|Motto||Numen Flumenque (Latin)
Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam
|Motto in English||God and the River
For the greater glory of God
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholic (Jesuit)|
|Endowment||US $457.8 million (2013)1|
|President||Rev. Robert A. Wild, S.J. (interim)
Dr. Michael R. Lovell (effective August 1, 2014)
|Provost||Dr. Margaret Faut Callahan (interim)|
|Campus||Urban - 93 acres (37.6 ha)|
|Former names||Marquette College
|Fight song||"Ring Out Ahoya"|
|Athletics||NCAA Division I - BEC|
|Sports||14 Varsity sports teams4
(7 men's and 7 women's)
Marquette University // is a private, coeducational, Jesuit, Roman Catholic university located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Established as Marquette College on August 28, 1881 by the Society of Jesus, it was founded by John Martin Henni, the first Catholic bishop of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee.5 The university was named after 17th century missionary and explorer Father Jacques Marquette, with the intention to provide an affordable Catholic education to the area's emerging German immigrant population.5 Initially an all-male institution, Marquette became the first coed Catholic university in the world in 1909, when it began admitting its first female students.6
Marquette is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities. The university is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and currently has a student body of about 12,000.7 Marquette is one of the largest Jesuit universities in the United States, and the largest private university in Wisconsin.8
Marquette is organized into 11 schools and colleges at its main Milwaukee campus, offering programs in the liberal arts, business, communications, education, engineering, law and various health sciences disciplines.7 The university also administers classes in suburbs around the Milwaukee area and in Washington, DC. While most students are pursuing undergraduate degrees, the university has over 50 doctoral and master's degree programs and 37 graduate certificate programs.7 The university's varsity athletic teams, known as the Golden Eagles, are members of the Big East Conference and compete in the NCAA's Division I in all sports.4 In 2014, U.S. News & World Report ranked Marquette 75th among national universities. Forbes ranked Marquette 87th among American research universities in 2013.2
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Campus
- 4 Student life
- 5 Athletics
- 6 Clubs and organizations
- 7 School songs
- 8 People
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Marquette University was founded on August 28, 1881 as Marquette College by John Martin Henni, the first Catholic bishop of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee.9 With funding from Belgian businessman Guillaume Joseph DeBuey,10 the university was named after 17th century missionary and explorer Father Jacques Marquette, S.J. The highest priority of the newly established college was to provide an affordable Catholic education to the area's emerging German immigrant population. The first five graduates of Marquette College received their bachelor of arts degrees in 1887.6 Between 1891 and 1906, the college employed one full-time lay professor, with many classes being taught by master's students.11 By 1906, Marquette had awarded 186 students the bachelor of arts, 38 the Master of Arts, and one student with a bachelor of science.12
Marquette College officially became a university in 1907, after it became affiliated with a local medical school, and moved to its present location. Johnston Hall, which now houses the university's College of Communication, was the first building erected on the new campus grounds.6 Marquette University High School, formerly the preparatory department of the university, became a separate institution the same year. In 1908, Marquette opened an engineering college and purchased two law schools, which would ultimately become the foundation of its current law program. Initially an all-male institution, Marquette University became the first coed Catholic university in the world, when it admitted its first female students in 1909.6 By 1916 its female students had increased to 375; many other Catholic institutions began adopting similar approaches in their enrollments during the 1910s and 1920s.13
Marquette acquired the Wisconsin College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1913, leading to the formation of the Marquette University School of Medicine. During the 1920s and again during the post-World War II years, Marquette rapidly expanded, opening a new library, athletics facilities, classroom buildings and residence halls. The student population increased markedly as well, met by the construction of buildings for the schools of law, business, dentistry and the liberal arts.6 Marquette is credited with offering the first degree program specializing in hospital administration in the United States, and graduated the first two students in 1927.14 Despite the promising growth of the university, financial constraints led to the School of Medicine separating from Marquette in 1967 to become the Medical College of Wisconsin.15 Marquette's Golden Avalanche football team was also disbanded, and basketball became the leading spectator sport at the university.16
Graduate programs in the liberal arts and sciences, for which planning had begun in the preceding decade, were officially opened in the 1970s.6 In 1977, the university celebrated the victory of their men's basketball team over the University of North Carolina to win the NCAA Championship title.17
In 1994, then-President Rev. Albert J. DiUlio made a controversial decision to discontinue the use of the "Warriors" nickname for the university's sports teams, citing growing pressure on schools to end the use of Native American mascots.18 Backlash from alumni, donors and students ensued, though the administration and Marquette community eventually settled on the nickname, "Golden Eagles." The mascot controversy again boiled over in 2005 when the university's leadership briefly changed the nickname to "the Gold," only to return to the "Golden Eagles" a week later.18
During the 1990s, the university invested heavily in the neighborhood surrounding Marquette with its $50 million Campus Circle Project. It also opened a Washington, D.C.-based study center called the Les Aspin Center for Government, named after the former Secretary of Defense. MBA programs and the College of Professional Studies, with programs aimed at adult education, were also founded during the mid-1990s. In 1996, Rev. Robert A. Wild was installed as the university's 22nd president and shortly thereafter began a fundraising campaign that culminated in a major campus beautification effort and the construction of several major buildings, including a new space for the School of Dentistry.6 The university's growth was also marked by increases in overall enrollment and the highest tests scores for incoming freshmen to date.6
In the early 2000s, Marquette continued to grow, with new residence halls, a library, a School of Dentistry building and athletics facilities. In 2003, the men's basketball team reached the Final Four, boosting the university's exposure on a national level.6 Fundraising efforts in the subsequent years helped the university complete its largest-ever capital campaign, the Magis Campaign, which raised over $357 million by 2006.6
The two largest donations to Marquette University came within the same academic year. The second-largest gift was given by an anonymous couple who have, over time, donated over $50 million to the university. On December 18, 2006, President Rev. Robert A. Wild, S.J. announced that the couple donated $25 million to the College of Engineering.19 Less than five months later, on May 4, 2007, Marquette announced a $51 million gift from Raymond and Kathryn Eckstein that will directly benefit the Marquette University School of Law. The gift is currently the largest amount ever given to a Wisconsin university.20
In April 2010, Marquette University offered a position as dean of the College of Arts and Sciences to Jodi O'Brien, an openly lesbian sociologist. A month later the university rescinded the offer over concerns about her scholarly writing, as it related to Catholic teaching. O'Brien had published works on lesbian sex and same-sex marriage.2122 During the Fall 2013 semester, former Marquette president Rev. Robert A. Wild, S.J. returned to Marquette University as interim president following the resignation of his successor and 22nd president of Marquette, Rev. Scott Pilarz.23
|U.S. News & World Report25||75th|
The university includes 11 schools and colleges: Helen Way Klingler College of Arts and Sciences, College of Business Administration, J. William and Mary Diederich College of Communication, College of Education, College of Engineering, College of Health Sciences, College of Nursing, College of Professional Studies, Graduate School, Marquette University School of Dentistry, and Marquette University Law School. Marquette's largest college by enrollment is the Helen Way Klingler College of Arts and Sciences.27
In 2014, Marquette ranked 75th overall among undergraduate programs for national research universities by U.S. News & World Report.28 The magazine also named Marquette the 7th-best university for military veterans in its 2013 rankings.29
Washington Monthly, another nationally-recognized college ranking source, listed Marquette as 97th among the country's best universities.30 The Center for College Affordability & Productivity in Washington, D.C. ranked Marquette 69th overall, based on professor reviews, graduation rates, student grants, and the success of graduates in their vocations.31 Forbes ranked Marquette 87th among research universities and 176th overall in 2013.32 In 2012, the QS World University Rankings placed Marquette at 601st overall for universities worldwide.33
In its 2013 edition, Princeton Review named Marquette as one of the "Best 376 Colleges in the U.S." and one of the best Midwestern schools.34 Marquette was named to the 2012 list of institutions on the President’s Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll with distinction.34 In 2009, Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine ranked Marquette 44th in the country for best value among private institutions.35 Marquette was also selected as one of 49 schools listed in the 2013 Fiske Guide to Colleges as a "Best Buy School."34
College of Arts & Sciences
For 2014, US News and World Report ranked several of the college's graduate degree programs. Biological sciences at Marquette ranked as 181st overall and the chemistry program was 140th.36 Clinical psychology ranked 79th, psychology ranked 158th, English ranked 98th and history was 110th.36
College of Business Administration and the Graduate School of Management
Overall, Marquette's undergraduate program ranked 77th in BusinessWeek's 2013 rankings.37 U.S. News listed Marquette's undergraduate majors in supply chain management as 16th, finance as 17th, accounting as 23rd and the entrepreneurship program as 24th nationwide.34
College of Engineering
The school's graduate biomedical engineering program was ranked 51st in 2013 by U.S. News & World Report.34
College of Health Sciences
The physical therapy program was ranked 12th in the nation in 2013 by U.S. News & World Report, and the physician assistant program was ranked 42nd.34 The speech-language pathology program was ranked 62nd in the nation in 2013 as well.28
The Marquette Law School ranked among the top 100 schools, according to U.S. News, with its dispute resolution program ranking 7th and its part-time law degree ranking 19th.28 The legal writing program was 22nd overall.34
College of Nursing
In 2012, U.S. News listed the College of Nursing graduate program as the 44th best in the country, while its nursing-midwifery program was 19th nationally.28 The College has one of only five doctorate programs in the U.S. with a "teacher/scholar" focus.39
Marquette is located on a 93-acre (38 ha) campus in the near downtown Milwaukee neighborhood of University Hill, on the former Wisconsin State Fairgrounds. Lake Michigan is roughly one mile east of the edge of campus. The campus stretches 12 blocks east to west and 5 blocks north to south. Wisconsin Avenue, a major thoroughfare in Milwaukee, bisects the campus, placing academic buildings on the south side, and residence halls and other offices and buildings on the north side.40 Named after the university, the Marquette Interchange, where Interstate Highways 43 and 94 intersect, is also close to campus.4142
Outside of the main campus, Marquette also operates an athletics facility called Valley Fields, which is home to stadiums for the track and field, lacrosse and soccer teams. Located in the Menomonee Valley, the facility sits along the banks of the Menomonee River, about one mile south of the main Marquette University campus.43 The university also owns property in Washington, D.C., which houses its Les Aspin Center for Government, a program designed for students interested in careers in public service.44 The Marquette College of Business Administration hosts off-campus graduate classes in Waukesha and Kohler, Wisconsin, though it does not own these classroom properties.4546
|Student Body||U.S. Census48|
|American Indian or Alaskan Native||0.3%||0.9%|
Marquette's 11,749 students come from all 50 states, various U.S. territories, and represent more than 65 countries. 8,293 of these students are undergraduates, while the university's graduate and professional student population is numbered at 3,456.49 29 percent of undergraduate students are from Wisconsin, and 37 percent come from Illinois.50 Marquette University also has a moderate number of law students and dental students.
Marquette administers an Educational Opportunity Program (EOP), a federally funded TRIO program that is intended to motivate and enable low-income and first generation students, whose parents do not have a baccalaureate degree, to enter and succeed in higher education. Eligible students, who potential for success and enroll at Marquette, are provided with a pre-enrollment summer program, a network of supportive services, financial aid assistance, academic counseling, specialized courses, seminars, tutoring and educational and career counseling.52
Throughout the years, Marquette has absorbed many existing buildings in the area, especially for use as residence halls. Some examples of absorbed buildings include Charles Cobeen Hall, a former hotel, and M. Carpenter Tower, an Art Deco building, both constructed in the 1920s on 11th Street that have been converted into undergraduate residence halls. Glenn Humphrey Hall, a student apartment complex that was once the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, and David Straz Tower, which was formerly the Downtown Milwaukee YMCA, and is now a residence hall, recreation center and administrative office building. Mashuda Hall, a sophomore dorm, was once the Coach House Motor Inn, where The Beatles stayed during their tour in 1964.53 Abbottsford Hall served as The Abbottsford Hotel until the university purchased it for use as graduate apartments. It was converted into a freshman residence hall for the 2005–2006 academic year. The university also purchased the Marquette Apartments complex in 2008, and it was remodeled as a sophomore residence hall, renamed McCabe Hall, for the 2009–2010 academic year.54
Of the nine current student residence halls, only three (O'Donnell Hall, Schroeder Hall and McCormick Hall) were originally built by the university.
The Golden Eagle is Marquette's mascot and the school colors are Marquette Blue and Marquette Gold,3 with powder blue incorporated in the 1970s and late 2000s. Marquette is a Division I member of the NCAA and competes in the Big East Conference. The university has 11 varsity teams: basketball, cross-country, men's golf, soccer, track & field, tennis and women's volleyball. In 2013, Marquette will begin competition in varsity men's and women's lacrosse as a member of the Big East. Football was discontinued by the university after the 1960 season for financial reasons. Since joining the Big East in 2005, the Golden Eagles have won conference championships in men's basketball, men's golf and women's soccer. Marquette's athletic rivals include Syracuse,55 Cincinnati,56 DePaul,57 Louisville,58 Notre Dame,59 and Wisconsin.60 In 2009, because of Marquette, Milwaukee was named by CNN as one of America's great college basketball towns.61
Marquette's intercollegiate athletic teams were the "Warriors" from May 1954 to July 1994 when the nickname was changed to the "Golden Eagles", on the grounds that previous logos had been disrespectful to Native Americans. Prior to 1962 Marquette football was known as "Golden Avalanche" and other teams were known as "Warriors," "Blue and Gold," and "Hilltoppers".62 The Marquette Warriors (the nickname that preceded Golden Eagles) won the NCAA basketball championship in 1977.63 In 2004, Marquette began to consider changing the name back to Warriors, but instead the Board of Trustees changed the nickname to simply "Gold". An intensely negative reaction by students, faculty, alumni, and fans led to yet another series of votes, which eventually pitted "Golden Eagles" against "Hilltoppers". Respondents were told in advance that write-in votes for "Warriors" would not be tabulated, although those results were later released, and "Golden Eagles" was restored in June 2005.6364
The university has more than 230 student organizations in various fields of interest. This includes Phi Beta Kappa, an academic honors society for arts and sciences students; Alpha Sigma Nu, an international Jesuit honor society, founded at Marquette in 1915; and Psi Chi. Marquette has over 20 student organizations dedicated to community service and/or social awareness. Some of these include Big Brothers Big Sisters, Gay Straight Alliance, Engineers Without Borders, and Empowerment.65 Marquette's on-campus security is composed of the Department of Public Safety and Student Safety Program employees.6667 Students on campus use services provided by the two organizations, including the LIMO program, an entirely student staffed transportation service, which is the first of its kind in the country.68
Marquette University is host to 23 Greek organizations and, as of 2009, 10% of the total undergraduate student body is active in Greek life.69 Sororities are slightly more popular than fraternities, with 11.7% of the female student population involved in Greek life, compared to 7.45% of men.70 As of 2011, Alpha Xi Delta was Marquette's largest sorority and Kappa Sigma the largest fraternity.71 Currently, the all-Greek grade point average is higher than the all-university average, and members of Marquette Greek organizations contributed over 5,200 hours of volunteer service to the community during the 2010-11 academic year.71
Marquette University Student Government (MUSG) serves as the official voice of the student body to university administration, promotes and sponsors campus events, and supports other student organizations.73 MUSG was formerly known as the Associated Students of Marquette University (ASMU).
Among the various stage performance groups at Marquette are the Studio 013 Refugees, a student improv comedy group. The Refugees perform free shows throughout the year, including a 12 hour outdoor show on campus, and they provide workshops on improv comedy.74 The Marquette University Players Society ("MUPS") is a platform for student-produced theater and performs in a traditional theater setting. In addition to acting, MUPS members also work as stage managers, designers, technicians, ticket sellers and marketing personnel.75
The Marquette University Chorus, the longest standing choral organization on campus, is a mixed choir of fifty to sixty men and women who share their time, talents, and passion for music with others at Marquette and throughout the community.76 There are also Men's Choir, Women's Choir, or Chamber Choir. Marquette also has a Gospel Choir, and Liturgical Choir, which sings weekly at mass at Gesu. There are three selective a cappella groups that interested students may try out for: the coed Gold 'n Blues,77 the all-male Naturals,78 and the all-female Meladies.79 Although the a cappella groups are not affiliated with the Marquette University Music Department, the groups do on and off campus concerts.
Pure Dance is a lyrical and jazz performance group that helps members pursue their interests in dance and choreography in a collegial setting. Dance, Inc. is a group that allows its members to perform in semester showcases, and styles of dance vary.80 Hype Dance company is primarily a hip-hop organization that helps to cultivate an interest in hip-hop, contemporary and jazz style dance.81
The Marquette University Symphony Orchestra provides members with an opportunity to develop and share musical talents through participation in a large-group setting.82 There are also several band ensembles that students may join. The Symphonic Band is a group designed for students who wish to continue to make music at the collegiate level, but in a relaxed setting. There is also the newly established Wind Ensemble, a band which performs high-level wind band repertoire. There are also two jazz bands. Students who are registered and participate actively in the Symphonic Band and Wind Ensemble have the opportunity to participate in the MU Pep Band. The Pep Band plays at all men's and women's basketball home games, continuing on during tournament season, when the bands travel with the basketball teams.82
The student newspaper, The Marquette Tribune, founded in 1916, is the official campus newspaper.83 It is published in print on Tuesdays and Thursdays during the school year. The paper has won multiple regional and national awards for excellence from the Society of Professional Journalists.8485 While most of the 40-person staff are journalism majors, students from varying fields of study write for the paper. A quarterly student produced magazine, the Marquette Journal, focuses on student life, though formerly the Journal was the school's student literary magazine. Like The Marquette Tribune the Journal has won awards from the Society of Professional Journalists86
Marquette Radio and MUTV, the student radio and television stations, were launched in the late-1960s to mid-1970s. MUTV airs student-produced programs, including newscasts, sports shows, and entertainment shows. Marquette Radio also airs student-produced shows with focuses on music, sports, news, and talk. Hilltop was Marquette's university-wide yearbook from 1915 to 1999. The publication, in its 84 years of existence, totaled over 30,000 pages in 82 volumes. Students' color-plate sketches were often highly detailed, humorous or dramatic, and appropriate examples of contemporary artwork. In April 2006, Marquette's librarians completed a digitally-archived collection of Hilltop.87
The school songs, "The Marquette University Anthem" and the "Marquette University Fight Song," are generally sung by students and alumni during basketball games, accompanied by the pep band. However, the former is often played using the carillon bells of the Marquette Hall bell tower.88 "The Marquette University Anthem," as it was originally known, is now referred to almost exclusively as "Hail Alma Mater." The tune was written by Liborius Semmann, a music teacher from Wisconsin.
The Fight Song is more commonly referred to as "Ring Out Ahoya," although the actual meaning of the word "Ahoya" is open to a great deal of debate. One leading theory is that the call of "Ahoya" was often made by sailors on the Potomac river while passing Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., hence Georgetown getting its nickname of "Hoyas." The cheer was then relayed from priests and professors moving between the two Jesuit universities. The lur horn or long tuba of the modern pep band sounds a traditional ship's signal during the "Ring Out Ahoya". Origin by this Celtic long tuba player is "Buailim a Hora? Hoig a Marquette!"
As of April 2013, the Marquette University Alumni Association estimates that there are approximately 110,000 living alumni, all of whom automatically belong to the MUAA.89 Marquette alumni work in a variety of industries and professions, and many have received Pulitzer Prizes,90 Fulbright Scholarships,91 Truman Scholarships,92 Academy Awards,93 Emmy Awards94 and other major honors.
Those in the arts and media include comedian Chris Farley and his brother Kevin,95 actor Danny Pudi,96 and composer Paul W. Whear.97 Other accomplished alumni in the field include Tony Award-winning actor Anthony Crivello,98 Academy Award-winning actor Don Ameche,93 Oscar-nominated production designer Adam Stockhausen,99 Sports Illustrated columnist Steve Rushin,100 and Chicago Cubs broadcaster Len Kasper.100
Marquette alumni in the business world include former Sears chairman Edward Brennan,101 Texas Instruments co-founder Patrick E. Haggerty,102 and Mary Houghton, founder of ShoreBank, once the largest and oldest community development bank in the country.103
Those involved in politics include Wisconsin Circuit Court judge, U.S. Senator and communist witch hunter Joseph McCarthy,104 first Latino member of the Wisconsin State Assembly Pedro Colón,105 U.S. Representative Gwen Moore, Annette Ziegler, a justice on the Wisconsin Supreme Court,106 and U.S. Ambassadors John F. Tefft and Kenneth M. Quinn.107108 Current Governor of Wisconsin Scott Walker attended Marquette in the 1980s, but left during his senior year to pursue a full-time job. He never returned to college.109 Despite the great distance from Milwaukee to the Pacific Ocean, several prominent Pacific Islander politicians attended Marquette, including two governors of Guam, Felix and Carlos Camacho,110 former Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands Froilan Tenorio111 and former Senator of Guam Tony Palomo.112
Notable athletes who attended Marquette include professional basketball players Jae Crowder,113 Maurice "Bo" Ellis,114 Don Kojis,115 Wesley Matthews,116 Allie McGuire,117 Dean Meminger,118 and Tony Miller.119 Los Angeles Clippers coach Glenn "Doc" Rivers and former college basketball coach Rick Majerus both graduated from the school as well.102 Olympic medalists include track and field athletes Ralph Metcalfe,120 Ken Wiesner,121 and John Bennett; speedskater Brian Hansen;122 and basketball players Frank McCabe121 and Dwyane Wade, who attended Marquette through his junior year, but entered the NBA Draft before graduating.123
The following is a list of notable members of the Marquette University faculty, both past and present:
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- Held, Tom (August 17, 2008). "Marquette Interchange construction was a smooth ride". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- "Facilities". Marquette University Official Athletic Site. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "About the Les Aspin Center". Les Aspin Center. Marquette University. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Waukesha MBA Curriculum". Marquette University College of Business Administration. Marquette University. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- "Kohler MBA Curriculum". Marquette University College of Business Administration. Marquette University. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
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- See Demographics of the United States for references.
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- "Big East rivals Syracuse, Marquette meet in Elite Eight". Fox News. March 29, 2013. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- "Cincinnati 77, Marquette 63". Sports Illustrated. March 9, 2002. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Born, Jacob (February 5, 2013). "Golden Eagles snap three game skid against rival DePaul". Marquette Tribune. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
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- Rhode, John B. (1994). "The Mascot Name Change Controversy: A Lesson in Hypersensitivity". Marquette Sports Law Review 5 (1).
- Powell, Robert Andrew (May 18, 2005). "At Marquette, Hawks Don't Fly and Gold Doesn't Glitter". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Hirsley, Michael (June 30, 2005). "Golden Eagles voted back in at Marquette". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- "Student Organizations List". Marquette.edu. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- DPS "Department of Public Safety | Marquette University". Marquette.edu. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- "SSP". Marquette.edu. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
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- "Spring 2009 Greek Report". Marquette University Office of Student Development. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
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- "About Alpha Omega Epsilon". Alpha Omega Epsilon website. Retrieved January 10, 2010. "The sorority was founded on November 13, 1983...on the Marquette University Campus"
- "Marquette University Student Government | Who We Are". Musg.mu.edu. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- Mahne, Jessie (15 Oct 2009). "Some choose to live like refugees". Marquette Tribune. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
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