List of World Heritage Sites in Northern Europe

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The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated 36 World Heritage Sites in eight countries (also called "state parties") commonly referred to as Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, i.e. a combination of Nordic and Baltic countries.1 Greenland lying on the North American continent is not included in this list despite of its political ties with Denmark; it is included in the List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas. The United Kingdom and Ireland are included in Western Europe even though they are sometimes listed in Northern Europe.2

Sweden is home to the most inscribed sites with 15 sites, two of which are transborder properties. Three sites are shared between several countries: the Curonian Spit (Lithuania and Russia), the High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago (Sweden and Finland) and the Struve Geodetic Arc (ten countries in Northern and Eastern Europe).3 The first sites from the region were inscribed in 1979, when the Urnes Stave Church and Bryggen, both in Norway were chosen a year after the list's conception.45 Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x).6 Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Northern Europe, there are 32 cultural, 3 natural, and 1 mixed sites.3

The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." None of the sites in Northern Europe has ever been listed as endangered, though possible danger listing has been considered by UNESCO in a number of cases.78

Legend

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation3
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee6
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Inscribed sites

  * Trans-border site
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland Kalmar,  Sweden
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
2000 9
Birka and Hovgården Stockholm,  Sweden
59°20′6.5″N 17°32′33.5″E / 59.335139°N 17.542639°E / 59.335139; 17.542639 (Birka and Hovgården)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1993 10
Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki Rauma (Lappi), Satakunta,  Finland
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1999 11
Bryggen Bergen, Hordaland,  Norway
60°23′50″N 5°19′23″E / 60.39722°N 5.32306°E / 60.39722; 5.32306 (Bryggen)
Cultural:
(iii)
1979 12
Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå Norrbotten,  Sweden
65°38′46″N 22°1′43″E / 65.64611°N 22.02861°E / 65.64611; 22.02861 (Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
1996 13
Curonian Spit Neringa and Klaipėda district, Klaipėda County,  Lithuania* and Zelenogradsky District, Kaliningrad Oblast,  Russia*
55°16′28″N 20°57′45″E / 55.27444°N 20.96250°E / 55.27444; 20.96250 (Curonian Spit))
Cultural:
(v)
2000 14
Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland Gävleborg,  Sweden
61°42′26″N 16°11′45″E / 61.70722°N 16.19583°E / 61.70722; 16.19583 (Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland)
Cultural:
(v)
700114000000000000014 (35); buffer zone 537 (1,330) 2012 15
Engelsberg Ironworks Västmanland,  Sweden
59°58′00″N 16°00′30″E / 59.96667°N 16.00833°E / 59.96667; 16.00833 (Engelsberg Ironworks)
Cultural:
(iv)
1993 16
Fortress of Suomenlinna Helsinki,  Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
1991 17
Hanseatic Town of Visby Gotland,  Sweden
57°38′30″N 18°17′45″E / 57.64167°N 18.29583°E / 57.64167; 18.29583 (Hanseatic Town of Visby)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1995 18
High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago Västernorrland,  Sweden* and  Finland*
63°18′00″N 21°18′00″E / 63.30000°N 21.30000°E / 63.30000; 21.30000 (High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago)
Natural:
(viii)
7005194400000000000194,400 (480,000) 2000nb 1 19
Historic Centre of Riga
Riga,  Latvia
56°57′15″N 24°7′0″E / 56.95417°N 24.11667°E / 56.95417; 24.11667 (Historic Centre of Riga)
Cultural:
(i), (ii)
7002438000000000000438 (1,080); buffer zone 1,574 (3,890) 1997 20
Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn
Tallinn, Harju County,  Estonia
59°26′0″N 24°44′0″E / 59.43333°N 24.73333°E / 59.43333; 24.73333 (Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002113000000000000113 (280); buffer zone 2,253 (5,570) 1997nb 2 21
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church Jelling, Vejle Municipality, Southern Denmark,  Denmark
Cultural:
(iii)
70004960000000000004.96 (12.3) 1994 22
Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė) Kernavė, Širvintos district, Vilnius County,  Lithuania
54°53′16″N 24°49′50″E / 54.88778°N 24.83056°E / 54.88778; 24.83056 (Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė))
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
7002194000000000000194 (480); buffer zone 2,455 (6,070) 2004 23
Kronborg Castle Helsingør, Capital Region, Zealand,  Denmark
Cultural:
(iv)
2000 24
Laponian Area Norrbotten,  Sweden
67°20′00″N 17°35′00″E / 67.33333°N 17.58333°E / 67.33333; 17.58333 (Laponian Area)
Mixed:
(iii), (v), (vii), (viii), (ix)
7005940000000000000940,000 (2,300,000) 1996 25
Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun Dalarna,  Sweden
60°36′17″N 15°37′51″E / 60.60472°N 15.63083°E / 60.60472; 15.63083 (Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (v)
700143000000000000043 (110); buffer zone 3,500 (8,600) 2001 26
Naval Port of Karlskrona Blekinge,  Sweden
56°10′00″N 15°35′00″E / 56.16667°N 15.58333°E / 56.16667; 15.58333 (Naval Port of Karlskrona)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1998 27
Old Rauma Rauma, Satakunta,  Finland
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
700129000000000000029 (72); buffer zone 142 (350) 1991nb 3 2829
Petäjävesi Old Church Petäjävesi, Central Finland,  Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
1994 30
Rock Art of Alta Alta, Finnmark,  Norway
69°57′0″N 23°11′0″E / 69.95000°N 23.18333°E / 69.95000; 23.18333 (Rock Art of Alta)
Cultural:
{iii}
1985 31
Rock Carvings in Tanum Västra Götaland,  Sweden
58°42′04″N 11°20′28″E / 58.70111°N 11.34111°E / 58.70111; 11.34111 (Rock Carvings in Tanum)
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv)
1994 32
Røros Mining Town and the Circumference Røros, Sør-Trøndelag,  Norway
62°34′26″N 11°23′8″E / 62.57389°N 11.38556°E / 62.57389; 11.38556 (Røros Mining Town and the Circumference)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), {v}
1980nb 4 33
Roskilde Cathedral Roskilde, Region Zealand, Zealand,  Denmark
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
69994000000000000000.40 (0.99); buffer zone 1.50 (3.7) 1995 34
Royal Domain of Drottningholm Stockholm,  Sweden
59°19′23″N 17°53′00″E / 59.32306°N 17.88333°E / 59.32306; 17.88333 (Royal Domain of Drottningholm)
Cultural:
(iv)
1991 35
Skogskyrkogården Stockholm,  Sweden
59°16′32″N 18°05′58″E / 59.27556°N 18.09944°E / 59.27556; 18.09944 (Skogskyrkogården)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1994 36
Struve Geodetic Arc
 Belarus*,  Estonia*,  Finland*,  Latvia*,  Lithuania*,  Moldova*,  Norway*,  Russia*,  Sweden* and  Ukraine* Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
2005 37
Surtsey Vestmannaeyjar,  Iceland
63°18′11″N 20°36′8″W / 63.30306°N 20.60222°W / 63.30306; -20.60222 (Surtsey)
Natural:
(ix)
70033370000000000003,370 (8,300); buffer zone 3,190 (7,900) 2008 38
Þingvellir National Park Bláskógabyggð,  Iceland
64°15′14″N 21°2′14″W / 64.25389°N 21.03722°W / 64.25389; -21.03722 (Þingvellir National Park)
Cultural:
(iii), (vi)
70039270000000000009,270 (22,900) 2004 39
Urnes Stave Church Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,  Norway
61°18′0″N 7°20′0″E / 61.30000°N 7.33333°E / 61.30000; 7.33333 (Urnes Stave Church)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), {iii}
1979 40
Varberg Radio Station Halland,  Sweden
57°06′00″N 12°23′00″E / 57.10000°N 12.38333°E / 57.10000; 12.38333 (Varberg Radio Station)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002109000000000000109 (270); buffer zone 3,854 (9,520) 2004 41
Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago Vega, Nordland,  Norway
65°37′0″N 11°45′0″E / 65.61667°N 11.75000°E / 65.61667; 11.75000 (Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago)
Cultural:
(v)
7005103710000000000103,710 (256,300); buffer zone 28,040 (69,300) 2004 42
Verla Groundwood and Board Mill Kouvola (Jaala), Kymenlaakso,  Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
700123000000000000023 (57); buffer zone 80 (200) 1996 43
Vilnius Historic Centre Vilnius,  Lithuania
54°41′12″N 25°17′35″E / 54.68667°N 25.29306°E / 54.68667; 25.29306 (Vilnius Historic Centre)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1994 44
West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,  Norway
62°7′0″N 7°10′0″E / 62.11667°N 7.16667°E / 62.11667; 7.16667 (West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
2005 45

Notes

  1. ^ Extended in 2006 to include the Kvarken Archipelago and name change from High Coast to the present name.
  2. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2008.
  3. ^ Addition of the buffer zone in 2009 which had been established on a national level in 2003.
  4. ^ Extended in 2010 to include the circumference and name change from Røros Mining Town to the present name.

References

Notes
  1. ^ "Number of World Heritage Properties by region". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region. United Nations Statistics Division. 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Number of World Heritage properties inscribed each Year". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  5. ^ (PDF) Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Second Session, Final Report (Report). Washington, D.C.: UNESCO. 5–8 September 1978. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0003/000347/034793eb.pdf. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  6. ^ a b "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "World Heritage in Danger". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Decision - 28COM 15B.75". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Birka and Hovgården". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "Bryggen". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  13. ^ "Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "Curonian Spit". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  15. ^ "Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 July 2012. 
  16. ^ "Engelsberg Ironworks". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "Fortress of Suomenlinna". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  18. ^ "Hanseatic Town of Visby". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  19. ^ "High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  20. ^ "Historic Centre of Riga". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  21. ^ "Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  22. ^ "Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  23. ^ "Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  24. ^ "Kronborg Castle". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  25. ^ "Laponian Area". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  26. ^ "Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  27. ^ "Naval Port of Karlskrona". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  28. ^ "Old Rauma". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  29. ^ "Old Rauma" (PDF). UNESCO. p. 52. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  30. ^ "Petäjävesi Old Church". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  31. ^ "Rock Art of Alta". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  32. ^ "Rock Carvings in Tanum". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  33. ^ "Røros Mining Town and the Circumference". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  34. ^ "Roskilde Cathedral". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  35. ^ "Royal Domain of Drottningholm". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  36. ^ "Skogskyrkogården". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  37. ^ "Struve Geodetic Arc". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  38. ^ "Surtsey". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  39. ^ "Þingvellir National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  40. ^ "Urnes Stave Church". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  41. ^ "Varberg Radio Station". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  42. ^ "Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  43. ^ "Verla Groundwood and Board Mill". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  44. ^ "Vilnius Historic Centre". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  45. ^ "West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 








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