|— Municipality —|
|Autonomous community||Valencian Community|
|Judicial district||Quart de Poblet|
|• Alcalde||Enrique Ángel Crespo Calatrava (2007) (PP)|
|• Total||19.60 km2 (7.57 sq mi)|
|Elevation||52 m (171 ft)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 ( 4,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym||manisero, manisera (es)
maniser, manisera (va)
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Official language(s)||Spanish and Valencian|
Manises (Valencian pronunciation: [maˈnizes], Spanish: [maˈnises]) is a municipality in the comarca of Horta Oest in the Valencian Community, Spain. Located in the province of Valencia, it had 30,508 inhabitants in 2009 (NSI)1 and is famous for its pottery and house in the municipality the Valencia Airport.2
The climate is typically Mediterranean but not very well defined features, we are less hot summers in the interior and a quite considerably colder winters than the coast, with night frost in the winter months. The average winter temperature drops to 4.7 degrees (although it can reach −5C° or −10C° in the coldest days) while the summer rises to 24.8 degrees (with peaks of 35C°).
Manises extends at the right bank of the river Turia (the northern boundary of the term) and is uneven in the western sector for the first mountains that dominate the alluvial plain of Turia.
Agriculture is predominantly rainfed, carob trees, olive trees and small areas of vineyards and almond trees. The irrigation uses water from the river turia through the ditch of Manises.
The main economic activity is industry, focusing on ceramics; in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Manises was the most important centre of production for Hispano-Moresque ware, which was exported all over Europe. The industry had a strong comeback in the second half of the 19th century. In 1917 was founded the School of Ceramics, which included the study of this activity in its various forms: artistic ceramics, porcelain and tiles. Predominates small business.
Industrial activity behave to a sharp increase in population, which tripled in the 19th century and has been multiplied by 6 in the twentieth. Today the population is around 26000 inhabitants.
The city is located to the right of Turia, at the eastern end of the term, on a small hill in front of Paterna, across the River. It stretches from west to east along the river, and the last extension joined Quart de Poblet. The industrial sectors are concentrated in the east and north of town near the railway station of Valencia to Llíria. The parish church (St. John the Baptist) was built between 1734 and 1751, the high altar had belonged to the convent of mercy in Valencia. Old Islamic farmstead was donated in 1238 by James I to Artal de Luna, and in 1307 was sold to Pere Boïl and became the center of the barony of Manises. Was rather mixed of Christians and Moors between 1602 and 1609 in a promotion than 150 Christian homes and 50 Moors.
In 1924 he received the title of city. In addition to various findings from the Roman era, within municipality there is an aqueduct built at that time named of the Arches. At the western end of the municipality, on the banks of the Turia, are a Water Treatment Station of Valencia. The municipality also includes the hamlets of the Dam and the Cave and the district of San Francisco.
Manises Airport, serving the city of Valencia, is located west of the conurbation, within a municipality of Manises, about 8 km from downtown. Share the business with the facilities of the military air base of Manises, now dismantled. It has all the modern airport facilities and a radar located in Pine Forest near the Albufera of Valencia. Currently equipped with the latest developments in their host plants passenger and goods movement.
Although probably Manises was inhabited from the earliest times, all we know is that the Romans built a major work to bring water to Valencia. Then came the Arabs, which are the creators of the city and those from the traditions. The 500-year deals this time around, were enough for Manises, the city center, its municipality, agriculture, and ceramic industry had a very important level, as for James I granted it as a prize to one of his best men, Don Artal de Luna, one of the "Rich-homs of nature" who accompanied him.
It is this donation recorded in the Book of the cast, the first officially known quotation from Manises: "Artallus de Luna. Alquerian de Paterna et de Manizaes, VII idus Julil" (7 July 1237).
In the early 16th century Manises tiles had much commercial success, especially the heraldic type. In the 17th century all Valencian tile had a significant rise.
The beginning of the 20th century brings a new style, modernism, which contributed to the ceramic the consideration of ornamental element the first order. Until then the tile was used for flooring or base, now used in embellishing facades with its rich polychrome. This battle won by the ceramics, continues to this day, and use both industrial and artistic has a highly developed.
Finally, we should highlight two fundamental facts in the revival of our ceramics, first creation in 1914 of the School of Ceramics of Manises, founded by Vicente Vilar David (Industrial Engineering by School of Barcelona, Lt. Mayor Primo de Rivera), and second inauguration in 1969 of the Municipal Museum of Ceramics, renovated and enlarged in 1989, through which manifest the past and present of the industry and art maniser.
|Climate data for Manises, 8 km from Valencia, deeper into the land|
|Average high °C (°F)||15.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||10.2
|Average low °C (°F)||5.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||38
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||4||3||3||5||5||3||1||2||4||5||4||4||43|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||171||170||217||233||261||286||323||286||239||202||168||155||2,706|
|Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología3|
It has a population of 30,508 inhabitants in 2009. 6.21% of its inhabitants was, according to the same census, foreign nationals in 2007.
- El Carmen
- San Jerónimo (shared with the neighboring municipality of Quart de Poblet)
- Saint Felix
- Alameda Park
- San Francisco
- Farmhouses and hamlets
- La Presa
- La Cova
- Housing developments
- La Presa
- Els Pous
- La Mallà. It is located 2 km west of Manises, direction Ribarroja of Turia.
A special chapter has to be devoted to the ceramic from Manises.
In the early 14th century, under the reign of James I, the lordship of Manises was acquired by the Boil family. They introduced from Andalusia, especially Malaga, the savoir-faire of lusterware pottery. Manises ceramics of golden and blue lusterware prevailed throughout Europe until the late 16th century, being known in many places as "work of Valencia" or "Mallorca", because of the origin of the seafarers who traded with it.
Much appreciated by the Aragonese crown, Manises pottery was also exported to France, Italy, and especially to Naples, where Alfonso the Magnanimous wanted to create a brilliant and luxurious court. As a major amateur of Paterna and Manises pottery, Naples influenced other Italian courts. Calixtus III and Alexander VI continually commissioned Valencian pieces and tiles for the halls of the Vatican. The export was also extended to Sicily, Venice, Turkey, Cyprus, and even to Flanders and the Baltic countries. The palaces of all the courts of Europe were enriched with Manises ceramics. Many painters reproduced it in their paintings; it can be observed in the work of Humberto and John Van Eyck, and in the central panel of a triptych by Hugo Van der Goes (Uffizi Gallery, Florence). In this city there are also some Domenico Ghirlandaio frescoes in which appears Moorish-Valencian faience.
The trade of ceramics led to the creation of exporting companies. The first traders were Italians, Cypriots and Turks, then Catalans and Majorcans. They were carrying tiles and various ceramic items carefully packed in large pottery jars, called cossis, coated with string and straw. Ships would leave the port of Valencia, known as Grao de Valencia, with this burden, and would pay tax to local authorities.
From Valencia, you will reach this town by road through the A-3 and V-11. By public transport is also accessible through the lines 3 (Rafelbuñol – Airport) and 5 (Maritime Sawmill – Airport / Torrente Avenue) of Valencia subway and bus line 150 Manises / Airport.
- Parish Church. It is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist. The present church was begun in 1734, was opened in 1751. The old church was abandoned for worship and began to be demolished in 1817. Was respected only the chapel of the Virgin of the Rosary. It is neoclassical, with traces of the Baroque. The floor is a Latin cross, with a single nave, with a large Byzantine-style dome over the transept and luster coated on the outside. The altarpiece is from 1951, baroque style.
- Municipal Museum of Ceramics. Opened in 1969, with Mayor Don Francisco Gimeno Adrian, and installed in the house bequeathed to the City by the family Casanova Dalfó-Sanchis Cause. Are exhibited sets of tiles of the XV and XVIII, golden reflexes, tile panels, popular ceramics and a living room-kitchen of typical Valencian style, imitation of the 18th century, in addition to the collection of works awarded in the Ceramics National Competition, Ceramics International Biennale today, where you can appreciate works of art, making pottery an art in constant evolution.
- Aqueduct The Arcs.
- Vernis Mill or Faitanar Roll Mill.
- House of Culture. Former Carmelite convent.
- City Hall building.
- Site of ancient majolica factory Francisco Valldecabres.
- Moorish ruins of the old cemetery.
- The old ceramics factory building The Art.
- The Small Square.
- Old Ceramics School Old Building of Manises.
- Markets of The Pines and the Filters.
- Park and Exhibition Hall of The Filters.
- Shopping and ceramics sales streets: Ribarroja and Blasco Ibáñez.
- Golf course.
- ' La Mandukka food, drinks and live music 30 Aviacion Street industrial area of the airport
- Manises Hospital. The public hospital in Manises became operational on 1 May 2009 and has a total of 220 single rooms and 10 operating rooms. Serves a population of about 150,000 people in three different districts belonging to populations of Manises, Buñol, Alborache, Macastre, Yátova, Cheste, Chiva, Cuart of Poblet, Godelleta, Turis, Loriguilla, Ribarroja and Aldaya. Has been built and is managed jointly by Sanitas and the Generalitat Valenciana.
- Bridge over the River Turia from Manises to Paterna. Modern building, connecting the towns of Manises and Paterna, opened in April 2009.
- INE – List of population units
- Gran Enciclopedia temática de la Comunidad Valenciana (in spanish). Editorial Prensa Valenciana. 2009.
- "Valores climatológicos normales. Valencia Aeropuerto".
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