Manhattan Beach, California
|Manhattan Beach, California|
|City of Manhattan Beach|
|Motto: "Sun, Sand, Sea"|
|Los Angeles County, California|
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated (city)||December 12, 19121|
|• City Council||Mayor Wayne Powell2
|• City Treasurer||Tim Lilligren, CCMT3|
|• Police Chief||Eve Irvine|
|• Fire Chief||Bob Espinosa|
|• Total||3.941 sq mi (10.208 km2)|
|• Land||3.937 sq mi (10.197 km2)|
|• Water||0.004 sq mi (0.010 km2) 0.1%|
|Elevation||67 ft (20 m)|
|• Density||8,900/sq mi (3,400/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP Code||90266, 902675|
|GNIS feature ID||1660985|
Manhattan Beach is a coastal city located in southwestern Los Angeles County, California, USA. It is an upscale community, and includes some of the most expensive real estate in California. The city is on the Pacific coast, south of El Segundo, and north of Hermosa Beach. Manhattan Beach is a hotspot for beach volleyball and surfing. Every August, the city hosts the Manhattan Beach Open Volleyball tournament and the International Surf Festival. It is one of the three Beach Cities in the South Bay. Since the late 1990s, the area has become home to several professional athletes and actors.
Its location within commuting distance to Hollywood and downtown Los Angeles makes Manhattan Beach is a popular residence for professional athletes and people in the entertainment industry. Property in Manhattan Beach, especially near the waterfront, is very expensive. Manhattan Beach has one public high school, Mira Costa High School.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Parks and recreation
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Government
- 7 Private schools
- 8 Newspapers
- 9 In popular culture
- 10 Notable current and former residents
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
In 1863, a Scottish immigrant, Sir Robert Burnett, purchased Rancho Sausal Redondo and Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela from Avila's heirs for $33,000. Ten years later in 1873, Burnett leased the ranch to a Canadian, Daniel Freeman (not the American Daniel Freeman, who was the first to file a claim under the Homestead Act of 1862). Burnett returned to Scotland. Freeman moved his wife and three children onto the ranch and started growing various crops. On May 4, 1885 Freeman bought the ranch from Burnett for $140,000.
George H. Peck owned a lot of the land that became part of the north section of Manhattan Beach. A coin flip decided the town's name. Around 1902, the beach suburb was named "Manhattan" after developer Stewart Merrill's home town, Manhattan, New York. "Beach" was appended to the city's name in 1927 at the behest of the postmaster.7
Much of Manhattan Beach was once sand dunes. During the 1920s and 1930s some of that sand was shipped to Waikiki, Hawaii to convert their reef and rock beach into a sandy beach. Some of the sand was also used to build the Los Angeles Coliseum and portions of Pacific Coast Highway.
Manhattan Beach benefits from ocean breezes that provide very clean air and summer temperatures that are 10 to 20 degrees fahrenheit cooler than Southern California inland regions. The city has a total area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2). Manhattan Beach features 2.1 miles (3.4 km) of ocean frontage. Much of Manhattan Beach was once exposed sand dunes which now lie beneath the city's buildings and streets. The western part of the city is quite hilly because of the underlying dunes. The tallest hill is 244 feet high and is located in the southwest portion of the city. The only remaining exposed sand dune is at Sand Dune Park.
The beach is approximately 400 feet wide and 2.1 miles long. In the early part of the last century the beach was narrow (approximately 150 feet) and sloping. From 1938 to 1989 it more than doubled in width when large quantities of sand were placed on beaches to the north during construction of the Hyperion Treatment Plant, Marina Del Rey, and Scattergood Power Plant. The sand was carried southward by the ocean's natural littoral flow and widened Manhattan Beach.8
Residents have divided the city into several distinct neighborhoods, including "The Village", "Sand Section", "Hill Section", "Tree Section", "Gas Lamp" section, Manhattan Heights, East Manhattan Beach, Liberty Village, "Poet's Section" (Shelley, Tennyson, Longfellow, Keats), and El Porto (North Manhattan Beach).
The Hill Section includes higher priced homes where many of the residences are remodeled and situated on steep hills allowing panoramic ocean and city views.
The nearby Sand Section is notable for its pockets of quiet neighborhoods adjacent to the ocean. Multi-million dollar ocean-front homes line the bike path and walking lane along The Strand.
"Downtown" Manhattan Beach runs along Manhattan Beach Boulevard and the streets perpendicular to it in the area near the Manhattan Beach Pier up to Valley Drive. There are many Zagat rated fine dining and casual restaurants, small specialty stores and a mixed-use center, where once the Metlox pottery factory, famous for its colorful plates, stood for decades. The Metlox site closed in the early 1990s, and was redeveloped by the city. The new "Metlox" site includes an upscale boutique hotel, restaurants and shops.
The Manhattan Beach Library is near downtown on Highland Avenue two blocks north of Manhattan Beach Boulevard. The library is part of the County of Los Angeles Public Library system, and includes internet accessible computers, WiFi, and access to the six million items in the county library collection.
The Rosecrans strip is located on the south side of Rosecrans Avenue, east of Sepulveda, and west of Aviation.
The area includes the Manhattan Village Mall, which is located on the southeast corner of Sepulveda Boulevard and Rosecrans Avenue. The mall, built in the early 1980s, was once anchored by the department stores Bullock's and Buffums, which both went bankrupt in the early 1990s. Most of the original stores in the mall also went bankrupt in the 1980s and 1990s (Miller's Outpost, Contempo Casuals, Music Plus, Orange Julius, Tequila Willies, Kinney Shoes, B. Dalton bookstore). The mall was remodeled in the late 1990s and early 2000s, and is now anchored by Macy's on both ends. It also has higher-end stores such as Pottery Barn, Pottery Barn Kids, Williams-Sonoma, and Apple Store.
The Manhattan Beach Country Club, the Marriott Hotel and Golf Course, Fry's electronics, restaurants, retail stores, supermarkets, multi-story office buildings, and shopping centers are along the strip between Sepulveda and Aviation Boulevards.
The "Sepulveda Strip" occupies the commercial zone, and is the city's main north-south highway. There are several medium-size hotels, large automobile dealerships, automotive repair shops, restaurants, multi-story office buildings, medical buildings, pharmacies, a large Target store, banks and many small shopping centers.
The Aviation Strip is located along Aviation Boulevard (the city's eastern boundary), south of Rosecrans Avenue, and north of Marine Avenue. Aviation High School once stood there until it was closed in the early 1980s.9 The zone includes several major complexes, including the Manhattan Beach Film Studios and the Northrop Grumman Space Park Complex (originally built by TRW which was bought by Northrop Grumman in 2002).10
Along the Strand, at the eastern edge of the beach, a concrete bikepath is provided that is reserved for bicycles. It is part of a bikeway that extends from Santa Monica on the north to Palos Verdes on the south. A separate 2.1 mile walkway, reserved for pedestrians, runs alongside the bikepath. Restrooms and shower facilities are provided adjacent to the Strand paths. Volleyball nets are set up along the beach, and swimming, body boarding and surfing are popular among residents and visitors. Popular surf spots include the Pier and El Porto. Lifeguard stations are located along the entire length of the beach. The beach is cleaned and groomed each morning by crews from LA County Beaches and Harbors Department. Because it is a clean, wide, sandy beach, Manhattan Beach attracts over 3.8 million visitors annually.11
There are several public parks in the city. The largest and most popular is Polliwog Park located on Manhattan Beach Boulevard, two blocks west of Aviation Boulevard. It has a small lake, open-air concert amphitheater, picnic tables, restrooms, playground equipment, and a fenced dog exercise area. It is also the site of the Manhattan Beach Historical Society Red Cottage which houses the city's collection of historical artifacts. The Marine Avenue Park, west of Aviation Boulevard on Marine, has several lighted ball fields, basketball courts, and an indoor racketball facility. Live Oak Park in the downtown area has ball fields, playground equipment and picnic tables.
The current Manager of Parks and Recreation in the city of Manhattan Beach is Idris Jassim Al-Oboudi.12
- These were the ten cities or neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of white residents, according to the 2000 census:13
- Malibu, California, 88.8%
- Hidden Hills, California, 88.7%
- Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, 88.6%
- Topanga, California, 87.6%
- Beverly Crest, Los Angeles, 87.5%
- Westlake Village, California, 85.5%
- Manhattan Beach, California, 85.5%
- Hollywood Hills West, Los Angeles, 84.9%
- Hermosa Beach, California, 84.9%
- Fairfax, Los Angeles, 84.7%
The 2010 United States Census14 reported that Manhattan Beach had a population of 35,135. The population density was 8,914.7 people per square mile (3,442.0/km²). The racial makeup of Manhattan Beach was 29,686 (84.5%) White (79.3% Non-Hispanic White),15 290 (0.8%) Black or African American (U.S. Census), 59 (0.2%) Native American, 3,023 (8.6%) Asian, 49 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 409 (1.2%) from other races, and 1,619 (4.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,440 persons (6.9%).
The Census reported that 35,107 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 28 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 14,038 households, out of which 4,735 (33.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,583 (54.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 892 (6.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 438 (3.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 695 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 85 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,627 households (25.8%) were made up of individuals and 1,078 (7.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50. There were 8,913 families (63.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.10.
The population was spread out with 8,725 people (24.8%) under the age of 18, 1,740 people (5.0%) aged 18 to 24, 9,532 people (27.1%) aged 25 to 44, 10,681 people (30.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,457 people (12.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.9 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
There were 14,929 housing units at an average density of 3,787.9 per square mile (1,462.5/km²), of which 9,420 (67.1%) were owner-occupied, and 4,618 (32.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 25,587 people (72.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 9,520 people (27.1%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census16 of 2000, there were 33,854 people, 14,474 households, and 8,394 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,606.7 inhabitants per square mile (3,325.8/km²). There were 15,034 housing units at an average density of 3,822.3 per square mile (1,477.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.99% White, 6.04% Asian, 0.61% Black or African American (U.S. Census), 0.21% Native American, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, including 2.81% from two or more races. 5.19% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.citation needed
There were 14,474 households, of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18, 49.8% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.0% were non-families, 29.3% were individuals living alone, and 6.5% were individuals living alone who were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34, and the average family size was 2.98.
Other census data showed that the age distribution in the city was 22.3% who were under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 37.5% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.5 males, and for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $100,750, and the median income for a family was $122,686 (these figures had risen to $124,048 and $149,396 respectively as of a 2007 estimate17). Males had a median income of $84,256 versus $54,142 for females. The per capita income for the city was $61,136. About 2.0% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
In February 2006, the median price of Manhattan Beach home sales was $1,925,000.18 In its "Best Places to Live" 2005 feature, Money Magazine ranked Manhattan Beach as the fourth most expensive beach town in America.19 Additionally, in 2005 it ranked 2nd in California for the number of million-dollar homes sold
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,20 the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|8||24 Hour Fitness||133|
|11||Manhattan Beach Toyota||99|
|13||California Pizza Kitchen||85|
The city of Manhattan Beach is governed by a five-member City Council. City Council members are elected every four years. The office of the Mayor of Manhattan Beach rotates every ten months among the members of the City Council, so that each City Council member serves one term as Mayor.21
The Beach Cities Health District,22 provides health and wellness services to the residents of Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, and Redondo Beach. The voters of the three beach cities elect the 5-member Board of Directors to 4-year terms. One of 78 California Health Districts,23 it was created in 1955 as South Bay Hospital and took on its current name in 1993. Beach Cities Health District opened AdventurePlex,24 a Manhattan Beach fitness center for kids and their families, in 2002. Filled with mazes, tunnels, outdoor rock climbing walls, complex ropes courses, and an indoor gym, AdventurePlex challenges children physically and intellectually in health-focused recreational activities.
The residents of the city of Manhattan Beach are represented in state legislature by both a California State Senator and a California State Assemblyman.
In the California State Senate, Manhattan Beach is located in the 26th District. The current State Senator is Ted Lieu.
Manhattan Beach is located with California's 33rd Congressional District, represented by Democrat Henry Waxman.
|School||2010 API Score|
|Manhattan Beach Middle||945|
|Mira Costa High School||911|
Public education in Manhattan Beach is provided by the Manhattan Beach Unified School District, which oversees five elementary schools (Grandview, Meadows, Pacific, Pennekamp, Robinson), one middle school (Manhattan Beach Middle School), and one high school (Mira Costa).
The district as a whole received a score of 926 on the 2010 California Academic Performance Index, making it California's 3rd best performing district.25 Each individual school also ranks at the top of its respective category.26
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2012)|
- Filming location of 1408 (2007). John Cusack's character surfs in El Porto waves.
- Filming location of 2012 (2009). Cracks appear down the middle of 45th Street.
- Scenes from the 1983 Taylor Hackford film, Against All Odds, were filmed along The Strand and on the beach.
- Film and real life location of George Jung of Blow fame.
- Home to the filming of the CBS series CSI: Miami Manhattan Beach Studios.
- Establishing shots of the TV show, Hannah Montana are filmed at Mira Costa High School.
- Film location of Jerry Maguire (1996). In the movie, Dorothy's (Renée Zellweger) house is in the Sand Section on 23rd Street.
- Home to the filming of the Fox Network series, The O.C.
- Filming location of Point Break (1991). In the movie, Keanu Reeves buys his surfboard from a shop located on the Manhattan Beach pier.
- Filming location of Starsky and Hutch (2004). In the movie, Starsky (Ben Stiller), can be seen stretching under the pier.
- Filming location of Tequila Sunrise (1988). Mel Gibson's character lives on the beach near the pier.
- Home to the filming of some of the The CW Television Network/Ex-UPN series, Veronica Mars.
- Filming location for the TV show, Weeds.
- Filming location for the TV show, 90210
- Filming location for the Movie, Airborne
- Mentioned in the song, "Surfin' U.S.A.", by the Beach Boys. The Beach Boys, some who surfed and lived in Manhattan Beach, grew up in nearby Hawthorne.
- The Manhattan Beach Open volleyball tournament in Manhattan Beach is known as "The Championships, Wimbledon of Beach Volleyball." The names of the tournament champions are inscribed in plaques along Manhattan Beach Pier. This event usually takes place in August and is aired on national TV.
- CNN Money named Manhattan Beach #1 as the "2011 Best Places For the Rich and Single".27
- The Travel Channel named Manhattan Beach the 9th sexiest beach on earth for its 2008 "21 Sexiest Beaches" show.28
- Manhattan Beach has been nicknamed the "Pearl of the South Bay" for its beauty and desirability.
- Much of the sand on Waikīkī Beach was purchased from Manhattan Beach by Hawaiʻian developers in the late 1920s. The developers negotiated a deal with the Kuhn Brothers Construction Company to ship the city's sand across the Pacific Ocean from Manhattan Beach to Waikiki Beach for over 10 years. The remaining sand that resembles Manhattan Beach's original landscape can be found at Sand Dune Park.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2012)|
- Brad Bird: director (The Incredibles, Ratatouille)
- Dave Coulier: actor, comedian, mimic
- Don Dokken: founder/lead singer of 1980s Heavy Metal band Dokken
- Jane Elliot: actress (General Hospital, Days of Our Lives)
- Bill Engvall: comedian
- Matthew Fox: actor (Lost, Party of Five)
- Neal Israel: director of Surf Ninjas and nationally ranked falconer
- Wally Kurth: actor (General Hospital, Days of Our Lives)
- Jim Lindberg: singer of the South Bay Punk Rock Band Pennywise
- Ben McKenzie: actor (The O.C., Southland)
- Maria Sansone: American television personality and host (Good Day LA)
- Marisa Miller: Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition cover page model
- Kevin Nealon: actor/comedian from Saturday Night Live fame
- Liz Phair: singer/songwriter and guitarist
- Teri Polo: actress (Meet the Parents, Meet the Fockers)
- Thomas Pynchon: author of The Crying of Lot 49 and Gravity's Rainbow
- Tara Reid: actress and model
- J.D. Roth: host of the reality TV show Endurance
- Pat Sajak: Wheel of Fortune host
- Max Thieriot: actor
- Scott Whyte: actor (City Guys)
- Owen Wilson: actor
- Jenn Brown: ESPN reporter
- Cody Simpson: Australian singer/musician
- John Bollinger: creator Bollinger Bands
- Richard Foss: journalist and science fiction writer
- Trace Gallagher: Anchor/Correspondent Fox News Channel
- Thomas Pynchon: novelist29
- Brian Cook: power forward for the Los Angeles Clippers
- Robbie Davis: Lakers team trainer.
- Devean George: small forward for the Dallas Mavericks
- Blake Griffin: first round draft pick and star of the Los Angeles Clippers30
- Shaun Livingston: point guard for the Charlotte Bobcats
- Slava Medvedenko: basketball player, former power forward for the Los Angeles Lakers
- Chris Mihm: former center for the Los Angeles Lakers
- Michael Olowokandi: retired basketball player
- Kurt Rambis: assistant coach of the Los Angeles Lakers
- Zeljko Rebraca: former center for the Los Angeles Clippers
- Brian Shaw: former point/shooting guard in the NBA, now an assistant coach for the Los Angeles Lakers
- Luke Walton: small forward for the Los Angeles Lakers
- Sasha Vujacic: shooting guard for the New Jersey Nets
- Tim Brown: 1987 Heisman winner and Raider player
- Jeff Garcia: former NFL quarterback
- Tony Gonzalez: tight end for the Atlanta Falcons
- Don Mosebar: played for the Los Angeles Raiders for 13 years
- Michael Strahan: former defensive end for the New York Giants
- Pete Carroll: head coach of the Seattle Seahawks NFL football team
- Nomar Garciaparra: former MLB shortstop for the Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs, Los Angeles Dodgers, and Oakland A's
- Jason Kendall: catcher for the Kansas City Royals
- Paul LoDuca: retired catcher, formerly of the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Washington Nationals
- Bob Bradley: former head coach of the US Men's National Soccer Team
- Landon Donovan: soccer player for the Los Angeles Galaxy, U.S. National Team forward
- Mia Hamm: former Olympic soccer player 
- Cobi Jones: soccer player for the Los Angeles Galaxy
- Rob Blake: defenseman for the Los Angeles Kings
- Marc Crawford: head coach for the Los Angeles Kings
- Pavol Demitra: forward for the Minnesota Wild
- Alexander Frolov: hockey player for the Los Angeles Kings
- Tim Gleason: defenseman for the Carolina Hurricanes
- Ron Hextall: former goaltender for the Philadelphia Flyers, current Assistant GM for the Los Angeles Kings
- Nelson Emerson: former NHL rightwinger and current head of development for the Los Angeles Kings
- Anze Kopitar: center and Western Conference all-star for the Los Angeles Kings
- Dustin Brown: captain and right winger for the Stanley Cup LA Kings (given key to the city by Mayor Powell)
- Glen Murray: right winger for the Boston Bruins
- Mike Richards: center for the Los Angeles Kings
- Lubomir Visnovsky: defenseman for the Los Angeles Kings
- John Stevens: former Head Coach of the Philadelphia Flyers and current Assistant Coach of the Los Angeles Kings
- Mike Lambert: former professional beach volleyball player
- Stein Metzger: former professional beach volleyball player
- Maria Sharapova: professional tennis player, olympic silver medalist (given key to the city by Mayor Powell)
- Pearl Sinn: former LPGA golfer
- Rebecca Soni: 5-time Olympic gold medalist swimmer and world record holder31(given key to city by Mayor Powell)
- Matt Jacobson: Head of Market Development - Facebook32
- John Bollinger: Financial author and the developer of the Bollinger Bands analysis method.
- "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- City of Manhattan Beach : Mayor's Welcome
- California League of Cities, Elected City Treasurers
- U.S. Census
- "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- Judson Grenier. "Capsule History of Manhattan Beach, 1912 - 1975". Retrieved 2012-03-29.
- Manhattan Beach California: Width determination from a century of images; Shore and Beach, Vol 80, No.4, Fall 2012
- "Manhattan Beach Studios". Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- "Northrop Grumman Space Technology". Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- Estimating the potential economic impacts of climate change on Southern California beaches; Climatic Change (2011) 109 (Suppl 1):S277–S298 DOI 10.1007/s10584-011-0309-0
-  "White," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0645400.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- City of Manhattan Beach Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
- "City Council of the City of Manhattan Beach". Retrieved 2008-09-25.
- Beach Cities Health District
- List of California Health Districts
- dead link
- Local Educational Agency (LEA) List of Schools, api.cde.ca.gov
- "Best places for the rich and single". CNN.
- "Top 10 beaches of the world 21 Sexiest Beaches 3-5". YouTube. 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "A Journey into the Mind of P
- "GM: Los Angeles Clippers won't lose Blake Griffin to '14 free agency - ESPN Los Angeles". Sports.espn.go.com. 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "Official Page". Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "Tech Titans Take Beach". Retrieved 23 October 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manhattan Beach, California.|
- Manhattan Beach official website
- Manhattan Beach Historical Society
- Leadership Manhattan Beach
- Manhattan Beach Chamber of Commerce
- Manhattan Beach School District
- Manhattan Beach City Councilmember/Mayor Wayne Powell
- Map of original Rancho San Pedro, 1784, reflecting Rancho Sausal Redondo within its domain
||Pacific Ocean||El Segundo||Hawthorne|
|Pacific Ocean||Redondo Beach|
|Pacific Ocean||Hermosa Beach||Torrance|