List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with predominance of small regional parties. Political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (EC). In order to gain recognition in a state, the party must have had political activity for at least five continuous years, and send at least 4% of the state's quota to the Lok Sabha (India's Lower house), or 3.33% of members to the Legislative Assembly of that state. These conditions are deemed to have failed if a member of the Lok Sabha or the Legislative Assembly of the State becomes a member of that political party after his election. If a party is recognised in four or more states, it is declared as a "National party" by the EC. Otherwise, it is known as a "State Party".1

All parties contesting the elections have to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 28 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have an elected government unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

This listing is based on the notification by Election Commission of India for the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections.2

Number of political parties

As on 12 March 2014, following is the count of political parties in India which are registered with the Election Commission of India:2

Total Registered Parties 1616
National Parties 6
State Parties 47
Unrecognized Parties 1563

National Parties

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any of the following three conditions:

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.

Both national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lokshabha or State elections. Else, they lose their status.1

National parties 2
S.No. Name Symbol Year of
Foundation
Current leader(s)
1 Bahujan Samaj Party Elephant 1984 Mayawati
2 Bharatiya Janata Party Lotus 1980 Rajnath Singh
3 Communist Party of India Ears of Corn and Sickle 1925 a Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
4 Communist Party of India (Marxist) Hammer, Sickle and Star 1964 Prakash Karat
5 Indian National Congress Hand 1885 Sonia Gandhi
6 Nationalist Congress Party Clock 1999 Sharad Pawar

List of state parties

If a party is recognised as a state party by the Election Commission, it can reserve a symbol for its exclusive use in the state. The following are a list of recognised state parties as of 12 January 2014:2

A political party shall be treated as a recognised political party in a State, if and only if the political party fulfills any of the following conditions:1

  1. At General Elections or Legislative Assembly elections, the party has won 3% of seats in the legislative assembly of the State ( subject to a minimum of 3 seats).
  2. At a Lok Sabha General Elections, the party has won 1 Lok sabha seat for every 25 Lok Sabha seat allotted for the State.
  3. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party has polled minimum of 6% of votes in a State and in addition it has won 1 Lok Sabha or 2 Legislative Assembly seats.
  4. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party has polled 8% of votes in a State.
State parties 2
S.No. States/UT Name Symbol Year of
Foundation
Current leader(s)
1 Andhra Pradesh Telangana Rashtra Samithi Car 2001 K. Chandrashekar Rao
2 Andhra Pradesh Telugu Desam Party Bicycle 1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
3 Arunachal Pradesh All India Trinamool Congress Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
4 Arunachal Pradesh People's Party of Arunachal Maize 1987 Tomo Riba
5 Assam All India United Democratic Front Lock & Key 2004 Badruddin Ajmal
6 Assam Bodoland People's Front Nangol Hagrama Mohilary
7 Assam Asom Gana Parishad Elephant 1985 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta
8 Bihar Janata Dal (United) Arrow 1999 Sharad Yadav
9 Bihar Lok Janshakti Party Bungalow 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan
10 Bihar Rashtriya Janata Dal Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
11 Goa Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Lion 1963 Shashikala Kakodkar
12 Haryana Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Tractor 2007 Kuldeep Bishnoi
13 Haryana Indian National Lok Dal Spectacles 1999 Om Prakash Chautala
14 Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Plough 1932 Omar Abdullah
15 Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party Bicycle 1982 Bhim Singh
16 Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party Ink Pot & Pen 1998 Mufti Mohammed Sayeed
17 Jharkhand All Jharkhand Students Union Banana 1986 Sudesh Mahto
18 Jharkhand Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Bow & Arrow 1972 Shibu Soren
19 Jharkhand Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) Comb 2006 Babu Lal Marandi
20 Jharkhand Rashtriya Janata Dal Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
21 Karnataka Janata Dal (Secular) A Lady Farmer
carrying Paddy on her head
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
22 Karnataka Karnataka Janata Paksha Merged with BJP
23 Kerala Indian Union Muslim League Ladder 1948 E. Ahamed
24 Kerala Janata Dal (Secular) A Lady Farmer
carrying Paddy on her head
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
25 Kerala Kerala Congress (M) Two Leaves 1979 C.F. Thomas
26 Maharashtra Maharashtra Navnirman Sena Railway Engine 2006 Raj Thackeray
27 Maharashtra Shiv Sena Bow and Arrow 1966 Uddhav Thackeray b
28 Manipur All India Trinamool Congress Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
29 Manipur Manipur State Congress Party Cultivator Cutting Crop
30 Manipur Naga People's Front Cock 2002 Neiphiu Rio
31 Manipur People's Democratic Alliance Crown
32 Meghalaya United Democratic Party Drum Donkupar Roy
33 Meghalaya Hill State People's Democratic Party Lion H.S. Lyngdoh
34 Meghalaya National People's Party Book
35 Mizoram Mizo National Front Star 1959 Pu Zoramthanga
36 Mizoram Mizoram People's Conference Electric Bulb 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga
37 Mizoram Zoram Nationalist Party Sun (without rays) 1997 Lalduhoma
38 Nagaland Naga People's Front Cock 2002 Neiphiu Rio
39 N.C.T. of Delhi Aam Aadmi Party Broom 2012 Arvind Kejriwal
40 Odisha Biju Janata Dal Conch 1997 Naveen Patnaik
41 Puducherry All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Two Leaves 1972 J. Jayalalithaa
42 Puducherry All India N.R. Congress Jug 2011 N. Rangasamy
43 Puducherry Pattali Makkal Katchi Mango 1989 G. K. Mani
44 Puducherry Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Rising Sun 1949 M Karunanidhi
45 Punjab Shiromani Akali Dal Scales 1920 Parkash Singh Badal
46 Sikkim Sikkim Democratic Front Umbrella 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling
47 Tamil Nadu All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Two Leaves 1972 J. Jayalalithaa
48 Tamil Nadu Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam Nagara 2005 Vijayakanth
49 Tamil Nadu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Rising Sun 1949 M Karunanidhi
50 Uttar Pradesh Rashtriya Lok Dal Hand Pump 1996 Ajit Singh
51 Uttar Pradesh Samajwadi Party Bicycle 1992 Mulayam Singh Yadav
52 West Bengal All India Forward Bloc Lion 1939 Debabrata Biswas
53 West Bengal All India Trinamool Congress Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
54 West Bengal Revolutionary Socialist Party Spade & Stoker 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan

Source: Election Commission of India 2

Registered unrecognised Parties

Political Parties (State wise list)

State Party Name Election symbol Abbr. Political Alliance
Andhra Pradesh Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi Party5 RPSP
Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Kite AIMIM
Welfare Party of India Applied WPI
Bihar Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation Flag with Three Star CPIML-L
Welfare Party of India Applied WPI
Jharkhand Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation Flag with Three Star CPIML-L
Karnataka Badavara Shramikara Raitara Congress Ceiling fan BSRC
Welfare Party of India Applied WPI
Kerala Welfare Party of India Applied WPI
Indian Union Muslim League Ladder IUML UDF, UPA
Manipur Manipur Peoples Party Bicycle MPP
National People's Party Book NPP
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Hurricane Lamp Fourth Front
N.C.T. of Delhi Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation Flag with Three Star CPIML-L
Welfare Party of India Applied WPI
Indian Democratic Party Hockey & Ball IDP
Rajasthan Welfare Party of India Applied WPI
Puducherry Desiya Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam Applied DMMK
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Murasu DMDK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Punjab Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation Flag with Three Star CPIML-L
Tamil Nadu All India Samathuva Makhal Katchi Two Colors Red and Yellow and one star AISMK
Welfare Party of India Applied WPI
Desiya Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam Applied DMMK
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Drum DMDK
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Top MDMK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Pattali Makkal Katchi Mango PMK
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Candles VCK
Uttar Pradesh Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation Flag with Three Star CPIML-L
All India Trinamool Congress Flowers & Grass TMC
Welfare Party of India Applied WPI
Uttarakhand Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation Flag with Three Star CPIML-L
West Bengal Welfare Party of India Applied WPI

See also

Further reading

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V.B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.

Notes

  1. ^ According to the CPI (M), the breakaway faction, the CPI was founded in 1920 in Tashkent.3
  2. ^ Uddhav Thackeray is the working president of the Shiv Sena. The overall command was held by his father and party founder who deceased on 17 November 2012 Bal Thackeray 4

References

  1. ^ a b c "Registration of Political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Names of Recognised National and State Parties, Registered-unrecognised parties". Election Commission of India. March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  3. ^ Surjeet, Harkishan Singh (2005). "Spread of Communist Activities". History of the communist movement in India 1. LeftWord Books. p. 54. ISBN 81-87496-49-5. 
  4. ^ Bidwai, Praful. "Hindutva in dire straits". 
  5. ^ "Political parties: Election Symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 

External links








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