List of cities proper by population

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This is an attempt to list the most populous cities in the world defined according to a concept of city proper. A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognized urban status that is usually characterized by some form of local government.123 City proper may not include suburbs.4

"World Urbanization Prospects", a UN publication, defines population of a city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city." The book continues to say that "city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives."4 However, some cities on this list do not follow this definition, as it can be misleading. For example, many cities in China govern territory that extends well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural, and sometimes even include other smaller "cities." Using strictly administrative definition, cities in China would rank disproportionately high on the list. For this list, the definition of a city as a primarily urban locality is used.

The goal is to provide populations that can be compared reasonably and informatively. This list enumerates populations of the world's largest cities, whose boundaries may or may not correspond to municipalities. Populations listed are not necessarily for the administratively defined city and may be for urban area, metropolitan area, or one of many types of municipality indicated in the Definition columnwhy?. Approximate surface area, and population density are also indicated. The list only includes cities of 3 million or over.

Cities proper by population

Rank City Image Population Definition Area (km²) Population density (/km²) Country
1 Shanghai Shanghai - Pudong - Lujiazui.jpg 23,710,0005 Direct-controlled Municipality67 2,605.79 6,845  China
2 Lagos Lagos, Nigeria 57991.jpg 16,060,30789 Local Government Areas (LGAs)1011 999.5812 16,067  Nigeria
3 Istanbul Istanbul2010.jpg 14,160,46713 Metropolitan Municipality-Province14 2,189.7915 6,467  Turkey
4 Karachi Korangi Road Karachi.jpg 13,969,28416full citation needed City District Government17 734 19,032  Pakistan
5 Mumbai Mumbai skyline88907.jpg 12,478,44718 Municipal Corporation19 603.4 20,680  India
6 Moscow Москва-Сити 10 ноября 2013.JPG 12,111,19420 Federal City2122 2,510.1223 4,825  Russia
7 São Paulo Radial Leste.jpg 11,821,87324 Municipality City25 1,521.1126 7,772  Brazil
8 Beijing View of Beijing.jpg 11,716,62027 Direct-controlled Municipality28 1,368.32 8,563  China
9 Guangzhou Pearl River Night Cruise.jpg 11,185,60029 Sub-Provincial City30 3,843.43 2,911  China
10 Delhi Skyscrapers connaught place New Delhi.JPG 11,007,83518 National Capital Region31 431.09 25,535  India
11 Shenzhen Shenzhen night street.JPG 10,467,40032 Sub-Provincial City 1,991.6433 5,255  China
12 Seoul Seoul dusk2.jpg 10,388,05534 Special City 605.2135 17,164  South Korea
13 Jakarta Jakarta Car Free Day.jpg 9,988,32936 Capital Region - Five Kota37 664.12 15,040  Indonesia
14 Kinshasa Kinshasa-Gombe, from CCIC.JPG 9,735,0003839full citation needed Metropolitan Municipality-Province40 1,117.6241 8,710  Democratic Republic of the Congo
15 Tianjin 天津南京路滨江道交口.jpg 9,341,84442 Direct-controlled Municipality43 4,03744 2,314  China
16 Tokyo Skyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January (revised).jpg 9,071,57745 23 Special Wards (tokubetsu-ku) 622.9946 14,562  Japan
17 Cairo Kairo 001.jpg 8,922,94947 Governorate48 3,085.149 2,892  Egypt
18 Dhaka Dhaka-Bangladesh.jpg 8,906,03950 City Corporation51 302.925253 29,401  Bangladesh
19 Mexico City Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 8,874,72454 Federal District 1,485.4955 5,974  Mexico
20 Lima Lima Plaza Mayor1 cropped.jpg 8,859,0365657 Metropolitan Municipality-Province58 933.6359 9,489  Peru
21 Bangalore UB City.jpg 8,425,97018 Municipal Corporation 709.560 11,876  India
22 New York City LowerManhattanSept2013.png 8,405,83761 Five Boroughs62 783.84 10,724  United States
23 London Canary Wharf Skyline 2, London UK - Oct 2012.jpg 8,308,36963 Greater London Authority64 1,572.15 5,285  United Kingdom
24 Bangkok The Baiyoke Tower II in Bangkok, Thailand.jpg 8,280,92565 Metropolitan Municipality-Province66 1,568.74 5,280  Thailand
25 Dongguan Dongguan Avenue (CBD) 2010.jpg 8,220,20767 Sub-Provincial City 2,469.4 3,329  China
26 Tehran Tehran view - chamran.jpg 8,154,05168 City Municipality69 68670 11,886  Iran
27 Bogotá Centro-Internacional-Bogotá.jpg 7,776,84571 Capital District72 859.117374 9,052  Colombia
28 Ho Chi Minh City Một khúc sông Sài Gòn.JPG 7,681,70075 Metropolitan Municipality-Province 2,095.676 3,667  Vietnam
29 Hong Kong Hong Kong view from The Peak 01.jpg 7,219,70077 Special Administrative Region 1,104.4378 6,537  China
30 Baghdad Haifa street, as seen from the medical city hospital across the tigres.jpg 7,180,88979 Metropolitan Municipality-Province80 4,55581 1,577  Iraq
31 Wuhan Wuchang-Uprising-Memorial-Square-0127.jpg 6,886,25382 Sub-Provincial City83 1,327.6184 5,187  China
32 Hanoi Hanoi Cityscape.jpg 6,844,10075 Metropolitan Municipality-Province 3,323.676 2,059  Vietnam
33 Hyderabad Hydabada.jpg 6,809,97018 Municipal Corporation 621.4885 10,958  India
34 Rio de Janeiro Vista aérea Centro do Rio de Janeiro RJ.jpg 6,429,92324 Municipality City 1,200.2726 5,357  Brazil
35 Lahore Kalma Underpass1.jpg 6,318,74586 City District 1,77286 3,566  Pakistan
36 Foshan Downtown of Guicheng.jpg 6,151,6228788 Sub-Provincial City 2,034.6289 3,023  China
37 Santiago Santiago de Chile.jpg 5,743,71990 Metropolitan Municipality-Province91 1,249.9 4,595  Chile
38 Riyadh Riyadh 1337.jpg 5,676,62192 Municipality City93 1,233.9894 4,600  Saudi Arabia
39 Ahmedabad Amdavad Aerial.jpg 5,570,58518 Municipal Corporation 475 11,727  India
40 Singapore Singapore CBD skyline from Esplanade at dusk.jpg 5,399,20095 City State 712.4 7,579  Singapore
41 Shantou China-shantou03.jpg 5,391,02896 Sub-Provincial City 2,064.42 2,611  China
42 Luanda Marginal Avenida 4 de Fevreiro Luanda March 2013 05 (cropped).JPG 5,278,80097 Metropolitan Municipality-Province98 2,180.2999 2,421  Angola
43 Saint Petersburg Petersburg-square.jpg 5,131,967100 Federal City 1,43923 3,566  Russia
44 Abidjan Plateau Centre-est.jpg 4,765,00038 Department/City District 2,119101 2,249  Ivory Coast
45 Chengdu Tianfusquare.jpg 4,741,929102 Sub-Provincial City 421102 11,260  China
46 Yangon Downtown Yangon (2006).jpg 4,714,000103 Metropolitan Municipality-Province104 598.75105 7,873  Burma
47 Chennai Southern Railway HQ.jpg 4,681,087106 Municipal Corporation107 426.51108 21,057  India
48 Alexandria Flickr - Daveness 98 - Is this really Africa.jpg 4,616,62547 Governorate 2,300109110 2,007  Egypt
49 Chongqing Chongqing Night Yuzhong.jpg 4,513,137111 Direct-controlled Municipality112 1,435.07 3,145  China
50 Kolkata Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata.jpg 4,486,67918 Municipal Corporation 200.7 24,252  India
51 Xi'an Xi'an erhuan southeast.JPG 4,483,426113 Sub-Provincial City114 832.17 5,388  China
52 Surat GauravPath1.jpg 4,462,00218 Municipal Corporation 326.515115 13,666  India
53 Johannesburg Johannesburg CBD.jpg 4,434,827116 Municipality City 1,644.98 2,696  South Africa
54 Nanjing 紫峰大厦.jpeg 4,393,857117 Sub-Provincial City 742.85 5,915  China
55 Dar es Salaam Dar es Salaam aerial.jpg 4,364,541118 Metropolitan Municipality-Province119 1,631.12120 2,676  Tanzania
56 Ankara Ankara and mosque wza.jpg 4,360,438121 Metropolitan Municipality-Province122 1,910.92 2,282  Turkey
57 Harbin Tower at Harbin Ice and Snow Festival 2012.jpg 4,280,701123124 Sub-Provincial City 1,718.2125 2,491.4  China
58 Giza Egipt 383.jpg 4,239,988126 Governorate127 289.08 14,667  Egypt
59 Suzhou China Suzhou Jinjihu Lake.jpg 4,167,100128 Sub-Provincial City129 1,649.72130 2,526  China
60 Zhengzhou Hnyszx.png 4,122,087131 Sub-Provincial City132 1,015.66 4,059  China
61 New Taipei City Roctpchall.jpg 3,954,929133 Special Municipality 2,052.57134 1,927  Republic of China (Taiwan)
62 Sydney Sydney Harbour01.jpg 3,908,643135 Local Government 2,036.55 1,919  Australia
63 Los Angeles LA Skyline Mountains2.jpg 3,857,79961 Municipality City136 1,213.85 3,178  United States
64 Cape Town Central Cape Town.jpg 3,740,026116 Municipality City 2,444.97 1,530  South Africa
65 Shenyang Shenyang Zentrum.jpg 3,717,098137 Sub-Provincial City 166 22,392  China
66 Melbourne Melbourne by night.jpg 3,707,529135 Local Government 2,543.24 1,458  Australia
67 Yokohama Minato Mirai In Blue.jpg 3,680,267138 Municipality City 437.38 8,414  Japan
68 Busan August Afternoon in Haeundae 2.jpg 3,590,101139 Municipality City 766.12139 4,686  South Korea
69 Hangzhou Hangzhou-yellow-dragon-stad.jpg 3,560,391140 Sub-Provincial City 728.19140 4,889  China
70 Xiamen Buddhism library.jpg 3,531,347141 Sub-Provincial City 1,699 2,078  China
71 Quanzhou Lingshan Islamic Cemetery - city view - DSCF8486.JPG 3,520,846142 Sub-Provincial City 1,062 3,315  China
72 Berlin PotsdamerPlatz Vogelperspektive 2004 1.jpg 3,517,424143 City State 891.75 3,944  Germany
73 Jeddah Jeddeh4.jpg 3,456,259144 Municipality City 1,765145 1,958  Saudi Arabia
74 Durban VWestDurban.jpg 3,442,361116 Municipality City 2,291.31 1,502  South Africa
75 Kabul Khair Khana in 2012.jpg 3,414,100146 Municipality City 275 12,415  Afghanistan
76 Hefei Hefei-yejing1.jpg 3,352,076147 Sub-Provincial City148 838.52 3,998  China
77 Pyongyang 0322 Pyongyang Turm der Juche Idee Aussicht.jpg 3,255,388149 Direct-controlled Municipality 2,113150 1,541  North Korea
78 Madrid Gran Vía (Madrid) 1.jpg 3,207,247151 Municipality City 605.77 5,294  Spain
79 Ekurhuleni Germiston CBD.jpg 3,178,470116 Municipality City 1,975.31 1,609  South Africa
80 Nairobi NBO5.jpg 3,138,369152 Capital District 694.9 4,516  Kenya
81 Pune AmonoraTownCentre.jpg 3,115,43118 Municipal Corporation 450.69 6,913  India
82 Addis Ababa Aerials Ethiopia 2009-08-27 15-26-13.JPG 3,103,673153 Metropolitan Municipality-Province154 526.99 5,889  Ethiopia
83 Changsha The Huángxīng Lù Commercial Pedestrian Street in Changsha.jpg 3,093,980 Sub-Provincial City155 969 3,193  China
84 Jaipur DSCN1444.JPG 3,073,35018 Municipal Corporation 485 6,337  India
85 Wenzhou Shopping street in Wenzhou.jpg 3,039,439156 Sub-Provincial City157 1,187.88 2,559  China

See also

References

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  2. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Millenniumindicators.un.org. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
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  5. ^ "China - Shanghai Municipality". GeoHive. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
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  7. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Huangpu, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou and Yangpu considered "core districts"-the older part (Puxi) + Inner suburbs (districts): Jiading, Baoshan, Minhang and Pudong New Area.
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  9. ^ Nigerian Muse: "Errors, Miscalculations, Omissions in Lagos Census Figures" Table 7
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  11. ^ The Lagos State is made up of 20 districts (3568 square kilometers). The Metropolitan Lagos (City proper) is made up of 16 districts: Agege; Ajeromi-Ifelodun; Alimosho; Amuwo-Odofin; Apapa; Eti-Osa; Ifako-Ijaye; Ikeja; Kosofe; Lagos Island; Lagos Mainland; Mushin; Ojo; Oshodi-Isolo; Shomolu; Surulere (1171 square kilometres).
  12. ^ The surface of the Metropolitan Lagos is 1171 square kilometres, but 171 square kilometres is water (lagoon).
  13. ^ "Istanbul Population Info (2014)". Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  14. ^ The city, considered capital of Istanbul Province, is administered by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM), which oversees the thirty-nine districts of the city-province (thirty-six urban districts and three rural districts).
  15. ^ According to the new Metropolitan Municipal Law (No.5216/2004-5), Jurisdiction of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM), the city area is 5343.02 square kilometers. Districts: Çatalca, Silivri and Şile (total area 3153.23 square kilometers) are almost entirely rural.
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  19. ^ Mumbai City consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district (Island City) and Mumbai Suburban district (Western Suburban and Eastern Suburban), grouped into 24 wards, under the administration of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). The remaining area belongs to Defence, Mumbai Port Trust, Atomic Energy Commission and Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the BMC.
  20. ^ "RUSSIA: Moscow". mos.ru. Retrieved 2014. 
  21. ^ "Территориальное устройство". Moscow City Government. 
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  25. ^ Administratively, the Municipality of São Paulo is divided into 31 subprefectures, each in turn divided into 96 districts. Locally, districts may contain one or more neighborhoods (bairros). The city of São Paulo recognizes ten geographical areas used to reference locations in the city.
  26. ^ a b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (2013)
  27. ^ "Administrative Division of Beijing (2010)". CITY POPULATION.DE. 
  28. ^ Beijing is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of People's Republic of China, and is divided into 14 districts and 2 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Dongcheng and Xicheng considered "core districts" - the older part + Inner suburbs (districts): Chaoyang, Haidian, Fengtai and Shijingshan.
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  30. ^ Guangzhou City is a sub-provincial city and it is divided into 10 districts and 2 County-level cities. Guangzhou is further divided into 131 Subdistricts and 38 Towns. The city proper (districtes): Yuexiu, Liwan, Haizhu, Tianhe, Baiyun, Huangpu, Panyu, Huadu and Industrial Districts - Nansha, Luogang.
  31. ^ The National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCR) is divided into eleven revenue districts, but only 30% - City proper (urban).
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  35. ^ "Seoul Statistics (Land Area)". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 2012. 
  36. ^ "Jumlah Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta (2013)". Dinas Kependudukan dan Pencatatan Sipil Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  37. ^ INDONESIA: Administrative Division
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  39. ^ "Evenements: "Avec une population de 9,5 millions, Kinshasa est la troisième plus grande ville sur le continent africain, de taille égale à Johannesburg. Le Kinois (habitants de Kinshasa) sont connus pour leur sens de l'humour, leur musique et leur amour pour la danse."(2013)". Ville de Kinshasa. 
  40. ^ The province of Kinshasa is divided into twenty-four districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Kinshasa. But the districts (communes) of Maluku and Nsele (N'Sele) are rural and not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Kinshasa is generally considered to be formed by twenty-two "communes".
  41. ^ According to the Constitution of Democratic Republic of the Congo, the province of Kinshasa covers 9965.21 km2. Maluku and N'Sele (total area 8847.59 km2) are entirely rural, with a very very low density.
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  43. ^ Based on the districts of Heping, Hexi, Hebei, Nankai, Hedong, Hongqiao, Jinnan, Dongli, Xiqing, Beichen and Binhai New Area, considered "core districts". Starting from November 2009, Binhai New Area was consolidated into a district, and the former subordinate districts of Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang were abolished. Binhai is part of the Bohai Economic Rim and is expected to become another asset to regional development, following the rise of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone and Shanghai Pudong New Area. It is a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of the PRC, meaning experimental reforms are taking place here.
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  48. ^ In April 2011, Prime Minister Essam Sharaf abolished the Helwan Governorate and reincorporated its territory into the Cairo Governorate. The total area of the governorate is 3085.1 square kilometers, the city area is 453 square kilometers, but the Egyptian government considered the Cairo Governorate is that a whole city and all statistics relate to the "governorate".
  49. ^ EGYPT: Cairo
  50. ^ "BANGLADESH: Dhaka (Census 2011)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  51. ^ Dhaka City Corporation was established as the Dhaka Municipality on August 1, 1864. The Awami League government on 29 November 2011 dissolved the Dhaka City Corporation by the Local Government (City Corporation) Amendment Bill 2011 passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh after being placed in the Parliament on November 23. The city corporation will be split into two corporations, North and South. The municipal area of Dhaka city is under the jurisdiction of the Dhaka City Corporation (North - South) and the municipal area is divided into 92 wards.
  52. ^ "Dhaka Zila". GeoHive. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  53. ^ The Dhaka City Corporation (North-South) not included the cities: Keraniganj, Gāzipur, Sābhār, Rupganj, Narayanganj.
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  58. ^ The province of Lima is divided into forty three "districts of Lima" which are administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima. The city proper (urban area) of Lima is generally considered to be formed by thirty of these districts. The remaining thirteen districts consist of mostly rural and sparsely populated desert and mountainous areas. The Metropolitan Municipality of Callao is divided into six districts.
  59. ^ The cities of Lima and Callao forms a single city "continues". Callao is just a city "administrative". Economically and geographically is a district of the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima.
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  62. ^ New York City is composed of five boroughs: Manhattan, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island
  63. ^ Annual Mid-year Population Estimates for England and Wales, 2012 (press release). Ons.gov.uk (2013-06-26). Retrieved 2013-06-26.
  64. ^ The 33 local authorities are the 32 London borough councils and the City of London Corporation.
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  66. ^ Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes wrongly called amphoe อำเภอ as in the other provinces, derived from Pali khetta, cognate to Sanskrit kṣetra), which are further subdivided into 169 khwaeng แขวง, roughly equivalent to tambon ตำบล in the other provinces.
  67. ^ "China - Guangdong Province (2010)". GeoHive. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  68. ^ "IRAN: Tehran City (Census 2011)". CITY POPULATION.DE. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  69. ^ TEHRAN: Administrative Districts
  70. ^ "About Teheran". Tehran Municipality. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  71. ^ "Estimaciones y proyecciones de hogares y viviendas". DANE (2014). 
  72. ^ The Capital District of Bogotá is divided into twenty districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Bogotá.
  73. ^ "Límites". Bogota Government Corporation. 
  74. ^ The district of Sumapaz is completely rural (no city services) and is not part of the city proper. The area was an important pilgrimage arheoligic site for the Muisca indigenous peoples in pre-Columbian times and for visiting the Sumapaz National Park. The district of Sumapaz represents 0.1% of the population (48% "area") of Bogotá Municipality.
  75. ^ a b "Average population by province". General Statistics Office Of Vietnam. Retrieved 2012. 
  76. ^ a b "Area, population and population density in 2012 by province". General Statistics Office Of Vietnam. 
  77. ^ "Year-end population for 2013". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  78. ^ "Hong Kong Geographic". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  79. ^ "Demographic Statistics of Iraq (2009)". Central Statistical Government of Iraq. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  80. ^ The province of Baghdad is divided into nine district, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad. The districts are distributed into 89 Neighborhood Councils.
  81. ^ There are many disputes about Baghdad city (urban) area. The city of Baghdad has the special status of provincial. The demographic information reported to the city proper are non-existent or are the estimates, projections inconclusive. The Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad is a city "federal district - province". Is similar to the case of Cairo Governorate.
  82. ^ "武汉市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (Main Data from Wuhan 2010 Census)". Wuhan Statistics Bureau. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011. 
  83. ^ The sub-provincial city of Wuhan has direct jurisdiction over 13 districts (eight urban/five rural). The city proper (urban) based on the districts of Jiang'an, Jianghan, Qiaokou, Hanyang, Wuchang and Qingshan considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Hongshan, Dongxihu.
  84. ^ Wuhan Statistical Yearbook 2010 p. 15
  85. ^ "Greater Hyderabad Municipal corporation 2010". GHMC. Retrieved 12-04-2010. 
  86. ^ a b "Lahore City District - Lahore City Tehsil". GeoHive. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  87. ^ "佛山2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报[1]". City of Foshan. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  88. ^ Districts of Changcheng, Nanhai, Shunde; see Foshan#Administration
  89. ^ "About Foshan". City of Foshan. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  90. ^ "Chile - Santiago (Census 2012)". Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  91. ^ The province of Santiago is divided into thirty-two districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Santiago. But the district of Lo Barnechea is rural (mountains) and is not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Santiago is generally considered to be formed by thirty-one districts (Province of Santiago), the district of Puente Alto (Province of Cordillera), and the district of San Bernardo (Province of Maipo).
  92. ^ "Composition of Population (2012)". Arriyadh Development Authority. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  93. ^ Riyadh is divided into 15 branch municipalities, in addition to the Diplomatic Quarter. Each branch municipality in turn contains several districts, amounting to over 130 in total, though some districts are divided between more than one branch municipality. The branch municipalities are Al-Shemaysi, Irqah, Al-Ma'athar, Al-Olayya, Al-Aziziyya, Al-Malaz, Al-Selayy, Nemar, Al-Neseem, Al-Shifa, Al-'Urayja, Al-Bat'ha, Al-Ha'ir, Al-Rawdha, and Al-Shimal ("the North").
  94. ^ Arriyadh Development Authority (Investment_Arriyadh_2013)
  95. ^ "POPULATION IN BRIEF 2013". http://www.singstat.gov.sg/. Singapore. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  96. ^ "现将汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查分区县常住人口[2]数据公布如下:". 汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查 主要数据公报[1]. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  97. ^ "Angola (2013)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  98. ^ Luanda is a city-province of Angola. In 2011 Luanda Province was subdivided into seven municipalities: Belas, Cacuaco, Cazenga, Ícolo e Bengo, Luanda, Quiçama and Viana, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Luanda (18825.28 square kilometres). These are again subdivided into 47 Communes (Comunas). The city proper of Luanda is formed by five districts: Belas, Viana, Luanda, Cazenga and Cacuaco.
  99. ^ "Divisão Político-Administrativa da Província de Luanda". Info-Angola. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  100. ^ Rosstat. Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2014 г. (Russian)
  101. ^ "Presentation". District Autonome D'Abidjan. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  102. ^ a b "我市2010年第六次全国人口普查数据公报" (in Chinese). Government of Chengdu. 2011-05-13. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  103. ^ "Demographia World Urban Areas (2014)". Demographia. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  104. ^ Yangon is administered by the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). The city proper is divided into four districts: Western District, Eastern District, Southern District and Northern District. The districts combined have a total of 33 townships.
  105. ^ Third Regional EST Forum, Presentation of Myanmar. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
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  107. ^ Chennai city is governed by the Chennai Corporation, dividing into three regions - fifteen districts: North (Tiruvottiyur, Manali, Madhavaram, Tondiarpet and Royapuram), South (Valasaravakkam, Alandur, Adyar, Perungudi and Sholinganallur) and Central (Thiru-Vi-Ka Nagar, Ambattur, Anna Nagar, Teynampet and Kodambakkam), which covers 200 wards. Of the total land area, reserved forests cover 2.71 km2 and is concentrated in and around the Guindy National Park region, one of the few national parks in the world located within a city.
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  109. ^ "Egypt: Administrative Units". GeoHive. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  110. ^ The city of Alexandria has an area of approximately 400 square kilometres. Egyptian officials provides information at governorate level. In the case of "city proper" provides information at intervals of many years. It is impossible to assess the population (official) reported in the city proper area.
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  114. ^ The sub-provincial city of Xi'an has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts (区 qu) and 4 counties (县 xian). The city proper based on the districts of Xīnchéng, Bēilín and Liánhú considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Bàqiáo, Wèiyāng and Yàntǎ.
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  118. ^ Pinda, Mizengo Peter. "Welcome to the 2012 Tanzania Population and Housing Census WebPage.". Census General Report (pdf); available by clicking “Population Distribution by Administrative Units”. National Bureau of Statistics of Tanzania. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  119. ^ Dar es Salaam is divided into three districts: Ilala, Kinondoni, and Temeke. All three are governed as municipal councils, and so all of the city's suburbs or wards are affiliated with them.
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  121. ^ "TURKEY: Ankara (2013)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  122. ^ The province of Ankara is divided into twenty five districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Ankara. The city proper (urban area) of Ankara is generally considered to be formed by eight districts (Sincan, Yenimahalle, Etimesgut, Keçiören, Pursaklar, Altındağ, Mamak, Çankaya). In some criteria, Gölbaşı district is part of the city, but the district of Gölbaşı is rural.
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  124. ^ All city proper districts except Sōngběi; namely Dàolǐ, Nángǎng, Dàowài, Píngfáng, Xiāngfang; see Harbin#Administrative divisions
  125. ^ "中国年鉴信息网--中国规模最大、实力最强的研究报告提供商!". Harbin Yearbook. China Yearbook. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  126. ^ "EGYPT: Greater Cairo (2006)". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  127. ^ All districts that are listed as being in Greater Cairo and are contiguous; namely Ad-Duqī, Al-Ahrām; Al-'Ajūzah; Al-Badrashayn; Al-Ḥawāmidiyah; Al-Jīzah; Al-Jīzah; Al-'Umrāniyah; Al-Warrāq; Awsīm; Būlāq al-Dakrūr; Imbābah; Kirdāsah.
  128. ^ "Suzhou (Statistics 2012)". Sztjj.gov.cn. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  129. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Gūsū, Wúzhōng, Sūzhōu Gōngyèyuán (Industrial Park), Xiàngchéng and Sūzhōu Gāo Xīnjìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū (New District)
  130. ^ Sztjj.gov.cn
  131. ^ Sub-Provincial City (Census 2010)
  132. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Zhōngyuán, Èrqī, Guǎnchéng Huízú, Jīnshuǐ and Huìjì
  133. ^ "TAIWAN: Administrative Division (Census 2013)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  134. ^ "New Taipei City". New Taipei City Government. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  135. ^ a b "Australia: Urban Centers (Census 2011)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  136. ^ Los Angeles City is divided into over 80 districts and neighborhoods.
  137. ^ Districts of Shenhe, Heping, Dadong, Huangu, Tiexi; see Districts and zones
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  141. ^ "Xiamen (Sub-provincial city, Fujian)". citypopulation.de. November 1, 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  142. ^ Following sections: Licheng District, Fengze District, Shishi City, Jinjiang City; see Quanzhou#Administrative divisions
  143. ^ "Population of Berlin(01.01.2014)". Statistics Agency Berlin-Brandenburg. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  144. ^ "Saudi Census-2010". Central Departament of Statistics Saudi Government. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  145. ^ "Area and Population". Jeddah Municipality. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  146. ^ "Afghanistan (2013)". GeoHive. Retrieved 21 March 2014. 
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  148. ^ The prefecture-level city of Hefei administers 9 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 1 County-city and 4 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Luyang, Yaohai, Shushan and Baohe considered "core districts".
  149. ^ United Nations Statistics Division; Preliminary results of the 2008 Census of Population of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea conducted on 1-15 October 2008 (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2009-03-01.
  150. ^ PYONGYANG
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  152. ^ "Kenya (Census 2009)". Geohive. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  153. ^ "Population Size of Towns by Sex, Region, Zone and Wereda: July 2013". Central Statistical Agency - CSA. Retrieved July 2013. 
  154. ^ "based on the districts of Akaki Kaliti-Sub City, Nefas Silk-Lafto-Sub City, Kolfe Keraniyo-Sub City, Gulele-Sub City, Lideta-Sub City, Kirkos-Sub City, Arada-Sub City, Addis Ketema-Sub City, Yeka-Sub City, Bole-Sub City considered "districts"". 
  155. ^ Based on the following districts: Furong, Tianxin, Yuelu, Kaifu, Yuhua; see Administration
  156. ^ "1103-浙江省温州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报: 温州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". Baidu. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  157. ^ Based on the following districts: Lucheng, Longwan, Ouhai; see Administration

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