List of Prime Ministers of Finland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Finland

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Finland since the establishment of that office in 1917.

History

In 1918, the Finnish Senate was transformed into the Council of State (or cabinet) of Finland, and the position of Vice-Chairman of the Economic Division of the Senate was transformed into that of a Prime Minister. Kesäranta (in Swedish Villa Bjälbo), located in the Meilahti area of Helsinki, has been the official residence of the Prime Minister of Finland since 1919.

Since its independence (declared on 6 December 1917), Finland has had 72 cabinets,1 including the current one, the longest lasting being the two cabinets of Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen, both lasting 1,464 days.

Before the 1980s cabinets tended to be short-lived: the President was the most important political figure and he had the right to form a new cabinet whenever he wanted. From the 1980s onwards cabinets have tended to serve full terms (although the Prime Minister may have changed midterm in a few cases, most of the other cabinet has remained nearly unchanged) and the Prime Minister has become more powerful a figure than the President. Under the current constitution the Prime Minister is chosen by the Parliament and only appointed by the President.

List of Prime Ministers

Name
(Born-Died)
Portrait Term of office Party Election Cabinet
1 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud
(1861–1944)
P.E.Svinhufvud.jpg 27 November 1917 27 May 1918 Finnish Party (SP) 1917 1. Svinhufvud I
SPNSPMLRKP
2 Juho Kusti Paasikivi
(1870–1956)
J. K. Paasikivi 1946.png 27 May 1918 27 November 1918 Finnish Party (SP) 2. Paasikivi I
SP/Kok.NSP/Ed.MLRKP
3 Lauri Ingman
(1868–1934)
Lauri Ingman.jpg 27 November 1918 17 April 1919 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 3. Ingman I
Kok.Ed.RKP
4 Kaarlo Castrén
(1860–1938)
Kaarlo Castrén.jpg 17 April 1919 15 August 1919 National Progressive Party (Ed.) 1919 4. K.Castrén
MLEd.RKP
5 Juho Vennola
(1872–1938)
JuhoVennola.jpg 15 August 1919 15 March 1920 National Progressive Party (Ed.) 5. Vennola I
MLEd.
6 Rafael Erich
(1879–1946)
Rafael Erich.jpg 15 March 1920 9 April 1921 National Coalition Party 6. Erich
Kok.MLEd.RKP
(5) Juho Vennola
(1872–1938)
JuhoVennola.jpg 9 April 1921 2 June 1922 National Progressive Party (Ed.) 7. Vennola II
MLEd.
7 Aimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
Aimo Cajander.png 2 June 1922 14 November 1922 none (caretaker cabinet) 1922 8. Cajander I
8 Kyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
Kallio.jpg 14 November 1922 18 January 1924 Agrarian League (ML) 9. Kallio I
MLEd.
(7) Aimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
Aimo Cajander.png 18 January 1924 31 May 1924 none (caretaker cabinet) 1924 10. Cajander II
(3) Lauri Ingman
(1868–1934)
Lauri Ingman.jpg 31 May 1924 31 March 1925 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 11. Ingman II
Kok.MLEd., RKP
9 Antti Tulenheimo
(1879–1952)
AnttiTulenheimo.jpg 31 March 1925 31 December 1925 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 12. Tulenheimo
Kok.ML
(8) Kyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
Kallio.jpg 31 December 1925 13 December 1926 Agrarian League (ML) 13. Kallio II
MLKok.
10 Väinö Tanner
(1881–1966)
Väinö-Tanner.jpg 13 December 1926 17 December 1927 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 14. Tanner
SDP
11 Juho Sunila
(1875–1936)
JuhoSunila.jpg 17 December 1927 22 December 1928 Agrarian League (ML) 1927 15. Sunila I
ML
12 Oskari Mantere
(1874–1942)
OskariMantere.jpg 22 December 1928 16 August 1929 National Progressive Party (Ed.) 16. Mantere
Ed.
(8) Kyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
Kallio.jpg 16 August 1929 4 July 1930 Agrarian League (ML) 1929 17. Kallio III
ML
(1) Pehr Evind Svinhufvud
(1861–1944)
P.E.Svinhufvud.jpg 4 July 1930 18 February 1931 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 1930 18. Svinhufvud II
MLKok.Ed.RKP
(11) Juho Sunila
(1875–1936)
JuhoSunila.jpg 21 March 1931 14 December 1932 Agrarian League (ML) 19. Sunila II
MLKok.Ed.RKP
13 Toivo Mikael Kivimäki
(1886–1968)
Kivimäki Toivo Mikael.jpg 14 December 1932 7 October 1936 National Progressive Party (Ed.) 1933 20. Kivimäki
MLEd.RKP
(8) Kyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
Kallio.jpg 7 October 1936 17 February 1937 Agrarian League (ML) 1936 21. Kallio IV
MLEd.
(7) Aimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
Aimo Cajander.png 12 March 1937 1 December 1939 National Progressive Party (Ed.) 1939 22. Cajander
SDPMLEd.RKP
14 Risto Ryti
(1889–1956)
Risto Ryti 1940.png 1 December 1939 19 December 1940 National Progressive Party (Ed.) 23. Ryti I
SDPMLEd.RKP
24. Ryti II
SDPMLKok.Ed.RKP
15 Johan Wilhelm Rangell
(1894–1982)
Rangell Jukka.jpg 4 January 1941 5 March 1943 National Progressive Party (Ed.) 25. Rangell
SDPMLKok.RKPEd.IKL
16 Edwin Linkomies
(1894–1963)
Edwin Linkomies.jpg 5 March 1943 8 August 1944 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 26. Linkomies
Kok.SDPMLRKPEd.
17 Antti Hackzell
(1881–1946)
AnttiHackzell.jpg 8 August 1944 21 September 1944 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 27. Hackzell
Kok.SDPMLRKPEd.
18 Urho Castrén
(1886–1965)
Urho Castrén.jpg 21 September 1944 17 November 1944 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 28. U.Castrén
Kok.SDPMLRKPEd.
(2) Juho Kusti Paasikivi
(1870–1956)
J. K. Paasikivi 1946.png 17 November 1944 9 March 1946 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 29. Paasikivi II
SDPSKDLMLKok.RKPEd.
1945 30. Paasikivi III
SDPSKDLMLEd.RKP
19 Mauno Pekkala
(1890–1952)
MaunoPekkala.jpg 26 March 1946 29 July 1948 Finnish People's Democratic League (SKDL) 31. Pekkala
SKDLSDPMLRKP
20 Karl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
Carl August Fagerho 1955.jpg 29 July 1948 17 March 1950 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 1948 32. Fagerholm I
SDP
21 Urho Kekkonen
(1900–1986)
Urho Kaleva Kekkonen.jpg 17 March 1950 17 November 1953 Agrarian League (ML) 33. Kekkonen I
MLRKPEd.
34. Kekkonen II
MLSDPRKPEd.
1951 35. Kekkonen III
MLSDPRKP
36. Kekkonen IV
MLRKP
22 Sakari Tuomioja
(1911–1964)
Sakari Severi Tuomioja.JPG 17 November 1953 5 May 1954 none (caretaker cabinet) 37. Tuomioja
23 Ralf Törngren
(1899–1961)
Ralf Törngren.jpg 5 May 1954 20 October 1954 Swedish People's Party (RKP) 1954 38. Törngren
SDPMLRKP
(21) Urho Kekkonen
(1900–1986)
Urho Kaleva Kekkonen.jpg 20 October 1954 3 March 1956 Agrarian League (ML) 39. Kekkonen V
MLSDP
(20) Karl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
Carl August Fagerho 1955.jpg 3 March 1956 27 May 1957 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 40. Fagerholm II
SDPMLRKP
24 Vieno Johannes Sukselainen
(1906–1995)
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg 27 May 1957 29 November 1957 Agrarian League (ML) 41. Sukselainen I
MLRKPKp.TPSL
25 Rainer von Fieandt
(1890–1972)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 29 November 1957 26 April 1958 none (caretaker cabinet) 42. von Fieandt
26 Reino Kuuskoski
(1907–1965)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 26 April 1958 29 August 1958 none (caretaker cabinet) 43. Kuuskoski
(20) Karl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
Carl August Fagerho 1955.jpg 29 August 1958 13 January 1959 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 1958 44. Fagerholm III
SDPMLKok.RKPKp.
(24) Vieno Johannes Sukselainen
(1906–1995)
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg 13 January 1959 14 July 1961 Agrarian League (ML) 45. Sukselainen II
ML/Kesk.RKP
27 Martti Miettunen
(1907–2002)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 14 July 1961 13 April 1962 Agrarian League (ML) 46. Miettunen I
Kesk.
28 Ahti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
Ahtikarjalainen.jpg 13 April 1962 18 December 1963 Agrarian League (ML) 1962 47. Karjalainen I
Kesk.Kok.RKPKp.TPSL
29 Reino Ragnar Lehto
(1898–1966)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 18 December 1963 12 September 1964 none (caretaker cabinet) 48. Lehto
30 Johannes Virolainen
(1914–2000)
Johannes virolainen 1980.jpg 12 September 1964 27 May 1966 Centre Party (Kesk.) 49. Virolainen
Kesk.Kok.RKPKp.
31 Rafael Paasio
(1903–1980)
Rafaelpaasio.jpg 27 May 1966 22 March 1968 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 1966 50. Paasio I
SDPKesk.SKDLTPSL
32 Mauno Koivisto
(1923– )
Mauno Koivisto.png 22 March 1968 14 May 1970 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 51. Koivisto I
SDPKesk.SKDLTPSLRKP
33 Teuvo Aura
(1912–1999)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 14 May 1970 15 August 1970 none (caretaker cabinet) 52. Aura I
(28) Ahti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
Ahtikarjalainen.jpg 15 August 1970 29 October 1971 Centre Party (Kesk.) 1970 53. Karjalainen II
Kesk.SDPSKDLRKPLKP
(33) Teuvo Aura
(1912–1999)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 29 October 1971 23 February 1972 none (caretaker cabinet) 54. Aura II
(31) Rafael Paasio
(1903–1980)
Rafaelpaasio.jpg 23 February 1972 4 September 1972 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 1972 55. Paasio II
SDP
34 Kalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
Kalevi Sorsa.jpg 4 September 1972 13 June 1975 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 56. Sorsa I
SDPKesk.RKPLKP
35 Keijo Liinamaa
(1929–1980)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 13 June 1975 30 November 1975 none (caretaker cabinet) 57. Liinamaa
(27) Martti Miettunen
(1907–2002)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 30 November 1975 15 May 1977 Centre Party (Kesk.) 1975 58. Miettunen II
Kesk.SDPSKDLRKPLKP
59. Miettunen III
Kesk.RKPLKP
(34) Kalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
Kalevi Sorsa.jpg 15 May 1977 26 April 1979 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 60. Sorsa II
SDPKesk.SKDLRKPLKP
(32) Mauno Koivisto
(1923– )
Mauno Koivisto.png 26 April 1979 26 January 1982 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 1979 61. Koivisto II
SDPKesk.SKDLRKP
(34) Kalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
Kalevi Sorsa.jpg 19 February 1982 30 April 1987 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 62. Sorsa III
SDPKesk.SKDLRKPLKP
1983 63. Sorsa IV
SDPKesk.RKPSMP
36 Harri Holkeri
(1937–2011)
Holkeri.jpg 30 April 1987 26 April 1991 National Coalition Party (Kok.) 1987 64. Holkeri
Kok.SDPRKPSMP
37 Esko Aho
(1954– )
Esko Aho (cropped).jpg 26 April 1991 13 April 1995 Centre Party (Kesk.) 1991 65. Aho
Kesk.Kok.RKPKD
38 Paavo Lipponen
(1941– )
Paavo lipponen 15.1.2002 (cropped).jpg 13 April 1995 17 April 2003 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 1995 66. Lipponen I
SDPKok.RKPVas.Vihr.
1999 67. Lipponen II
SDPKok.RKPVas.Vihr.
39 Anneli Jäätteenmäki
(1955– )
Jäätteenmäki Anneli 2014-02-06 1.jpg 17 April 2003 24 June 2003 Centre Party (Kesk.) 2003 68. Jäätteenmäki
Kesk.SDPRKP
40 Matti Vanhanen
(1955– )
Matti Vanhanen.jpg 24 June 2003 22 June 2010 Centre Party (Kesk.) 69. Vanhanen I
Kesk.SDPRKP
2007 70. Vanhanen II
Kesk.Kok.RKPVihr.
41 Mari Kiviniemi
(1968– )
Finlands statsminister, Nordiska radets session 201.jpg 22 June 2010 22 June 2011 Centre Party (Kesk.) 71. Kiviniemi
Kesk.Kok.RKPVihr.
42 Jyrki Katainen
(1971– )
Jyrki Katainen A4.jpeg 22 June 2011 Incumbent National Coalition Party (Kok.) 2011 72. Katainen
Kok.SDPRKPVas.Vihr.KD

Interim Prime Ministers

Name
(Born-Died)
Portrait Term of office Party Note
Juho Vennola
(1872–1938)
JuhoVennola.jpg 18 February 1931 21 March 1931 National Progressive Party Substitute to Svinhufvud, who became President of Finland
Rudolf Holsti
(1881–1945)
Rudolf Holsti.jpg 17 February 1937 12 March 1937 National Progressive Party Substitute to Kyösti Kallio, who became President of Finland
Rudolf Walden
(1878–1946)
Rudolf Walden.jpg 27 March 1940 4 January 1941 none Substitute to Risto Ryti, who became President of Finland
Carl Enckell
(1876–1959)
Carl enckell.jpg 9 March 1946 26 March 1946 none Substitute to Juho Kusti Paasikivi, who became President of Finland
Eemil Luukka
(1892–1970)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 3 July 1961 14 July 1961 Agrarian League
Eino Uusitalo
(1924– )
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 11 September 1981 19 February 1982 Centre Party Substitute to Mauno Koivisto, who became President of Finland

See also

References

  1. ^ Finnish Council of State. "The Cabinet in Office". Finnish Council of State. Retrieved June 23, 2010. 

External links

Media related to Prime ministers of Finland at Wikimedia Commons








Creative Commons License