List of mountain ranges

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown and gray colors

This is a list of mountain ranges organized alphabetically by continent. Ranges on other astronomical bodies are listed afterward.

Earth

By length

By height

Asia has many of the highest mountain ranges in the world. These mountains form the boundary between the Indian subcontinent and rest of Asia, lying to the north of the subcontinent and the south of the rest of Asia.

  • Himalaya- Asia: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bhutan; highest point- Everest; 8848 meters above sea level.
  • Karakoram (part of Greater Himalayas)- Asia: Pakistan, India, China; highest point- K2, 8611 meters above sea level.
  • Hindu Kush (part of Greater Himalayas)- Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India (claim due to Kashmir dispute); highest point- Tirich Mir, 7708 meters above sea level.
  • Pamir (part of Greater Himalayas)- Asia: Tajikistan, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India (claim due to Kashmir dispute); highest point- Ismail Samani Peak, 7495 meters above sea level.
  • Tian Shan- Asia: China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyztan, India, Pakistan; highest point- Jengish Chokusu, 7439 meters above sea level.
  • Kunlun- Asia: China; highest point- Kunlun Goddess, 7167 meters above sea level.

These mountains were formed millions of years ago in the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate. The Indian Plate is still mobile and these mountain ranges continue to rise in elevation every year; of these the Himalayas are rising quickest. The Kashmir region, divided and disputed between India and Pakistan to the north of the Indian subcontinent is the point of confluence of almost all these mountains, viz. Himalayas, Karakoram, Hindu Kush, Pamir and Tian Shan. The Tibetan Plateau, divided between India and China is the region surrounded by all of these mountains, viz. Himalayas all along its south, Karakoram and Hindu Kush on the south-west, Pamir to the west, Tian Shan to the north-west and Kunlun to its north.

By continental area

Africa

Asia

Europe

See Category:Mountain ranges of Europe

North America

See Category:Mountain ranges of North America

Central America

South America

The largest mountain range in the world is the Andes,

Caribbean

Antarctica

Pacific

Ocean

Extraterrestrial

The Moon

By IAU convention, lunar mountain ranges are given Latin names.

Iapetus

See also

References

  1. ^ Ocean Facts, National Ocean Service 
  2. ^ Mid-ocean ridge, Science Daily 







Creative Commons License