List of floods

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This is a list of major floods.

Floods by date

Prior to 1950

  • The Burchardi Flood was a storm tide that struck the North Sea coast of North Frisia and Dithmarschen on the night between 11 and 12 October 1634. Overrunning dikes, it shattered the coastline and caused thousands of deaths (8,000 to 15,000 people drowned).
  • The 1872 Baltic Sea flood was a storm surge that affected the Baltic Sea coast from Denmark to Pomerania on the night of 12/13 November 1872. The flood cost the lives of at least 271 people on the Baltic Sea coast; 2,850 houses were destroyed or at least badly damaged and 15,160 people left homeless as a result.
  • In 1889, the South Fork Dam broke causing a massive flood that took 2,209 lives in Johnstown, PA. The dam that collapsed had been built to create a lake for vacationing millionaires, such as Andrew Carnegie and Andrew Mellon.
  • The Great Flood of 1913, which included the Great Dayton Flood, killed 650 people and destroyed 20,000 homes in the United States. It also damaged historic photographic plates belonging to Wilbur and Orville Wright. It ended canal transportation in Ohio.
  • The Hatfield Flood of San Diego, United States, of 1916 destroyed the Sweetwater and Lower Otay Dams, and caused 22 deaths and $4.5 million in damages.
  • The 1931 Huang He flood caused between 800,000 and 4,000,000 deaths in China, one of a series of disastrous floods on the Huang He river. It was one of the worst floods in history.
  • The Ohio River flood of 1937 occurred in late January and February 1937, causing damage along the Ohio River and several smaller tributaries from Pittsburgh, Illinois, to Cairo, Illinois. This flood left close to one million people homeless, 385 dead, and $50,000,000 worth of damage.
  • The Great Hanshin flood of 1938 occurred in July 1938 in Kobe area in Japan, causing 925 lost lives as exceptionally heavy seasonal raining caused landsides at Rokko mountains.

1950s

1960s

1970s

  • On the night of 9 June 1972 the people of Rapid City, South Dakota in the United States were struck by a deadly flood that lasted two days. It took 238 lives and caused millions of dollars in damage.
  • In 1974, the dying cyclone Wanda triggered major flooding in Brisbane, Australia killing 6 people and leaving hundreds homeless.
  • In 2 July 1975, many areas of Romanian Cuverture Charpatinas (e.g. Buzau, Prahova County), were struck by major flooding.
  • In August 1975, the Banqiao Dam in China breaks apart under excess rainfall and damage from Typhoon Nina, drowning about 26,000 and caused the lives of another 140,000 in resulting epidemics.

1980s

  • During the 1980s, the Great Salt Lake reached record high water levels due to a large amount of rain and its lack of an outlet. Places such as Saltair were inundated.
  • The South African town of Laingsburg was basically destroyed on 25 January 1981, when 104 of its 900 inhabitants died during a flood that swept threw the town and left only about 25 houses standing
  • In 1982, the river Jucar in Spain breaks the Tous Reservoir, flooding the surrounding land in a deluge of 16,000 m3/s of water, and killing 30 people.
  • In the winter of 1983, the Pacific Northwest of the United States saw one of the worst floods on record for that region, and some states recorded their wettest winter ever. Damage estimates are as high as $1.1 billion.

1990s

  • January 1992 saw severe floods in South America, most notably Brazil.
  • In Alaska, United States, from May to September 1992 it was unusually wet, causing the 100 year flood. Snow melt only made the floods worse.
  • The Great Flood of 1993 was one of the most destructive floods in United States history.
  • March 1993 the "No Name" storm, silently brought major flooding to Citrus County, Florida.
  • The summer of 1993 was unusually wet for the United States, causing flooding in the southwest.
  • 1994 South Georgina floods
  • On 8 May 1995, severe floods caused extensive damage in Louisiana, United States.
  • A dying typhoon hit Kyushu, Japan, in September 1996, causing severe floods in that region.
  • July 1996 saw severe floods in Central Honshū, Japan.
  • 1997 Central European flood, the worst flood in Polish history hits the country in July 1997, killing 65 and causing extensive damage to Wroclaw and Opole.
  • The Red River Flood of 1997 (also called the Red River of the North Flood of 1997 in the United States) occurred in April and May 1997 along the Red River of the North in North Dakota, Minnesota (United States) and Manitoba (Canada). It was the most severe flooding of the river since 1826.
  • Bangladesh was flooded in 1998, with millions of people affected and hundreds killed.
  • The 1998 Yangtze River Floods left 14 million people homeless, killed hundreds, and left billions of pounds' worth of damage.
  • The 1999 Pentecost flood (German: Pfingsthochwasser) was a 100-year flood around the Pentecost season in 1999 that mostly affected Bavaria, Vorarlberg and Tirol. It was caused by heavy rainfall coinciding with the regular Alpine meltwater.

2000s

2010s

  • Between June 2010 and August 2010, flooding in China affected more than 230 million people – with 15.2 million people evacuated and thousands dead.
  • On 26 July 2010, heavy monsoon rains flooded most of Pakistan in the 2010 Pakistan floods.
  • On 4 August 2010, at 9:25 am EST a major thunderstorm producing large hail and winds in excess of 60 mph (97 km/h) advanced at the leading edge of a cold front moving across the American Midwest, causing a flash flood that struck Louisville, Kentucky, and portions of the surrounding Kentuckiana region.
  • In November 2010, many areas of Cornwall, UK, were struck by floods. The worst hit area was the town of Par.
  • The November 2010 Colombia floods and associated landslides killed 138 persons. 1.3 million were left homeless.
  • The November 2010 Thailand floods and 2010 north Malaysian floods.
  • The 2010–2011 Queensland floods are some of the worst the country of Australia has ever seen.
  • The January 2011 Brazil floods are considered the worst in the country's history. As of 18 January 2011, the floods had taken about 700 lives and 14,000 people were homeless mainly due to landslides.
  • In June 2011, flooding in China affected more than 4.8 million people, with 100,000 evacuated and 54 reported dead.
  • In late July, the 2011 Thailand floods spread through the provinces of Northern, Northeastern and Central Thailand along the Mekong and Chao Phraya river basins and persisted in some areas until mid-January 2012.
  • In August–September 2011, there was floods in Khammouane Province in Laos, and then in northeastern Thailand, then came to Cambodia, and was drained via Mekong river to Vietnam then South China Sea.
  • On 18 October 2011, Pulau Tioman of Malaysia was flooded in Kampung Tekek, and the jungle near the village, then came up to Salang on 23 October 2011, the drain was started in November.
  • Around November 2011, northern part of Malaysia was flooded, and then to Narathiwat Province in Thailand.
  • In July 2012, heavy torrential rains caused floods in Kyushu, Japan, leaving 32 people dead or missing.
  • In 2012 Great Britain and Ireland floods caused many floods in the United Kingdom, in April floods and gales hit most of England causing flooding and power outages, on the 28 June 2012 there were two severe supercell thunderstorms which traveled across the West Midlands causing flash flooding, on 6 July 2012 heavy rainfall brought floods to the South West of England with the Met Office issuing red rain warnings, flooding later returned to the UK on 21 November 2012, as heavy persistent rainfall fell in South West England which caused rivers to burst their banks, the rain later pushed into The Midlands overnight causing more flooding, on 24 November 2012 another band of rain pushed into South West England, The Environment Agency issued three severe flood warnings for the South West England and 90 flood warnings, the following day the Environment Agency issued 110 flood warning for The Midlands, most of which were for the River Avondisambiguation needed and the River Severn.
  • The 2013 North India floods and landslides caused by heavy rainfall.
  • The 2013 European floods.
  • 2013 Alberta flood — On 20 June 2013, widespread flooding in southern Alberta caused major damage in Canmore, Calgary and High River when the Cougar Creek, Highwood River, and other rivers and creeks overflowed caused by extensive rainfall.34 Other communities in the area were also affected, or were expected to be, by floods.5 Flooding also caused power outages and the closure of the Trans-Canada Highway and Highway 1A, as well as many other highways and roads.67 A man and a woman were reported missing after a mobile home was swept into the Highwood River near the town of Black Diamond; the man was later rescued, but the woman remained missing.8
  • The 2013 Southwest China floods.
  • The 2013 Afghanistan–Pakistan floods.
  • 2013 Colorado floods. At least four dead after floods in Colorado.
  • On 18 November 2013 the heavy flood caused by Cyclone Cleopatra killed 18 people in the Italian island of Sardinia.9
  • On early April 2014, the Cyclone Ita caused disastrous flooding across the Solomon Islands, killing at least 21 people.

Floods by region

Africa

  • The 2000 Mozambique flood, caused by heavy rains followed by a cyclone, covered much of the country for three weeks, killing thousands, leaving the country devastated for years afterwards.
  • Ethiopia saw one of its worst floods in August 2006.
  • The 2005 African floods hit over 14 countries in Africa, affecting 2.5 million people and 250 deaths.
  • The 2007 Mozambican flood affected 121,000 people and resulted in between 29 and 40 deaths.
  • The 2008 Namibia floods affected 250,000 people, killing 42.
  • The 2008 Benin floods affected 150,000 people in Benin.
  • The 2009 Angola, Namibia and Zambia floods affected some 445,000 people across three countries and resulted in the deaths of at least 131 people.
  • The 2009 West Africa floods affected close to one million people across twelve countries, and caused the deaths of at least 193 people.
  • the 2011 in rwanda of nyabugogo river causing 5 death and five million rwandan francs
  • the 2010 rwandan flood of mwogo river affected two hundred people across nyanza district , and causing loose of six million of rwandan francs.

Asia

East Asia

China
Fighting the 1954 Yangtze Flood, as depicted on a monument in Wuhan
Hong Kong
Japan
Picture show at heavy rain, following flood in Shira River, Kumamoto, Kyushu, July 2012
  • In July 2012, heavy torrential rains caused floods in Kyushu, Japan, leaving 32 people dead or missing. Later in August incessant rains and storm caused floods in Kinki region, causing one casualty.
  • In July 1996 a flood hit Central Honshū and 48 people died.
  • On 21 September 1996, a typhoon hit Kyushu causing flooding along the coasts as huge waves crashed onshore and flooding onshore when the typhoon dumped lots of rain on the area.
  • In 1953, the 1953 North Kyushu Flood killed 759 people and the killed and missing amounted to 1,001 in the northern area of Kyushu of Japan.
  • The Great Hanshin flood of 1938 occurred in July 1938 in Kobe area in Japan, causing 925 lost lives as exceptionally heavy torrential raining caused landsides at Rokko mountain.

in 6543 there were 490 floods for 1000 peo, peo were

North Korea
  • North Korea saw one of its worst floods ever in May 2006.
South Korea
  • South Korea was also flooded at the same time but its floods continued through to the end of June 2006.

Philippines

South Asia

Bangladesh
  • Bangladesh has been victim of numerous floods throughout the years, the major ones being in 1954, 1955, 1970, 1985, 1988, 1998, 2004, 2007 and 2012.
India
  • Assam has been suffering floods regularly since 1998.
  • Flooding in Mumbai in July 2005 left over 700 dead. Some areas went under 5 m of water.
  • The 2008 Indian floods affected most of India throughout 2008.
  • In October 2009, flooding occurred across many parts of South India. It was one of the worst flood in the area in the last 100 years, killing at least 299 people and making 500,000 homeless.
  • The Leh floods occurred on 6 August 2010 in Leh, the largest town in Ladakh, a region of the northernmost Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. At least 193 people are reported to have died,[1][2] five of whom were foreign tourists,[3] after a cloudburst and heavy overnight rains triggered flash floods and mudslides.[4] A further 200 people were reported missing[1][2][3] and thousands more were rendered homeless after the flooding caused extensive damage to property and infrastructure.
  • The 2013 North India floodsin Uttarakhand which destroyed many things and landslides caused by heavy rainfall.
Pakistan
  • In 2003, Sindh province was bading affected due to monsoon rains causing damages in billions.
  • In 2007, Cyclone Yemyin submerged lower part of Balochistan Province in sea water killing 380 people. Before that it killed 213 people in Karachi on its way to Balochistan.
  • In 2009, Karachi was flooded. (see 2009 Karachi floods)
  • In 2010, from Mid-July till Mid-August – Pakistan's four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Southern Punjab and Sindh) were badly affected during the monsoon rains when dams, rivers and lakes overflowed, killing at least 1,750 people, injuring 2,500 and affecting 23 million people. The flood is considered the worst in Pakistan's history, affecting people of all four provinces and Asad Jamu and Kashmir Region of Pakistan.10 (see 2010 Pakistan floods)
  • The 2013 Afghanistan–Pakistan floods.

South-east Asia

Indonesia
  • Jakarta suffered floods that killed 80 people in January 2007.11
Malaysia
  • Floods in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sumatra in December 2006 and January 2007 were considered to be the worst in the area for 100 years, resulting in evacuation of over 100,000 people in the worst-hit state of Johor at its peak. Jakarta in Indonesia and some other isolated parts of Indonesia were also flooded at the same time.
  • The 2010 north Malaysian floods.
Thailand
  • The 2010 Thailand floods.
  • 2011 Thailand floods started from July 2011 until January 2012 resulted in a total of 815 deaths, 13.6 million people affected, 65 provinces were declared flood disaster zones, over 20,000 square kilometers of farmland was damaged and 7 industrial estates was temporarily shut down causing over US$45.7 billion (1.4 trillion Baht) of over all damage.12

Europe

Czech Republic

France

  • One of France's worst floods of the 20th century occurred in 1910. The end of 1909 and early 1910 saw a period of heavy rain and snow fall over a period of 3 months. The level of the Seine began to rise rapidly from January 18 to 20, rising to a maximum of 8.62 meters above normal on the 28th. Some 4 billion cubic meters of river water, contaminated with river sediment and municipal sewage, flooded over 5 square kilometers of Paris. There were over 150,000 casualties and over 20,000 buildings flooded.15

Germany

Italy

Poland

Portugal

  • In February 2010, severe floods and mudslides hit the Portuguese island of Madeira, killing at least 50.citation needed

Spain

  • 13-14 October 1957, in Valencia, torrential rain results in a devastating flood, at least 81 people their lost lives.17
  • In 1982, the river Jucar (Valencia, Spain) broke the Tous Reservoir causing a flood that killed 30 people.18

Turkey

United Kingdom

North America

Canada

  • In May 1950, the Red River, also known as Red River of the North, reached its highest level since 1861 and flooded most of the Red River Valley. Winnipeg, Manitoba, was inundated on 5 May, also known as Black Friday to some residents, and had to be partially evacuated.
  • On 15 October 1954, Hurricane Hazel struck Toronto, Ontario, killing 81 people, destroying 20 bridges, and leaving over 2,000 people homeless.
  • On 14 July 1987, a series of strong thunderstorms crossed the Island of Montreal, between the noon hour and 2:30 p.m. causing the Montreal Flood of 1987. Over 100 millimetres (3.9 inches) of rain fell during this very short period of time. The sewer systems were overwhelmed by the deluge and the city was paralyzed by the flooded roads. Autoroute 15, a sunken highway also known as the Decarie Expressway, soon filled with water trapping motorists. Some 350,000 houses lost electricity, and tens of thousands had flooded basements. Two people died, one in a submerged car and another who was electrocuted.19
  • One of Canada's most devastating floods occurred in southern Alberta in June 2005. The flooding affected many major metropolitan areas including Calgary. Four deaths resulted from the three-week flood.
  • 2013 Alberta flood — On 20 June 2013, widespread flooding in southern Alberta caused major damage in Canmore, Calgary and High River when the Cougar Creek, Highwood River, and other rivers and creeks overflowed caused by extensive rainfall.2021 Other communities in the area were also affected, or were expected to be, by floods.22 Flooding also caused power outages and the closure of the Trans-Canada Highway and Highway 1A, as well as many other highways and roads.2324 A man and a woman were reported missing after a mobile home was swept into the Highwood River near the town of Black Diamond; the man was later rescued, but the woman remained missing.25

United States

Oceania

Australia

On the left is a photo taken during the 1998 floods in Swifts Creek in Australia. On the right is the same location 8 years later

Fiji

New Zealand

  • The 1858 Hutt River flood kills 14 people
  • The 1878 of the Clutha River
  • The 1897 flooding at Clive in Hawke's Bay kills 12 people
  • Severe flooding badly affected the city of Dunedin in 1929
  • In 1938, a flash-flood at a railway workers' camp at Kopuawhara kills 21 people
  • The 1978 flood of the Clutha River, known as the "Hundred years flood" hit one day before the 100th anniversary of the great flood of 1878
  • The 1984 Southland flood
  • In 1988, extensive flooding is caused in several parts of the North Island due to Cyclone Bola
  • The 2004 Manawatu flood inundated the town of Feilding

Solomon Islands

Papua New Guinea

South America

  • The 1959 flood in Uruguay was provoked by an overflow in the Río Negro. The consequences were disastrous for an already stagnant economy.
  • The Great Chilean Earthquake was followed by a tsunami that flooded the settlements of Riñihue, Los Lagos, Antilhue, Pishuinco and Valdivia
  • In January 1992, Brazil saw severe floods. Rio de Janeiro had its worst ever flood that killed over 250 people in April 2010.
  • The floods of January 2011 in Brazil were considered the worst in the country's history. As of January 18, the floods had taken about 700 lives and 14,000 people were homeless mainly due to landslides.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Canada
  2. ^ a b "Cumbria: Year in Review 2005". BBC News. 31 December 2005. 
  3. ^ Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Cougar Creek Bursts Its Banks in Canmore". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "High Water Floods Out High River". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Floods Force Residents Out of Southern Alberta Communities". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Franklin, Michael (20 June 2013). "Storms Knock Out Power in Many Alberta Communities". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  7. ^ Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Road and Highway Closures Due to Flooding". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Leung, Marlene (20 June 2013). "Calgary Communities Evacuated as Flooding Prompts State of Emergency". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "Sardinia hit by deadly Cyclone Cleopatra and floods". BBC News. 19 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Dawn.com
  11. ^ Media Indonesia Online
  12. ^ "The World Bank Supports Thailand's Post-Floods Recovery Effort". World Bank. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c "Nynější povodně jsou třetí nejtragičtější v historii ČR" [Current floods are third most tragic in the history of the Czech Republic]. Novinky.cz (in Czech). 2 July 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Déšť ustal, hladiny řek zvolna klesají" [Rain has stopped, river levels slowly decreasing]. Tyden.cz (in Czech). 19 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  15. ^ Olivier's Site – L'inondation de Paris – Flood in Paris 1910
  16. ^ "Sardinia hit by deadly Cyclone Cleopatra and floods". BBC News. 19 November 2013. 
  17. ^ Hasta aquí llegó la riada, ABC, 13 August 2007
  18. ^ Diluvio en el País Valenciano, La Vanguardia, 21 October 1982, p1
  19. ^ Staff (2 December 2010). "Flooding Events in Canada – Quebec". Environment Canada. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  20. ^ Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Cougar Creek Bursts Its Banks in Canmore". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  21. ^ Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "High Water Floods Out High River". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  22. ^ Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Floods Force Residents Out of Southern Alberta Communities". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  23. ^ Franklin, Michael (20 June 2013). "Storms Knock Out Power in Many Alberta Communities". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  24. ^ Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Road and Highway Closures Due to Flooding". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  25. ^ Leung, Marlene (20 June 2013). "Calgary Communities Evacuated as Flooding Prompts State of Emergency". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  26. ^ [1].
  27. ^ "Vermont's Greatest Natural Disaster". Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  28. ^ "The Flood of 1927". 1 August 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  29. ^ Floods in the Guadalupe and San Antonio River Basins in Texas
  30. ^ "Flood a 1000-Year Event". Knoxville News Sentinel. Retrieved 6 May 2010. 
  31. ^ "Weekend Rainfall Totals". National Weather Service. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 







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