List of United States Senators from Delaware

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This is a listing of the United States Senators from Delaware. They were originally elected by the Delaware General Assembly for designated six-year terms beginning March 4. Frequently portions of the term would remain only upon a senator's death or resignation. From 1914 the senators were popularly elected on the first Tuesday after November 1, and starting 1935 the beginning of their term is January 3, not March 4.

Class 1

Senators belonging to this electoral class were first elected in 1788 to two-year terms that expired at the end of the 1st United States Congress, and had to stand for re-election to a full six-year term in 1790. The seats were most recently contested in 2012, and the next full election will be in 2018.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 GeorgeRead.gif George Read Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
September 18, 1793
1 1 Elected in 1789
2 2 Re-elected in 1790
Resigned to become Chief Justice of Delaware
3
Vacant September 18, 1793 –
February 7, 1795
2 Henry Latimer US.gif Henry Latimer Federalist February 7, 1795 –
February 28, 1801
3
(Continued)
Elected to finish Read's term
4
5 3 Re-elected in 1797
Resigned
6
3 Samuel White US.jpg Samuel White Federalist February 28, 1801 –
November 4, 1809
6
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Latimer's term
Elected to finish Latimer's term
7
8 4 Re-elected in 1803
9
10
11 5 Re-elected in 1809

Died
Vacant November 4, 1809 –
January 12, 1810
4 No image.svg Outerbridge Horsey Federalist January 12, 1810 –
March 3, 1821
11
(Continued)
Elected to finish White's term
12
13
14 6 Re-elected in 1815

Retired
15
16
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
January 23, 1822
17 7
5 Rodneycaesara3.jpg Caesar A. Rodney Democratic-
Republican
January 24, 1822 –
January 29, 1823
Elected late to finish vacant term

Resigned
Vacant January 29, 1823 –
January 8, 1824
17
(Continued)
18
6 Thomas Clayton US.jpg Thomas Clayton Adams-Clay Federalist January 8, 1824 –
March 3, 1827
18
(Continued)
Elected to finish Rodney's term

[Data unknown/missing.
You can help!
Adams 19
7 LMcLane.jpg Louis McLane Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
April 16, 1829
20 8 Elected in 1827

Resigned to become Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to England
21
Vacant April 16, 1829 –
January 7, 1830
8 Arnold Naudain.jpg Arnold S. Naudain Anti-Jacksonian January 7, 1830 –
June 16, 1836
21
(Continued)
Elected to finish McLane's term
22
23 9 Re-elected in 1832

Resigned
24
9 Richard H Bayard US.jpg Richard H. Bayard Anti-Jacksonian
Whig
June 17, 1836 –
September 19, 1839
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish Naudain's term

Resigned to become Chief Justice of Delaware
25
Vacant September 19, 1839 –
January 11, 1841
26 10
10 Richard H Bayard US.jpg Richard H. Bayard Whig January 12, 1841 –
March 3, 1845
26
(Continued)
Elected to finish his own term

Retired
27
28
11 JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg John M. Clayton Whig March 4, 1845 –
February 23, 1849
29 11 Elected in 1845

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
30
12 Senator John Wales.jpg John Wales Whig February 23, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
30
(Continued)
Elected to finish Clayton's term

Lost re-election
31
13 James A. Bayard, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg James A. Bayard, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 29, 1864
32 12 Elected in 1851
33
34
35 13 Re-elected in 1857
36
37
38 14 Re-elected in 1863

Resigned
14 George R. Riddle - Brady-Handy.jpg George R. Riddle Democratic January 29, 1864 –
March 29, 1867
38
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bayard's term

Died
39
40
Vacant March 29, 1867 –
April 5, 1867
15 James A. Bayard, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg James A. Bayard, Jr. Democratic April 5, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
40
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Riddle's term
Elected to finish Riddle's term

Retired
16 Thomas F. Bayard, Brady-Handy photo portrait, circa 1870-1880.jpg Thomas F. Bayard Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 6, 1885
41 15 Elected in 1869
42
43
44 16 Re-elected in 1875
45
46
47 17 Re-elected in 1881
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
48
49
17 George Gray;G000396.jpg George Gray Democratic March 18, 1885 –
March 3, 1899
49
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bayard's term
50 18 Re-elected in 1887
51
52
53 19 Re-elected in 1893

Lost re-election
54
55
Vacant March 4, 1899 –
March 1, 1903
56 20 Legislature failed to elect
57
18 BallHeisler.jpg L. Heisler Ball Republican March 2, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
57
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term
58
Vacant March 4, 1905 –
June 12, 1906
59 21 Legislature failed to elect
19 Henry A Dupont.jpg Henry A. du Pont Republican June 13, 1906 –
March 3, 1917
59
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term
60
61
62 22 Re-elected in 1911

Lost re-election
63
64
20 Josiah Oliver Wolcott.jpg Josiah O. Wolcott Democratic March 4, 1917 –
July 2, 1921
65 23 Resigned to become Chancellor of Delaware
66
67
21 Thomas du Pont.jpg T. Coleman du Pont Republican July 7, 1921 –
November 6, 1922
Appointed to finish Wolcott's term
Lost election to finish Wolcott's term
22 Thomas F. Bayard, Jr.jpg Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. Democratic November 7, 1922 –
March 3, 1929
67
(Continued)
Elected to finish Wolcott's term
68 24 Elected in 1922

Lost re-election
69
70
23 John G. Townsend, Jr.jpg John G. Townsend, Jr. Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1941
71 25 Elected in 1928
72
73
74 26 Re-elected in 1934

Lost re-election
75
76
24 Jamestunnell.jpg James M. Tunnell Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1947
77 27 Elected in 1940

Lost re-election
78
79
25 JohnJWilliams.jpg John J. Williams Republican January 3, 1947 –
December 31, 1970
80 28 Elected in 1946
81
82
83 29 Re-elected in 1952
84
85
86 30 Re-elected in 1958
87
88
89 31 Re-elected in 1964
Reisgned to give successor preferential seniority
90
91
26 Sen. William V. Roth (R-DE).jpg William V. Roth, Jr. Republican January 1, 1971 –
January 3, 2001
91
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Williams's term, having been elected to the next term
92 32 Elected in 1970
93
94
95 33 Re-elected in 1976
96
97
98 34 Re-elected in 1982
99
100
101 35 Re-elected in 1988
102
103
104 36 Re-elected in 1994
Lost re-election
105
106
27 Sen. Thomas Carper (D-DE).jpg Thomas R. Carper Democratic January 3, 2001 –
Present
107 37 Elected in 2000
108
109
110 38 Re-elected in 2006
111
112
113 39 Re-elected in 2012
114
115

Class 2

Senators belonging to this electoral class were first elected in 1788 to four-year terms that expired at the end of the 2nd United States Congress, and had to stand for re-election to a full six-year term in 1792. The seats were most recently contested in 2008, and the next full election will be in 2014.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 Richard bassett.jpg Richard Bassett Anti-
Administration

Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1 1 Elected in 1789

[Data unknown/missing.
You can help!
2
2 ViningJohnM 0001.jpg John M. Vining Pro-
Administration
Federalist
March 4, 1793 –
January 19, 1798
3 2 Elected in 1793

Resigned
4
5
3 JoshuaClayton.gif Joshua Clayton Federalist January 19, 1798 –
August 11, 1798
Elected to finish Vining's term

Died
Vacant August 11, 1798 –
January 17, 1799
4 William H. Wells.jpg William H. Wells Federalist January 17, 1799 –
November 6, 1804
5
(Continued)
Elected to finish Clayton's term
6 3 Elected to full term in 1799

Resigned
7
8
5 BayardJames ASr.jpg James A. Bayard Federalist November 13, 1804 –
March 3, 1813
8
(Continued)
Elected to finish Wells's term
9 4 Re-elected in 1805
10
11
12 5 Re-elected in 1811

Resigned
Vacant March 3, 1813 –
May 21, 1813
13
6 William H. Wells.jpg William H. Wells Federalist May 21, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
13
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bayard's term

Retired
14
7 Vandykenjr.jpg Nicholas Van Dyke Federalist March 4, 1817 –
May 21, 1826
15 6 Elected in 1817
16
17
18 7 Re-elected in 1823

Died
19
Vacant May 21, 1826 –
November 8, 1826
8 Daniel Rodney.jpg Daniel Rodney Anti-
Jacksonian
November 8, 1826 –
January 12, 1827
19
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Van Dyke's term

Retired
9 Ridgelyhm.jpg Henry M. Ridgely Jacksonian January 12, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
19 Elected to finish Van Dyke's term

Retired
20
10 JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg John M. Clayton Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
December 29, 1836
21 8 Elected in 1829
22
23
24 9 Re-elected in 1835

Resigned
Vacant December 29, 1836 –
January 9, 1837
11 Thomas Clayton US.jpg Thomas Clayton Anti-Jacksonian
Whig
January 9, 1837 –
March 3, 1847
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish his cousin's term
25
26
27 10 Re-elected in 1841

[Data unknown/missing.
You can help!
28
29
12 SpruancePresley.jpg Presley Spruance Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
30 11 Elected in 1846

Retired
31
32
13 JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg John M. Clayton Whig March 4, 1853 –
November 9, 1856
33 12 Elected in 1853

Died
34
Vacant November 9, 1856 –
November 19, 1856
14 ComegysJosephP.jpg Joseph P. Comegys Whig November 19, 1856 –
January 14, 1857
Appointed to continue Clayton's term

Declined nomination to finish Clayton's term
15 BatesMartinW.jpg Martin W. Bates Democratic January 14, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
34
(Continued)
Elected to finish Clayton's term

Lost re-election
35
16 Willard Saulsbury, Sr. - Brady-Handy.jpg Willard Saulsbury, Sr. Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1871
36 13 Elected in 1858
37
38
39 14 Re-elected in 1864

Lost re-election
40
41
17 Eli M. Saulsbury - Brady-Handy.jpg Eli M. Saulsbury Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1889
42 15 Elected in 1871
43
44
45 16 Re-elected in 1876
46
47
48 17 Re-elected in 1883

Lost re-election
49
50
18 HigginsAnthony.jpg Anthony C. Higgins Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
51 18 Elected in 1888

Lost re-election
52
53
Vacant March 4, 1895 –
January 19, 1897
54 19 Legislature failed to elect in 1895
19 KenneyRichardR.jpg Richard R. Kenney Democratic January 19, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
54 Elected to finish vacant term

Lost re-election
55
56
Vacant March 4, 1901 –
March 2, 1903
57 20 Legislature failed to elect in 1901
20 James Allee.jpg J. Frank Allee Republican March 2, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
57 Elected to finish vacant term

Retired
58
59
21 RichardsonHarryA.jpg Harry A. Richardson Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60 21 Elected in 1907

Retired
61
62
22 SaulsburyWillardJr2.gif Willard Saulsbury, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
63 22 Elected in 1913

Lost re-election
64
65
23 BallHeisler.jpg L. Heisler Ball Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1925
66 23 Elected in 1919

Lost renomination
67
68
24 Thomas du Pont.jpg T. Coleman du Pont Republican March 4, 1925 –
December 8, 1928
69 24 Elected in 1924

Resigned
70
Vacant December 8, 1928 –
December 10, 1928
25 HastingsDanielO.jpg Daniel O. Hastings Republican December 10, 1928 –
January 3, 1937
70
(Continued)
25 Appointed to continue du Pont's term
Elected to finish du Pont's term
71
72 25 Elected to full term in 1930

Lost re-election
73
74
26 HughesJamesH.jpg James H. Hughes Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75 26 Elected in 1936

Lost renomination
76
77
27 No image.svg C. Douglass Buck Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78 27 Elected in 1942

Lost re-election
79
80
28 JAllenFrear.jpg J. Allen Frear, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1961
81 28 Elected in 1948
82
83
84 29 Re-elected in 1954

Lost re-election
85
86
29 BoggsCaleb.jpg J. Caleb Boggs Republican January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1973
87 30 Elected in 1960
88
89
90 31 Re-elected in 1966

Lost re-election
91
92
30 Joe Biden official portrait crop with alternative background.jpg Joe Biden Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 15, 2009
93 32 Elected in 1972
94
95
96 33 Re-elected in 1978
97
98
99 34 Re-elected in 1984
100
101
102 35 Re-elected in 1990
103
104
105 36 Re-elected in 1996
106
107
108 37 Re-elected in 2002
109
110
111 38 Re-elected in 2008

Resigned to become U.S. Vice President
31 Ted Kaufman, official Senate photo portrait, 2009.jpg Ted Kaufman Democratic January 16, 2009 –
November 15, 2010
Appointed to continue Biden's term

Retired
32 Chris Coons, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Chris Coons Democratic November 15, 2010 –
Present
111
(Continued)
Elected to finish Biden's term
112
113

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

See also








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