List of titles and honours of Queen Elizabeth II

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Queen Elizabeth II (born 21 April 1926) has held numerous titles and honours, both during and before her time as monarch of each of her Commonwealth realms. Each is listed below; where two dates are shown, the first indicates the date of receiving the title or award (the title as Princess Elizabeth of York being given as from her birth), and the second indicates the date of its loss or renunciation.

The Royal Cypher of Queen Elizabeth II, surmounted by St Edward's Crown.

Royal titles and styles

Monarchical styles of
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
Personal flag of Queen Elizabeth II.svg
Reference style Her Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Ma'am
  • 21 April 1926 – 11 December 1936: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York
  • 11 December 1936 – 20 November 1947: Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth
  • 20 November 1947 – 6 February 1952: Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh
  • 6 February 1952 – present: Her Majesty The Queen

Upon Elizabeth's accession to the throne, she was asked by her Private Secretary what her regnal name would be, to which the Queen responded, "My own, of course—what else?"1 Until 1953, her official style was by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Queen, Defender of the Faith.2 She was proclaimed as queen using that title in Canada and South Africa,34 whereas, in Australia,5 New Zealand, and the United Kingdom,6 she was proclaimed as Queen Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of this Realm and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.

A decision was reached by Elizabeth's prime ministers at the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference of 1952, whereby the Queen would accord herself different styles and titles in each of her realms, reflecting that in each state she acted as monarch of that particular country,7 regardless of her other roles. Thus, separate but parallel royal styles and titles acts were passed in the United Kingdom and each of the then Dominions of the British Commonwealth, granting Elizabeth a distinct but similarly constituted title in each state,7 meaning that when Elizabeth was crowned in the same year, she held seven separate titles. With further evolution of the Commonwealth since that time, Elizabeth now holds sixteen different regnal titles, one for each of the Commonwealth realms, as listed below. Traditionally, her titles as queen regnant are listed in the order in which the remaining realms first became Dominions of the Crown of the United Kingdom (original realm), namely, Canada (1867), Australia (1901), and New Zealand (1907), followed by the rest in the order in which the former colony became an independent realm: Jamaica (1962), Barbados (1966), the Bahamas (1973), Grenada (1974), Papua New Guinea (1975), the Solomon Islands (1978), Tuvalu (1978), Saint Lucia (1979), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1979), Antigua and Barbuda (1981), Belize (1981), and Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983).

Though the situation was the same in every one of the Queen's realms beyond the United Kingdom, only within, in Scotland, did the title Elizabeth II cause controversy as there had never been an Elizabeth I in Scotland. In an act of sabotage, new Royal Mail post boxes in Scotland, bearing the royal cypher EIIR, were vandalised, after which, to avoid further problems, post boxes and Royal Mail vehicles in Scotland bore only the Crown of Scotland. A legal case, MacCormick v. Lord Advocate (1953 SC 396), was taken to contest the right of the Queen to title herself Elizabeth II within Scotland, arguing that to do so would be a breach of the Act of Union. The case, however, was lost on the grounds that the pursuers had not title to sue the Crown and the numbering of monarchs was part of the Royal Prerogative, and thus not governed by the Act of Union. It was suggested by Winston Churchill that future British monarchs should be numbered according to either their English or Scottish predecessors, whichever number is higher.8

Less publicised controversies included the argument that the monarch was addressed as Your Grace in the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland (the monarchs of Renaissance England had been called both "Your Grace" and "Your Majesty"9) and that the preferred title had been King/Queen of Scots rather than of Scotland. At the opening of the Scottish Parliament in 1999, Lord Steel, MSP, the Presiding Officer, referred to Elizabeth II as "not only the Queen of the United Kingdom but seated as you are among us in the historic and constitutionally correct manner as Queen of Scots." In 2002 Winnie Ewing, president of the Scottish National Party wrote to the Queen asking her to adopt the title "Elizabeth I" in Scotland.10

Current

Americas

 Antigua and Barbuda
  • 1982 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 The Bahamas
  • 1973 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Barbados
  • 1966 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Barbados and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Belize
  • 1981 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth The Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Belize and of Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Canada
  • 6 February 1952 – 29 May 1953: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith
  • 29 May 1953 – :
In English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith11N 1
In French: Elizabeth Deux, par la grâce de Dieu Reine du Royaume-Uni, du Canada et de ses autres royaumes et territoires, Chef du Commonwealth, Défenseur de la Foi13N 2
 Grenada
  • 1974 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Grenada and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Jamaica
  • 1962 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Jamaica and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • 1983 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Christopher and Nevis and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Saint Lucia
  • 1979 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Lucia and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • 1979 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Europe

 United Kingdom
  • 6 February 1952 – 26 March 1953
In English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith
In Latin: Elizabeth II, Dei Gratia Magnae Britanniae, Hiberniae et terrarum transmarinarum quae in ditione sunt Britannica Regina, Fidei Defensor
  • 26 March 1953 – :
In English: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith142
In Latin: Elizabeth II, Dei Gratia Britanniarum Regnorumque Suorum Ceterorum Regina, Consortionis Populorum Princeps, Fidei DefensorN 315

Oceania

 Australia
  • 6 February 1952 – 1953: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith
  • 1953 – 1973: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Australia and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the FaithN 417
  • 1973 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Australia and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
New Zealand New Zealand
  • 6 February 1952 – 1953: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith
  • 1953 – 1974: Her Majesty Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Her Other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith
  • 1974 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of New Zealand and Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith
 Papua New Guinea
  • 1975 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Papua New Guinea and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Solomon Islands
  • 1978 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Solomon Islands and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Tuvalu
  • 1978 – : Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Tuvalu and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Former

Africa

 Ghana
  • 1957 – 1960: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Ghana and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Nigeria
  • 1960 – 1963: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Nigeria and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Sierra Leone
  • 1961 – 1971: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Sierra Leone and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 TanganyikaN 5
  • 1961 – 1962: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Tanganyika and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Uganda
  • 1962 – 1963: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Uganda and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Kenya
  • 1963 – 1964: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Kenya and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Malawi
  • 1964 – 1966: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Malawi and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Mauritius
  • 1968 – 1992: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Mauritius and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 South Africa
  • 1953 – 1961: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of South Africa and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Gambia
  • 1965 – 1970: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of The Gambia and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
N 6

Americas

 Trinidad and Tobago
  • 1962 – 1976: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Trinidad and Tobago and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
 Guyana
  • 1966 – 1970: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Guyana and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Asia

 Pakistan
  • 1953 – 1956: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith18
 CeylonN 7
  • 1953 – 1972: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Ceylon and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Europe

 Malta
  • 1964 – 1974: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Malta and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Oceania

 Fiji
  • 1970 – 1987: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Fiji and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Unofficial

Americas

 British Columbia, Canada
  • 1959 – : Mother of all People19
 Jamaica
 Nebraska, US

Europe

 Guernsey
 Isle of Man
 Jersey
  • 6 February 1952 – : Duke of Normandy

Oceania

 Fiji
  • 1998 – :
In Fijian: Tui Viti or Vunivalu23
In English: Queen or paramount chief of Fiji
 New Zealand
  • 1952 – :
In Māori: Kotuku
In English: The White Heron24

Military ranks

 Canada
New Zealand New Zealand
 United Kingdom

Commonwealth of Nations honours

Commonwealth realms

Appointments
Country Date Appointment Post-nominal letters
 United Kingdom 1935 – 6 February 1952 Member First Class of the Royal Family Order of King George V
1952 – Sovereign
 United Kingdom 1937 – 6 February 1952 Member First Class of the Royal Family Order of King George VI25
1952 – Sovereign
 United Kingdom 1947 – 6 February 1952 Royal Lady of the Most Noble Order of the Garter LG
1952 – Sovereign
 United Kingdom 12 June 1947 – 6 February 1952 Member of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India26 CI
1952 – Sovereign
United Kingdom British CommonwealthN 8 1947 – 6 February 1952 Dame Grand Cross of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem DGStJ
Worldwide 6 February 1952 – Sovereign Head
 United Kingdom 1951 – 6 February 1952 Lady of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council PC
Commonwealth realmsN 8 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Royal Victorian Order
Commonwealth realms 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Order of Merit
Commonwealth realms 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Order of the Companions of Honour
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Distinguished Service Order
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Imperial Service Order
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Order of British India
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Indian Order of Merit
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Order of Burma
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Royal Family Order of King Edward VII
 United Kingdom 1953 – Sovereign of the Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II
 CAN Canada 1957 – Chief Hunter of the Order of the Buffalo Hunt27
 Canada 1967 – Sovereign of the Order of Canada28
 Canada 1972 – Sovereign of the Order of Military Merit29
 Australia 1975 – Sovereign Head of the Order of Australia30
 New Zealand 1975 – Sovereign Head of the Queen's Service Order31
 Barbados 1980 – Sovereign of the Order of Barbados
 Saint Lucia 1980 – Sovereign of the Order of St Lucia32
 Solomon Islands 1982 – Member First Class of the Order of the Solomon Islands2
 Solomon Islands 1982 – Sovereign of the Order of the Star
 New Zealand 1987 – Sovereign of the Order of New Zealand33
 Belize 1991 – Sovereign of the Order of the National Hero
 Belize 1991 – Sovereign of the Order of Belize
 Belize 1991 – Sovereign of the Order of Distinction
 New Zealand 1996 – Sovereign of the New Zealand Order of Merit34
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1997 – Grand Master of the Order of the National Hero
 Antigua and Barbuda 1998 – Sovereign of the Order of the National Hero
 Antigua and Barbuda 1998 – Sovereign of the Order of the Nation
 Antigua and Barbuda 1998 – Sovereign of the Order of Merit (Antigua and Barbuda)
 Antigua and Barbuda 1998 – Sovereign of the Order of Princely Heritage
 Canada 3 October 2000 – Sovereign of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces35
 Papua New Guinea 2005 – Sovereign of the Order of Logohu
 Papua New Guinea 2005 – Sovereign of the Order of the Star of Melanesia
Decorations and medals
Country Date Decoration Post-nominal letters
 UK British Commonwealth 1935 King George V Silver Jubilee Medal
 UK British Commonwealth 1937 King George VI Coronation Medal
 United Kingdom 1945 Defence Medal
 United Kingdom 1945 War Medal 1939–1945
 Canada 1951 Canadian Forces Decoration CD

Other Commonwealth countries

Appointments
Country Date awarded Appointment Post-nominal letters
 Pakistan 1960 Nishan-e-Pakistan2 NPk
 Nigeria 1969 Grand Commander of the Order of the Niger2 GCON
 Singapore 1972 Order of Temasek2 DUT(1st)
 Malaysia 1972 Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara2 DMN
 Maldives 1972 Member of the Distinguished Order of Ghaazi2 Nishan Ghaazeege 'Izzaitheri Veriyaa NGIV
 Brunei 1972 Member First Class of the Most Esteemed Royal Family Order2 DK
 Kenya 1972 Order of the Golden Heart of Kenya2 CGH
 Gambia 1974 Grand Commander of the Order of the Republic of Gambia2 GCRG
 Malawi 1979 Member First Class of the Order of the Lion2
 Botswana 1979 Member of the Presidential Order2 POB
 Nigeria 1989 Grand Commander of the Order of the Federal Republic36 GCFR
 Malta 28 May 1992 Honorary Companion of Honour of the National Order of Merit37 KUOM
 Brunei 1992 Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei2 DKMB
 South Africa 1995 Grand Cross in Gold of the Order of Good Hope2
 Malta 23 October 2000 Honorary Companion of Honour with Collar of the National Order of Merit37
 Malta 23 November 2005 Honorary Member of the Xirka Ġieħ ir-Repubblika38 SG
 Ghana 2007 Honorary Companion of the Order of the Star of Ghana39 CSG
 Tonga The Most Illustrious Order of Queen Salote Tupou III40
Decorations and medals
Country Date Decoration Post-nominal letters
 Dominica 1985 Dominica Award of Honour2 DAH
 Trinidad and Tobago 1985 Trinity Cross Medal in Gold2 TC
 Brunei 1992 Sultan of Brunei Silver Jubilee Medal2

Foreign honours

Appointments
Country Date Appointment Post-nominal letters
 Denmark 1947 Knight of the Order of the Elephant2 RE
 Egypt 1948 Grand Cordon of the Order of El Kemal2
 France 1948 Grand Cross of the National Order of the Legion of Honour2
   Nepal 1949 Order of Ojaswi Rajanya2
 Netherlands 1950 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion2
 Jordan 1953 Member with Collar of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali2
1984 Member with Sash
 Sweden 1953 Member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim2 LSerafO
1975 Member with Collar LSerafO m kedja
 Panama 1953 Gold Collar of the Order of Manuel Amador Guerrero2
 Libya 1954 Grand Collar of the Order of Idris I2
Ethiopia Ethiopia 1954 Chain and Collar of the Order of the Seal of Solomon2
 Norway 1955 Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav2
 Portugal 1955 Grand Sash and Cross of the Three Orders of Christ Aviz and Santiago2
 Iraq 1956 Member with Chain of the Grand Order of the Hashimi2
 Italy 1958 Dame of the Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Republic2
Germany Germany 1958 Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany2
 Peru 1960 Grand Cross in Brilliants of the Order of the Sun2
 Argentina 1960 Grand Collar of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin2
 Thailand 1960 Dame of the Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri2
 Tunisia 1961 Grand Collar of the Order of Independence2
 Finland 1961 Collar of the Order of the White Rose2
 Mali 1961 Grand Cordon of the National Order of Mali
 Senegal 1961 Grand Cross of the National Order of Senegal2
 Liberia 1961 Knight Grand Band of the Order of the Pioneers of Liberia2
1979 Knight Grand Cordon with Collar
 Côte d'Ivoire 1961 Grand Cross of the National Order of the Ivory Coast2
 Liberia 1962 Knight Grand Band of the Order of the Star of Africa2
 Japan 1962 Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum2
 Cameroon 1963 – Grand Cross of the Ordre de la Valeur Camerounaise2
 Belgium 1963 Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold2
 Greece 1963 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer2 GCR
 Iceland 1963 Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Falcon2
 Chile 1965 Grand Collar of the Order of Merit2
 Austria 1966 Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria241
 Brazil 1968 Grand Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross2
 Abu Dhabi 1969 Member First Class of the Order of Al-Nahayyan2
 Gabon 1969 Grand Cross of the Order of the Equatorial Star2
Afghanistan Afghanistan 1971 Order of the Supreme Sun2
 Luxembourg 1972 Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau2
 Yugoslavia 1972 Yugoslav Great Star2
 Mexico 1973 Grand Collar of the Order of the Aztec Eagle2
 Zaire 1973 Grand Cordon of the Order of the Leopard2
 Egypt 1975 Collar of the Order of the Nile2
 Japan 1975 Golden Medal of Merit of Japanese Red Cross
 Japan 1975 Golden Medal of Honorary Member of Japanese Red Cross
 Portugal 1978 Grand Collar of the Order of Saint James of the Sword2 GColSE
Romania Romania 1978N 9 Member First Class of the Order of the Star of the Socialist Republic of Romania2
 Kuwait 1979 Collar of the Order of Mubarak the Great2
 Bahrain 1979 Collar of the Order of al-Khalifa2
 Oman 1979 Member First Class of the Order of Oman2
 Saudi Arabia 1979 Collar of the King Abdulaziz Order of Merit244
 Tunisia 1980 Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic2
 Morocco 1980 Collar of the Special Class of the Order of Muhammad2
 Oman 1982 Member of the Order of Al Said2
 Spain 1986 Collar of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Carlos III45 2
 South Korea 1986 Member of the Order of Mungunghwa2
 Spain 1989 Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece46 2
 Poland 1991 Grand Ribbon of the Order of Merit2
 Hungary 1991 Grand Cross of the Order of Merit2
 Portugal 1993 Grand Collar of the Military Order of the Tower and of the Sword, of Valour, Loyalty and Merit
 Colombia 1993 Grand Collar of the Order of the Cross of Boyaca2
 Kuwait 1995 Member Special Class of the Order of Kuwait
 Poland 1996 Knight of the Order of the White Eagle2
 Czech Republic 1996 Member First Class with Collar of the Order of the White Lion47
 Latvia 1996 Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Three Stars
 Peru 1998 Grand Cross of the Order of Merit2
 Romania 2000 Member with Sash of the Order of the Star of Romania48
 Kazakhstan 2000 Member of the Order of the Golden Eagle
 Slovenia 2001 Golden Order of Freedom of the Republic of Slovenia
 Croatia 12 December 2001 Member with Sash and Grand Star of the Grand Order of King Tomislav49
 Lithuania 17 October 2006 Grand Cross with Golden Chain of the Order of Vytautas the Great5051
 Estonia 19 October 2006 Collar of the Cross of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana52
 Turkey 14 May 2008 Member First Class of the Order of State of Republic of Turkey 53
 Slovenia 2008 Order for Exceptional Merits
 Slovakia 2008 Member First Class of the Order of the White Double Cross54
 United Arab Emirates 2010 Order of Zayed55
Decorations
Country Date Decoration Post-nominal letters
   Nepal 1961 Mahendra Chain2
 Sudan 1964 Chain of Honour2
 Indonesia 1974 Star of Indonesia, First Class2
 Saudi Arabia 1979 Badr Chain
 Qatar 1979 Collar of Independence2
 United Arab Emirates 1989 Collar of the Federation2

Honorary military positions

Australia Australia
Canada Canada
Fiji Fiji
Ghana Ghana
New Zealand New Zealand
South Africa South Africa
  • South Africa 1947 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Durban Light Infantry
  • South Africa 1947 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the South African Railways and Harbours Brigade
  • South Africa 1952 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the Imperial Light Horse
  • South Africa 1953 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Natal Carbineers
  • South Africa 1953 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the Kaffrarian Rifles
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Non-national titles and honours

Freedom of the City

Commonwealth realms
Foreign

Member and fellowships

Country Date Organisation Position
 United Kingdom 1947 – 1952 Royal Society Fellow (FRS)
 United Kingdom 1947 – Worshipful Company of Drapers Freeman
 United Kingdom 1947 – Institution of Civil Engineers Honorary Member and Patron61
 United Kingdom 1951 – Royal College of Surgeons of England Honorary Fellow (FRCS)
 United Kingdom 1951 – Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Honorary Fellow (FRCOG)

Scholastic

Since ascending the throne, the Queen has not accepted honorary degrees, as this would technically place her under the jurisdiction of the chancellor of whichever university had bestowed the degree, a position deemed unsuitable for a reigning monarch.

Degrees
Country Date School Degree
 United Kingdom 1946 University of London Bachelor of Music (BMus) honoris causa
 United Kingdom 1948 University of Oxford Doctor of Civil Law (DCL) honoris causa
 United Kingdom 1949 University of Wales Doctor of Music (DMus) honoris causa
 United Kingdom 1951 University of Edinburgh Doctor of Laws (LLD) honoris causa
 United Kingdom 1951 University of London Doctor of Laws (LLD) honoris causa

Professional

In April 2013 the Queen was presented with an honorary BAFTA award by Sir Kenneth Branagh in a ceremony at Windsor Castle. The BAFTA was given for her "lifelong support of the British film and television industry".62

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In some cases, such as an oath of allegiance, Elizabeth's Canadian title is shortened to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Canada.12 On Canadian coins, it is rendered in Latin as Elizabeth II D.G. Regina ("Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Regina", or, in English, "Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, Queen).
  2. ^ In some older documents in French, Elizabeth's name is spelled Élisabeth.
  3. ^ Literally translated: Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God of Her British and other Realms Queen, Head of the Consortium of Peoples, Defender of the Faith.
  4. ^ This title is shown on the Great Seal of Victoria in Latin as Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Britanniarum Terrae Australis Regnorumque Suorum Ceterorum Regina, Consortionis Populorum Princeps, Fidei Defensor.16
  5. ^ Now part of Tanzania.
  6. ^ Although Elizabeth was recognised as Queen of Rhodesia by the Rhodesian government, she never accepted or exercised the office for the years between the Rhodesian declaration of independence in 1965 and the proclamation of the Republic of Rhodesia in 1970.
  7. ^ Now Sri Lanka.
  8. ^ a b After the accession of Elizabeth II to the throne, the terminology used to describe those countries under her reign altered, with the word Dominion eschewed in favour of realm.
  9. ^ The Queen stripped Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu, who was overthrown in a popular revolution, of his honorary British knighthood in December 1989,42 and returned her own order because "of revulsion at the abuse of human rights in Romania for which Ceausescu is responsible".43

References

  1. ^ Bousfield, Arthur; Toffoli, Gary (2002). Fifty Years the Queen. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 72. ISBN 1-55002-360-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb "Burke's Peerage and Gentry > The Royal Family > HM Queen Elizabeth II". Burke's Peerage & Gentry and The Origins Network. Retrieved 24 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (1952), Documents on Canadian External Relations 18, Queen's Printer for Canada, retrieved 20 December 2009 
  4. ^ Government of South Africa (7 February 1952). "Proclamation No. 12 of 1952". Government Gazette Extraordinary (Queen's Printer). CLXVII (4781). 
  5. ^ "Proclamation of the accession of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, from the steps of Parliament House, Canberra, 1952 Feb. 8". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39458. p. 757. 6 February 1952.
  7. ^ a b Bousfield 2002, p. 75
  8. ^ Winston Churchill, House of Commons Official Report cols 199–201, 15 April 1953
  9. ^ OED, 2nd Edition, under "Grace", 16b
  10. ^ "Queen urged to change title". BBC. 22 May 2002. 
  11. ^ [1] 1985, Ch. R-12.
  12. ^ Oath of office "Governor General of Canada > Media > Fact Sheets > Oaths of Office". Rideau Hall. Retrieved 28 October 2008. dead link
  13. ^ Loi sur les titres royaux
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39873. p. 3023. 29 May 1953.
  15. ^ François Velde (4 September 2007). "Royal Arms, Styles, and Titles of Great Britain". Heraldica. François Velde. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  16. ^ Greg Taylor (2006). The Constitution of Victoria. Federation Press. ISBN 1-86287-612-6. 
  17. ^ "Royal Styles and Titles Act 1953" (PDF). Canberra: Commonwealth Government Printer. 1953. Schedule. 
  18. ^ Wheare, K.C. (1953). "The Nature and Structure of the Commonwealth". American Political Science Review 47 (4): 1021. Retrieved 4 June 2012. 
  19. ^ Buckner, Phillip (2005). "The Last Great Royal Tour: Queen Elizabeth's 1959 Tour to Canada". In Buckner, Phillip. Canada and the End of Empire. Vancouver: UBC Press. p. 77. ISBN 0-7748-0915-9. Retrieved 24 October 2009. 
  20. ^ "Queen to visit Trench Town", Daily Mail, retrieved 6 February 2013 
  21. ^ "Queen speaks to Jamaican Parliament". BBC. 19 February 2002. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  22. ^ Smith, Sally Bedell (2012). Elizabeth the Queen: The Life of a Modern Monarch. New York: Random House. p. 435. ISBN 9780812979794. 
  23. ^ "Fiji chiefs say Britain's Elizabeth still Queen of Fiji". Radio New Zealand. 19 November 2002. Retrieved 29 October 2008. 
  24. ^ "The Monarchy Today > Queen and Commonwealth > The Queen's role in New Zealand". Buckingham Palace. Retrieved 29 October 2008. 
  25. ^ "The Monarchy Today > Queen and public > Honours > Royal Family Orders". Buckingham Palace. Retrieved 29 October 2008. 
  26. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37976. p. 2569. 6 June 1947.
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External links

  • Hansard recording of debate on the royal title in the British House of Commons, 3 March 1953







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