Speaker of the People's Council of Syria

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Speaker of the People's Council of Syria
Coat of arms of Syria.svg
Incumbent
Mohammad Jihad al-Laham

since 24 May 2012
Appointer People's Council of Syria
Term length 4-years
Inaugural holder Ahmad al-Khatib
(modern incarnation)
Formation 22 February 1971
(modern incarnation)
Coat of arms of Syria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Syria

The Speaker of the People's Council of Syria represents the parliament, signs documents and speaks on its behalf.1 Throughout its history, the Speaker has been responsible for representing parliament. As of 2013, 28 different people have served as speakers of parliament. As of 24 May 2012, Mohammad Jihad al-Laham serves as the speaker.

The People's Council is Syria's legislative body.2 A People's Council is elected every fourth calendar year.3 The first convocation of a newly elected People's Council is responsible for electing it's Speaker.4 The People's Council should meet least three times a year, the Speaker has the power to convene an extraordinary meeting of the council.5 The guards of the People's Council are under the authority of the Speaker.1 60 days before the term of the President expires, the Speaker calls for new elections.6 All presidential candidates have to be approved personally by the Speaker.6 If only one candidate is acceptable, the Speaker is supposed to postpone the elections,6 but in practice this does not occur. Both President Hafez al-Assad and President Bashar al-Assad ran unopposed during their electoral campaigns. The election result is to be announced when the results have been counted.7

Keys

Meaning
Acting speaker.
National Bloc
National Union
People's Party
Syrian Regional Branch (Ba'ath Party)
Syrian Regional Branch (Syrian Ba'ath Party)

Speakers

Syria under the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (1917–1920)

President of the Syrian National Congress (1919–1920)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1 Hashim Al Atassi.jpg Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
11 December 1919 17 July 1920 National Bloc 1
(1919)
1st convocation
(1919–1920)

State of Syria, part of the French Mandate (1922–1930)

Speaker of the Constituent Council (1923–1925)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1
Badih Muayyad al-Azm
(1870–1960)
12 November 1923 14 July 1925 Independent 1
(1923)
1st convocation
(1923–1928)

Speaker of the Constituent Assembly (1924–1930)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1 Hashim Al Atassi.jpg Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
11 August 1928 6 September 1928 National Bloc 1
(1928)
1st convocation
(1928)

Syrian Republic (1930–1946)

Chairman of the Council of Representatives (1932–1933)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1
Barakat al-Khaldi
(?–?)
7 June 1932 25 November 1933 Independent 1
(1932)
1st convocation
(1932–1933)

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1932–1946)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1 Subhi barkat.jpg Subhi Barakat
(1889–1939)
January 1932 1932 Independent 1
(1932)
2nd convocation
(1932–1936)
2 Faris al-Khoury.jpg Fares al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
21 November 1936 8 July 1939 National Bloc 1
(1936)
3rd convocation
(1936–1943)
Vacant (1939–1943)
2 Faris al-Khoury.jpg Fares al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
17 August 1943 17 October 1944 National Bloc 2
(1943)
4th convocation
(1943–1947)
3 Saadallah al-Jabiri.jpg Saadallah al-Jabiri
(1893–1942)
17 October 1944 15 September 1945 National Bloc 1
(1943)
4th convocation
(1943–1947)
2 Faris al-Khoury.jpg Fares al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
16 September 1945 22 October 1946 National Bloc 1
(1943)
4th convocation
(1943–1947)

Syrian Republic (1946–1958)

Speaker of the House of Representatives (1947–1949)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
2 Faris al-Khoury.jpg Fares al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
27 September 1947 31 March 1949 People's Party 2
(1947)
5th convocation
(1947–1949)

Speaker of the Constituent Assembly (1949–1951)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
4
Rushdi al-Kikhya
(born 1900)
12 December 1949 22 June 1951 Independent 1
(1949)
6th convocation
(1949–1953)
5
Maarouf al-Dawalibi
(1909–2004)
23 June 1951 30 September 1951 People's Party 1
(1949)
6th convocation
(1949–1953)
6 Nazim al=Kudsi.jpg Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
1 October 1951 2 December 1951 People's Party 1
(1949)
6th convocation
(1949–1953)

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1953–1954)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
7 Maamoun Kuzbari.jpg Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
24 October 1953 2 December 1954 Independent 1
(1953)
7th convocation
(1953–1954)

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1954–1958)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
6 Nazim al=Kudsi.jpg Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
14 October 1954 1 October 1957 People's Party 1
(1954)
8th convocation
(1954–1958)
8 Akram Hourani.jpg Akram al-Hawrani
(1912–1996)
14 October 1957 22 February 1958 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1954)
8th convocation
(1954–1958)

United Arab Republic (1958–1961)

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1958–1960)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1 Akram Hourani.jpg Akram al-Hawrani
(1912–1996)
22 February 1958 20 July 1960 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1954)
8th convocation
(1954–1958)

Chairman of the Council of Nation (1960–1961)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Anwar Sadat
(1918–1981)
21 July 1960 17 September 1961 National Union 1
(1960)
1st convocation
(1960–1961)

Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1961–1963)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
7 Maamoun Kuzbari.jpg Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
12 December 1961 12 September 1962 Independent 1
(1961)
9th convocation
(1961–1963)
9 Said al-Ghazzi.jpg Said al-Ghazzi
(1893–1967)
17 September 1962 7 March 1963 Independent 1
(1961)
9th convocation
(1961–1963)

Chairman of the National Revolutionary Council (1965–1966)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1 MansourAtrash.jpg Mansur al-Atrash
(1926–2006)
1 September 1965 24 February 1966 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(None)
1st convocation

Speaker of the People's Council (1971–present)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Term Convocation
1 Ahmed al-Khatib.jpg Ahmad al-Khatib
(1933–1982)
22 February 1971 26 December 1971 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(None)
1st convocation
2
Fahmi al-Yusufi
(died 2006)
27 December 1971 21 February 1973 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(None)
1st convocation
(1971–1973)
3
Muhammad Ali al-Halabi
(born 1937)
9 June 1973 8 June 1977 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1973)
2nd convocation
(1973–1977)
18 August 1977 27 March 1978 2
(1977)
3rd convocation
(1977–1981)
4
Mahmoud Hadid
(born ?)
30 March 1978 17 August 1981 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1977)
3rd convocation
(1977–1981)
5
Mahmoud Zuabi
(1935–2000)
16 November 1981 15 November 1985 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1981)
4th convocation
(1981–1985)
27 February 1986 18 February 1988 2
(1986)
5th convocation
(1986–1990)
6
Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
(1935–2013)
19 February 1988 16 February 1990 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1986)
5th convocation
(1986–1990)
11 June 1990 10 June 1994 2
(1990)
6th convocation
(1990–1994)
10 September 1994 9 September 1998 3
(1994)
7th convocation
(1994–1998)
1999 2002 4
(1998)
8th convocation
(1998–2003)
7 Mohammad Naji Otri.jpg Muhammad Naji al-Otari
(born 1944)
9 March 2003 18 September 2003 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(2003)
9th convocation
(2003–2007)
8
Mahmoud al-Abrash
(born 1944)
7 October 2003 8 March 2007 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(2003)
9th convocation
(2003–2007)
7 May 2007 7 May 2012 2
(2007)
10th convocation
(2007–2012)
9
Mohammad Jihad al-Laham
(born 1940)
24 May 2012 Incumbent Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(2012)
11th convocation
(2012–2016)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Article 73 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. 
  2. ^ "Article 55 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. 
  3. ^ "Article 56 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. 
  4. ^ "Article 64 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. 
  5. ^ "Article 65 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. 
  6. ^ a b c "Article 85 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. 
  7. ^ "Article 86 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. 







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