The Federation of Malaya (now the states comprising West Malaysia) competed as Malaya (MAL) in the 1956 and 1960 Games. The present day state of Sabah sent an independent team to the 1956 Games as North Borneo, and Singapore also competed at the Olympics from 1948 to 1960. After these British colonies formed an independent Malaysia in 1963, the nation competed under that name for the first time at the 1964 Summer Olympics. Singapore would subsequently regain independence from Malaysia in 1965 and compete once again as Singapore from 1968 onwards.
Malaysian athletes have won a total of six Olympic medals, in badminton and diving.1