List of proper names of stars

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This is a list of proper names for stars, mostly derived from Arabic and Latin. See also the list of stars by constellation, which gives variant names, derivations, and magnitudes.

Of the roughly 10,000 stars visible to the naked eye, only a few hundred have been given proper names in the history of astronomy.1 Traditional astronomy tends to group stars into asterisms, and give proper names to those, not to individual stars.

Most star names are in origin descriptive of the part of the asterism they are found in; thus Cynosure is the "dog's tail", formerly "the star in the tail of the 'dog' asterism" (now Ursa Minor), or Phecda, a corruption of the Arabic fakhð ad-dubb "thigh of the bear". Only a handful of the brightest stars have individual proper names not depending on their asterism; so Sirius "the scorcher", Antares and Canopus (of unknown origin), Alphard "the solitary one", Regulus "kinglet"; and arguably Aldebaran "the follower" (of the Pleiades), Procyon "preceding the dog [Sirius]".

In addition to the limited number of traditional star names, there are some coined in modern times, e.g. "Avior" for Epsilon Carinae (1930), and a number of stars named after people (mostly in the 20th century).

Constellation Bayer designation Modern proper name Historical names / comments
Eridanus θ Eri Acamar
  • Originally called آخر النهر ākhir an-nahr in Arabic, meaning "river's end", named because it was the brightest star in the constellation Eridanus (the River). (Before the 16th century, this was the last star in the Eridanus constellation; it was later extended to Achenar, below). 2
  • "Acamar" was first used in the Alphonsine tables (circa 1252).2
  • Also called Al Thalim ("the Ostrich") by 15th-century Tartar astronomer Ulug Beg.2
  • The Greek-Persian astronomer Chrysococca called it Aulax in Greek, meaning "the Furrow".2
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天園六 (Tiān Yuán liù, English: the Sixth Star of Celestial Orchard).3
Eridanus α Eri Achernar
  • The name was originally Arabic آخر النهر ākhir an-nahr "river's end"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 水委一 (Shuǐ Wěi yī, English: the First Star of Crooked Running Water).4
Cassiopeia η Cas Achird56 In Chinese, this star is called 王良三 (Wáng Liáng sān, English: the Third Star of Wang Liang).4
Scorpius β Sco Acrab, Akrab, Elakrab; Graffias The name "Acrab" is from Arabic العقرب al-aqrab "the scorpion", the name of the constellation. Italian graffias means "claws" and was also applied to Xi Scorpii and to Alpha Libraeby whom?
Crux α Crucis Acrux "Acrux" is a modern contraction of the Bayer designationby whom?
Cancer α Cancri Acubens The name was originally Arabic الزوبنةal zubanāh, "the claws"
Leo ζ Leonis Adhafera
  • The name is originally from Arabic الضفيرة al-ðafīrah "the braid/curl"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 軒轅十一 (Xuān Yuán Shí yī, English: the Eleventh Star of Xuanyuan).7
Canis Major ε Canis Majoris Adhara
  • The name is originally from Arabic عذارى ‘aðāra, "virgins". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated أول ألعذاري awwil al-aðārii, translated into Latin as Prima Virginum "first virgin".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 弧矢七 (Hú Shǐ qī, English: the Seventh Star of Bow and Arrow).8
Taurus ε Tauri Ain
  • The name is originally from Arabic عين ʿayn, "eye".
  • In Latin, this star is called Oculus Borealis "northern eye".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 畢宿一 (Bì sù yī, English: the First Star of Net).9
Lyra η Lyrae Aladfar
  • The name is originally from Arabic الأظفر al-’uz̧fur, "the talons (of the swooping eagle)", sharing with μ Lyrae (Alathfar).
  • In Chinese, this star is called 輦道二 (Niǎn Dào èr, English: the Second Star of Imperial Passageway).10
Andromeda γ Andromedae Alamak
  • The name is originally from Arabic العناق الأرض al-‘anāq al-’arđ̧, "the caracal" (desert lynx). Another Arabic name is آلرجل المسلسلة al rijl al musalsalah "the woman's foot". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated جمس ألنعامة al ḣāmis al naʽāmāt, translated into Latin as Quinta Struthionum "fifth ostrich".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天大將軍一 (Tiān Dà Jiāng Jūn yī, English: the First Star of Heaven's Great General).11
Lyra μ Lyrae Alathfar

The name is originally from Arabic الأظفر al-’uz̧fur, "the talons (of the swooping eagle)", sharing with η Lyrae (Aladfar).

Virgo β Virginis Alaraph Other name of β Virginis (see Zavijava)
Sagittarius π Sagittarii Albaldah
  • The name is originally from Arabic بل ة bálda, "town". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated نير بلدة nayyir al bálda, translated into Latin as Lucida Oppidi "brightest of the town".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 建三 (Jiàn sān, English: the Third Star of Establishment).12
Aquarius ε Aquarii Albali
  • The name is originally from Arabic البالع albāli‘, "the swallower". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated نير سعد ألبلع nayyir sa'd al bulaʽ, translated into Latin as Lucida Fortunæ Dissipantis "the brightest of luck of the swallower".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 女宿一 (Nǚ sù yī, English: the First Star of Girl).13
Cygnus β Cygni Albireo
  • Actually, there's no clear information of the name Albireo.
  • In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated منقار ألدجاجة minqār al-dajājah, translated into Latin as Rostrum Gallinǣ "the hen's beak".
Corvus α Corvi Alchiba
  • The name is originally from Arabic لخبا al-xibā, "tent". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated ألمنخر ألغرب al-manxar al-ghurab, translated into Latin as Rostrum Corvi "beak of the crow".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 右轄 (Yòu Xiá, English: Right Linchpin).14
Ursa Major 80 UMa Alcor
  • The name was originally Arabic سها suhā "neglected one"; notable as a faintly perceptible companion of Mizar (ζ UMa).
  • This star is known as Arundhati in traditional Indian astronomy.
  • In Chinese, this star is called (, English: Assistant).
Taurus η Tauri Alcyone
  • This is named after the mythological figure Alcyone, one of the mythological Pleiades
  • In Chinese, this star is called 昴宿六 (Mǎo sù liù, English: the Sixth Star of Hairy Head).15
Taurus α Tauri Aldebaran
  • The name was originally Arabic لدبران al-dabarān "the follower (of the Pleiades)".
  • In Indian astronomy known as Rohini "the red one". To Persian astrologers it was known as a Royal star, Tascheter, Watcher of the East.
  • In Chinese, this star is called 畢宿五 (Bì sù wǔ, English: the Fifth Star of Net).9
  • The Romans called this star with the name Palilicium.
Cepheus α Cephei Alderamin
  • The name was originally Arabic الذراع اليمين að-ðirā‘ al-yamīn "the right arm".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天鈎五 (Tiān Gōu wu, English: the Fifth Star of Celestial Hook).16
Leo ζ Leonis Aldhafera Other name of ζ Leonis (see Adhafera)
Grus γ Gruis Aldhanab
  • The name was originally Arabic الذنب al dhanab, "the tail (of the constellation of the Southern Fish)"".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 敗臼一 (Bài Jiù yī, English: the First Star of Decayed Mortar).17
Draco ζ Draconis Aldhibain
  • The name was originally Arabic الضبعين al ḍiba'in, "the two hyenas"", shares with η Draconis.
  • The other name of this star is Nodus III (Third Knot, the knot being a loop in the tail of Draco).
  • In Chinese, this star is called 紫微左垣四 (Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán sì, English: the Fourth Star of Left Wall (of Purple Forbidden Enclosure)) and 上弼 (Shǎng Bì, English: The First Minister)18
Draco δ Draconis Aldib the other name of δ Draconis (see Altais)
Cygnus δ Cygni Al Fawaris
Corona Australis α Coronae Australis Alfecca Meridiana
Cepheus β Cephei Alfirk
Capricornus α Capricorni Algedi
Capricornus α Capricorni Al Giedi
Perseus α Persei Algenib
Pegasus γ Pegasi Algenib
Leo γ Leonis Algieba
Perseus β Persei Algol The name was originally Arabic رأس الغول ra's al-ghūl "head of the ogre". In Chinese, Tseih She, 'piled up corpses'. Also known as the "Demon Star". It is the eye of Medusa's head in the constellation of Perseus.
Corvus δ Corvi Algorab
Auriga α Aurigae Alhajoth
Gemini γ Geminorum Alhena
Ursa Major ε Ursae Majoris Alioth
Ursa Major η Ursae Majoris Alkaid
Columba θ Columbae Al Kurud
Cepheus ρ-2 Cephei Al Kalb al Rai
Bootes μ Bootis Alkalurops
Ursa Major χ Ursae Majoris Al Kaphrah
Crater α Crateris Alkes
Cepheus ξ Cephei Alkurah
Andromeda γ Andromedae Almach
Leo κ Leonis Al Minliar al Asad
Grus α Gruis Al Nair
Sagittarius γ Sagittarii Alnasl
Orion ε Orionis Alnilam
Orion ζ Orionis Alnitak
Scorpius τ Sco Alniyat
Scorpius σ Sco Al Niyat
Hydra α Hydrae Alphard
Corona Borealis α Coronae Borealis Alphecca
Andromeda α Andromedae Alpheratz
Cepheus γ Cephei Alrai
Sagittarius α Sagittarii Alrami
Pisces α Piscium Alrischa
Draco σ Draconis Alsafi
Lynx 31 Lyncis Alsciaukat
Aquila β Aquilae Alshain
Capricornus ν Capricorni Alshat
Aquila α Aquilae Altair The name was originally Arabic النسر الطائر an-nasr aṭ-ṭā’ir "the flying eagle". In Chinese, 牵牛星 (Qiān Niú Xīng) or 牛郎星 ( Niú Láng Xīng), "Cow Herder Star" of the Qi Xi love story. One of the vertices of the Summer Triangle.
Draco δ Draconis Altais
Cancer β Cancri Altarf
Leo λ Leonis Alterf
Aquila ι Aquilae Al Thalimain
Aquila λ Aquilae Al Thalimain
Canis Major η Canis Majoris Aludra
Ursa Major ξ Ursae Majoris Alula Australis
Ursa Major ν Ursae Majoris Alula Borealis
Draco β Draconis Alwaid
Serpens θ Serpentis Alya
Gemini ξ Geminorum Alzir
Aquarius θ Aquarii Ancha
Eridanus τ2 Eri Angetenar
  • The name is originally from Arabic عرجة النهر arjat an-nahr "bend of the river"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天苑九 (Tiān Yuàn jiǔ, English: the Ninth Star of Celestial Meadow).19
Phoenix α Phoenicis Ankaa
Scorpius α Sco Antares Ancient Greek, Άντάρης, "against Ares (Mars)". It was known to Persian astrologers as a Royal star: Satevis, Watcher of the West.
Boötes α Boo Arcturus
Virgo γ Virginis Arich
Sagittarius β Sagittarii Arkab
Capricornus η Capricorni Armus
Lepus α Leporis Arneb
Draco μ Draconis Arrakis, Alrakis, Elrakis The name was originally Arabic الراقص al-rāqiṣ "the dancer"
Sagittarius ζ Sagittarii Ascella
Cancer δ Cancri Asellus Australis
Cancer γ Cancri Asellus Borealis
Bootes θ Bootis Asellus Primus
Bootes ι Bootis Asellus Secundus
Bootes κ Bootis Asellus Tertius
Sagittarius ζ Sagittarii Askella
Carina ι Carinae Aspidiske
Canes Venatici β Canum Venaticorum Asterion
Taurus 21 Tauri Asterope one of the Pleiades
Perseus ο Persei Atik
Taurus 27 Tauri Atlas one of the Pleiades
Triangulum Australe α Trianguli Australis Atria
Virgo δ Virginis Auva
Carina ε Carinae Avior
Auriga ζ Aurigae Azaleh
Cygnus π1 Cygni Azelfafage Variously reported as from Arabic ‏السلحفاة as-sulaḥfāh "turtle", ألطلف ألفرس al thīlf al faras "horse track", or ألعزل ألدجاجة al ʽazal al-dajājah "tail of hen"citation needed
Eridanus η Eri Azha
  • The name is originally from Arabic اشيانة al-udhi "the hatching-place"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天苑六 (Tiān Yuàn liù, English: the Sixth Star of Celestial Meadow).19
Puppis ξ Puppis Azmidiske
Pegasus θ Pegasi Baham
Cetus ζ Ceti Baten Kaitos
Crux β Crucis Becrux, Mimosa "Becrux" is a modern contraction of the Bayer designationby whom?
Eridanus ο1 Eri Beid
  • The name is originally from Arabic بيض al-bayd "the eggs".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 九州殊口二 (Jiǔ Zhōu Shū Kǒu èr, English: the Second Star of Interpreters of Nine Dialects).3
Orion γ Orionis Bellatrix
Ursa Major η Ursae Majoris Benetnasch
Orion α Orionis Betelgeuse
Triangulum Australe β Trianguli Australis Betria
Pegasus θ Pegasi Biham
Aries δ Arietis Botein
Libra σ Librae Brachium
Aquarius ξ Aquarii Bunda
Carina α Car Canopus Ptolemy's Κάνωβος, after Canopus (Kanopos, Kanobos), a pilot from Greek mythology, whose name is itself of uncertain etymology.
Auriga α Aurigae Capella
Cassiopeia β Cas Caph
  • The name is originally Arabic كف kaf "palm", a residue of an old name of Cassiopeia, al-kaff al-khadib "the stained hand"; also known as al-sanam al-nakah "the camel's hump".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 王良一 (Wáng Liáng yī, English: the First Star of Wang Liang).20
Gemini α Geminorum Castor
Ophiuchus β Ophiuchi Cebalrai
Taurus 16 Tauri Celaeno one of the Pleiades
Canes Venatici α Canum Venaticorum Chara
Canes Venatici β Canum Venaticorum Chara
Ophiuchus β Ophiuchi Cheleb
Leo θ Leonis Chertan
Leo θ Leonis Chort
Serpens β Serpentis Chow
Canes Venatici α Canum Venaticorum Cor Caroli named after Charles I of England by Sir Charles Scarborough
Eridanus β Eri Cursa
  • The name is originally from Arabic الكرسي al-kursi "the chair, footstool"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 玉井三 (Yù Jǐng sān, English: the Third Star of Jade Well).21 R.H. Allen simplified the name as Yuh Tsing, "the Golden Well" in Chinese.22
Capricornus β Capricorni Dabih
Crux δ Crucis Decrux "Decrux" is a modern contraction of the Bayer designationby whom?
Cygnus α Cygni Deneb The name is originally from Arabic ذنب الدجاجة dhanab ad-Dajājah. In Chinese, Deneb is part of 鵲橋 "Magpie bridge" in the Qi Xi love story. Deneb is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle.
Capricornus δ Capricorni Deneb Algedi
Delphinus ε Delphini Deneb Dulfim
Aquila ζ Aquilae Deneb el Okab
Cetus β Ceti Deneb Kaitos
Cetus ι Ceti Deneb Kaitos Schemali
Leo β Leonis Denebola
Cetus η Ceti Dheneb
Coma Berenices α Comae Berenices Diadem
Cetus β Ceti Diphda
Ursa Major ι Ursae Majoris Dnoces
Scorpius δ Scorpii Dschubba
Ursa Major α Ursae Majoris Dubhe
Leo δ Leonis Duhr
Draco ι Draconis Edasich
Taurus 17 Tauri Electra one of the Pleiades
Triangulum α Trianguli Elmuthalleth
Taurus β Tauri Elnath
Pegasus ε Pegasi Enif
Cepheus γ Cephei Errai
Draco γ Draconis Etamin, Eltanin The name is originally from the Arabic name of the constellation التنين At-Tinnin "the great serpent". γ Dra was also one of the "Five Camels", Quinque Dromedarii, in Arabic Al ʽAwāïd.
Piscis Austrinus α Piscis Austrinus Fomalhaut The name is originally from Arabic فم الحوت fum al-ḥawt "mouth of the fish". To Persian astrologers this was a Royal star: Haftorang, Watcher of the South.
Pisces β Piscium Fum al Samakah
Canis Major ζ Canis Majoris Furud
Crux γ Crucis Gacrux The name "Gacrux" is a contraction of the Bayer designation, coined by astronomer Elijah Hinsdale Burritt (1794-1838).2324
Cepheus μ Cephei Garnet Star Its colour was described as "garnet" by William Herschel. Following Herschel, it was called garnet sidus by Giuseppe Piazzi
Triangulum Australe γ Trianguli Australis Gatria
Corona Borealis α Coronae Borealis Gemma
Draco λ Draconis Gianfar
Capricornus α Capricorni Giedi
Corvus γ Corvi Gienah Gurab
Cygnus ε Cygni Gienah
Scorpius κ Sco Girtab
Canis Minor β Canis Minoris Gomeisa
Perseus ρ Persei Gorgonea Tertia
Draco ξ Draconis Grumium
Centaurus β Centauri Hadar
Auriga ζ Aurigae Haedus
Auriga ε Aurigae Haldus
Aries α Ari Hamal, Ras Hammel The name is originally from Arabic راس الحمل rās al-ħamal "head of the ram", also known as "the head of Aries".
Auriga ι Aurigae Hassaleh
Hydra α Hydri Head of Hydrus
Orion λ Orionis Heka
Virgo ζ Virginis Heze
Auriga ζ Aurigae Hoedus (I)
Auriga η Aurigae Hoedus II
Pegasus ζ Pegasi Homam
Taurus γ Tauri Hyadum I
Taurus δ1 Tauri Hyadum II
Hydra ζ Hydrae Hydrobius
Scorpius ν Sco Jabbah
Auriga ι Aurigae Kabdhilinan
Cetus γ Ceti Kaffaljidhma
Hercules ω Herculis Kajam
Capricornus ε Capricorni Kastra
Sagittarius ε Sagittarii Kaus Australis
Sagittarius λ Sagittarii Kaus Borealis
Sagittarius δ Sagittarii Kaus Media
Eridanus ο2 Eri (40 Eri) Keid The name is originally from Arabic القيض 'al-qaid "the broken egg-shells"
Equuleus α Equulei Kitalpha
Ursa Minor β Ursae Minoris Kochab
Hercules β Herculis Kornephoros
Corvus β Corvi Kraz
Cassiopeia δ Cas Rukbah, Rucbah; Ksoracitation needed
  • The name is originally from Arabic ركبة rukbah "knee"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 閣道三 (Gé Dào sān, English: the Third Star of Flying Corridor).20
Pisces η Piscium Kullat Nunu
Draco ν Draconis Kuma
Libra β Librae Lanx Australis
Canes Venatici Y Canum Venaticorum La Superba A modern (19th century) name, due to Angelo Secchi
Scorpius υ Sco Lesath
Vulpecula α Vulpeculae Lucida Anseris
Hercules λ Herculis Maasym
Auriga θ Aurigae Mahasim
Taurus 20 Tauri Maia one of the Pleiades
Cassiopeia θ Cas Marfark
  • The name is originally from Arabic المرفق al-mirfaq "the elbow"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 閣道三 (Gé Dào sì, English: the Fourth Star of Flying Corridor).20
Ophiuchus λ Ophiuchi Marfik
Pegasus α Pegasi and HR 2948 Markab
Pegasus η Pegasi Matar
Gemini ε Geminorum Mebsuta
Sagittarius δ Sagittarii Media
Ursa Major δ Ursae Majoris Megrez
Orion λ Orionis Meissa
Gemini ζ Geminorum Mekbuda
Perseus ξ Persei Menchib
Cetus α Ceti Menkab
Auriga β Aurigae Menkalinan
Cetus α Ceti Menkar
Centaurus θ Centauri Menkent
Perseus ζ Persei Menkib
Ursa Major β Ursae Majoris Merak
Bootes 38 Boötis Merga
Taurus 23 Tauri Merope one of the Pleiades
Aries γ Arietis Mesarthim
Carina β Carinae Miaplacidus
Hydra σ Hydrae Minchir
Virgo δ Virginis Minelava
Corvus ε Corvi Minkar
Orion δ Orionis Mintaka
Cetus ο Ceti Mira
Andromeda β Andromedae Mirach
Perseus η Persei Miram
Perseus α Persei Mirfak
Canis Major β Canis Majoris Mirzam
Perseus κ Persei Misam
Ursa Major ζ Ursae Majoris Mizar The name is originally from Arabic المئزر al-miʾzar "apron, waistband, girdle"
Triangulum α Trianguli Mothallah
Canis Major γ Canis Majoris Muliphein
Bootes η Bootis Muphrid, Mufrid
Canis Major β Canis Majoris Murzim
Ursa Major ο Ursae Majoris Muscida
Ursa Major π Ursae Majoris Muscida
Orion ι Orionis Nair Al Saif
Puppis ζ Puppis Naos
Sagittarius γ Sagittarii Nash
Capricornus γ Capricorni Nashira
Cassiopeia γ Cas Navi "Navi" is a modern name, due to Gus Grissom (his middle name "Ivan" spelled backward). In Chinese astronomy, it is known as "the whip".
Bootes β Boötis Nekkar
Andromeda 51 Andromedae (υ Persei) Nembus
Lepus β Leporis Nihal
Sagittarius σ Sagittarii Nunki
Corona Borealis β Coronae Borealis Nusakan
Capricornus π Capricorni Okul
Pavo α Pavonis Peacock Designated "Peacock" (after the constellation) by Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office in the 1930s.
Columba α Columbae Phact
Ursa Major γ Ursae Majoris Phad (or Phecda, Phekda)
Ursa Minor γ Ursae Minoris Pherkad
Ursa Minor δ Ursae Minoris Pherkard
Taurus 28 Tauri Pleione one of the Pleiades
Ursa Minor α UMi Polaris; Cynosure; north star, pole star, lodestar, etc. Latin stella polaris, stella maris; Sanskrit dhruva tāra "fixed star"; Arabic القطب الشماليal-kutb al-shamaliyy "the northern axle", among others.
Octans σ Octantis Polaris Australis
Gemini β Geminorum Pollux
Virgo γ Virginis Porrima
Leo Minor 46 Leonis Minoris Praecipua
Canis Minor α CMi Procyon Greek προκύον "preceding the Dog (viz. Sirius)"; in Latin rendered as Antecanis.
Gemini η Geminorum Propus
Boötes ε Boo Pulcherrima, Izar The name "Izar" is originally from Arabic إزار izār "veil". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated منتقة ألعوع minṭáqa al awwa, translated into Latin as Cingulum Latratoris "belt of barker"
Eridanus δ Eri Rana
  • Latin rana "frog".year needed
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天苑三 (Tiān Yuàn sān, English: the Third Star of Celestial Meadows).19
Hercules α Herculis Ras Algethi
Ophiuchus α Ophiuchi Ras Alhague
Leo ε Leonis Ras Elased Australis
Leo μ Leonis Rasalas
Draco β Draconis Rastaban
Gemini α Geminorum Ras Thaoum
Vela γ Velorum Regor
Leo α Leonis Regulus Latin for 'prince' or 'little king'. Regulus was known to Persian astrologers as the Royal star Venant, Watcher of the North.
Orion β Orionis Rigel
Centaurus α Cen Rigil Kentaurus The name is originally from Arabic رجل قنطورس rijl qantūris "foot of the centaur". Also "Alpha Centauri".
Virgo μ Virginis Rijl al Awwa
Delphinus β Delphini Rotanev
Cygnus ω² Cygni Ruchba
Sagittarius α Sagittarii Rukbat
Ophiuchus η Ophiuchi Sabik
Aquarius γ Aquarii Sadachbia
Pegasus μ Pegasi Sadalbari
Aquarius α Aquarii Sadalmelik
Aquarius β Aquarii Sadalsuud
Auriga ζ Aurigae Sadatoni
Cygnus γ Cygni Sadr
Orion κ Orionis Saiph
Pegasus τ Pegasi Salm
Scorpius θ Sco Sargas
Hercules δ Herculis Sarin
Ursa Major θ Ursae Majoris Sarir
Eridanus 53 Eri Sceptrum formerly "p Sceptri", in the constellation of Sceptrum Brandenburgicum
Pegasus β Pegasi Scheat
Capricornus δ Capricorni Scheddi
Cassiopeia α Cas Schedir, Schedar
  • The name is originally from Arabic صدر şadr "breast"; also ألضة ألكرسي al-dhāt al-kursiyy "the lady in the chair (Ulug Beg), whence Dath Elkarti (Riccoli 1651).
  • In Chinese, this star is called 王良四 (Wáng Liáng sì, English: the Fourth Star of Wang Liang).20
Cassiopeia ε Cas Segincitation needed In Chinese, this star is called 閣道二 (Gé Dào èr, English: the Second Star of Flying Corridor).20
Bootes γ Bootis Seginus
Sagitta α Sagittae Sham
Scorpius λ Sco Shaula
Lyra β Lyrae Sheliak
Aries β Arietis Sheratan
Ophiuchus ν Ophiuchi Sinistra
Canis Major α CMa Sirius, Dog Star Greek Σείριος "the scorcher"; in Egyptian Sopdet, rendered in Greek as Σῶθις. As the brightest star in the sky, Sirius has proper names in numerous cultures, including Polynesian (Maori Takurua; Hawaiian Ka'ulua, "Queen of Heaven", among others).
Aquarius κ Aquarii Situla
Aquarius δ Aquarii Skat
Virgo α Virginis Spica, Azimech In Indian astronomy known as Chitra "the bright one"
Taurus 22 Tauri Sterope
Delphinus α Delphini Sualocin
Leo ο Leonis Subra
Vela λ Velorum Suhail
Lyra γ Lyrae Sulafat
Virgo ι Virginis Syrma
Orion π3 Orionis Tabit
Ursa Major κ Ursae Majoris Talitha Australis
Ursa Major ι Ursae Majoris Talitha Borealis
Ursa Major μ Ursae Majoris Tania Australis
Ursa Major λ Ursae Majoris Tania Borealis
Aquila γ Aquilae Tarazet, Tarazed
Taurus 19 Tauri Taygetacitation needed
Cancer ζ Cancri Tegmen, Tegmine
Sagittarius ω Sagittarii Terebellum from Ptolemy's τετράπλευρον, a quadrangle of stars of which ω Sag is the brightest
Gemini μ Geminorum Tejat Posterior
Gemini η Geminorum Tejat Prior
Orion υ Orionis Thabit
Eridanus υ-2 Eri Theemin, Beemincitation needed In Chinese, this star is called 天園十二 (Tiān Yuàn shíèr, English: the Twelfth Star of Celestial Meadows).19
Draco α Draconis Thuban
Taurus ζ Tau Tien Kwan
  • In Chinese 天關 (Tiānguān, English: Celestial Gate).
  • Also reported as Shurnarkabti-sha-shūtū, from Babylonian as "the Star in the Bull towards the South" or "the Southern Star towards the Chariot".25
Pisces ο Piscium Torcularis Septentrionalis
Puppis π Puppis Tureis
Draco ε Draconis Tyl
Serpens α Serpentis Unuk or Unukalhai
Lyra α Lyr Vega The name is originally from Arabic an-nasr al-wāqi‘ "the alighting vulture", also translated as vulture cadens (see also Aetos Dios, Stymphalian birds). As the second brightest star in the northern sky, Vega has names in numerous cultures. In Chinese it is known as 織女 "weaving girl" from the Qi Xi love story. Vega is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle.
Virgo ε Vir Vindemiatrix Vindemiatrix^ is the Latin for "grape gatherer"
Gemini δ Geminorum Wasat
Columba β Columbae Wazn
Canis Major δ Canis Majoris Wezen
Ophiuchus δ Ophiuchi Yed Prior
Ophiuchus ε Ophiuchi Yed Posterior
Ursa Minor δ Ursae Minoris Yildun
Virgo η Virginis Zaniah
Eridanus γ Eri Zaurak, Zaurac
  • The name is originally from Arabic زورق zawraq "boat"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天園一 (Tiān Yuàn yī, English: the First Star of Celestial Meadows).19
Virgo β Virginis Zavijava
Leo δ Leonis Zosma
Libra γ Librae Zuben-el-Akrab
Libra δ Librae Zuben-el-Akribi
Libra α Librae Zubenelgenubi
Libra β Librae Zuben-el-schemali or Zubeneschamali

See also

References

  1. ^ The NASA in 1971 compiled a "technical memorandum" collecting a total of 537 named stars.
  2. ^ a b c d Allen, Richard Hinckley (2003). Star Names and Their Meanings. New York: Kessinger. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-7661-4028-8. OCLC 637168084. 
  3. ^ a b (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 13 日
  4. ^ a b (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 27 日
  5. ^ "Eta Cassiopeia (Achird) 2". SolStation.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  6. ^ Kaler, Jim. "Achird". Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  7. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 19 日
  8. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 16 日
  9. ^ a b (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 23 日
  10. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 3 日
  11. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 10 日
  12. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 12 日
  13. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 14 日
  14. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 22 日
  15. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 3 月 22 日
  16. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 6 日
  17. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 5 日
  18. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 10 日
  19. ^ a b c d e (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 12 日
  20. ^ a b c d e (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 9 日
  21. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 25 日
  22. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley (1963). Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning. Dover Publications. p. 218. ISBN 978-0486210797. 
  23. ^ "Gacrux/Gamma Crucis 2?". SolStation.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  24. ^ Lesikar, Arnold V. "Gacrux". Dome Of The Sky. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  25. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley (1963). Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning. Dover Publications. p. 391. ISBN 978-0486210797. 

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