Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award

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Rookie of the Year Award
A man swings a bat; he is wearing a dark cap with a "B" on it and a jersey with the word "Dodgers" on his chest.
Jackie Robinson, the inaugural winner in 1947 and eventual namesake of the award
Awarded for Major League Baseball's best regular-season rookie
First awarded 1947
Currently held by Wil Myers (American League)
José Fernández (National League)
Official website Rookie of the Year

In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is annually given to one player from each league as voted on by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). The award was established in 1940 by the Chicago chapter of the BBWAA, which selected an annual winner from 1940 through 1946.1 The award became national in 1947; Jackie Robinson, the Brooklyn Dodgers' second baseman, won the inaugural award. One award was presented for both leagues in 1947 and 1948; since 1949, the honor has been given to one player each in the National and American League. Originally, the award was known as the J. Louis Comiskey Memorial Award, named after the Chicago White Sox owner of the 1930s. The award was renamed the Jackie Robinson Award in July 1987,2 40 years after Jackie Robinson broke the baseball color line.

Of the 128 players named Rookie of the Year, 14 have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame—Jackie Robinson, five American League players, and eight others from the National League. The award has been shared twice: once by Butch Metzger and Pat Zachry of the National League in 1976; and once by John Castino and Alfredo Griffin of the American League in 1979. Members of the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers have won the most awards of any franchise (with 16), twice the total of the New York Yankees (eight), who have produced the most in the American League. Fred Lynn and Ichiro Suzuki are the only two players who have been named Rookie of the Year and Most Valuable Player in the same year, and Fernando Valenzuela is the only player to have won Rookie of the Year and the Cy Young Award in the same year. Sam Jethroe is the oldest player to have won the award, at age 32,3 33 days older than 2000 winner Kazuhiro Sasaki (also 32).4 Wil Myers of the Tampa Bay Rays and José Fernández of the Miami Marlins are the most recent winners.5

Qualifications and voting

A man stretches his arms behind his head while wearing a baseball glove and a white baseball uniform with green sleeves and cap.
Hideo Nomo won in 1995, the first of several players to win with past professional baseball experience in Nippon Professional Baseball.

From 1947 through 1956, each BBWAA voter used discretion as to who qualified as a rookie. In 1957, the term was first defined as someone with fewer than 75 at bats or 45 innings pitched in any previous Major League season.1 This guideline was later amended to 90 at bats, 45 innings pitched, or 45 days on a Major League roster before September 1 of the previous year.1 The current standard of 130 at bats, 50 innings pitched or 45 days on the active roster of a Major League club (excluding time in military service or on the disabled list) before September 1 was adopted in 1971.16

Since 1980, each voter names three rookies: a first-place choice is given five points, a second-place choice three points, and a third-place choice one point. The award goes to the player who receives the most overall points.17 Edinson Volquez received three second-place votes in 2008 balloting despite no longer being a rookie under the award's definition.89

The award has drawn criticism in recent years because several players with experience in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) have won the award, such as Hideo Nomo in 1995, Kazuhiro Sasaki in 2000, and Ichiro Suzuki in 2001. The current definition of rookie status for the award is based only on Major League experience, but some feel that past NPB players are not true rookies because of their past professional experience. Others, however, believe it should make no difference since the first recipient and the award's namesake played for the Negro Leagues prior to his MLB career and thus could also not be considered a "true rookie".1011 This issue arose in 2003 when Hideki Matsui narrowly lost the AL award to Ángel Berroa. Jim Souhan of the Minneapolis Star Tribune said he did not see Matsui as a rookie in 2003 because "it would be an insult to the Japanese league to pretend that experience didn't count."10 The Japan Times ran a story in 2007 on the labeling of Daisuke Matsuzaka, Kei Igawa, and Hideki Okajima as rookies, saying "[t]hese guys aren't rookies."11 Past winners such as Jackie Robinson, Don Newcombe, and Sam Jethroe had professional experience in the Negro Leagues.

Winners

Key

A man in a black jersey and batting gloves prepares to swing the baseball bat that he is holding.
Cal Ripken, Jr. won in 1982, and is one of 14 Hall of Famers to win Rookie of the Year honors.
Year Links to the article about the corresponding Major League Baseball season
Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
^ Denotes player who is still active
* Denotes year in which the award was shared

Major Leagues combined (1947–48)

Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1947 Robinson, JackieJackie Robinson Brooklyn Dodgers 1B 12
1948 Dark, AlvinAlvin Dark Boston Braves SS 13

American League winners (1949–present)

Mike Trout, 2012 AL winner
Jeremy Hellickson, the 2011 AL winner
A man in a gray and blue baseball uniform with the letters "TB" on his cap holds a baseball in his glove, preparing to throw.
Evan Longoria, the 2008 AL winner
A man in a white baseball uniform with "RED SOX" across the chest and a dark helmet holds a baseball bat.
Dustin Pedroia, the 2007 AL winner
A man in a white baseball uniform and a black cap with a "D" on it prepares to pitch.
Justin Verlander, the 2006 AL winner
Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1949 Sievers, RoyRoy Sievers St. Louis Browns OF 14
1950 Dropo, WaltWalt Dropo Boston Red Sox 1B 15
1951 McDougald, GilGil McDougald New York Yankees 3B 16
1952 Byrd, HarryHarry Byrd Philadelphia Athletics P 17
1953 Kuenn, HarveyHarvey Kuenn Detroit Tigers SS 18
1954 Grim, BobBob Grim New York Yankees P 19
1955 Score, HerbHerb Score Cleveland Indians P 20
1956 Aparicio, LuisLuis Aparicio Chicago White Sox SS 21
1957 Kubek, TonyTony Kubek New York Yankees SS 22
1958 Pearson, AlbieAlbie Pearson Washington Senators OF 23
1959 Allison, BobBob Allison Washington Senators OF 24
1960 Hansen, RonRon Hansen Baltimore Orioles SS 25
1961 Schwall, DonDon Schwall Boston Red Sox P 26
1962 Tresh, TomTom Tresh New York Yankees SS 27
1963 Peters, GaryGary Peters Chicago White Sox P 28
1964 Oliva, TonyTony Oliva Minnesota Twins OF 29
1965 Blefary, CurtCurt Blefary Baltimore Orioles OF 30
1966 Agee, TommieTommie Agee Chicago White Sox OF 31
1967 Carew, RodRod Carew Minnesota Twins 2B 32
1968 Bahnsen, StanStan Bahnsen New York Yankees P 33
1969 Piniella, LouLou Piniella Kansas City Royals OF 34
1970 Munson, ThurmanThurman Munson New York Yankees C 35
1971 Chambliss, ChrisChris Chambliss Cleveland Indians 1B 36
1972 Fisk, CarltonCarlton Fisk Boston Red Sox C 37
1973 Bumbry, AlAl Bumbry Baltimore Orioles OF 38
1974 Hargrove, MikeMike Hargrove Texas Rangers 1B 39
1975 Lynn, FredFred Lynn Boston Red Sox OF 40
1976 Fidrych, MarkMark Fidrych Detroit Tigers P 41
1977 Murray, EddieEddie Murray Baltimore Orioles DH 42
1978 Whitaker, LouLou Whitaker Detroit Tigers 2B 43
1979* Castino, JohnJohn Castino Minnesota Twins 3B 44
1979* Griffin, AlfredoAlfredo Griffin Toronto Blue Jays SS 45
1980 Charboneau, JoeJoe Charboneau Cleveland Indians OF 46
1981 Righetti, DaveDave Righetti New York Yankees P 47
1982 Ripken, CalCal Ripken, Jr. Baltimore Orioles SS 48
1983 Kittle, RonRon Kittle Chicago White Sox OF 49
1984 Davis, AlvinAlvin Davis Seattle Mariners 1B 50
1985 Guillén, OzzieOzzie Guillén Chicago White Sox SS 51
1986 Canseco, JoseJose Canseco Oakland Athletics OF 52
1987 McGwire, MarkMark McGwire Oakland Athletics 1B 53
1988 Weiss, WaltWalt Weiss Oakland Athletics SS 54
1989 Olson, GreggGregg Olson Baltimore Orioles P 55
1990 Alomar, Jr., SandySandy Alomar, Jr. Cleveland Indians C 56
1991 Knoblauch, ChuckChuck Knoblauch Minnesota Twins 2B 57
1992 Listach, PatPat Listach Milwaukee Brewers SS 58
1993 Salmon, TimTim Salmon California Angels OF 59
1994 Hamelin, BobBob Hamelin Kansas City Royals DH 60
1995 Cordova, MartyMarty Cordova Minnesota Twins OF 61
1996 Jeter, DerekDerek Jeter^ New York Yankees SS 62
1997 Garciaparra, NomarNomar Garciaparra Boston Red Sox SS 63
1998 Grieve, BenBen Grieve Oakland Athletics OF 64
1999 Beltrán, CarlosCarlos Beltrán^ Kansas City Royals OF 65
2000 Sasaki, KazuhiroKazuhiro Sasaki Seattle Mariners P 66
2001 Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki^ Seattle Mariners OF 67
2002 Hinske, EricEric Hinske^ Toronto Blue Jays 3B 68
2003 Berroa, ÁngelÁngel Berroa Kansas City Royals SS 69
2004 Crosby, BobbyBobby Crosby Oakland Athletics SS 70
2005 Street, HustonHuston Street^ Oakland Athletics P 71
2006 Verlander, JustinJustin Verlander^ Detroit Tigers P 72
2007 Pedroia, DustinDustin Pedroia^ Boston Red Sox 2B 73
2008 Longoria, EvanEvan Longoria^ Tampa Bay Rays 3B 74
2009 Andrew Bailey^ Oakland Athletics P 75
2010 Feliz, NeftalíNeftalí Feliz^ Texas Rangers P 76
2011 Hellickson, JeremyJeremy Hellickson^ Tampa Bay Rays P 77
2012 Trout, MikeMike Trout^ Los Angeles Angels OF 78
2013 Myers, WilWil Myers^ Tampa Bay Rays OF 79

National League winners (1949–present)

Bryce Harper, 2012 NL winner
Craig Kimbrel, 2011 NL winner
A man in a baseball uniform with white pants and a blue shirt swings while batting. The catcher in red and gray is also pictured.
Geovany Soto, 2008 NL winner
Portrait of a man in a dark blue baseball jersey with "BREWERS" across the chest, grey pants with dirt on the right knee, a baseball glove on his left hand, and a blue cap with an "M" on it.
Ryan Braun, 2007 NL winner
A man in white pants and a red shirt with "HOWARD" on the back swings at a pitch.
Ryan Howard, 2005 NL winner
Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1949 Newcombe, DonDon Newcombe Brooklyn Dodgers P 80
1950 Jethroe, SamSam Jethroe Boston Braves OF 81
1951 Mays, WillieWillie Mays New York Giants OF 82
1952 Black, JoeJoe Black Brooklyn Dodgers P 83
1953 Gilliam, JimJim Gilliam Brooklyn Dodgers 2B 84
1954 Moon, WallyWally Moon St. Louis Cardinals OF 85
1955 Virdon, BillBill Virdon St. Louis Cardinals OF 86
1956 Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson Cincinnati Reds OF 87
1957 Sanford, JackJack Sanford Philadelphia Phillies P 88
1958 Cepeda, OrlandoOrlando Cepeda San Francisco Giants 1B 89
1959 McCovey, WillieWillie McCovey San Francisco Giants 1B 90
1960 Howard, FrankFrank Howard Los Angeles Dodgers OF 91
1961 Williams, BillyBilly Williams Chicago Cubs OF 92
1962 Hubbs, KenKen Hubbs Chicago Cubs 2B 93
1963 Rose, PetePete Rose Cincinnati Reds 2B 94
1964 Allen, DickDick Allen Philadelphia Phillies 3B 95
1965 Lefebvre, JimJim Lefebvre Los Angeles Dodgers 2B 96
1966 Helms, TommyTommy Helms Cincinnati Reds 2B 97
1967 Seaver, TomTom Seaver New York Mets P 98
1968 Bench, JohnnyJohnny Bench Cincinnati Reds C 99
1969 Sizemore, TedTed Sizemore Los Angeles Dodgers 2B 100
1970 Morton, CarlCarl Morton Montreal Expos P 101
1971 Williams, EarlEarl Williams Atlanta Braves C 102
1972 Matlack, JonJon Matlack New York Mets P 103
1973 Matthews, GaryGary Matthews San Francisco Giants OF 104
1974 McBride, BakeBake McBride St. Louis Cardinals OF 105
1975 Montefusco, JohnJohn Montefusco San Francisco Giants P 106
1976* Metzger, ButchButch Metzger San Diego Padres P 107
1976* Zachry, PatPat Zachry Cincinnati Reds P 108
1977 Dawson, AndreAndre Dawson Montreal Expos OF 109
1978 Horner, BobBob Horner Atlanta Braves 3B 110
1979 Sutcliffe, RickRick Sutcliffe Los Angeles Dodgers P 111
1980 Howe, SteveSteve Howe Los Angeles Dodgers P 112
1981 Valenzuela, FernandoFernando Valenzuela Los Angeles Dodgers P 113
1982 Sax, SteveSteve Sax Los Angeles Dodgers 2B 114
1983 Strawberry, DarrylDarryl Strawberry New York Mets OF 115
1984 Gooden, DwightDwight Gooden New York Mets P 116
1985 Coleman, VinceVince Coleman St. Louis Cardinals OF 117
1986 Worrell, ToddTodd Worrell St. Louis Cardinals P 118
1987 Santiago, BenitoBenito Santiago San Diego Padres C 119
1988 Sabo, ChrisChris Sabo Cincinnati Reds 3B 120
1989 Walton, JeromeJerome Walton Chicago Cubs OF 121
1990 Justice, DavidDavid Justice Atlanta Braves OF 122
1991 Bagwell, JeffJeff Bagwell Houston Astros 1B 123
1992 Karros, EricEric Karros Los Angeles Dodgers 1B 124
1993 Piazza, MikeMike Piazza Los Angeles Dodgers C 125
1994 Mondesí, RaúlRaúl Mondesí Los Angeles Dodgers OF 126
1995 Nomo, HideoHideo Nomo Los Angeles Dodgers P 127
1996 Hollandsworth, ToddTodd Hollandsworth Los Angeles Dodgers OF 128
1997 Rolen, ScottScott Rolen Philadelphia Phillies 3B 129
1998 Wood, KerryKerry Wood Chicago Cubs P 130
1999 Williamson, ScottScott Williamson Cincinnati Reds P 131
2000 Furcal, RafaelRafael Furcal^ Atlanta Braves SS 132
2001 Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols^ St. Louis Cardinals 3B 133
2002 Jennings, JasonJason Jennings Colorado Rockies P 134
2003 Willis, DontrelleDontrelle Willis Florida Marlins P 135
2004 Bay, JasonJason Bay Pittsburgh Pirates OF 136
2005 Howard, RyanRyan Howard^ Philadelphia Phillies 1B 137
2006 Ramírez, HanleyHanley Ramírez^ Florida Marlins SS 138
2007 Braun, RyanRyan Braun^ Milwaukee Brewers 3B 139
2008 Soto, GeovanyGeovany Soto^ Chicago Cubs C 140
2009 Coghlan, ChrisChris Coghlan^ Florida Marlins OF 141
2010 Posey, BusterBuster Posey^ San Francisco Giants C 142
2011 Kimbrel, CraigCraig Kimbrel^ Atlanta Braves P 143
2012 Harper, BryceBryce Harper^ Washington Nationals OF 144
2013 Fernández, JoséJosé Fernández^ Miami Marlins P 145

See also

References

General
Inline citations
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