Mark Kirk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mark Kirk
Senator Mark Kirk official portrait.jpg
United States Senator
from Illinois
Incumbent
Assumed office
November 29, 2010
Serving with Dick Durbin
Preceded by Roland Burris
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 10th district
In office
January 3, 2001 – November 29, 2010
Preceded by John Porter
Succeeded by Robert Dold
Personal details
Born Mark Steven Kirk
(1959-09-15) September 15, 1959 (age 54)
Champaign, Illinois
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Kimberly Vertolli (2001–2009; divorced)
Residence Highland Park, Illinois1
Alma mater Cornell University (B.A.)
London School of Economics (M.A.)
Georgetown University Law Center (J.D.)
Occupation Attorney, Navy Officer
Religion United Church of Christ2
Website www.Kirk.Senate.gov
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1989–present
Rank US-O5 insignia.svg Commander
Unit Navy Intelligence
Battles/wars Operation Northern Watch

Mark Steven Kirk (born September 15, 1959) is the junior United States Senator from Illinois and a member of the Republican Party. Previously, Kirk was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Illinois's 10th congressional district.

Born in Champaign, Illinois, he graduated from Cornell University, the London School of Economics, and Georgetown University Law Center. He practiced law throughout the 1980s and 1990s. He joined the United States Navy Reserve as a Direct Commission Officer in the Intelligence career field in 1989 and was recalled to active duty for the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. He participated in Operation Northern Watch in Iraq the following year. He remains a member of the Navy Reserve, now holding the rank of Commander.

Kirk was elected to the House in 2000. During his fifth term in November 2010 he won two concurrent elections: to finish the final months of former Senator Barack Obama's term and to serve the next six-year term. He was sworn in on November 29, 2010, and began a six-year Senate term in January 2011.3

In January 2012, Kirk suffered a stroke and was hospitalized. His physicians expect long-term physical impairments but not cognitive ones.4

On January 3, 2013, Kirk returned to work as Senator in Washington, D.C., almost a year after his stroke and climbed the steps of the U.S. Capitol. He was greeted by Joe Manchin, Dick Durbin, and Vice President Joe Biden, among others.5

Early life and education

Kirk was born in Champaign, Illinois, the son of Judith Ann (Brady) and Francis Gabriel "Frank" Kirk.678 After graduating from New Trier East High School in 1977 he attended Blackburn College in Carlinville, Illinois for two years, before transferring to Cornell University, where he graduated cum laude with a B.A. in History.9 Kirk later obtained a masters degree from the London School of Economics and a Juris Doctor (J.D.) from Georgetown University Law Center.1011

Teaching career

While Kirk was an undergraduate student at Cornell University he held a work–study job supervising a play group at the Forest Home Chapel nursery school. After getting his masters degree, Kirk taught for one year at a private school in London.1213 He later stated in speeches and interviews that he had been a nursery and middle school teacher. For example, Kirk claimed in a speech to the Illinois Education Association, "As a former nursery school and middle school teacher, I know some of what it takes to bring order to class". However, a member of the Forest Home Chapel said, "He was never, ever considered a teacher [at the nursery school]".12

In discussing problems in the educational system early in his congressional career, Kirk addressed the brevity of his teaching career: “I did leave the teaching profession, but if we had addressed some of the teacher development issues, which I want to raise with you, I might have stayed.”1214

Military service

Kirk was commissioned as an intelligence officer in the United States Navy Reserve in 1989.11

In 1999 Kirk was recalled to active duty in Operation Allied Force for the bombing of Yugoslavia. He served from to April 10 to June 6, 1999 as the intelligence officer of VAQ-209.15 VAQ-209 was combined with three other EA-6B squadrons to form an ad hoc unit called Electronic Attack Wing Aviano, Italy. VAQ-140 had tactical command of the combined unit.16 In May, 2000, the National Military Intelligence Association bestowed the organization's Vice Admiral Rufus L. Taylor Award to Intelligence Division Electronic Attack Wing Aviano, Italy.17

In March and April 2000 Kirk trained with an EC-130 squadron based in Turkey. Kirk took a flight over Iraq as part of Operation Northern Watch, which enforced a no-fly zone over the northern section of Iraq.18

Kirk has served three, two-week reserve deployments in Afghanistan, with the latest concluding in September 2011.19

Awards

During his military career, Kirk has been awarded the following medals: the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal, Navy Achievement Medal, National Defense Service Medal, and the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal, as well as the Joint Meritorious Unit Award, the Navy Unit Commendation, and the Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation. He continues his service in the United States Navy Reserve holding the rank of Commander.20

Kirk corrected claims he had made about being awarded "Navy Intelligence Officer of the Year" after it was brought to the media's attention by his Democratic opponent, Alexi Giannoulias.21 In a 2002 House committee hearing recorded by C-SPAN, Kirk said, "I was the Navy's Intelligence Officer of the Year", an achievement he said gave him special qualifications to discuss national security spending.20 However, in May 2010, the Washington Post reported that Kirk's claim to having been named the Navy's “Intelligence Officer of the Year” was erroneous.22 The National Military Intelligence Association gave the Vice Admiral Rufus L. Taylor Award to the entire Intelligence Division Electronic Attack Wing at Aviano.20 Kirk was the lead intelligence officer for VAQ-209, one of the four squadrons assigned to the Electronic Attack Wing. VAQ-140 had tactical command.16 Kirk later apologized for this and other errors, including a claim made by his office of having participated in Operation Desert Storm when in fact he did not.23

On June 7, 2010, Medal of Honor recipient and advocate of Veteran's benefits, Allen Lynch, deemed Mark Kirk's apologies adequate, and further commented: “To me, in my opinion, it's just a bunch of nit picking. Plus, he's done a christ ton for veterans. So I think this is being blown way out of proportion".24

Service under fire

Controversy regarding Kirk's military record continued as other statements surfaced, such as Kirk stating “the last time I was in Iraq I was in uniform, flying at 20,000 feet, and the Iraqi Air Defense network was shooting at us”. Kirk has since clarified his previous statements, admitting that he was never fired on as he flew over Iraq or Kosovo.25 “I simply misremembered [sic] it wrong”, he told the Chicago Sun-Times, referring to his military record.26

Military politicking

On December 18, 2009, Undersecretary of Defense Gail H. McGinn noted in a memo that Kirk had on two previous active duty periods engaged in politicking—violation of military policy by participating in political activities while on active duty, per Department of Defense regulations. On one occasion Congressman Kirk commented on Rod Blagojevich's arrest and posted a tweet while on duty with the Navy in Afghanistan.27 According to the Pentagon, Kirk was required to sign a statement acknowledging he knew the rules and wouldn't break them again.27

Early political career

Kirk worked on the staff of John Porter, the former holder of Illinois’s 10th congressional district. From 1991 to 1993, Kirk was the Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State in the U.S. State Department. Kirk was an attorney for Baker & McKenzie from 1993 to 1995. In 1995 Kirk was named as a counsel to the House International Relations Committee. He remained counsel to the House International Relations Committee until 1999.11

U.S. House of Representatives

Kirk as a Congressman.

Elections

Kirk was originally elected in 2000 with 51%. He won re-election with comfortable margins in 2002 and 2004. He defeated Dan Seals by a five point margin in 2006, and defeated him again by the same margin in a rematch in 2008.28

Tenure

Kirk was a member of the House Iran Working Group, the founder and co-chair of the House U.S.-China Working Group,29 the co-chair of the Congressional Caucus on Armenian Issues,11 the co-chair of the Albanian Issues Caucus in ex Yugoslavia,30 and a member of the GOP Tuesday Group.31 During his House tenure, he was a member of the House Appropriations Committee.32 Before leaving for the Senate, Kirk had been named to the Appropriations Committee.

During his tenure in the House, Kirk voted for the Waxman-Markey "Cap-and-Trade" bill.3334

Gun control

In June 2008, Kirk introduced H.R. 6257 to reinstate the assault weapons ban of 1994. The bill was co-sponsored by fellow Republicans: Michael Castle, Mike Ferguson, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, and Chris Shays.35 Four years earlier, in February 2004, Kirk had been among 11 Republican and 129 Democrat co-sponsors of H.R. 3831 to reauthorize the ban.36 Both bills died in committee.

Immigration

Kirk attracted controversy by stating that he was not opposed if the immigration process in the United States discriminates against Arab males from certain countries. He stated, "I’m OK with discrimination against young Arab males from terrorist-producing states. I’m OK with that."37

United States Senate

2010 election

On July 20, 2009, Kirk announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate election for the seat held by Roland Burris, which had been held by Barack Obama before his election as president. On February 2, 2010, Kirk won the Republican primary with 56.6 percent of the vote; no other candidate had as much as 20 percent.38 He ran against Democratic nominee Alexi Giannoulias, Green Party nominee LeAlan Jones, and Libertarian nominee Mike Labno. During the Illinois U.S. Senate election campaign in 2010, Kirk and Giannoulias were in a hotly contested debate. Kirk (R) defeated Giannoulias in the election for the full six-year term, getting 48% to Giannoulias's 46%. Kirk changed his position on Cap and Trade legislation during the campaign saying he voted for it "because it was in the narrow interests of my Congressional district", but that as a representative of the entire state of Illinois, "I will vote No on that bill”.39

Tenure

Kirk was sworn-in on November 29, 2010, as the junior Senator from Illinois.40 On December 18, 2010, Kirk voted in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.41 He was one of only two Republicans to oppose legislation to detain American citizens indefinitely.42 Kirk sits at the Senate's coveted Candy Desk.43

Infrastructure advocacy

In his first year in the Senate, Kirk worked along with U.S. Senator Dick Durbin (D–IL) to help mediate a dispute between airlines serving O'Hare International Airport and the City of Chicago in order to Keep the O'Hare Modernization project on Schedule.44 It is estimated the project would create 200,000 jobs and add $18 billion to the regional economy when completed.45

Kirk and Durbin also worked together to bring $186 million in federal funds to support improved rail service from Chicago to St. Louis. The money was originally rejected by the state of Florida but reallocated to Illinois.46

Kirk authored legislation, entitled the Lincoln Legacy Infrastructure Development Act, that sought to eliminate barriers and encourage private investment in roads, transit, airport and rail.47 Several of the provisions in the legislation would later become law under the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (P.L. 112-114), including provisions to eliminate barriers to public-private partnerships for public transportation projects and a boost for the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (TIFA) program.48

Environmental protections for the Great Lakes

Mark Kirk co-chairs the Senate's Great Lakes Task Force, along with Sen. Carl Levin (D-MI), and on June 26, 2013, the two introduced the Great Lakes Ecological and Economic Protection Act (GLEEPA). This legislation authorizes more funds to the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative in their efforts to restore wetlands, control invasive species, and regulate dumping of sewage and other industrial byproducts into the Great Lakes watershed. It also re-authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency's Great Lakes national Program Office and Great Lakes Legacy Act, which addresses dumping of toxic waste.49 Kirk has introduced similar legislation in the past,50 and Kirk has been a longstanding supporter of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' efforts to keep invasive Asian Carp out of the Great Lakes ecosystem.

Illinois debt crisis

Kirk appointed a sovereign debt advisory board to help research the unfunded obligations and unpaid bills contributing to Illinois' debt crisis. He later produced a Report on Illinois Debt highlighting the unsustainable debt the state continued to hold and the need for pension reform.51 Kirk introduced legislation entitled No State Bailouts, S. Res. 188, along with 14 other U.S. Senators, which would ban federal bailouts of financially struggling states. Illinois State Treasurer Dan Rutherford endorsed the legislation.52

Anti-corruption work

Kirk and Representative Robert Dold (R–IL-10) introduced bipartisan legislation to expand qualifications for ending federal pension payouts to elected officials convicted of corruption. The bicameral provision expanded current law to include an additional 22 crimes, and the bill was included in the STOCK Act signed by the President in April 2012.53

LGBT rights

On April 2, 2013, Kirk became the second sitting Republican senator to support same-sex marriage, joining Ohio Senator Rob Portman.54

Kirk is a cosponsor and strong supporter of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) and in November 2013 one of several Republicans to vote in favor of the law, which would prohibit employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.55

Minimum wage

In April 2014, the United States Senate debated the Minimum Wage Fairness Act (S. 1737; 113th Congress). The bill would amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) to increase the federal minimum wage for employees to $10.10 per hour over the course of a two year period.56 The bill was strongly supported by President Barack Obama and many of the Democratic Senators, but strongly opposed by Republicans in the Senate and House.575859 Kirk said he would not vote for the bill or a compromise.59

Caucus memberships

Committee assignments

Personal life

In February 1998, Kirk met his future wife, Kimberly Vertolli, a Naval Intelligence Officer, by chance, while the two were on duty together at the Pentagon.60 “It was supposed to be my weekend off...but Saddam had just thrown out the weapons inspectors and we were preparing for a strike on Baghdad”, Vertolli said, according to Capitol File magazine.6162 The two married in August 2001, when Kirk was 41.63 After eight years of marriage, the two separated, finalizing their divorce in the summer of 2009.

Kirk was earlier engaged to Virginia Hurt Johnson, whom he met while both were practicing law in Washington, D.C., in 1994.64 Johnson became the Republican candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives in the 13th congressional district of North Carolina in 2004. She was Counsel to the House Armed Services Committee and was the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for House Legislative Affairs under Secretaries Rumsfeld and Gates.64

Stroke and recovery

On January 23, 2012, Senator Kirk underwent surgery at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago following a stroke; he underwent neurosurgery to remove two small pieces of brain tissue rendered dysfunctional by the stroke and he had a piece of his cranium temporarily removed to lessen any danger from the brain swelling process. His neurosurgeon, Dr. Fessler,65 expected him to have to spend a lengthy period in inpatient and outpatient stroke rehabilitation, but his cognitive functions, motor skills, and vital functions were largely unaffected by the stroke, save for the fact that his left side has a marked degree of weakness, which may improve during the healing process. Even barring any complications or further cerebrovascular incidents, it would still be months before any decision can be made about returning to the Senate.4

On May 1, 2012, Kirk was sent home from a rehabilitation center. A statement from his family said the Illinois Republican would continue to work on rehabilitation on an outpatient basis, but that he has progressed enough to be able to move home with his family.66 A week later, Kirk’s staff released a video showing Kirk walking on a treadmill and down a hallway at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago as doctors work with him to help fully regain the use of his left side.67 A second video was released in August, showing Kirk is living at his Fort Sheridan, Illinois home, and while his left side still showed impairment, Kirk was walking without aid. According to an aide, his return to the Senate is expected in January 2013.68 On November 4, he participated in a "SkyRise Chicago" challenge to climb the stairs of Willis Tower, successfully completing 37 floors.69

Electoral history

Illinois's 10th congressional district: Results 2000–200828
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct
2000 Lauren Beth Gash 115,924 49% Mark Kirk 121,582 51%
2002 Henry H. Perritt, Jr. 58,300 31% Mark Kirk 128,611 69%
2004 Lee Goodman 99,218 36% Mark Kirk 177,493 64%
2006 Daniel J. Seals 94,278 47% Mark Kirk 107,929 53% *
2008 Daniel J. Seals 138,176 47% Mark Kirk 153,082 53%
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2006, a write-in received 1 vote.
Election 2010 Results70
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mark Kirk 1,778,698 48.0%
Democratic Alexi Giannoulias 1,719,478 46.4%
Green LeAlan Jones 117,914 3.2%
Libertarian Michael Labno 87,247 2.4%
Totals 3,703,337 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

References

  1. ^ "About Mark". U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on July 9, 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Barack Obama, candidate for President, is 'UCC'". United Church of Christ. February 9, 2007. Retrieved December 18, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Sen. Mark Kirk has stroke: Surgery Monday at Northwestern Hospital". Chicago Sun-Times. January 23, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Skiba, Katherine (January 23, 2012). "Sen. Mark Kirk undergoes surgery after suffering stroke". Chicago Tribune. 
  5. ^ "Sen. Kirk to make dramatic return after stroke". USA Today. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Congressman Mark Kirk's father dies of pulmonary fibrosis". Daily Herald. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  7. ^ "President Bush Promotes Kirk to Navy Commander | Congressman Mark Kirk – 10th District, Illinois". Kirk.house.gov. May 3, 2005. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Mark Kirk ancestry". rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  9. ^ Gitlin, Ben. "Mark Kirk '81 Campaigns For Illinois Senate Seat After Winning Primary | The Cornell Daily Sun". Cornellsun.com. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Profile: Mark Kirk trying to expand base well beyond North Shore – Page 2 – Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. January 10, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c d "CBS 2 Voter Guide: Mark Kirk |date-January 1, 2010". CBS2Chicago.com. Retrieved June 22, 2010. dead link
  12. ^ a b c Zeleny, Jeff (June 18, 2010). "School Officials Say Candidate Overstated His Role". New York Times. Retrieved June 21, 2010. 
  13. ^ Sweet, Lynn (June 18, 2010). "Kirk exaggerates teaching; Duncan helps Giannouliase". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  14. ^ Sabella, Jen (June 18, 2010). "Mark Kirk's Teaching Experience 'Overstated,' Says School Representative". Huffington Post. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  15. ^ Gill, Ellen Beth (May 29, 2010). "Let's Take A Look At Kirk's Award With A Former Navy Officer". Deerfield, IL. Retrieved June 25, 2010. 
  16. ^ a b "Electronic Attack Squadron". Vaq140.ahf.nmci.navy.mil. October 1, 1985. Retrieved July 28, 2010. dead link
  17. ^ National Military Intelligence Association 2000 Annual Awards
  18. ^ Sweet, Lynn (June 3, 2010). "More Mark Kirk military embellishments surface, including in Senate ad, on House floor". Chicago, IL: Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 25, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Kirk Delivers Address Following Navy Reserve Assignment in Afghanistan". Kirk.senate.gov. September 6, 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c Smith, R. Jeffrey (May 29, 2010). "Illinois Senate candidate admits claim about military award was inaccurate". Washington, DC: Washington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  21. ^ Pearson, Rick (June 1, 2010). "U.S. Navy alerted Kirk to questions about his military award". Chicago, IL: Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  22. ^ Smith, R. Jeffrey (May 30, 2010). "Illinois Republican Senate candidate admits to error on Navy award". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved August 20, 2010. 
  23. ^ Pearson, Rick (June 3, 2010). "Kirk apologizes, acknowledges more errors in military resume". Chicago, IL: Chicago Tribune. Retrieved Nov 5, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Medal of Honor Allen Lynch on Mark Kirk's Military Record". 
  25. ^ "Kirk Caught Misstating His Military Record Again". Politicalwire.com. June 3, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  26. ^ Pallasch, Abdon (June 4, 2010). "Kirk says he 'misremembered' military record". Chicago, IL: Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  27. ^ a b "Mark Kirk Denies Mixing Politics and Service". CBS News. Associated Press. November 2, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  28. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved January 10, 2008. 
  29. ^ "The Bipartisan U.S.-China Working Group | Congressman Mark Kirk – 10th District, Illinois". Kirk.house.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  30. ^ House Committees, kirk.house.gov
  31. ^ "About Us". Tgpac.com. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Committee Members". Appropriations.house.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  33. ^ Pareene, Alex (February 2, 2011). "Mark Kirk doesn't support regulating carbon anymore, because Al Gore got divorced". Salon.com. 
  34. ^ Weigel, David (February 2, 2011). "The EPA Must Die for Al Gore's Sins". Slate.com. 
  35. ^ H.R. 6257
  36. ^ H.R. 3831
  37. ^ "Kirk 'OK' With Visa Bias Against Some Arab Men". Chicago Sun-Times. CAIR–Chicago. November 6, 2005. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  38. ^ By ALEXANDER BURNS (February 26, 2010). "Morning Score: Land of Lincoln – Alexander Burns". Politico.Com. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  39. ^ Sargent, Greg (September 15, 2009). "GOP Rep Gets Loudly Booed By Right, Performs Creative Flip-Flop". Washington, DC: Washington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  40. ^ "With Kirk's swearing-in, GOP formally claims Obama's old seat". The hill. 
  41. ^ "Senate Vote 281 – Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The New York Times. 
  42. ^ McAuliff, Michael; Bendery, Jennifer (November 29, 2011). "Senate Votes To Let Military Detain Americans Indefinitely, White House Threatens Veto". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  43. ^ Toeplitz, Shira (February 13, 2011). "Mark Kirk: Senate candy man". Politico. 
  44. ^ Meincke, Paul (January 14, 2011). ABC Local http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&id=7899036 |url= missing title (help). 
  45. ^ "O’Hare Modernization Program". 
  46. ^ Illinois Government News Network. "Governor Quinn, Senators Durbin, Kirk Announce $186 Million for Chicago to St. Louis High Speed Rail Funding Rejected by Florida Will Improve Chicago to St. Louis Route". Retrieved October 31, 2012. 
  47. ^ Hilkevitch, John (June 20, 2011). "Kirk unveils plan to ease transit privatization". Tribune Reporter. 
  48. ^ Kessler, Lane, Frederic & Mari (2012-07-16). "MAP - 21: Treatment of Public-Private Partnerships Under Surface Transportation Reauthorization". 
  49. ^ http://magblog.audubon.org/new-bill-would-be-boost-america%E2%80%99s-great-lakes.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  50. ^ http://www.kirk.senate.gov/?p=press_release&id=42.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  51. ^ Yerak, Becky (Oct 11, 2011). "Kirk report diagnoses Illinois' 'unsustainable' debt". Chicago Tribune. 
  52. ^ Illinois Review http://illinoisreview.typepad.com/illinoisreview/2011/05/kirk-to-push-for-no-state-bailouts-resolution.html |url= missing title (help). 
  53. ^ Easley, Jonathan (2012-04-04). The Hill http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/219951-president-signs-stock-act-without-mentioning-tv-expose |url= missing title (help). 
  54. ^ "Republican Sen. Mark Kirk Endorses Marriage Equality". Buzzfeed. April 2, 2013. 
  55. ^ "Mark Kirk Speaks On ENDA Support In First Senate Floor Speech Since Stroke". Huffington Post. November 4, 2013. 
  56. ^ "S. 1737 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  57. ^ Sink, Justin (2 April 2014). "Obama: Congress has 'clear choice' on minimum wage". The Hill. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  58. ^ Bolton, Alexander (8 April 2014). "Reid punts on minimum-wage hike". The Hill. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  59. ^ a b Bolton, Alexander (4 April 2014). "Centrist Republicans cool to minimum wage hike compromise". The Hill. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  60. ^ Sweet, Lynn (May 5, 2006). "Kirk: Lawmakers' wife splits for D.C. – Lynn Sweet". Blogs.suntimes.com. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  61. ^ Capitol File Magazine.
  62. ^ "In the News – Full Article, In the News, News and Events, School of Law, Northwestern University". Law.northwestern.edu. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  63. ^ "Kimberly Vertolli-Kirk Bio.doc" (PDF). Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  64. ^ a b Virginia Johnson for Congress
  65. ^ Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD
  66. ^ Hook, Janet (May 3, 2012). "Sen. Mark Kirk Continues Recovery From Stroke". wsj.com. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  67. ^ Hester, Kerry (May 9, 2012). "Kirk reveals details of late January stroke". Daily Herald. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  68. ^ Strauss, Daniel (December 6, 2012). "Sen. Kirk to return to Capitol Hill in Jan. after recovery from stroke". The Hill. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
  69. ^ Skiba, Katherine (November 4, 2012). "Illinois Sen. Mark Kirk participates in Willis Tower stair climb". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 5, 2012. 
  70. ^ "Election 2010". New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2012. 

External links

United States Senate
Preceded by
Roland Burris
United States Senator (Class 3) from Illinois
2010–present
Served alongside: Dick Durbin
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Chris Coons
D-Delaware
United States Senators by seniority
71st
Succeeded by
Dan Coats
R-Indiana
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Edward Porter
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 10th congressional district

2001–2010
Succeeded by
Robert Dold
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jack Ryan
(withdrew)
Alan Keyes
(general election)
Republican Party nominee for United States Senator from Illinois
(Class 3)

2010
Succeeded by
Current nominee







Creative Commons License