List of Presidents of the United States by education

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Most Presidents of the United States received a college education, even most of the earliest. Of the first seven Presidents, five were college graduates. College degrees have set the Presidents apart from the general population, and Presidents have held such a degree even when this was quite rare and, indeed, unnecessary for practicing most occupations, including law. Of the forty-four men to have been the President, twenty-four of them graduated from a private undergraduate college, nine graduated from a public undergraduate college, and eleven held no degree. Every President since 1953 has had a bachelor's degree.

List by institutions

Undergraduate

Some Presidents attended more than one institution. George Washington never attended college, but he did receive his surveyor's certificate from The College of William & Mary in Virginia. Only three Presidents attended foreign colleges at the undergraduate level: John F. Kennedy at the London School of Economics and John Quincy Adams at Leiden University (with both transferring to Harvard College), and Bill Clinton who was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University. Three Presidents have attended the United States Service academies: Ulysses S. Grant and Dwight D. Eisenhower graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, while Jimmy Carter graduated the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland. No Presidents have graduated from the much newer U.S. Air Force Academy. Eisenhower also graduated from the Command and General Staff College, Army Industrial College and Army War College. These were not degree granting institutions when Eisenhower attended, but were part of his professional education as a career soldier.

School President(s)
Allegheny College
Amherst College
Bowdoin College
The College of William & Mary
Columbia University
Davidson College
Dickinson College
Eureka College
Georgetown University
Georgia Institute of Technology
Georgia Southwestern State University
Hampden-Sydney College
Harvard University
Hiram College
Kenyon College
London School of Economics
Miami University (Ohio)
Occidental College
Ohio Central College
Princeton University
Southwest Texas State Teachers College
Spalding's Commercial College (Kansas City, Missouri)
Stanford University
Leiden University
University of Michigan
University of North Carolina
Union College
United States Military Academy
United States Army Command and General Staff College
United States Army Industrial College
United States Army War College
United States Naval Academy
Whittier College
Williams College
Yale University

Law school

School President(s)
Albany Law School
Columbia Law School
Duke University School of Law
Georgetown University Law Center
Harvard Law School
Northampton Law School
State and National Law School
University of Cincinnati College of Law
University of Kansas City School of Law
University of Virginia School of Law
Yale Law School

Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, and Calvin Coolidge became lawyers after independent study, but they never attended law school. William McKinley attended two quarters at the Albany Law School, he went on to become a law clerk and was later admitted to the Ohio bar to practice law.

Business school

School President(s)
Harvard Business School
Stanford Graduate School of Business

Medical school

School President(s)
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Ph.D.

School President(s)
Johns Hopkins University

Did not graduate from college

List by presidents

President School(s)
George Washington None (surveyor's certificate from The College of William and Mary)
John Adams Harvard University
Thomas Jefferson The College of William and Mary
James Madison Princeton University
James Monroe The College of William and Mary
John Quincy Adams Leiden University (transferred to Harvard University)
Harvard University
Andrew Jackson None
Martin Van Buren None
William Henry Harrison Hampden-Sydney College (withdrew)
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine (withdrew)
John Tyler The College of William and Mary
James K. Polk University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Zachary Taylor None
Millard Fillmore None
Franklin Pierce Bowdoin College
Northampton Law School
James Buchanan Dickinson College
Abraham Lincoln None
Andrew Johnson None
Ulysses S. Grant United States Military Academy
Rutherford B. Hayes Kenyon College
Harvard Law School
James Garfield Hiram College (transferred to Williams College)
Williams College
Chester A. Arthur Union College
State and National Law School (did not graduate)
Grover Cleveland None
Benjamin Harrison Miami University
William McKinley Allegheny College (withdrew)
Albany Law School (did not graduate)
Theodore Roosevelt Harvard University
Columbia Law School (withdrew) (Awarded J.D. in 2008, class of 1882)2
William Howard Taft Yale University
University of Cincinnati College of Law
Woodrow Wilson Davidson College (transferred to Princeton University)
Princeton University
University of Virginia School of Law (withdrew)
Johns Hopkins University (Ph.D.)
Warren G. Harding Ohio Central College
Calvin Coolidge Amherst College
Herbert Hoover Stanford University
Franklin D. Roosevelt Harvard University
Columbia Law School (withdrew) (Awarded J.D. in 2008, class of 1907)3
Harry S. Truman Spalding's Commercial College (withdrew)
University of Kansas City School of Law (withdrew)
Dwight D. Eisenhower U.S. Military Academy (West Point)
United States Army Command and General Staff College
United States Army Industrial College
United States Army War College
John F. Kennedy London School of Economics (General Course Program)
Princeton University (transferred to Harvard University)
Harvard University
Lyndon B. Johnson Southwest Texas State College
Georgetown University Law Center (withdrew)
Richard Nixon Whittier College
Duke University School of Law
Gerald Ford University of Michigan
Yale Law School
Jimmy Carter Georgia Southwestern College (transferred to the Georgia Institute of Technology)
Georgia Institute of Technology (transferred to the United States Naval Academy)
U.S. Naval Academy
Ronald Reagan Eureka College
George H. W. Bush Yale University
Bill Clinton Georgetown University
University of Oxford (Rhodes Scholar)
Yale Law School
George W. Bush Yale University
Harvard Business School
Barack Obama Occidental College (transferred to Columbia University)
Columbia University
Harvard Law School

Other academic associations

School president

President(s) School Position Years
Thomas Jefferson University of Virginia 1st Rector 1819–1826
James Madison University of Virginia 2nd Rector 1826–1836
James A. Garfield Hiram College President 1857–1860
Millard Fillmore University of Buffalo Chancellor 1846–1874
Woodrow Wilson Princeton University President 1902–1910
Dwight D. Eisenhower Columbia University President 1948–1953

School trustee

President(s) School Position Years
George Washington College of William and Mary Chancellor 1788–1799
George Washington Washington College Allowed use of his name, Benefactor, Board of Governors 1782-1799
George Washington Washington and Lee University Benefactor, no official position4 1796
Thomas Jefferson University of Virginia Board of Visitors 1819–1826
James Madison University of Virginia Board of Visitors 1819–1836
James Monroe University of Virginia Board of Visitors 1826–1831
Millard Fillmore University at Buffalo Chancellor 1846–1874
James Buchanan Franklin & Marshall College President, Board of Trustees 1853–1865
John Tyler College of William and Mary Chancellor 1859–1862
Benjamin Harrison Purdue University Board of Trustees 1895–1901
Grover Cleveland Princeton University Board of Trustees 1901–1908
Ronald Reagan Eureka College Board of Trustees 1947–1953, 1967–1973, 1974-1980.
Rutherford B. Hayes The Ohio State University Board of Trustees 1881–1893
Franklin D. Roosevelt Vassar College Board of Trustees 1923-1945

Faculty member

President(s) School Position Years
James A. Garfield Hiram College Professor of Latin, Greek, Mathematics, History, Philosophy, Rhetoric and English literature 1857-18615
William Howard Taft University of Cincinnati College of Law Dean 1896-19006
William Howard Taft Yale Law School Kent Professor of Law 1913-1921
William Howard Taft Yale University Member of the Yale Corporation 1901-1913
William Howard Taft Boston University School of Law Lecturer on Legal Ethics7 1918-1921
Woodrow Wilson Bryn Mawr College Professor of Politics and History 1885-18888
Woodrow Wilson Wesleyan University Professor of Politics 1888-18908
Woodrow Wilson Princeton University Professor of Jurisprudence and Political Economy, President 1902–1910
Harry S. Truman Yale University Chubb Fellow Visiting Lecturer 19589
Harry S. Truman Canisius College Visiting Lecturer 196210
Dwight D. Eisenhower Columbia University President 1948-1952
Richard Nixon Whittier College Adjunct lecturer, taught undergraduate legal studies class 1937-1942
Jimmy Carter Emory University University Distinguished Professor 1982–Present
George H. W. Bush Rice University Part-Time Professor of Administrative Science 1978
Bill Clinton University of Arkansas Professor of Law 1973–1977
Barack Obama University of Chicago Law School Senior Lecturer 11 1992–2004

References

  1. ^ http://www.mountvernon.org/visit/plan/index.cfm/pid/808/
  2. ^ New York Sun, Presidents Roosevelt Honored With Posthumous Columbia Degrees, September 26, 2008
  3. ^ Columbia Law School, Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt to Receive Posthumous Law Degrees from Columbia Law School, September 25, 2008
  4. ^ http://www.wlu.edu/x52673.xml
  5. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, Facts About the Presidents (New York: Simon & Schuster [Pocket Books], 1968 [5th printing]), 194.
  6. ^ UC.edu
  7. ^ "BU School of Law Timeline". Boston University. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Biography of Wilson on Princeton Web.
  9. ^ Robert H. Ferrell, Farewell to the Chief: Former Presidents in American Public Life, 1991, page 52
  10. ^ U.S. Government Printing Office, Congressional Record, Volume 108, Part 4, 1962, page 5168
  11. ^ Media Inquiries, University of Chicago Law School







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