List of Kapudan Pashas

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The Kapudan Pasha (Ottoman Turkish: کاپیتان پاشا, Modern Turkish: Kaptan Paşa), literally and formerly known as the Captain Pasha and also known in Turkish as Kaptan-ı Derya ("Captain of the Seas"), was the grand admiral of the navy of the Ottoman Empire. Around 160 captains served between the establishment of the post under Bayezid I and the office's replacement by the more modern Ottoman Ministry of the Navy (Bahriye Nazırlığı) during the Tanzimat reforms.


Name Appointed Vacated Notes
Kara Mürsel Bey 1324 1
Saruca Pasha 1390 Turk?123
Çavlı Bey 1412 Turk?12
Baltaoğlu Süleyman Bey 1451 1453 Bulgarian?124
Hamza Bey 1453 1456 Albanian12
Has Yunus Bey 1456 1459 124
Kasım Bey 1459 1460 12
Kadim İsmail Bey 1461 1462 Devşirme?12
Yakup Bey 1462 1463 Albanian12
Zagan Pasha 1463 1466 Greek or Serb;5 previously grand vizier12
Veli Mahmud Pasha 1466 1478 Serb6>Devşirme; later grand vizier127
Gedik Ahmed Pasha 1478 1480 Albanian or Serb8>Devşirme; invaded Mediterranean and seized Santa Maura, Kefalonia, and Zante; later grand vizier12
Mesih Pasha 1480 1491 Greek, converted member of the Palaiologoi; later grand vizier12
Güveği Sinan Pasha 1491 1492 Devşirme?12
Kara Nişancı Davud 1492 1503 Devşirme?12
Küçük Davud Pasha 1503 1506 12
Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha 1506 1511 Slav; later grand vizier12
İskender Ağa Pasha 1511 1514 Devşirme?12
Sinan Bey 1514 1516 Devşirme?12
Cafer Ağa Pasha 1516 1520 Devşirme?12
Parlak Mustafa Pasha 1520 1522 Bosniak12
Bayram Pasha 1522 12
Kurdoğlu Muslihiddin Reis citation needed
Süleyman Pasha 1531 12
Kemankeş Ahmed Bey 1531 1533 Devşirme?12
Hayreddin Barbarossa 1533 1546 Turk;2910 position of Kapudan Pasha raised to beylerbey, granted Eyalets of the Islands of the Mediterranean and Ottoman Algeria1
Sokollu Mehmed Pasha 1546 1550 Bosnian>Devşirme; invaded Libya; later grand vizier12
Sinan Pasha 1550 1554 Croat; supported Turgut Reis's western raids; later grand vizier12
Piyale Pasha 1554 1568 Croat;111213 captured Corsica with the French in 1554, defeated Spanish at Piombino in 1555, raided Calabria, Salerno, Tuscany, Spain, and seized the Balearics in 1558, won crushing Battle of Djerba in 1560; captured Naples in 156312
Müezzinzade Ali Pasha 1568 7 October 1571 Effected conquest of Cyprus from Venice, but killed at Lepanto2
Kılıç Ali Paşa 1571 21 June 1587 Italian, born Giovanni Dionigi Galeni, known after conversion as Uluç and Uluç Ali Reis;2 rebuilt Turkish fleet, recaptured Tunis from Don Juan and ended War of Cyprus, raided Calabria and put down numerous revolts
Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha 1591 1595 Italian, born Scipione Cicala; first term; later grand vizier2
Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha 1599 1604 second term; previously grand vizier2
Derviş Pasha 1604 Bosniak2
Güzelce Ali Pasha 1617  ?
Cataldjali Hasan Pasha 1625 1631 2
Gazi Hüseyin Pasha 1632 1635 Turk; later grand vizier214
Kemankeş Mustafa Pasha 17 October 1635 24 December 1638 Albanian, later grand vizier12
Gazi Hüseyin Pasha 1639 1641 Turk2
Yusuf Pasha 164X 164X Dalmatian Slav; executed by Sultan
Koca Musa Pasha 1645 1647 Bosniak;2 died at Kandiye during Cretan War before he could receive his promotion to grand vizier
Kara Musa Pasha 1647 21 September 1647
Kılavuz Köse Ali Pasha 1647 1648 citation needed
Koca Dervish Mehmed Pasha 1652 1653 Circassian; later grand vizier12
Kara Murad Pasha 1653 11 May 1655 Albanian;215 effected the breakout First Battle of the Dardanelles during the Cretan War; prior and later grand vizier
Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha 1666 1670 Turk; later grand vizier12
Bozoklu Mustafa Pasha 1680 1684 Later grand vizier
Mezzo Morto Hüseyin Pasha 1695 1701 Turk216 or Aragonese;17 commanded at Andros in 1696 during the Morean War, attempted moderate reforms and published the Kannunname
Baltacı Mehmet Pasha 1704 1704 Turk; later grand vizier2
Veli Mehmed Pasha 1706 1707 Turk
Moralı Ibrahim Pasha November 1707 1709
Küçük Ali Pasazade Mehmed Pasha 1709 1711 Turk
Canım Hoca Mehmed Pasha December 1714 February 1717 Turk from Koroni, former galley slave in the Venetian fleet. Led the Ottoman navy in the Ottoman–Venetian War (1714–18).18
Kaymak Mustafa Pasha 1721 1730 Bosniak219
Canum Koca Mehmed Pasha 1730 1730 Second tenure, lasted for only a few days.18
Hacı Hüseyin Pasha 1732 1732 220
Koca Bekir Pasha 1732 1732 Turk; first term221
Canum Koca Mehmed Pasha 1732 1736 Third term.18
Hacı Mehmed Pasha c. 1735. Turk?2
Hatibzade Yahya Pasha 1743 1743
Râtip Ahmed Pasha 1743 1744 Turk12
Koca Bekir Pasha 1750 1753 Turk; second term2
Macar Hacı Hasan Pasha February 1761 December 1761 22
Ahıskalı Mehmed Pasha December 1761 August 1762 23
Eğribozlu İbrahim Pasha 1769 Turk?224
Mandalzade Hüsameddin Pasha 1770 1770 Removed following the disastrous naval defeat at Chesma during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–17742
Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha 1770 17892 or 17901 Georgian;25 Dislodged Russians from Aegean, commanded forces during the Russo-Turkish Wars of 1768–1774 and 1787–1792; later grand vizier
Koca Yusuf Pasha 19 December 1789 Georgian; former grand vizier2
Giritli Hüseyin Pasha (tr) 1789 1792 26
Küçük Hüseyin Pasha 11 March 1792 7 December 1803 Georgian; commanded the Turkish invasion fleet of French-occupied Egypt22728
Mehmed Kadri Pasha 1803 1804 2
Hafız İsmail Pasha 1804 1805 2 later grand vizier
Hacı Salih Pasha 1805 1805 Turk;2 later grand vizier
Hacı Mehmed Pasha II 21 November 1806 1808 Turk229
Seydi Ali Pasha 18071 or 18082 1808 Georgian
Abdullah Ramiz Efendi 1808 1808 Crimean Tatar2
Koca Hüsrev Mehmed Pasha 1811 1818 Abazin; later grand vizier230
Deli Abdullah Pasha 1821 Turk2 later grand vizier
Nasuhzade Ali Pasha 1821 7 June 1822 Albanian;2 also known as Kara-Ali Pasha; commanded Turkish fleet during the Greek War of Independence: directed Massacre of Samothrace, killed by fireship directed by Constantine Kanaris following Massacre of Chios;31 ancestor of Turkish author Nasuh Mahruki
Kara Mehmet 1822
Husrev Pasha December 1822 1826
Aghan Ephrikian Pasha 1828 Governor
Çengeloğlu Tahir Mehmed Pasha November 1832 1836 Turk2
Ahmed Fevzi Pasha 10 November 1836 1839 Greek, defected to Egypt2
Topal İzzet Pasha 1840 Reformercitation needed
unknown Lost administrative control of the Eyalet of the Islands c. 18481
Mahmud Pasha 1853
unknown 13 March 1867 Office abolished32

See also

Sources

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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, pp. 172 ff. Türkiye Yayınevi (Istanbul), 1971. (Turkish)
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