List of Australian capital cities
There are eight capital cities in Australia, all of which function at a sub-national level. Melbourne was the national capital from the Federation of Australia in 1901 until 1927, when the seat of national government was moved to the newly created city of Canberra which currently serves as the national capital.
In each capital city, local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are performed for the jurisdiction. In the case of state and territory capital cities, they also happen to be the most populous city in their respective jurisdiction. The Australian external territory of Norfolk Island also has an official capital, Kingston, however, this is just where the administrative centre of government is located; the de facto capital is Burnt Pine.1
|Jurisdiction||Capital||City Population||State/Territory Population2||Date of statehood||Capital since||Image|
Australian Capital Territory
|New South Wales||Sydney||4,757,083||7,410,399||1788||1788|
|Northern Territory||Darwin||136,245||240,759||Has not attained Statehood**||1911|
* While Canberra is the capital of Australia, it is not the capital of the ACT in any official sense; it is the principal settlement within the territory and can be considered analogous with the ACT. ** in 1911, South Australia transferred responsibility for governing the Northern Territory to the Commonwealth Government of Australia. It was granted self-governance in 1978, however the Northern Territory is still considered a territory, not a state, under Commonwealth rule.
- Norfolk Island - Kingston http://www.pitcairners.org/vt_kingston.html Norfolk Island's Home on the Web
- "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2012-13: ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION, States and Territories - Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (GCCSAs)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014. ERP at 30 June 2013