Los Altos, California
|Los Altos, California|
|City of Los Altos|
|Santa Clara County and the state of California|
|Incorporated||December 1, 1952|
|• Mayor||Megan Satterlee1|
|• City Manager||Marcia Somers2|
|• Total||6.487 sq mi (16.80 km2)|
|• Land||6.487 sq mi (16.80 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||157 ft (48 m)|
|• Density||4,500/sq mi (1,700/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1659745|
Los Altos i/ / is a city at the southern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, in the San Francisco Bay Area. The city is in Santa Clara County, California, United States. The population was 28,976 according to the 2010 census.
Most of the city's growth occurred between 1950 and 1980. Originally an agricultural town with many summer cottages and apricot orchards, Los Altos is now an affluent bedroom community. Los Altos has several distinctive features. Commercial zones are strictly limited to the downtown area and small shopping and office parks lining Foothill Expressway and El Camino Real.
Forbes places Los Altos (area code 94022 and 94024) as the 63rd and 66th most expensive ZIP codes in the United States, behind such cities as Alpine, NJ, Atherton, CA, and Beverly Hills. This lists median home price around $2,000,000.4 The SafeWise Report ranked Los Altos as the third safest city in California in its 2013 rankings of "The SafeWise Safest Cities in California".5
Los Altos means "the heights" or "foothill" in Spanish.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Politics
- 4 Education
- 5 Economy
- 6 History
- 7 Los Altos Parks and Conservation
- 8 Design and planning
- 9 Los Altos History Museum
- 10 Natural disasters
- 11 Parades/Activities
- 12 Notable residents
- 13 Sister cities
- 14 Neighboring cities
- 15 References
- 16 External links
Los Altos is crossed by three creeks that flow north to San Francisco Bay, Adobe Creek on its western boundary, Stevens Creek on its eastern boundary and Permanente Creek in the middle. Hale Creek is tributary to Permanente Creek, and Permanente Creek is now largely diverted to Stevens Creek by a diversion channel. All three creeks originate on the flanks of Black Mountain.
The 2010 United States Census7 reported that Los Altos had a population of 28,976. The population density was 4466.8 people per square mile (1724.6/km2). The racial makeup of Los Altos was 20,459 (70.6%) White, 148 (0.5%) African American, 48 (0.2%) Native American, 6,815 (23.5%) Asian, 59 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 195 (0.7%) from other races, and 1,252 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,132 persons (3.9%).
The Census reported that 28,749 people (99.2% of the population) lived in households, 34 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 193 (0.7%) were institutionalized.
There were 10,745 households, out of which 4,067 (37.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,476 (69.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 599 (5.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 228 (2.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 199 (1.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 55 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,086 households (19.4%) were made up of individuals and 1,228 (11.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 8,303 families (77.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.08.
The population was spread out with 7,560 people (26.1%) under the age of 18, 1,006 people (3.5%) aged 18 to 24, 5,273 people (18.2%) aged 25 to 44, 9,353 people (32.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,784 people (20.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.
There were 11,204 housing units at an average density of 1727.1 per square mile (666.9/km2), of which 9,002 (83.8%) were owner-occupied, and 1,743 (16.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.0%. 24,669 people (85.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,080 people (14.1%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census8 of 2000, there were 27,693 people, 10,462 households, and 8,024 families residing in the city. The population density was 4269 people per square mile (1648.3/km2). There were 10,727 housing units at an average density of 1653.6 per square mile (638.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.35% White, 15.42% Asian, 0.47% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race constituted 3.76% of the population.
Of 10,462 households, 33.6% had minor children living with them, 69.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female head with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 18.7% were singles including 9.8% 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age was 44 years, much higher than the 35.3 national figure. 23.7% were under 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median household income was $158,745, and the median income for a family was $185,848.9 This puts it third on the list of the most affluent neighborhoods in 2007.10 Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $67,332 for females. The per capita income for the city was $66,776. About 1.1% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.
Approximately 2,900 people would have considered themselves a resident of Los Altos.11
In the state legislature Los Altos is located in California's 13th State Senate district, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill, and in California's 24th State Assembly district, represented by Democrat Rich Gordon. Nationally, Los Altos is located in California's 18th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +1812 and is represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo.
Primary and middle school students attend schools in the Los Altos School District, the Cupertino Union School District, or Bullis Charter School (K-8). The Los Altos School District has one of the highest average API scores in California and includes six elementary schools in the Los Altos–Mountain View area.
Local residents generally attend high school in one of two public school districts: Mountain View-Los Altos Union High School District, or Fremont Union High School District.
All of the public schools are highly regarded,13 and many graduates of Los Altos area high schools continue their education at well-known universities.
Los Altos is also served by highly regarded private and religious schools. St. Nicholas School, St. Simon School, Miramonte Elementary School, (JrK-8th)14 Canterbury Christian School (K-6th),15 the Lower and Middle Campuses (K-6th) of Pinewood School, The School for Independent Learners16 and Waldorf School of the Peninsula's lower school campus17 are located within city limits. Others nearby include St. Francis High School (Mountain View), Mountain View Academy,18 and The King's Academy (Sunnyvale).19 Other schools farther away with students from Los Altos include Mitty High School, Menlo School, Woodside Priory School, Castilleja School, and Bellarmine College Preparatory, among others.
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The area was originally called Banks and Braes.21 Paul Shoup, an executive of the Southern Pacific Railroad, and his colleagues formed the Altos Land Company in 1906 and started the development of Los Altos. The company acquired 140 acres of land from Sarah Winchester. Shoup wanted to link Palo Alto and Los Gatos by making Los Altos a commuter town. It continued a train a day operation to and from San Francisco.
In 1908, Southern Pacific Railroad began running steam train service through Los Altos (April 19, 1908) with five trains per day. Two freight cars served as train depot. Also, the first commercial building, Eschenbruecher’s Hardware, was built in downtown.21
In 1913, the craftsman-style Los Altos train station was built at 288 First Street.
By 1949, many residents were dissatisfied with the zoning policy of Santa Clara county. Also, there was a constant threat of being annexed by neighboring Palo Alto and Mountain View,11 so they decided to incorporate. Los Altos became the eleventh city in Santa Clara county on December 1, 1952.
Train service stopped its operation in January, 1964, and the train track became Foothill Expressway.11
In 1976, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, along with others including Ronald Wayne, built the first 50 Apple I's in Jobs's garage in Los Altos. Jobs, Wozniak, and Wayne founded Apple Computer, Inc on 1 April, 1976. 22
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,23 the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Los Altos School District||568|
|2||Los Altos High School||217|
|3||Whole Foods Market||198|
|6||Alain Pinel Realtors||150|
|7||City of Los Altos||130|
|8||Adobe Animal Hospital||125|
|9||The Terraces at Los Altos||120|
|10||David and Lucile Packard Foundation||100|
|12||United States Postal Service||100|
|13||Palo Alto Medical Foundation||85|
Adobe Creek flows through Redwood Grove, a 5.9-acre (24,000 m2) nature preserve off University Avenue in Los Altos purchased by the city in 1974. In October 2009 Los Altos contracted with Acterra to remove non-native plants and revitalize the redwood, oak woodland, riparian and grassland ecosystems by installing native plants, improving soil conditions, and creating habitat for wildlife such as bird houses and native bee boxes.24 The Coast Redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) were transplanted by the Halsey family from a location on Summit Road in the Santa Cruz Mountains and replaced the native willows. The historic Halsey House, built in the late 1920s by Theodore and Emma Halsey, is a good example of Spanish Revival architecture. The city designated Halsey House a local landmark in 1981 and until recently it housed the Florence Fava collection of Coastanoan or Ohlone Indian artifacts from a nearby archeological excavation in Los Altos Hills (now moved to the Los Altos History House).25 On June 16, 2010 the Los Altos City Council finalized the purchase of 10,000 square feet (930 m2) of creekside property from Delbert and Marlene Beumer, who wanted to provide a safe pathway connecting Shoup Park and Redwood Grove.26
Steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) occurred historically in Adobe Creek. However, tidal gates at the mouth of Adobe Creek as well as culverts at the El Camino Real and Interstate 280 overpasses probably preclude the passage of migrating salmonids, even though the reaches upstream from Hidden Villa have been judged excellent trout habitat.27
Los Altos prides itself on a variety of youth-oriented sports organizations, programs, and after-school activities.
The Mountain View Los Altos Soccer Club (MVLASC) has been providing competitive soccer for the MVLA community since 1972. It is a member of the California Youth Soccer Association (CYSA)and plays in the Foothill Youth Soccer League. Its goal is to provide an environment in which players and teams can improve in ability, increase their love of the game and develop good sportsmanship. MVLASC participates in the community, working with and providing funds to the local school districts for school field development. They also provide an avenue for after-school sports for over 600 community children. MVLASC has over 40 great boys and girls teams and is the #1 ranked girls program on the SF Peninsula. The club has won 14 State Championships and two National Championships.28
Los Altos–Mountain View Pony Baseball is for boys and girls aged 5 to 19. LA-MVPB is the largest youth baseball program in the San Francisco Bay Area, and a chartered league of PONY Baseball, Inc. The PONY program provides flexible rules and incremental levels of competitive play, which are specifically designed for the physical development and safety requirements of each age group. The league is committed to balanced teams and fair play and to provide a clean, supportive, and competitive atmosphere.29
West Valley Pop Warner is in its 43rd year of offering cheerleading and football programs to local youth. Their continued objective is to introduce boys and girls to the fundamentals of football and cheerleading in a safe, supervised setting.30
Players in the El Camino YMCA Youth Basketball League know the score and a lot more thanks to 200 coaches and referees who volunteer their time each season to teach children in kindergarten through eighth grade. The program serves more than 1,200 children. Participants learn basic basketball skills, as well as the YMCA's core values. All children play at least two-quarters per game. "It's a great opportunity for children to learn a sport in a non-competitive setting," said El Camino YMCA Program Director Heidi Lisbona. "Everyone is a star whether they are scoring a basket or just learning how to dribble. We strive to make everyone feel special." Volunteers coach the teams, referee the games, register the players and help schedule the games.31
The Los Altos Town Crier, a weekly, is the primary newspaper for the town, "serving the Hometown of Silicon Valley since 1947."32 The San Jose Mercury News is the primary daily newspaper serving the town, delivering a Peninsula Section to Los Altans and locations north in lieu of the Local section delivered to those in San Jose and other communities closer to San Jose.
Los Altos strives to maintain a semi-rural atmosphere. Los Altos has few sidewalks except in commercial zones and along arterial roads. Minimum lot size for most residential housing is one-quarter of an acre. Most roads have broad dirt shoulders and little or no street lighting. The civic center sits in the middle of an orchard, a remnant of those that once covered the area. The downtown is a triangle with arterials on all sides that enable most through traffic to bypass Main Street. Many Los Altos homes fetch $2 million and higher, putting the city (along with neighboring Los Altos Hills, with which it shares ZIP codes) at numbers 24 and 28 on Forbes' "Most Expensive ZIP Codes in America" list in 2007.33
Since the mid-1990s, downtown Los Altos has experienced mild economic difficulties due to competition from nearby shopping centers and chain stores, as well as its lack of a hotel or movie theater. Revitalizing downtown is a major issue in city politics.34
Los Altos may have a legitimate claim to having the first scientifically designed sound baffle in the year 1970. Santa Clara County undertook a seminal study to calculate the effects of alternate soundwall designs along Foothill Expressway.35 The resulting wall brought about the predicted reduction of seven to ten decibels in noise pollution levels experienced by adjacent homes.
Located in one of Santa Clara Valley's few remaining apricot orchards, the Los Altos History Museum explores the rich history of local people and how the use of the land over time has transformed the agricultural paradise once known as the "Valley of Heart's Delight" into the technology hub that is today's Silicon Valley.
Opened in spring of 2001 adjacent to the Los Altos Library, the Los Altos History Museum occupies an 8,200-square-foot (760 m2) building – built entirely with private donations; ownership went to the town in 2002. The Museum features a changing exhibits gallery as well as the permanent exhibit, "Crown of the Peninsula".
With the mission to "collect, preserve and interpret the history of the Los Altos area," the Museum includes interactive exhibits and hands-on activities to encourage children and adults to learn about the community. Other programs include third and fourth grade tours and curricula for local school children, oral history collections, a traveling Ohlone kit, and much more.
There's more history just across the lushly landscaped courtyard in the landmark J. Gilbert Smith House. Built in 1905 and refurbished, the home nestles under majestic heritage oaks and replicates a 1930s farmhouse. Visitors are welcome to enjoy the gardens and picnic tables even when the House and Museum are closed.
Los Altos is near the San Andreas Fault and subject to earthquakes.
- 1906 San Francisco Earthquake – Although Los Altos was hit extremely hard (VIII on the intensity level),36 the main local effort was to help rebuild nearby Santa Cruz, which was nearly destroyed.
- 1989 – On October 17, Los Altos experienced the Loma Prieta earthquake, but was spared major damage. Los Altos and its churches combined efforts to clean up hard-hit areas such as Watsonville and Santa Cruz.
- Los Altos Kiwanis Club
- Pet Parade (A Los Altos family favorite, the Pet Parade is held the first weekend in May and is full of dogs, cats, birds, horses and even some hamsters!)
- Halloween Festival
- Main Street Parade
- Los Altos Rotary Club Fine Art Show
- Downtown Los Altos Arts & Wine Festival, Los Altos Village Association
- Downtown Los Altos Farmers' Market, Thursdays 4–8 p.m., May through September, Los Altos Village Association37
- Los Altos Fall Festival, Los Altos Chamber of Commerce
- California Country Annual Fall Antique Americana Show & Sale, June & October, Los Altos History Museum
- Festival of Lights Parade (held the Sunday night of Thanksgiving weekend)
- Los Altos High School Homecoming Parade (Happens every year on the Friday of LAHS's homecoming week, usually in October. The parade features the Homecoming Court couples, LAHS Marching Band, Dance Team, Cheer Team, school board members and LAHS administration)
- Abeloos, Diego (December 4, 2013). "Satterlee takes over as Los Altos mayor". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- Barton, Bruce. "Los Altos names new city manager". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
- "US Census" (txt). Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- Brennan, Morgan (October 12, 2011). "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes". Forbes. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "SafeWise Safest Cities in California", SafeWise, November 18, 2013. Accessed November 22, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- Sherman, Lauren (December 10, 2008). "America's Most Affluent Neighborhoods". Forbes (finance.yahoo.com). Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- McDonald, Don. Early Los Altos and Los Altos Hills. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-7385-8010-4.
- Hinckley, Catie; Walker, John (November 1, 2006). "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". The Campaign Legal Center. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- Blitzer, Carol (March 6, 1995). "Building on Success". San Jose Business Journal. sec. S, p. 3.
- "Miramonte Elementary School". Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "Canterbury Christian School". Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "The School for Independent Learners". Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- Waldorf School of the Peninsula
- "Mountain View Academy". Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "The King's Academy". Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "Welcome to the Los Altos Library". Santa Clara County Library. Retrieved 2010-03-27.
- "Los Altos Historic Walking Tour Brochure" (pdf). City of Los Altos. 2005. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- |title: No Starch Press |author: Owen Linzmayer |work: The Denver Post |accessdate=2013-07-11
- "City of Los Altos Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2010" (pdf). Retrieved 2013-11-04.
- Seshadri, Jana (October 8, 2009). "City council signs agreement to restore Redwood Grove". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- Ridgway, Eliza (June 3, 2009). "Science learning, restoration in works for Redwood Grove". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- Luther, Nicholas (June 22, 2010). "City purchases land to connect Shoup Park, Redwood Grove". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved 2010-06-25.
- Leidy, R.A.; Becker, G.S.; Harvey, B.N. (2005). "Historical distribution and current status of steelhead/rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in streams of the San Francisco Estuary, California." (pdf). Center for Ecosystem Management and Restoration, Oakland, CA. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- "Organization: About our club". MVLASC. April 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-20.dead link
- "About LA-MV PONY". LA-MV Pony Baseball. June 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "About WVPW". West Valley Pop Warner. June 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-20.dead link
- "Youth Basketball League is a slam dunk for area kids". Los Altos Town Crier. March 16, 1998.
- "Los Altos Town Crier". Los Altos Town Crier. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "Most Expensive ZIP Codes". Forbes. September 13, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- McPherson, Sarah (April 6, 2005). "Small Town, Hard Sell: Village leader trying to pump up downtown". San Jose Mercury News. sec. B, p. 1.
- Hogan, C. Michael; Seidman, Harry (October 1970). Design of Noise Abatement Structures along Foothill Expressway, Los Altos, California. County of Santa Clara Public Works Department.
- "Los Altos Shake map for SF Earthquake (Choose Los Altos and then San Andreas (1906 Quake) to see map)". Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "Downtown Los Altos Farmers' Market". Urban Village Farmers Market Association. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
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