Local Coordination Committees of Syria
|Key people||Razan Zaitouneh, Suhair al-Atassi1|
|Method||civil disobedience,2 media campaigns1|
|Members||100–200 (June 2011)1|
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Arabic Wikipedia. (January 2012)|
The Local Coordination Committees of Syria (Arabic: لجان التنسيق المحلية في سوريا: LCCSyria3 or LCCs4) consist of a network of local groups that organise and report on protests as part of the Syrian uprising.25 In June 2011, the network was described by The New York Times as beginning to "emerge as a pivotal force" in Syria.1 As of August 2011[update], the network supported civil disobedience and opposed local armed resistance and international military intervention as methods of opposing the Syrian government.6
The Local Coordination Committees of Syria started in March 2011 from local groups that published reports about protests during the Syrian uprising and developed into a national network involved in journalism about protests and the protests themselves.3 The groups had developed from informal networks of friends and colleagues involved in dissidence that had existed for many years.1 Prior to the uprising, Syrian activists had brought in mobile telephones, satellite modems and computers in anticipation of Arab Spring protests developing in Syria.1 In June 2011, The New York Times described the network as beginning to "emerge as a pivotal force" in Syrian politics, "earning the respect of more recognized, but long divided dissidents."1
The LCCSyria network consists of "overwhelmingly young" demonstrators of multiple religious and class backgrounds.1 The network is decentralized and works in secret.1 The first of the committees was created in the Daraya suburb of Damascus. As of June 2011[update], the most active committee was in Homs.1 As of June 2011[update], the network had 35 individual leaders, who tried to communicate daily.1 As of February 2012[update], the network had 14 local committees, one each in Daraa, Homs, Baniyas, Saraqeb, Idlib, al-Hasakah, Qamishli, Deir ez-Zor, the Syrian coast, Hama, ar-Raqqah, as-Suwayda', Damascus and the Damascus suburbs.3
LCCSyria is financed by donations from individual supporters.7 This is further facilitated by the "Adopt a Revolution" initiative.8 Furthermore the Office for Syrian Opposition Support, which itself was founded by the United States Department of State and Foreign and Commonwealth Office9 and is funded by the Friends of Syria Group, provides "material support" and "training assistance" to the LCCs.10
Rami Nakhle, who helps LCCSyria from exile in Lebanon, said that media activities documenting protests were the network's first main activity. The Syrian human rights lawyer Razan Zaitouneh, winner of the 2011 Sakharov Prize11 and the 2011 Anna Politkovskaya Award,2 has documented human rights in Syria for the network.2 The network's text and photographic reports of injuries and deaths of protestors have been used by CNN,5 Al Jazeera English,12 The Guardian13 and The Washington Post.1415 The network publishes reports on its own website and on Facebook.4
On 1 February 2012, LCCSyria criticised the international and Arab community as having been "unable to take any decision that contributes to stopping the cycle of violence in Syria". It estimated the number of deaths in the uprising as 7100, including 2454 in Homs, 1015 in Hama, and 883 in Idlib.16
Amnesty International describes the network's methods as peaceful protests.2 Civil disobedience methods used by the network include nightly protests in Hama and refusal to pay water, electricity and telephone bills in the Duma suburb of Damascus.1 The network called for a two-day general strike on 5–6 February 2012.5 They also called with other non-violence groups to the Dignity Strike in Syria "Karamah Strike".
In August 2011, LCCSyria declared that it understands the calls for internal armed opposition to the Syrian government and international military intervention, but opposes both. It said that militarisation would reduce popular support for the opposition, reduce the opposition's moral superiority, and put "the Revolution in an arena where the regime has a distinct advantage". The network said that peaceful demonstrations would make it easier to develop democracy following a revolution, while militarisation would make it "virtually impossible to establish a legitimate foundation for a proud future Syria."6 LCC Syria was one of the groups that formed what's called "Freddom Days" as an umbrella for non-violence groups in Syria.
- Shadid, Anthony; Hwaida Saad (2011-06-30). "Coalition of Factions From the Streets Fuels a New Opposition in Syria". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- "Syrian woman activist wins human rights award". Amnesty International. 2011-10-07. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "About the LCCS". Local Coordination Committees of Syria. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- "Syria: Army retakes Damascus suburbs - Monday 30 January". The Guardian. 2012-01-30. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- Basil, Yousuf; Richard Roth, Mick Krever, Salma Abdelaziz, Mohamed Fadel Fahmy (2012-02-05). "Opposition group calls for strike as Syrian violence grows". CNN. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- "Syrian Local Coordinating Committees on Taking Up Arms and Foreign Intervention". Jadaliyya. Arab Studies Institute. 2011-08-31. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- Donations website, Local Coordination Committees of Syria. Retrieved on 2012-05-12.
- Louise Osborne (2/28/2012) “Syrian activists appeal to West to be adopted”, USA Today.
- Britain and US plan a Syrian revolution from an innocuous office block in Istanbul
- Office for Syrian Opposition Support (OSOS) - Mission
- "Sakharov prize laureates grateful for Europe's support to Arab Spring". 2011-10-14. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- "Live Blog". Al Jazeera English. 2012-02-05. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- Chulov, Martin (2012-02-05). "Assad forces continue deadly assault on Homs". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- Local Coordination Committees of Syria (2012-MM-DD). "(LCCsyria signature in bottom right-hand corner)". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- Local Coordination Committees of Syria (2012-02-05). "(LCCsyria signature in bottom right-hand corner)". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-02-05.; the photo is signed "LCCsyria", see the archived reference "WPost_LCCSyria_photo".
- Abeer (2012-02-01). "Martyrs on the Freedom Path". Local Coordination Committees of Syria. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-02-05.