continued in the next official match played against Porto when he scored again following a weak back pass from Fredy Guarín before setting up Cesc Fàbregas to give Barcelona a 2–0 victory and the UEFA Super Cup,128 then the only official competition that remained for him to score in.129
After scoring his first goal of an eventual hat-trick in an 8–0 rout against CA Osasuna, Messi produced a special celebration for Soufian, a 10-year-old Moroccan boy with Laurin Sandrow syndrome, a rare medical condition that can eventually lead to the loss of the lower extremities. Whilst Messi usually points to the sky after scoring a goal, Messi slapped his thighs as a dedication to Soufian.130
On 28 September, Messi scored his first two Champions League goals of the season against BATE Borisov,132 becoming Barcelona's second highest goalscorer in its history, tying László Kubala, at 194 goals in all official competitions.133 He surpassed that record when he scored two goals against Racing Santander.134 He became second in Barcelona's La Liga goalscorers list with 132 goals, one more than Kubala.135 He scored his 200th Barcelona goal and two more as part of a hat-trick in his next game against Viktoria Plzeň in the Champions League.136
Messi won the 2011 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award, beating his FC Barcelona team-mate Xavi Hernández and Real Madrid's Cristiano Ronaldo. Messi won the 2011 FIFA Ballon d'Or, again beating his team-mate Xavi and Cristiano Ronaldo. By winning the FIFA Ballon d'Or again, Messi become the fourth player to win three Ballon d'Ors, after Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini and Marco Van Basten and the second player to win three consecutive Ballon d'Ors, after Michel Platini (although two of his Ballon d'Ors are FIFA Ballon d'Ors, which he won consecutively). Messi also won the IFFHS World's Top Goal Scorer award, with 19 goals in 2011.138
On 19 February 2012, Messi, on his 200th La Liga appearance, scored four goals against Valencia CF in a 5–1 win.139 On 7 March, Messi became the first player to score five goals in an UEFA Champions League match since the tournament's re-establishment in 1992, helping the defending champions Barcelona win 7–1 against Bayer Leverkusen.140
On 20 March, Messi scored three goals against Granada, making him FC Barcelona's leading goalscorer in official competitions, surpassing club legend César Rodríguez, who had previously held the record with 232.141
On 3 April, Messi scored two goals from penalty kicks against Milan in the second leg of the Champions League Quarter-final, allowing him to surpass his personal record, joint with Ruud van Nistelrooy, of 12 goals in a single UEFA Champions League season. These goals allowed him to tie José Altafini's record of 14 goals in a single European Cup season in the 1962–63 season, before the tournament's re-establishment as the UEFA Champions League in 1992.123 Messi was unable to score in the semifinals, although he provided an assist in the second leg, as Barcelona were knocked out to eventual winners Chelsea. During the second leg match, Messi missed an important penalty, hitting the crossbar. The goal would have put Barcelona ahead on aggregate.142
On 11 April, Messi scored his 61st goal of the season against Getafe CF, and made two assists.143 On 2 May, Messi scored a hat-trick against Málaga CF surpassing Gerd Müller's record (67 goals in 1972–73) with 68 goals, and thus becoming the best goalscorer in history in one season in Europe.144 It was the 21st multi-goal game of the season for Messi and his seventh La Liga hat-trick.145 He then scored four goals on 5 May against RCD Espanyol to take his tally to an unprecedented 72 goals, in the process becoming only the second player to pass 70 goals in a first division season since Archie Stark of Bethlehem Steel in the American Soccer League in 1924–25.19
On 25 May, he scored again in the 2012 Copa del Rey Final, helping Barcelona win their 26th Spanish Cup title, and increasing his seasonal goalscoring record to an unmatched 73 goals in all competitions.146147 This was also Guardiola's last match as Barcelona's manager, and the Cup win marked Messi's second Copa del Rey title, after losing the final the year before, as well as his 14th Barcelona trophy during Guardiola's four seasons at the club. Although Barcelona failed to win their 4th consecutive Liga title under Guardiola, finishing runners up to arch-rivals Real Madrid, Messi finished the 2011–12 season as the top goalscorer in La Liga for a second time, with a Liga record of 50 goals. He was the second best assist provider in La Liga that season with 16 assists, after Mesut Özil, who managed 17. He also ended the season as the UEFA Champions' League Top Scorer for a fourth consecutive time, with 14 goals.146 He was one of the top assist providers of the tournament with 5 assists and finished the season with 73 goals and 29 assists in all club competitions, with more goals and assists than any other player.
During Barcelona's first game of the season against Real Sociedad, Messi continued his goalscoring run with a brace in a 5–1 win at the Camp Nou. Messi added another goal from a penalty in a 3–2 win against rivals Real Madrid in the first leg of the 2012 Supercopa de España in Barcelona on 23 August.148 He added another brace against CA Osasuna as Barcelona came from behind away from home to beat them 2–1.149 Messi added another goal from a free kick in the second leg of the Supercopa de España, as Barcelona, down to ten men, were defeated by Real Madrid on away goals.150 This marked his 15th goal in the Clasico Real Madrid-Barcelona derby, which made him Barcelona's top scorer in Clasico matches, putting him tied with Raúl, behind only Alfredo Di Stefano, with 18 goals.151152 Messi placed second along with Cristiano Ronaldo in the 2012 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award, with 17 votes each. The award was won by Messi's Barcelona team mate Andrés Iniesta.153 In his third league appearance on 2 September against Valencia CF, Messi assisted the only goal of the match, by team mate Adriano, from a short corner.154 Messi scored two more goals in a win against Getafe on 15 September155 and added another brace in his first Champion's League match of the season against Spartak Moscow on 20 September, ending in a 3–2 win to Barcelona, also marking his tenth goal of the season.156
On 11 November, Messi scored twice at RCD Mallorca, his 75th and 76th goals in 2012, surpassing Pelé's milestone of 75 goals (1958) in a calendar year, and moved within nine of German legend Gerd Müller's all-time Guinness World Records title.158159 His 77th and 78th goals came against Real Zaragoza at Camp Nou which moved Messi seven goals away from the record.160 On 20 November, Messi scored twice at Spartak Moscow, his 79th and 80th goals of 2012 and moved to within five goals of the record.161 Messi continued his scoring run against Levante UD on 25 November with his 81st and 82nd goals of the year which moved him within three goals of Müller.162 On 1 December, Messi scored twice against Athletic Bilbao, his 83rd and 84th goals of the year, meaning he pulled to within one goal of Müller's record set in 1972. The two goals also meant Messi equaled Barcelona's all time leading goalscoring record in La Liga, which was held by César Rodríguez with 190 goals.163 On 9 December, Messi scored twice against Real Betis, his 85th and 86th goals in 2012, surpassing Müller's milestone of 85 goals scored in a calendar year in 1972 with Bayern Munich and the German national team, as well as surpassing Rodríguez's record for most league goals for Barcelona.164165166 On 12 December, Messi increased his record to 88, after scoring twice against Córdoba CF in the first leg of a Copa del Rey game.167 Messi then sent an autographed Barcelona shirt to Müller in acknowledgement of beating his record.168 On 16 December, Messi scored twice in a 4–1 Barcelona victory against Atlético Madrid, increasing his record to 90 goals.169 The tally found its end at 91 goals in a year after Messi scored once against Real Valladolid.
On 7 January 2013 odds-on favourite172 Messi won the 2012 FIFA Ballon d'Or, again beating Cristiano Ronaldo into second place with team-mate Andrés Iniesta third. In doing this, Messi became the only player in history to win the Ballon d'Or four times.173 Messi described receiving the accolade as "really quite unbelievable" and "too great for words".174 The achievement fuelled media comparison of Messi with former greats of the sport such as Diego Maradona and Pelé.175176
On 27 January 2013, Messi scored 4 goals in a 5–1 win against Osasuna, including his 200th goal in La Liga, becoming the 8th player and the youngest player to do so.177 This brought his La Liga tally for the season up to 33, and his goalscoring total to 44 goals in all competitions. On 16 February 2013, Messi scored his 300th Barcelona goal the La Liga match against Granada CF, later scoring again in the match to bring his tally to 301 goals in 365 official matches.178179180
On 2 March 2013, Messi scored a goal against Real Madrid in a match that Barcelona lost 2–1. With that goal, Lionel Messi equalled Alfredo Di Stefano's Clasico goals record of 18.181 On 9 March 2013, Messi scored after coming on as a substitute against Deportivo de La Coruña, scoring in his 17th consecutive league match and breaking the all-time world record.182 On 12 March, Messi scored two goals to help Barcelona defeat A.C. Milan (4–0) in the 2nd leg of their Champions League game and reach the quarter-finals.183 With these goals, he became the 2nd all-time top scorer in the UEFA Champions League, excluding qualifying rounds.184
On 30 March, Messi scored for the 19th consecutive La Liga game, netting Barcelona's second goal at Celta de Vigo, and became the first footballer in history to score in consecutive matches against every team in the league.22
Often referred to as an Argentinian-Spanish player, this crossover was brought into sharp focus when in 2004, Lionel was offered the chance to play for the Spanish national U-20 team. He declined the offer given his Argentinian heritage, and was given the opportunity to play for Argentina's U-20 team in a friendly match against Paraguay in June 2004.186 Messi scored once against Paraguay and twice in friendly against Uruguay in July 2004.187 In 2005 he was part of a team that finished third in 2005 South American Youth Championship in Colombia. He won the 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship in the Netherlands with the team and won the Golden Ball and the Golden Shoe,188 scoring in the last four of Argentina's matches and netting a total of six for the tournament.
He made his full international debut on 17 August 2005 against Hungary at the age of 18. He was substituted on during the 63rd minute, but was sent off on the 65th minute because the referee, Markus Merk, claimed that Messi had allegedly elbowed defender Vilmos Vanczák, who was tugging Messi's shirt. The decision was contentious and Maradona even claimed the decision was pre-meditated. Messi was later reportedly found weeping in the changing rooms after the decision.189190 Messi returned to the team on 3 September in Argentina's 1–0 World Cup qualifier away defeat to Paraguay. Ahead of the match he had said "This is a re-debut. The first one was a bit short."191 He then started his first game for Argentina against Peru, in which he was able to win a crucial penalty for Argentina; after the match Pekerman described Messi as "a jewel".192 He scored his first goal for Argentina in a friendly match against Croatia on 1 March 2006.193
2006 World Cup
The injury that kept Messi from playing for two months at the end of the 2005–06 season jeopardised his presence in the 2006 World Cup. Nevertheless, Messi was selected in the Argentina squad for the tournament on 15 May 2006. He also played in the final match before the World Cup against the Argentine U-20 team for 15 minutes and a friendly match against Angola from the 64th minute.194195 He witnessed Argentina's opening match victory against Ivory Coast from the substitute's bench.196 In the next match against Serbia and Montenegro, Messi became the youngest player to represent Argentina at a World Cup when he came on as a substitute for Maxi Rodríguez in the 74th minute. He assisted Hernán Crespo's goal within minutes of entering the game and also scored the final goal in the 6–0 victory, making him the youngest scorer in the tournament and the sixth youngest goalscorer in the history of the World Cup.197 Messi started in Argentina's following 0–0 draw against the Netherlands.198 In the following game against Mexico, Messi came on as a substitute in the 84th minute, with the score tied at 1–1. He appeared to score a goal, but it was ruled offside with Argentina needing a late goal in extra time to proceed.199200 Coach José Pekerman left Messi on the bench during the quarter-final match against Germany, which they lost 4–2 on a penalty shootout.201
2007 Copa América
Messi played his first game in the 2007 Copa América on 29 June 2007, when Argentina defeated United States 4–1 in the first game. In this game, he showed his capabilities as a playmaker. He set up a goal for fellow striker Hernán Crespo and had numerous shots on target. Tevez came on as a substitute for Messi in the 79th minute and scored minutes later.202
His second game was against Colombia, in which he won a penalty that Crespo converted to tie the game at 1–1. He also played a part in Argentina's second goal as he was fouled outside the box, which allowed Juan Roman Riquelme to score from a freekick, and increase Argentina's lead to 3–1. The final score of the game was 4–2 in Argentina's favor and guaranteed them a spot in the tournament's quarterfinals.203
In the third game, against Paraguay the coach rested Messi having already qualified for the quarter-finals. He came off the bench in place of Esteban Cambiasso in the 64th minute, with the score at 0–0. In the 79th minute, he assisted a goal for Javier Mascherano.204 In the quarter-finals, as Argentina faced Peru, Messi scored the second goal of the game, from a Riquelme pass in a 4–0 win.205 During the semi-final match against Mexico, Messi scored a lob over Oswaldo Sánchez to see Argentina through to the final with a 3–0 win.206 Argentina went on to lose 3–0 to Brazil in the final.207 Messi was elected young player of the tournament.23
2008 Summer Olympics
Having barred Messi from playing for Argentina in the 2008 Olympics,208 Barcelona agreed to release him after he held talks with newly appointed coach Pep Guardiola.209 He joined the Argentina squad and scored the first goal in a 2–1 victory over Ivory Coast.209 He then scored the opening goal and assisted Ángel di María in the second to help his side to a 2–1 extra-time win against the Netherlands.210 He also featured in Argentina's match against rivals Brazil, in which Argentina took a 3–0 victory, thus advancing to the final. In the gold medal match, Messi again assisted Di María for the only goal in a 1–0 victory over Nigeria.211
2010 World Cup qualification
On 28 March 2009, in a World Cup Qualifier against Venezuela, Messi wore the number 10 jersey for the first time with Argentina. This match was the first official match for Diego Maradona as the Argentina manager. Argentina won the match 4–0 with Messi opening the scoring.212 Overall Messi scored four goals in 18 appearances during the South American 2010 World Cup qualifying process.213
2010 World Cup
For the 2010 World Cup, Messi wore the number 10 shirt for the first time in a major tournament.214 Messi played the entire game on Argentina's opening match in the 2010 World Cup, the 1–0 victory against Nigeria. He had several opportunities to score but was repeatedly denied by Vincent Enyeama.215 Messi started in Argentina's following 4–1 win against Korea Republic; he played in more of an attacking midfielder and playmaking role under Maradona,214216217 and participated in all of the goals of his team, helping Gonzalo Higuaín score a hat-trick.218 On the third and last group stage match Messi captained during Argentina's 2–0 win over Greece, again being the centrepoint of Argentina's play and was voted man of the match.219
Messi was nominated in ten player shortlist for Golden Ball award by FIFA Technical Study Group. The group identified Messi with words: "Outstanding in his pace and creativity for his team, dribbling, shooting, passing – spectacular and efficient".221
2011 Copa América, 2014 World Cup qualification and friendlies
On 17 November 2010, Messi scored a last-minute goal against South American rivals Brazil after an individual effort to help his team to a 1–0 win in the friendly match, which was held in Doha. This was the first time that he had scored against Brazil at senior level.222 Messi scored another last-minute goal on 9 February 2011 against Portugal in a penalty kick which gave his side a 2–1 victory in the friendly match, which was held in Geneva, Switzerland. He had also previously assisted the first goal.223
Messi took part in the Copa América in Argentina, where he failed to score a goal but made three assists. He was selected man-of-the-match in matches against Bolivia (1–1) and Costa Rica (3–0). Argentina were eliminated in the quarter-finals in a penalty shoot-out against Uruguay (1–1 a.e.t.), with Messi scoring as the first penalty taker.
After Argentina's unsuccessful performance in the Copa América, Sergio Batista was replaced as Argentina coach with Alejandro Sabella. In August 2011, Sabella named Messi as the new captain of the Argentina national team.224
On 9 June 2012, Messi scored his second international hat-trick in a friendly match against rivals Brazil, including the match winner. The match ended 4–3 to Argentina and Messi was voted man of the match.226 This brought his international goalscoring tally up to 26 goals in 70 matches, and brought his 2012 tally up to 7 goals in 3 matches. This was also his record-breaking 82nd goal of the season, including all club and international matches.227 These goals also made him the current fourth highest scorer for the Argentinian National Team.228
On 7 September, Messi scored his 28th goal for Argentina in a 3–1 victory against Paraguay in a 2014 World Cup qualifying match, sending them to the top of the CONMEBOL World Cup qualifying table. This was his 4th goal in the current World Cup qualifying campaign and his 8th overall in World Cup qualifying matches, making him the third highest scorer for Argentina in World Cup qualifying matches.229 This was also his 10th goal for Argentina in the past 6 matches and his 9th in 5 matches played in 2012.230 After scoring twice against Uruguay and once against Chile in October, Messi finished 2012 with 12 goals from 9 appearances for Argentina.231
On 22 March 2013, Messi scored his first international goal of 2013 from the penalty spot in a World Cup qualifier against Venezuela. In the same match he provided two assists for Gonzalo Higuaín as Argentina won 3–0.232
Style of play
Messi has been compared to compatriot Diego Maradona, due to their similar playing style and stature,233 which gives him a lower centre of gravity than most players, allowing him to be more agile and change direction more quickly, helping him to evade tackles.234 His short, strong legs allow him to excel in short bursts of acceleration and his quick feet allow him to keep control of the ball when dribbling at speed.235 His former FC Barcelona manager, Pep Guardiola, once stated: “Messi is the only player that runs faster with the ball than he does without it.”236 Like Maradona before him, Messi is dominantly a left footed player.237 With the outside of his left foot, he usually begins dribbling runs, whilst he uses the inside of his foot to finish and provide passes and assists to team mates.234
Messi often undertakes individual dribbling runs towards goal, in particular during counterattacks, usually starting from the halfway line, or the right side of the pitch, although he has also been described as a versatile team player, with good vision, known for his passing and his creative combinations, in particular with Barcelona team mates Xavi and Iniesta.238239240 He is also an accurate set piece and penalty kick taker.241 With regards to his dribbling ability, Maradona has said of Messi: "The ball stays glued to his foot; I’ve seen great players in my career, but I’ve never seen anyone with Messi's ball control."242 Maradona has stated that he believes Messi to currently be the greatest player in the world.243244
Tactically, Messi plays a free attacking and occasionally a playmaking role,63 known for his finishing, pace, dribbling, balance, positioning, vision and passing ability.239246 He is comfortable attacking on either wing or through the centre of the pitch.247 He began his career as a left-winger and forward, but was later moved onto the right wing by former manager Frank Rijkaard, who noticed that from this position, Messi could cut through the defence into the middle of the pitch more easily, allowing him to curl shots on goal with his left foot, rather than predominantly crossing balls for team mates.248 He has more recently played in a false 9 role under Guardiola.249 This role is characterized by Messi's tendency to seemingly be playing as a centre forward, or as a lone striker, although he will often run back into deep positions drawing defenders with him, creating space for wingers, other forwards, and attacking midfielders to make runs, allowing him to provide them with assists or giving him space to begin dribbling runs, score goals or create attacking plays.249 With the Argentinian National team, Messi usually plays anywhere along the front line. He began as a forward or winger but has also played in a deeper role, in particular under Maradona, in more of an attacking midfield and playmaking role.214216217 Messi revealed that he is a fan of the former Argentina playmaker Pablo Aimar.250
Messi was at one stage romantically linked to Macarena Lemos, also from his hometown of Rosario. He is said to have been introduced to her by the girl's father when he returned to Rosario to recover from his injury a few days before the start of the 2006 World Cup.251252 He has in the past also been linked to the Argentine glamour model Luciana Salazar.253254 In January 2009 he told "Hat Trick Barça", a programme on Canal 33: "I have a girlfriend and she is living in Argentina. I am relaxed and happy".254 He was seen with the girl, Antonella Roccuzzo,255 at a carnival in Sitges after the Barcelona-Espanyol derby. Roccuzzo is a fellow native of Rosario.256 On 2 June 2012, Messi assisted and scored a goal in Argentina's 4–0 win against Ecuador in a World Cup 2014 Qualifying match. He celebrated scoring his 23rd goal for Argentina, by placing the ball under his jersey, as his girlfriend is reportedly 12 weeks pregnant. She posted on Twitter that she is expected to give birth in September.257 Messi confirmed that the child, a son, would be born in October, and that he and his girlfriend plan to name him Thiago. However, the birth would occur later than expected. On 2 November 2012, Messi became a father for the first time following the birth of his son Thiago. The FC Barcelona's official website briefly stated "Leo Messi is a father". Besides, the Argentine striker added on his Facebook page: "Today I am the happiest man in the world, my son was born and thanks to God for this gift!"34258 In March 2013, Messi paid tribute to his son Thiago by having his name and tiny palm prints etched on his left calf.259
According to American writer Wright Thompson, Messi has maintained close ties to Rosario and his family since leaving for Spain, and has gone to great lengths to maintain them. These ties begin with his speech—to this day, Messi speaks Spanish with the distinctive accent of Rosario, even though he has now lived in Spain as long as he has in Rosario. He also keeps in daily contact via phone and text with a small group of confidants from Rosario, most of them fellow members of "The Machine of '87". One time when he was in training with the Argentina national team in Buenos Aires, he made a three-hour trip by car to Rosario immediately after practice to have dinner with his family, spent the night with them, and then returned to Buenos Aires the next day in time for practice. Messi has also kept ownership of his old house in Rosario, although his family no longer lives in it; he maintains a penthouse apartment in an exclusive residential building in which his mother lives (Messi's father spends most of his time in Spain with him), as well as a family compound just outside the city.34
In 2007, Messi established the Leo Messi Foundation, a charity supporting access to education and health care for vulnerable children.262263 In response to Messi's own childhood medical difficulties, the Leo Messi Foundation has offered Argentine children diagnosed with illnesses treatment in Spain and funds covering the transport, hospital and recuperation costs.264 Messi's foundation is supported by his own fundraising activity with additional assistance from Herbalife.
On 11 March 2010 Messi was announced as a goodwill ambassador for UNICEF.265 Messi's UNICEF ambassador activities are aimed at supporting children’s rights. Messi is supported in this by Barcelona, who also have a strong association with UNICEF.266
He and Newell's have also ended a long public feud. Messi funded the construction of a dormitory inside Newell's stadium for the club's youth academy, as well as a new gymnasium for the club. For its part, Newell's has begun to embrace its ties with Messi, and plans to issue a special club membership card to Messi's son.34
On March 2013, Lionel Messi has donated €600,000 towards the refurbishment of a children's hospital in his hometown of Rosario, Argentina. The money was used to renovate the oncology unit at the Victor J Vilela Children's Hospital, as well as paying for doctors to travel to Barcelona for training.267
In March 2010, France Football ranked him at the top of its list of the world's richest footballers, ahead of David Beckham and Cristiano Ronaldo, with £29.6 million (€33 million) in combined income from salaries, bonuses and off-field earnings.268269 His net wealth is estimated at $110 millIon.270
In December 2012, FC Barcelona announced that Messi will sign a 5 year contract extension which will keep him at FC Barcelona until 2018 and raising his base salary to €16 million net ($21.2 million), which will make him the highest on-the-pitch earner in soccer. As the tax bracket for this level of income in Spain is 56%, it means that Barça will have to pay Messi's income tax of a little over €20 million ($26.5 million).271 His formal buy-out clause remains at €250 million.272
Messi was featured on the front covers of the video games Pro Evolution Soccer 2009 and Pro Evolution Soccer 2011 and is also involved in promotional campaigns for the games.273274 Messi, along with Fernando Torres,275 is the face of Pro Evolution Soccer 2010, and was also involved in the motion capturing and the trailer.276277278 However in November 2011, Messi was confirmed as the new face of PES's rival football series FIFA with his debut as a cover star of the series coming in 2012's FIFA Street. Messi was also chosen to be on the cover of FIFA 13.279 Messi is sponsored by the German sportswear company Adidas and features in their television advertisements.280 In June 2010, Messi also signed a three–year contract with Herbalife281 which further supports the Leo Messi Foundation.
On March 2013, Messi had a pure gold replica of his left foot made which went on sale in Japan for $5.25 million, in aid of charity. The 25-kilogram statue was created by Japanese jeweller Ginza Tanaka to commemorate Messi's record-breaking fourth consecutive Ballon d'Or award.286
It was announced on 8 May 2013 that Epic Pictures Group to finance and produce a movie about the life of Messi. Based on the biography "MESSI: The Inside Story of the Boy Who Became a Legend", this is a "Rocky" style tale about a young boy from humble beginnings who overcomes his physical disadvantages, especially his 5-foot-7-inch height, to become one of the greatest players of all time. The release of the biopic is scheduled to coincide with the start of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil.287
In September 2012, Messi became the global brand ambassador of Turkish Airlines.289 Messi shot a commercial for the airline with NBA star Kobe Bryant. In the airline's latest commercial, the duo competes to win the attention of a young boy.290
In 16 December 2012, Messi took the field against Atlético Madrid in a La Liga match wearing a pair of adidas adizero boots designed by a fan. Earlier in 2012, fans of the Messi were given the unique opportunity to create a pair of adidas adizero f50s by visiting the new miadidas configurator and submitting their designs. Javier Pascual Mullor from Spain was identified as the lucky winner from over 14,200 submitted entries.291 While on 13 January 2013, in a league match against Málaga, Messi wore a special pair of adidas adizero F50 boots in order to commemorate his record 4th Ballon d'Or win.292
In January 2013, Messi appeared in a short advert for Japanese face wash Scalp-D. The advert showed the Argentine speaking a few Japanese words.293
|Barcelona B||Segunda B||2003–04||5||0|
- Scores and results list Argentina's goal tally first.
- La Liga (6): 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13
- Copa del Rey (2): 2008–09, 2011–12
- Supercopa de España (5): 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011
- UEFA Champions League (3): 2005–06, 2008–09, 2010–11
- UEFA Super Cup (2): 2009, 2011
- FIFA Club World Cup (2): 2009, 2011
- FIFA Ballon d'Or (3): 2010, 2011, 2012. Created in 2010.
- Ballon d'Or (1): 2009. Ceased to exist in 2009.
- FIFA World Player of the Year (1): 2009. Ceased to exist in 2009.
- World Soccer Young Player of the Year (3): 2006, 2007, 2008.
- World Soccer Player of the Year (3): 2009, 2011, 2012.
- Onze d'Or (3): 2009, 2011, 2012. No winner in 2010.
- IFFHS World's Top Goal Scorer (2): 2011, 2012.300
- IFFHS World's best Top Division Goal Scorer (1): 2012.301
- Goal.com Player of the Year (2): 2009, 2011.
- El País King of European Soccer (4): 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012.302
- ESPY Best International Athlete (1): 2012.
- European Golden Shoe (2): 2010, 2012.
- UEFA Best Player in Europe Award (1): 2011. Created in 2011.
- UEFA Club Footballer of the Year (1): 2009. Ceased to exist in 2010.
- UEFA Team of the Year (5): 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012.
- UEFA Champions League Top Goalscorer (4): 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012.
- UEFA Champions League Forward of the Year (1): 2009. Ceased to exist in 2010.
- UEFA Champions League Final Man of the Match (1): 2011.
- FIFA U-20 World Cup Player of the Tournament (1): 2005.
- FIFA U-20 World Cup Top Goalscorer (1): 2005.
- FIFA Club World Cup Golden Ball (2): 2009, 2011.
- FIFA FIFPro World XI (6): 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012.
- FIFPro World Young Player of the Year (3): 2006, 2007, 2008.
- ESM Team of the Year (6): 2005–06, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12.
- Pichichi Trophy (2): 2010, 2012.
- Copa del Rey Top Goalscorer (1): 2010–2011.
- La Liga Player of the Year (3): 2009, 2010, 2011.
- La Liga Foreign Player of the Year (3): 2007, 2009, 2010. Ceased to exist in 2010.
- La Liga Ibero-American Player of the Year (5): 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012.
- LFP Best Player (3): 2009, 2011, 2012. No winner in 2010.
- LFP Best Forward (3): 2009, 2011, 2012. No winner in 2010.
- Marca Leyenda (1): 2009.
- Bravo Award (1): 2007.
- Copa América Young Player of the Tournament (1): 2007.
- European Golden Boy (1): 2005.
- Olimpia de Oro (1): 2011.
- Olimpia de Plata (7): 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012.303
- Most FIFA Ballon d'Or awards: 4
- Guinness World Records title for the most goals in a year: 91 goals
- Most international goals in a year (club and national team): 25 goals (shared with Vivian Woodward)
- Most goals scored in FIFA Club World Cup: 4 goals (held jointly with Denilson and Mohamed Aboutrika)
- Most consecutive league matches scored in: 19 matches (30 goals)
- Most goals scored in a season (club): 73 goals
- Most goals scored in a year (club): 79 goals
- Most goals scored in a European Cup season: 14 goals (held jointly with José Altafini)
- Most European Cup top scorer awards: 4 (shared with Gerd Müller)
- Highest scorer in a European Cup game: 5 goals (held jointly with ten other players)
- Most goals scored in a year (national team): 12 goals (shared with Gabriel Batistuta)
- Most goals scored in La Liga in a season: 50 goals
- Most La Liga hat-tricks in a season: 8 hat-tricks
- Most goals scored in the Supercopa de España: 10 goals
- Most consecutive La Liga matches scored in: 20 matches, 31 goals
- Most goals scored in El Clásico matches: 18 goals (shared with Alfredo Di Stéfano)
- Top scorer in official competitions: 313 goals
- Top scorer in La Liga: 215 goals
- Top scorer in UEFA Champions League: 59 goals
- Top scorer in European competitions: 60 goals
- Top scorer in international competitions: 64 goals
- Most hat-tricks overall: 22 hat-tricks
- Most La Liga hat-tricks overall: 16 hat-tricks
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lionel Messi|
- Official website (Catalan) (English) (Spanish)
- Lionel Messi on Facebook
- FC Barcelona profile
- BDFutbol profile
- La Liga profile
- Transfermarkt profile
- Lionel Messi career stats at Soccerbase
- Profile at ESPN
- Lionel Messi at National-Football-Teams.com
- Lionel Messi – FIFA competition record
- Lionel Messi – UEFA competition record