|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2012)|
The Luni is a river of western Rajasthan state, India. It originates in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range, near Ajmer and ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, after travelling a distance of 495 km. It is first known as Sagarmati, then after passing Govindgarh, it meets its tributary Sarsuti, which originates from Pushkar Lake, and from then on it gets its name Luni.1
In 1892, Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur constructed Jaswant Sagar in Pichiyak village between Bilara and Bhavi of Jodhpur district. It is one of the largest artificial lakes in India, and irrigates more than 12,000 acres (49 km2).1
The Luni River basin is 37,363 km², which includes all or part of Ajmer, Barmer, Jalor, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Pali, and Sirohi districts of Rajasthan;≥Mithavirana, Jordiyali, Mavsari Vav, Radhanpur region of Banaskantha North Gujarat. Its major tributaries are the Sukri, Mithri, Bandi, Khari, Jawai, Guhiya and Sagi from the left, and the Jojari River from the right.
Rising in the western Aravalli Range in the state of Rajasthan, where it is known as the Sagarmati, it flows south-west and enters a patch of desert before dissipating into the Rann of Kutch, traversing a total of 495 km. In spite of the high salinity, it is a major river in the region and serves as a primary source of irrigation.It is not saline up to balotara district but when it meets the saline land in this area it get also saline.
It may will have been the southern portion of the Ghaggar-Hakra.
The Luni River flows in the western part of India in the state of Rajasthan. The Luni River is also referred as the Lavanavari River, which means `salt river` in Sanskrit. It rises in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range at an elevation of five hundred fifty metres near Ajmer.
The river then flows in the southwest direction through the hills and plains of the Marwar region in Rajasthan. So the direction in which it flows is from north-east to south-west.
In the western part of the Aravalli hills where it rises it is called Sagarmati and travels for five hundred and thirty kilometers. The river is highly saline (but also low saline before it meets Balotara district) but serves as the primary source of irrigation in the region.
- Luni Basin (Department of Irrigation, Government of Rajasthan)
- Luni tributaries (Department of Irrigation, Government of Rajasthan)