Maryborough, Queensland

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Maryborough
Queensland
MaryBorough CityHall.jpg
Maryborough City Hall, built in 1908, on Kent Street.
Maryborough is located in Queensland
Maryborough
Maryborough
Coordinates 25°32′15″S 152°42′7″E / 25.53750°S 152.70194°E / -25.53750; 152.70194Coordinates: 25°32′15″S 152°42′7″E / 25.53750°S 152.70194°E / -25.53750; 152.70194
Population 21,501 (2006)1
Established 1847
Elevation 11.0 m (36 ft)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
Location
LGA(s) Fraser Coast Region
State electorate(s) Maryborough
Federal Division(s) Wide Bay
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.9 °C
80 °F
15.3 °C
60 °F
1,155.6 mm
45.5 in

Maryborough /ˈmɛrəbərə/2 is a city located on the Mary River in Queensland, Australia, approximately 255 kilometres (160 mi) north of the state capital, Brisbane. The city is served by the Bruce Highway, and has a population of approximately 22,000 (2004). It is closely tied to its neighbour city Hervey Bay which is approximately 30 kilometres (20 mi) northeast. Together they form part of the area known as the Fraser Coast. The city was the location for the 2013 Australian Scout Jamboree.

History

Maryborough was founded in 1847, was proclaimed a municipality in 1861, and became a city in 1905.3 During the second half of the 1800s, the city was a major port of entry to immigrants arriving in Queensland from all parts of the world.4

The name was derived from the Mary River which was named in 1847 after Lady Mary Lennox (1790–1847)5 the wife of Sir Charles Augustus Fitzroy, then Governor of the colony of New South Wales. Lady Mary was killed in a coach accident very soon after, devastating Sir Charles.

Maryborough railway station was opened in 1882 after a branch into Maryborough was built from the North Coast railway line.

Pneumonic Plague

Australia's only outbreak of pneumonic plague occurred in Maryborough in 1905.6 At the time Maryborough was Queensland's largest port — a reception centre for wool, meat, timber and other rural products. A freighter from Hong Kong, where plague was rampant, was in the port of Maryborough about the time that a wharf worker named Richard O'Connell took home some sacking from the wharf, for his children to sleep on. Subsequently, five of the seven O'Connell children, two nurses, and a neighbour died from the disease. Fortunately, there were no more cases but the ensuing fear, panic, and hysteria totally consumed the town, and a huge crowd gathered to witness the family’s house being burnt to the ground by Health officials. A memorial fountain was built in the grounds of the City Hall and dedicated to the nurses, Cecelia Bauer and Rose Wiles.7

War memorial

Maryborough War Memorial, circa 1922
Maryborough War Memorial, 2008

The foundation stone of Maryborough War Memorial was laid on 22 May 1921 by Lieutenant Colonel James Durrant. It was dedicated on 19 November, 1922.8

Heritage listings

Maryborough has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Economy and industry

Maryborough's Post Office Hotel on Wharf Street, one of the city's many heritage buildings.
A new train for Brisbane's suburban network sits next to an older refurbished unit at Downer Rail's facility in Maryborough

Tourism plays a significant part in the economy of the city today. Maryborough is the self-styled Heritage City of Queensland and holds heritage markets each Thursday. The city has many preserved 19th and 20th century buildings including the General Post Office and Customs House.

The main industrial company in the city today is Downer Rail, formerly Walkers Limited, a heavy engineering business which has built much of the rolling stock and locomotives for Queensland Rail and in past years was involved in shipbuilding. Downer Rail, together with Bombardier Transportation, built and tested Transperth's relatively modern B-Series trains in Maryborough, which were launched in Perth in late 2004.

Maryborough's income also comes from numerous farming and station prospects in and around the city and has a healthy fishing industry. The city also has had traditional ties to the timber industry and is home to Hyne & Son one of the largest producers of natural timber products in Australia.

Maryborough was once a prominent centre of railway and tramway operations, including a branch to the wharf on the Mary River.4445

See Maryborough West railway station for information on both railway stations in Maryborough.

Education

Primary

There are numerous primary schools in Maryborough. Some include: State

Private

Secondary

State High

Private

Tertiary

Ecology

Maryborough's environment supports rare and endangered terrestrial and aquatic fauna including the Mary River Turtle.46

Climate

Climate data for Maryborough
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.4
(101.1)
38.8
(101.8)
36.6
(97.9)
34.0
(93.2)
31.5
(88.7)
29.4
(84.9)
28.5
(83.3)
33.1
(91.6)
34.1
(93.4)
39.4
(102.9)
37.5
(99.5)
40.6
(105.1)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 30.7
(87.3)
30.2
(86.4)
29.2
(84.6)
27.4
(81.3)
24.6
(76.3)
22.4
(72.3)
22.0
(71.6)
23.4
(74.1)
25.6
(78.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.3
(84.7)
30.5
(86.9)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.6
(61.9)
13.0
(55.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.6
(47.5)
9.3
(48.7)
12.1
(53.8)
15.4
(59.7)
17.8
(64)
19.7
(67.5)
15.3
(59.5)
Record low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
14.4
(57.9)
11.8
(53.2)
6.7
(44.1)
2.2
(36)
−0.6
(30.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.5
(34.7)
4.6
(40.3)
8.2
(46.8)
12.2
(54)
−1.4
(29.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 165.6
(6.52)
174.7
(6.878)
157.9
(6.217)
87.4
(3.441)
78.5
(3.091)
67.5
(2.657)
52.3
(2.059)
40.6
(1.598)
42.8
(1.685)
73.7
(2.902)
85.0
(3.346)
129.4
(5.094)
1,155.1
(45.476)
Avg. precipitation days 13.1 13.8 14.5 11.8 10.6 8.3 7.1 6.2 6.4 7.9 9.0 10.7 119.4
Source: 47

Notable people

Maryborough is the birthplace of P.L.Travers, author of the Mary Poppins books, who moved to Bowral at age eight.48 Her father managed a bank, the Australian Joint Stock Bank, in the building where, in a room on the second story, she was born. This is in the centre of town and still in use, no longer as a bank but as a retail shop. A life-size bronze statue of Mary Poppins, as P.L. Travers described her, complete with umbrella was erected outside the old bank premises at 331 Kent Street, on the corner of Richmond Street, in 2005. It is now one of Maryborough's most famous and photographed icons.49

Maryborough is also the birthplace of the late Mary Hansen of Stereolab, whose father Brendan Hansen represented Maryborough on the Maryborough City Council, Queensland State Parliament, and Federal Parliament.

Rugby league player Maurice Blair was born in Maryborough.

Former NBL player and now Basketball Australia CEO Larry Sengstock was also born here.

Former Ironman Grant Kenny was born in Maryborough in 1963.

It is also the birthplace of Brisbane Lions premiership ruckman Jamie Charman.

Queensland Chief Justice Paul de Jersey grew up in Maryborough, where his father was the headmaster of Albert State School.

Maryborough is the birthplace also of Olympic swimming medalists David Theile and Robert Cusack, both of whom were coached by another Maryborough Olympian, Arthur Cusack.

Maryborough is the birthplace and hometown of Queensland Bulls cricket player, Gavin Fitness who began his cricketing career at a young age.

A number of Australian hockey representatives have come from Maryborough including Jenny Morris, John McBryde, Don McWatters, Mark Hagar, and Clover Maitland.

Three time world (WDFPF) benchpress champion Nathan Flick grew up in Maryborough.

Prolific Australian record producer and musician Mark Moffatt was born and educated in Maryborough.

Author and prominent political journalist Margo Kingston was born in Maryborough and raised in Mackay.

Rugby League side

Maryborough's premier rugby league side is the Maryborough Wallaroos, which competes in the Bundaberg Rugby League competition. The team won the Bundaberg competition in 2009, won the Fraser Coast Rugby League competition in 2010 and 2011 after moving back into that competition and will now contest the reserve grade final in the Bundaberg competition against Past Brothers.

Sister city

Maryborough has one sister city, according to the Australian Sister Cities Association.

See also


References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Maryborough (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "QUEENSLAND.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 6 January 1905. p. 7. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Harbour facilities". Fraser Coast Regional Council. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Queensland Place Names Search Queensland Government Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Water
  6. ^ "Wide Bay Hospitals Museum Society". Fraser Coast Regional Council. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Bauer and Wiles Memorial Fountain
  8. ^ "Maryborough War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "St Pauls Anglican Church and Hall (entry 15480)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  10. ^ "St Marys Roman Catholic Church (entry 15467)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  11. ^ "Post Office Hotel (entry 15466)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  12. ^ "Lamington Bridge (entry 15496)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  13. ^ "Maryborough Boys Grammar School (former) (entry 15472)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  14. ^ "Maryborough Central State School (entry 16027)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  15. ^ "Royal Hotel (entry 15475)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  16. ^ "Royal Bank (former) (entry 15474)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  17. ^ "Hotel Francis (former) (entry 15471)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  18. ^ "Queensland National Bank (former) (entry 15469)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  19. ^ "Australian Joint Stock Bank (former) (entry 15468)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  20. ^ "Maryborough City Hall (entry 15473)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  21. ^ "School of Arts (entry 15476)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  22. ^ "Maryborough Railway Station Complex and Air Raid Shelter (entry 15477)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  23. ^ "Brennan & Geraghtys Store & two adjacent buildings and stables (entry 15479)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  24. ^ "Ilfracombe (entry 15478)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  25. ^ "Engineers' Arms Hotel (former) (entry 15470)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  26. ^ "Oonooraba (entry 15482)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  27. ^ "Eskdale (entry 15481)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  28. ^ "Baddow House (entry 15465)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  29. ^ "Customs House and Residence (former) (entry 15484)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  30. ^ "Maryborough Court House (entry 15489)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  31. ^ "Maryborough Heritage Centre (entry 15486)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  32. ^ "Original Maryborough Town Site (entry 19513)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  33. ^ "Second World War RAAF Buildings, Maryborough Airport (entry 19674)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  34. ^ "Queen's Park (entry 15483)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  35. ^ "Maryborough Base Hospital (entry 16643)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  36. ^ "Mortuary Chapel (entry 15464)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  37. ^ "Government Bond Store (former) (entry 15491)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  38. ^ "Maryborough Waterside Workers' Hall (entry 15492)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  39. ^ "Criterion Hotel (entry 15494)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  40. ^ "Gataker's Warehouse Complex (entry 15493)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  41. ^ "Customs House Hotel (entry 15490)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  42. ^ "Maryborough Government Office Building (entry 15488)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  43. ^ "Shop, 134 Wharf Street, Maryborough (entry 15495)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  44. ^ Armstrong, J. "The Railways of Maryborough". Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin (August, 1966): 170–182. 
  45. ^ "The Maryborough Wharf Branch". Australian Railway History (September, 2007): 329–332;366–368. 
  46. ^ "The Serious Side". Mary River Festival. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  47. ^ "Climate statistics for". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  48. ^ Gibson, Lisanne; Joanna Besley (2004). Monumental Queensland: Signposts On A Cultural Landscape. University of Queensland Press. p. 179. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  49. ^ "Mary Poppins Statue". Mary Poppins Festival. Fraser Coast Regional Council. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 

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