Loudoun County, Virginia
|Loudoun County, Virginia|
The Loudoun County Courthouse at Leesburg in May 2010.
|Motto: "I Byde My Time"|
Location in the state of Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun1|
|• Total||521 sq mi (1,349 km2)|
|• Land||516 sq mi (1,336 km2)|
|• Water||6 sq mi (16 km2), 1.1%|
|• Density||600.6/sq mi (232/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Loudoun County (// LOWD-ən) is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The population was estimated to be 347,969 As of 1 July 2013[update],2 making the county the third-most populous in Virginia. The county is included in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.
As of 2011[update], Loudoun County had a median household income of $119,134. The county has been ranked number one in median household income since 2007 for jurisdictions in the United States with a population of 65,000 or more.5
- 1 History
- 2 Government and politics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Government and infrastructure
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Education
- 9 Sports
- 10 Communities
- 11 Notable residents
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Loudoun County was established in 1757 from Fairfax County. The county is named for John Campbell, Fourth Earl of Loudoun and Governor General of Virginia from 1756–59.1 Western settlement began in the 1720s and 1730s with Quakers, Scots-Irish, Germans and others moving south from Pennsylvania and Maryland and by English and African slaves moving upriver from Tidewater.
By the time of the American Revolution, it was the most populous county in Virginia. In addition, it was rich in agriculture. During the American Revolution, it contributed much of its grain to George Washington’s Continental Army, earning it the nickname “Breadbasket of the Revolution.”6 During the War of 1812, important Federal documents and government archives were evacuated from Washington and stored at Leesburg for safe keeping. Local tradition holds that these documents were stored at Rokeby House and thus that Leesburg was briefly the capital of the United States.
Early in the American Civil War, the Battle of Balls Bluff took place near Leesburg on October 21, 1861. Future jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. was critically wounded in that battle along the Potomac River. During the Gettysburg Campaign in June 1863, Confederate Major General J.E.B. Stuart and Union cavalry clashed in the battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville. Confederate partisan John S. Mosby based his operations in Loudoun and adjoining Fauquier County (for a more in-depth account of the history of Loudoun County during the Civil War, see Loudoun County in the American Civil War).
In 1962, Washington Dulles International Airport was built in southeastern Loudoun County in Sterling. Since then, Loudoun County has experienced a high-tech boom and rapid growth. Accordingly, many have moved to eastern Loudoun and become residents of planned communities such as Sterling Park, Sugarland Run, Cascades, and Ashburn Farms, making that section a veritable part of the Washington suburbs. Others have moved to the county seat or to the small towns and rural communities of the Loudoun Valley.6
|2012||47.04% 75,292||51.53% 82,479|
|2008||45.41% 63,336||53.66% 74,845|
|2004||55.69% 60,382||43.60% 47,271|
|2000||56.12% 42,453||40.89% 30,938|
|1996||52.13% 25,715||40.43% 19,942|
|1992||46.40% 19,290||34.79% 14,462|
|1988||66.26% 20,448||32.73% 10,101|
|1984||67.99% 17,765||31.49% 8,227|
|1980||58.93% 12,076||32.67% 6,694|
|1976||51.79% 9,192||45.05% 7,995|
|1972||69.46% 9,417||29.07% 3,941|
|1968||45.91% 4,577||32.72% 3,262|
|1964||37.72% 2,594||62.21% 4,278|
|1960||50.99% 2,526||48.43% 2,399|
Loudoun County was traditionally one of the most Republican-leaning counties in Northern Virginiacitation needed. Prior to the 2008 election, it had not voted for a Democrat for President since Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. In recent years, however, the county has experienced rapid growth in its eastern portion, driven mainly by commuters drawn by the close proximity to Washington, D.C. This has made Loudoun more competitive. Nevertheless, after giving Senator Barack Obama nearly 54% of its presidential vote in 2008, the county shifted back to the GOP in 2009; Republican Robert F. McDonnell received 61% of the gubernatorial vote. Voters also removed two incumbent Democratic delegates, making Loudoun's state House delegation all-Republican. Loudoun shifted back to the Democrats in 2012 in the presidential election, as Obama recaptured the county with 51.5%, with Republican challenger Mitt Romney garnering 47%.7
Like many counties in Virginia, Loudoun is governed by a board of supervisors, the Loudoun County Board of Supervisors. The Chairman of the Board is elected by county voters at-large while the remaining supervisors are elected from each of eight electoral districts. All nine members serve concurrent terms of four years. While the board handles policy issues and sets the budget, day-to-day operations of the county government are handled by a County Administrator appointed by the board. The 2003 board, among other officials in Loudoun, was the subject of a federal investigation of possible corruption relating to a land deal involving the Royal Saudi Academy.8
In November 2007 voters removed four incumbent, fiscally conservative Republicans from the existing Board of Supervisors in a backlash over rapid development in the eastern portion of the county. The make-up of the board following the election was five Democrats, two Republicans, and two Independents.9
In November 2011, Republicans were elected to all nine seats on the Board.10 The current Chairman is Scott K. York and the current Vice-Chairman is Janet Clarke, the Blue Ridge District Supervisor.
|Scott K. York, Chairman||Republican||1999||At-Large|
|Suzanne M. Volpe||Republican||2011||Algonkian|
|Janet Clarke||Republican||2011||Blue Ridge|
|Shawn M. Williams||Republican||2011||Broad Run|
|Matthew F. Letourneau||Republican||2011||Dulles|
|Kenneth (Ken) Reid||Republican||2011||Leesburg|
|Commonwealth's Attorney||James E. Plowman||Republican||2004|
|Clerk of Circuit Court||Gary Clemens||Republican||2000|
|Jill Holtzman Vogel||Republican||2007||27|
Due to the increasing differences between eastern and western Loudoun, some residents of western Loudoun,who? have advocated for western Loudoun to secede and form a new county.11 This new county would be called Catoctin County, Virginia.12 It's county seat would be Purcellville,13 which is the largest and most developed town in western Loudoun.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Loudoun County has a total area of 521 square miles (1,350 km2), of which 516 square miles (1,340 km2) is land and 6 square miles (16 km2) (1.1%) is water.14 It is bounded on the north by the Potomac River; across the river are Frederick, Washington and Montgomery counties in Maryland; it is bounded on the south by Prince William and Fauquier counties, on the west by watershed of the Blue Ridge Mountain across which are Jefferson County, West Virginia and Clarke County, and on the east by Fairfax County. The Bull Run Mountains and Catoctin Mountain bisect the county. To the west of the range is the Loudoun Valley. Bisecting the Loudoun Valley from Hillsboro to the Potomac River is Short Hill Mountain.
Block numbers in the unincorporated areas of Loudoun County, with the exception of older Sterling Park and the community of CountrySide, are assigned in the following manner: on north-south streets, block numbers increase from north to south and range from 10000 to 27000; on east-west streets, block numbers increase from west to east and range from 30000 to 48000.15
Traditionally a rural county, Loudoun's population has grown dramatically since the 1980s. Having undergone heavy suburbanization since 1990, Loudoun has a full-fledged service economy. It is home to world headquarters for several Internet-related and high tech companies, including Verizon Business, Telos Corporation, Orbital Sciences Corporation, and Paxfire. Like Fairfax County's Dulles Corridor, Loudoun County has economically benefited from the existence of Washington Dulles International Airport, the majority of which is located in the county along its border with Fairfax. Loudoun does retain a strong rural economy in the western part of the county. The equine industry has an estimated revenue of $78 Million. It is home to the Morven Park International Equestrian Center which hosts national horse trials. In addition, the county's growing wine industry has produced several internationally recognized wines. Loudoun now has 22 wineries16 and over 25 active farms. Loudoun has rich soil and was in the mid-19th century a top wheat-producing county in the fourth largest wheat-producing state.17
MCI, Inc. (formerly WorldCom), a subsidiary of Verizon Communications, is headquartered in Ashburn, Loudoun County. It announced that it would move its headquarters to Ashburn in 2003.1819 AOL had its headquarters at 22000 AOL Way in Dulles in unincorporated Loudoun County.20 In 2007 AOL announced that it would move its headquarters from Loudoun County to New York City; it would continue to operate its Virginia offices.21 Orbital Sciences Corporation has its headquarters in Dulles.22
Before its dissolution, Independence Air (originally Atlantic Coast Airlines) was headquartered in Dulles.2324 At one time Atlantic Coast Airlines had its headquarters in Sterling.25 Prior to its dissolution, MAXjet Airways was headquartered on the grounds of Washington-Dulles International Airport.26
According to the County's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,27 the top employers in the county are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Loudoun County Public Schools||10,098|
|2||County of Loudoun||3,303|
|3||M.C. Dean, Inc.||1,000-5,000|
|5||United States Department of Homeland Security||1,000-5,000|
|6||Orbital Sciences Corporation||1,000-5,000|
|9||Loudoun Hospital Center||1,000-5,000|
|10||United States Postal Service||1,000-5,000|
As of the census of 2010,32 there were 312,311 people, 104,583 households, and 80,494 families residing in the county. The population density was 606 people per square mile (234/km²). There were 109,442 housing units at an average density of 212 per square mile (82/km²). The racial makeup of the county was:
- 68.7% White
- 7.3% Black or African American
- 14.7% Asian
- 0.3% Native American
- 0.1% Pacific Islander
- 4.9% of some other race
- 4.0% of two or more races
- 12.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (3.4% Salvadorian, 1.8% Mexican, 1.3% Peruvian, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.6% Honduran, 0.6% Bolivian, 0.5% Guatemalan, 0.5% Colombian)
As of 2000 there were 59,900 households out of which 43.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.30% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the county, the population was spread out with 29.80% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 38.90% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 5.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.
In 2011, Census survey data concluded that Loudoun County has the highest median income in the country at $119,134.5 A 2007 estimate indicated that the median income for a household was $104,612, and the median income for a family was $125,381.33
Emergency services are provided by the Loudoun County Fire and Rescue Department with the Office of Emergency Management. LCFR is a combination system that utilizes some 1500 volunteers and 500 firefighters, EMT/paramedics, and support staff. LCFR is one of the largest fire and rescue systems in Virginia.
Law enforcement in Loudoun County is served by the Loudoun County Sheriff's Office, as well as three town police departments: Leesburg Police, Purcellville Police, and Middleburg Police.
The Loudoun County Public Library System has seven branches in the county, with an eighth branch under construction. The library's Outreach Department of the Loudoun County Public Library is a resource for those who cannot easily access branch services. The public library system has won many awards, and came in 10th place for libraries serving a comparably sized population in 2006 Hennen's American Public Library Ratings (HAPLR).
Loudoun County operates its own bus public transit system, known as Loudoun County Commuter Bus.
The Silver Line of the Washington Metro, if completed as planned, will extend into Loudoun County. As of 2013[update], the planned extension will include stations at the Virginia Center for Innovative Technology, Dulles International Airport, and two stations in Ashburn, Virginia.
The county is served by Loudoun County Public Schools (LCPS). LCPS currently serves over 50,000 students from Kindergarten through 12th grade and is currently the fifth largest school system in Virginia.3536 While there is a growing trend towards home schooling in the county, the vast majority of school age children in Loudoun County attend LCPS schools.citation needed Loudoun County schools recently ranked 11th in the United States in terms of educational achievement versus funds spent.37 Loudoun County also sends students to Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, a Virginia Governor's School in Alexandria, Virginia.citation needed
Loudoun County is home to nine private schools: Loudoun Country Day School, a Pre-K–8 independent school located in Leesburg; Notre Dame Academy, an independent non-denominational day high school in Middleburg; the Foxcroft School, a boarding school for girls located in Middleburg; Dominion Academy, a Non-denominational Christian school, K–8 located in Leesburg; Leesburg Christian School, a K–12 school located in Leesburg; St. Theresa School, a K–8 Roman Catholic school located in Ashburn; Village Montessori School at Bluemont, an accredited Pre-K through Elementary Montessori school located in Bluemont; Christian Faith & Fellowship School, a PreK–12 non-denominational Christian school and Loudoun County's only private school accredited by the Association of Christian Schools International;citation needed and Ideal Schools High School, an independent non-denominational school in Ashburn.
In terms of post-secondary education, Loudoun County is home to a variety of colleges and universities, including: Patrick Henry College; a branch of Northern Virginia Community College in Sterling; George Washington University (satellite campus); George Mason University (satellite campus); Marymount University (satellite campus); Shenandoah University (satellite campus); and Strayer University (satellite campus).38 Loudoun is also home to the Janelia Farm Research Campus of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.
|Loudoun Hounds||Atlantic League Baseball||Edelman Financial Field||2014|
|Virginia Cavalry FC||North American Soccer League Soccer||Edelman Financial Field||2014|
|Northern Virginia Roller Derby||M.A.D.E Roller Derby||Michael and Sons Sportsplex at Dulles||2011|
James Monroe constructed and resided at Oak Hill near Aldie after his presidency. American Civil War Brigadier General Robert H. Chilton (Chief of Staff under Robert E. Lee) was a native of Loudoun County. World War II general George C. Marshall resided at Dodona Manor in Leesburg. Essayist and journalist Russell Baker grew up in Morrisonville, Virginia and his book Growing Up highlights his childhood in rural Virginia. Entertainer Arthur Godfrey lived near historic Waterford, Virginia. Loudoun County is also notable for being the birthplace of Julia Neale Jackson, mother of Stonewall Jackson,39 and Susan Catherine Koerner, mother of the Wright Brothers.Tom Bellanca, candidate for Chairman and graduate of George Mason Univisity Institute For Public Policy 40
- James Monroe (1758–1831) – 5th President of the United States
- Charles F. Mercer (1788–1858) – Founded village of Aldie; U.S. Congressman from Virginia
- John L. Dagg (1794–1884) – Baptist theologian, pastor, educator, and president of Mercer University, GA (1844–54)4142
- Michael Farris (born 1951) - Founder of Home School Legal Defense Association and Patrick Henry College in Purcellville; unsuccessful Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 1993
- John Janney (1798–1872) – Member of the Virginia General Assembly and officer of the Virginia Secession Convention of 1861
- Stevens T. Mason (1811–1843) – First governor of Michigan (Democrat, 1837–40)43
- Joshua White (1812-1890) – businessman and Illinois state legislator
- Richard Henry Dulany (1820–1906) – Colonel of the 7th Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War
- Lucien Whiting Powell (1846–1930) – Renowned landscape artist
- Westmoreland Davis (1859–1942) – Governor of Virginia
- Billy Mitchell (1879–1936) – Controversial Army officer and military aviation pioneer
- George Marshall (1880–1959) – General of the Army (5 star), U.S. Secretary of State and author of the "Marshall Plan"
- Joe Gibbs (1940- ) – Lived just west of Leesburg while coaching the Washington Redskins
- Arthur Godfrey (1903–1983) – Popular national radio and television personality
- Pamela Harriman (1920–1997) Daughter-in-law of Sir Winston Churchill and U.S. Ambassador to France
- Russell Baker (1925- ) – Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Growing Up (1983, Autobiography)44
- Barbara Holland (1933-2010) – author
- Madeleine Albright (1937- ) – U.S. Secretary of State in Clinton Administration
- Wilson Pickett (1941-2006) – R&B and soul singer and songwriter
- Henry S. Taylor (1942- ) – Pulitzer Prize winning poet
- Fred Hetzel (1942- ) – Former professional basketball player
- Oliver North (1943- ) – Former USMC Officer and figure in the Iran-Contra scandal; commentator and host on the Fox network
- Sheila Johnson (1949- ) – Entertainment and sports entrepreneur and philanthropist.
- Sandra Lerner (c1953- ) – Entrepreneur and philanthropist
- Geraldine Brooks (writer) (1955- ) – Pulitzer Prize winning author; moved from Waterford to Martha's Vineyard where she and husband Tony Horowitz currently reside
- Mark Levin (1957- ) – New York Times best-selling author and conservative talk radio host
- Ben Weber (1969- ) – Co-founder of the Purcellville Gazette and Member of Winchester City Council
- Tony Horwitz (1958- ) – Pulitzer Prize winning author
- Darrell Green (1960- ) – Former Washington Redskin and inductee to the NFL Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Patton Oswalt (1969- ) – American stand-up comedian, writer and actor
- Wilton Lackaye (1862-1932) – American stage and film actor, the original Broadway stage Svengali, 1895
- Lyndon LaRouche (1921- ) – Controversial American politican, activist, and founder of the LaRouche movement
- Loudoun County Sheriff's Office
- Loudoun County Fire and Rescue Department
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Loudoun County, Virginia
- "About Loudoun - History". Loudoun County. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- "July 1, 2013 Population Estimates for Virginia and its Counties and Cities". Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Leesburg says county should stay". Loudoun Times-Mirror. September 12, 2007. p. A1.
- "LOUDOUN COUNTY INCOME HIGHLIGHTS, AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY, 2011 ACS UPDATE". Loudoun County Department of Planning. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
- "Loudoun History". Loudoun_Museum. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- . December 1, 2012 Patch http://electionresults.virginia.gov/ResultsExport.aspx?rid=3545232527424045364&osn=0&pty=&name=President%20and%20Vice%20President&cat=CTY Patch. Missing or empty
- Laris, Michael; Somashekhar, Sandhya (February 7, 2007). "Loudoun Land Deals Subject of U.S. Probe". The Washington Post.
- Somashekhar, Sandhya (November 7, 2007). "Slow-Growth Board Candidates Win". The Washington Post.
- Smith, Dusty (November 9, 2011). "Loudoun Goes Red, Big Time". Ashburn Patch.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Loudoun County Code Chapter 1026: Addressing of Premises
- "Loudon Is DC's Wine Country". Loudoun Convention and Visitors Association (Visit Loudoun).
- "Early 19th-Century Milling and Wheat Farming". The History of Loudoun County, Virginia. "Since its settlement in the mid-1700s, Loudoun County has been acclaimed for its fertile soil. In the 1850s and 1860s, Virginia was the fourth largest wheat producing state, and Loudoun was one of the state's top-producing counties."
- MCI Inc (March 14, 2003). "Schedule 13D. Amendment to General Statement of Beneficial Ownership". Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- Reuters news agency (April 14, 2003). "WorldCom to emerge from collapse". CNN (international ed.). Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- "Company Overview". AOL. February 8, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2009.
- Goldfarb, Zachary; Diaz, Sam (September 18, 2007). "AOL Moving Executives, Headquarters to New York". The Washington Post. p. A01. Retrieved May 7, 2009.
- "Contact Information". Orbital Sciences Corporation. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- "Company Information". Atlantic Coast Airlines. August 11, 2001. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- "Independence Air, Inc.". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- "SKEEN, K. B.", Standard & Poor's Register of Corporations, Directors and Executives (Standard & Poor's Corp.) 2, 1998: 1012, retrieved January 31, 2011, "Atlantic Coast Airlines Inc., One Export Dr., Sterling, VA 20164"
- "Contact Us". MAXjet Airways. February 18, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- "Comprehensive Annual Fiscal Report". County of Loudoun, Virginia. Fiscal year ended June 30, 2011.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Loudoun County Fact Sheet, US Census Bureau
- "Regional Offices: Aviation." National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- About Loudoun County Public Schools, Loudoun County Public Schools
- 2005 Triennial school census, Virginia Department of Education
- Settimi, Christina (07-05-2007). "Best And Worst School Districts For The Buck". Forbes. Retrieved 2008-07-17.
- "Loudoun Guide 2006: Higher Education at Your Fingertips". The Washington Post. 2006.
- "Stonewall Jackson Ancestors". VMI Archives. Virginia Military Institute. "She was born 28 February 1798 near Aldie, Loudoun Co., VA."
- "Happy Mother's Day, Mrs. Wright". AOPA ONLINE. Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association. "Susan Catherine Koerner was born in tiny Hillsboro, Va."
- "Biographical Sketch of John L. Dagg"
- "John Leadley Dagg 1844-1854 Mercer University Presidents"
- "Stevens Thomson Mason Biography (1811–43)"
- "Pulitzer Prize Winners 1983"
- Official website
- Loudoun Museum
- Loudoun County Public Schools
- Loudoun County Public Library
- Loudoun County Chamber of Commerce
- Travel Information: Loudoun Convention & Visitors Association
- Loudoun Valleys Office of Rural Economic Development
- African American Communities of Loudoun County
- Loudoun Heritage Farm Museum
- Loudoun's Neighborhood and Real Estate Source
- Loudoun County Real Estate Statistics and News
- Western Loudoun County's Oldest Newspaper
- History and Comprehensive Description of Loudoun County, Virginia, by James W. Head, 1908 at Project Gutenberg
- Loudoun Museum
- Historical Fiction: Union Ghosts of Mountsville Hollow
- Loudoun County at the Wayback Machine (archived October 26, 2001)
||Washington County, Maryland||Frederick County, Maryland||Montgomery County, Maryland|
|Jefferson County, West Virginia and Clarke County||Fairfax County|
|Fauquier County||Prince William County|