|City of Longview|
|Nickname(s): Balloon Capital of Texas|
|Motto: Real East Texas|
Location of Longview, Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Jay Dean
|• City Manager||David Willard|
|• City||54.8 sq mi (141.8 km2)|
|• Land||54.7 sq mi (141.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||371 ft (113 m)|
|• Density||1,468.2/sq mi (567.38/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||13747162|
Longview is a city in Gregg and Harrison counties in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 80,455. Most of the city is located in Gregg County, of which it is the county seat;3 only a small part extends into the western part of neighboring Harrison County. It is located in East Texas, where Interstate 20 and U.S. Highways 80 and 259 converge just north of the Sabine River. Longview is a commercial hub for the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Longview is the principal city of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger MSA made up of Gregg, Upshur, and Rusk counties (population 271,669).4 Longview is considered a major hub city in the region, as is the nearby city of Tyler.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Climate
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Economy
- 8 Education
- 9 Media
- 10 Notable people
- 11 In popular culture
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The city of Longview was founded in the 1870s by Ossamus Hitch Methvin, Sr.5 In 1870, Methvin sold 100 acres to the Southern Pacific Railroad for one dollar, to persuade them to build their line in the direction of land he owned. Later that year, he sold an additional 100 acres for $500 in gold. He hoped the coming of the railroad would increase the value of the rest of his land.
In 1942, the Big Inch pipeline began being built in Longview. From 1943-45, the pipeline transported over 261,000,000 barrels of crude oil to the East Coast.5 At the time of construction, it, along with its smaller twin, Little Inch, was the longest petroleum pipeline ever built. Both were integral in supplying the United States war effort in World War II.
Longview is located at 7. Longview is surrounded by many smaller cities and towns including: Kilgore, Gladewater, Gilmer, Ore City, Hallsville, Harleton, Diana, White Oak, and Lakeport. It is about 40 mi (64 km) east of the similarly sized city of Tyler.(32.509147, -94.753909)
Incorporated areas include Spring Hill, Greggton, Pine Tree, Judson, and Longview Heights.
As of the 2010 census, Longview had a population of 80,455. The median age was 34. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 56.2% non-Hispanic white, 22.6% non-Hispanic black, 0.5% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 9.5% from some other race, 2.3% from two or more races and 18.0% Hispanic or Latino.8
As of the census1 of 2000, 73,344 people, 28,363 households, and 19,116 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,341.8 people per square mile (518.1/km²). The 30,727 housing units averaged a density of 562.1 per square mile (217.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.10% White, 22.11% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.31% of the population.
Of the 28,363 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were not families. About 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city, the population was distributed as 26.7% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,858, and for a family was $42,378. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $21,400 for females. The per capita income for the city was $156,768. About 13.0% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
According to the its most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $75.9 million in revenues, $87.7 million in expenditures, $47.6 million in total assets, $9.0 million in total liabilities, and $12.2 million in cash in investments.9
The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:10
|City Manager||David Willard|
|Director of Finance||Angela Coen|
|Director of Public Works||Keith Bonds|
|Director of Human Resources||Karri Hyko|
|Director of Development Services||Kevin Cummings|
|Director of Community Services||Laura Hill|
Longview operates two libraries:
- Longview Public Library11
- Broughton Branch Library
Winter: Winters are mild. Average snowfall is less than 2 inches, with usually one or two ice storms each winter. Normal highs are from the 50s–60s. Lows range from the 30s to the 40s. Temperature rarely dips below 20°F and occasionally can get as warm as 80°F during the winter months.
Spring: The season brings storms as a transition from winter to summer. Temperatures range from the 60s to 80s for the high, and the 40s to the 60s for the low. The average date of the last frost is April 4. Severe thunderstorms are common during this season as cold fronts pass though the area. This is the wettest time of year.
Summer: The summer is hot and humid. Temperatures slowly climb from the 90s to the 100s going into the dog days of summer. Lows are in the 70s. This is the driest and sunniest time of year. The heat index can climb to around 110°F.
Fall: Fall is marked by the first cold front that knocks the 100-degree temperatures down into the 90s. Foliage begins to change in late October. Temperatures cool down and dew points drop.
|Climate data for Longview, Texas|
|Record high °F (°C)||86
|Average high °F (°C)||57
|Average low °F (°C)||34
|Record low °F (°C)||−4
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.79
East Texas Regional Airport offers service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport via American Eagle. The airport continues to grow. In 2007, it was designated a foreign trade zone.citation needed
The airport is known by pilots around the region for its large, 10000-ft-long runway. It serves as a backup landing site for U.S. space shuttles. Icitation needed
The Longview airport is home to the flight training program of LeTourneau University. The aeronautical students do classwork at the airport, as well as all their flight training.
The city's public transit system, Longview Transit, runs daily routes, excluding Sundays and holidays. Its fixed routes provide transportation to key districts throughout the city.17
City of Longview also operates City of Longview Transit (COLT) which provides transportation to eligible passengers as a demand response transportation service. This service is provided for those who are unable to use the regular Longview Transit fixed route service.18
Amtrak passenger rail service is available on the Texas Eagle through a downtown terminal. Longview's Amtrak station is the second-busiest in Texas and the fourth-busiest station along the Texas Eagle route. The Longview Amtrak station is a connection stop where passengers can connect to Nacogdoches, Houston, and Galveston, as well as Shreveport, Louisiana, by motorcoach. Daily trains between Chicago and San Antonio stop each morning (Chicago–San Antonio) and each evening (San Antonio–Chicago). Monday, Wednesday and Friday, the Longview station serves the Chicago to Los Angeles trains. The return train, Los Angeles to Chicago, stops in Longview on Sunday, Tuesday, and Friday. It serves about 20–50 passengers per day. A proposal is in the works for a high-speed rail system from Dallas/Ft. Worth to Shreveport along the I-20 corridor.
Longview is served by two freight railroad lines. Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad operates two trains daily through Longview. The Union Pacific Railroad has 25 daily trains through Longview's facilities.
The Longview Economic Development Corporation website provides more details about the transportation infrastructure, including air, rail, trucking, waterways, and highway information. Many maps are also available.19
One Interstate freeway and two U.S. highways run through the City of Longview. Four Texas State highways also run into Longview. Two Texas State highway spurs serve to connect highways in Longview.
- Interstate 20, an east–west freeway, connects Longview to Dallas, about 125 mi (201 km) to the west and to Shreveport, Louisiana, around 60 mi (97 km) to the east.
- U.S. Highway 80 runs through the central district of Longview. U.S. Hwy 80 was once a coast-to-coast highway from Tybee Beach near Savannah, Georgia, and ran continuously across the southern part of the United States to San Diego, California. Today, its western terminus is in Dallas, Texas, making the length only 1,032 mi (1,661 km).
- U.S. Highway 259 is a 250-mi-long north/south spur route connecting U.S. 59 from Nacogdoches, Texas, and U.S. 59 near the Oklahoma/Arkansas border just south of Forth Smith, Arkansas. Before Interstate 20, US 259 went through the center of Longview on a route now designated Texas State Highway 31 and Spur 502.
- Texas Highway 31 runs 143.3 miles (230.6 km) east/west between Longview and Waco, Texas.
- Texas Highway 149, 33.9 mi (54.6 km) long, connects Longview with Carthage, Texas.
- Texas Highway 300 is a short (18.62-mile (29.97 km)) highway connecting Longview to U.S. 271 in Gilmer, Texas.
- Texas Highway 281 is a 19.3-mile (31.1 km) loop highway that circumnavigates much of Longview from its east connection at I-20 east of the Gregg/Harrison county line to I-20 in Longview. It runs northward, westward, southward and eastward around the city.
- Spur 502 connects north/south traffic between U.S. Hwy 80 in central Longview and U.S. Hwy 259 north of Longview.
- Spur 63 runs north/south through Longview connecting TX Hwy 31 at its Longview terminus with Spur 502 north of TX Loop 281.
Longview is accessed easily by I-20. New construction has prompted some major upgrades to the city's system of roads. Medians have been added to Loop 281 as Phase I of the project is nearing completion. Phase II of the project will upgrade the road to a six-lane parkway. Slated to start in 2009, TxDOT has informed Longview officials that the funds have been withdrawn, placing Phase II on indefinite hold. TxDOT is researching an outer loop around the north side of Longview to complete the East Texas Hourglass. The road will loop around Longview and Tyler and is slated to start in 2012.
The new I-69, part of the Trans-Texas Corridor, will be passing just east of the Longview area between Longview and Marshall. The local opposition to the 1/2-mile-wide corridor has been large; it will contain six lanes, along with rail lines and truck-only lanes. The planned I-69 highway will run near or over the current US 59 highway.
The economy in Longview is healthy. Despite a national downturn in the housing market, Longview has been growing, and home prices continue to rise. Some major sectors of the Longview economy include the East Texas Oil Field, services, technology, such as Exponential Networks, and manufacturing. In 2007, Longview added some major chain stores to its north side. The addition of Kohl's, two Starbucks, a new Target, a third Walmart supercenter on the south side, and a handful of hotels means Longview is becoming a regional hub for shopping. Keeping shoppers in Longview and away from Tyler, Dallas, and Shreveport has been an important strategy for the city. Most new construction has been located on the north side around Hawkins Pkwy. and US 259, with lesser development on the south side near Estes Pkwy.
In October 2007, Longview was recertified as a Texas Urban Main Street City. There are 89 cities in the Texas Main Street Program, 10 of them are Urban Main Street Cities. In December 2007, Longview was awarded the "Certified Retirement Community" designation by the Texas Department of Agriculture through its "Go Texan" initiative. Longview was also included in 2007 in the "Top 100 Best Cities for Young People."
According to the municipal 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,20 the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees||Type of Business|
|1||Good Shepherd Medical Center||3,200||Hospital and Medical Services|
|3||Longview Independent School District||1,205||Public Schools|
|5||LeTourneau Technologies||1,100||Heavy Equipment|
|6||Trinity Rail, LLC||1,100||Railway Cars|
|7||City of Longview||848||Government|
|8||Gregg Industrial Insulators||747||Contractor|
|9||Longview Regional Hospital||730||Medical/Hospital Services|
|10||Diagnostic Clinic of Longview||706||Medical/Hospital Services|
The city of Longview is home to three institutions of higher learning and two trade (cosmetology) school:
- LeTourneau University
- Kilgore College, Longview Campus
- The University of Texas at Tyler, Longview University Center
- Texas Barber Institute
- Mane Concepts
Longview is served by four school districts.
- Longview Independent School District - enrollment 8,150, 16 schools, home of the Lobos, serves south and northeast Longview
- Pine Tree Independent School District - enrollment 4,631, seven schools, home of the Pirates, serves west Longview including Pine Tree and Greggton
- Spring Hill Independent School District - enrollment 1,862, five schools, home of the Panthers, serves north Longview in the Spring Hill area
- Hallsville Independent School District - enrollment 4,037, six schools, home of the Bobcats, serves far east Longview around Harrison County.
Longview and Gregg County are part of the Tyler-Longview-Lufkin-Nacogdoches Designated Market Area, DMA #110. These in-market television stations are available over the air:
|Call letters||Channel number||Studio location||Name/Network||Format|
|19.2||Tyler||The CW Plus||480i|
|KCEB||54.1||Longview||Memorable Entertainment Television||480i|
The five major network stations in the market have local newscasts which all originate from Tyler. KYTX formerly presented a Longview-centered newscast, which ended in 2010. The station does still continue to broadcast Longview news from their Longview newsroom. The once-daily KFXK newscast is at 9:00 PM weekdays.
The market does not have a dedicated PBS affiliate. The acting PBS affiliate, KERA-TV Dallas, is available on cable and Dish Network. KLTS, the PBS affiliate from Shreveport, is available on digital cable and over the air in many parts of the city. DirecTV viewers in the market receive the PBS national feed.
|Call letters||Channel number||Studio location||Name/Network||Format|
|KTBS-WX||3.2||Shreveport||Mega3 Doppler Radar||480i|
|KTBS-DT||3.3||Shreveport||3 News 24/7||480i|
|KPXJ-HD||21.1||Minden||The CW HD||1080i DD5.1|
|KPXJ-DT||21.4||Minden||Antenna TV SD||480i|
|24.2||Shreveport||LPB2 (PBS-Kids 6–9 pm, PBS Encore 9 pm – 6 pm)||480i|
- Longview News-Journal
- American Classifieds' Thrifty Nickel
- East Texas Review
- El Diario de Harrison County
Longview and Gregg County are part of the Tyler-Longview Arbitron Radio Market, market #145. These radio stations can be reliably received in most parts of the city:
|Frequency (MHz)||Call letters||Licensed location||Type||Format||Nickname|
|88.7||KZLO||Kilgore||Translator of K-LOVE||Contemporary Christian||K-LOVE|
|89.9||KDAQ||Shreveport||Primary||NPR, Classical, Jazz||Red River Radio|
|90.7||KTAA||Big Sandy||Translator of KCCV-FM||Christian talk|
|91.9||KHCJ||Jefferson||Translator of KHCB-FM||Christian radio|
|92.3||KCUL-FM||Marshall||Translator of KOYE||Regional Mexican||La Invasora|
|93.1||KTYL-FM||Tyler||Primary||Hot Adult Contemporary||Mix 93-1|
|95.3||KFRO-FM||Gilmer||Translator of KLJT||Top 40||The Breeze|
|99.3||KAPW||White Oak||Primary (?)||Talk radio|
|100.3||KZQX-FM||Tatum||Primary||Adult Standards, jazz||QX-FM|
|101.9||K270AW||Longview||Translator of KXAL-LP||Light Classical, Jazz|
|102.3||KLJT||Jacksonville||Primary||Top 40||The Breeze|
|102.7||KBLZ||Winona||Primary||Rhythmic contemporary||The Blaze|
|104.7||KXAL-LP||Chalk Hill||Primary, Low Power||Light Classical, Jazz|
|105.3||K287AJ||Kilgore||Translator of KXAL-LP||Light Classical, Jazz|
|106.5||KOOI||Jacksonville||Primary||Adult Contemporary||Sunny 106.5|
|106.9||KAZE||Ore City||Translator of KBLZ||Rhythmic contemporary||The Blaze|
|107.3||KISX||Whitehouse||Primary||Urban adult contemporary||Hot 107-3 Jamz|
|Frequency (kHz)||Call letters||Licensed location||Type||Format|
|1240||KDOK||Kilgore||Primary||Classic Hip-Hop and R&B|
|1370||KFRO||Longview||Primary||Moody Bible Institute/Christian Talk|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
- Dr. Bill Bussey, US and world record holder of hot air balloon flights
- Rodney Carrington, stand-up comedian, actor, and country music singer
- Chris Davis, professional baseball player for the Baltimore Orioles21
- Joe Delaney, running back for the Kansas City Chiefs in 1981 and 1982; born in nearby Henderson in 1958
- Don Fambrough, former head football coach at the University of Kansas
- Evonne Hsu, American-born Taiwanese singer
- Buford A. Johnson, chief mechanic for the Tuskegee Airmen22
- Chris X. Johnson, American football player for the Oakland Raiderscitation needed
- Bill P. Keith, author and former member of the Louisiana State Senate23
- Malcolm Kelly, American football player for the Washington Redskins24
- Lee Lacy, professional baseball player from 1972 to 198725
- Miranda Lambert, country singer-songwriter; born in Longview and raised in nearby Lindale
- R.G. LeTourneau, industrialist and founder of LeTourneau University
- Linda Maxey, musician, first marimbist on the prestigious roster of Columbia Artists Management
- Mike Martin, Texas state representative from 1981 to 1982; involved in bizarre shooting incident, he resigned amid perjury charges
- Matthew McConaughey, Academy Award winning actor, producer, director, attended Longview High School
- Neal McCoy, country singer-songwriter
- Charlie Neal, professional baseball player from 1956 to 196326
- Robert Newhouse, a professional football player from 1972 to 198327
- Diane Patrick, member of the Texas House of Representatives from Arlington; reared in Longview as Diane Porter28
- Monte Pittman, musician, singer, songwriter
- Josh Scobee, placekicker for the Jacksonville Jaguars
- James Scott, professional football player 29
- Karen Silkwood, union activist who discovered, while working for Kerr-McGee, evidence of spills, leaks, and missing plutonium, subject of a motion picture, Silkwood, released in 1983
- Ben Spies, professional motorcycle road racer
- Frank Steen, professional football player in 1939
- James Street, University of Texas quarterback from 1966 to 1969, led the Longhorns to the 1969 NCAA National Championship
- Bobby Taylor, professional football player from 1995 to 2005
- Jess Todd, professional baseball player for the Cleveland Indians
- José Francisco Torres, professional soccer player
- Craig Anthony Washington, politician, lawyer—former Texas state representative, Texas state senator and a U.S. Congressman representing Texas as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives
- David Wesley, professional basketball player from 1995 to 2007
- Sam West, professional baseball player from 1927 to 1942
- Forest Whitaker, Academy Award winning actor, producer and director
- Trent Williams, professional football player for the Washington Redskins.
- Dan Wright, professional baseball player
- Bruce Greer, award-winning musician
- Mary Leona Gage, Miss Maryland USA 1957, Miss USA 1957 (Disqualified)
- Folk singer-songwriter Cisco Houston refers to Longview and Kilgore in his song "East Texas Red".30
- The band Lonestar mentions Longview in their 2006 song "Long Lost Smile".31
- The 2010 film Skateland is based on Longview.
- The 1997 documentary [[Hands on a Hard Body: The Documentary|Hands on a Hardbody] about a competition to win a truck was filmed in Longview, and the 2013 musical Hands on a Hardbody was based on the same competition.
- In the 1978 Jimmy Stewart film, The Magic of Lassie, the child protagonist asks a man at a truck stop if he was going to Colorado Springs, and the man responded, "No, I'm on my way to Longview, Texas." 32
- Home to two Academy Award winning actors: Mathew McConaughey and Forest Whitaker.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- dead link
- Eugene W. McWhorter, "LONGVIEW, TX (GREGG COUNTY)," Handbook of Texas Online <http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hdl03>, accessed April 12, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
- Beth Holloway Dodson, "METHVIN, OSSAMUS HITCH, SR.," Handbook of Texas Online <http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fme57>, accessed April 12, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Longview from the U.S. census
- City of Longview 2007-08 CAFRdead link Retrieved 2009-06-07
- City of Longviewdead link, retrieved 2009-06-03
- dead link
- "Parole Division Region Idead link." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - Longview." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - Downtown Longview." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - Northwest Longview." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Average Weather for Longview, TX- Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. August 2011. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- Source: City of Longview website
- Source: City of Longview website
- dead link
- City of Longview CAFR Retrieved 2012-08-04
- "Chris Davis Stats". Baseball Almanac. Unknown parameter
- Olano, Joseph A. (14 April 2010). "Retiree speaks of experiences as a Tuskegee Airman". Air Force Print News Today. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- "Membership in the Louisiana State Senate, 1880–2012". legis.state.la.us. Retrieved November 23, 2009.dead link
- "Malcolm Kelly". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Lee Lacy Stats". Baseball Almanac. Unknown parameter
- "Charlie Neal Stats". Baseball Almanac. Unknown parameter
- "Robert Newhouse". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Diane Porter Patrick". intelius.com. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
- "James Scott". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Cisco Houston: East Texas Red: Lyrics
- Long Lost Smile Lyrics - Lonestar
- The Magic of Lassie (1978) - IMDb
- Longview, Texas Directorydead link
- Longview's Official Community Portal
- City of Longview, Texas (Official Government Website)
- Convention and Visitors Bureau (Official Visitor Website)
- Longview Chamber of Commerce
- Longview Economic Development Corporation
- LongviewBound Community Website
- The East Texas Review
- The Longview News-Journal