|Nickname(s): The Sports Capital of India|
|• Mayor||Mr. Harikant Ahluwalia (BJP)|
|• Metropolitan City||141.89 km2 (54.78 sq mi)|
|• Metro||177.57 km2 (68.56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||224.659 m (737.070 ft)|
|• Metropolitan City||1,309,023|
|• Density||9,200/km2 (24,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91- 121- XXXX XXXX|
Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.3 It is an ancient city with settlements dating back to the Indus Valley civilization having been found in and around the area. The city lies 70 km (43 mi) northeast of the national capital New Delhi, and 453 km (281 mi) northwest of the state capital, Lucknow.4 It is the second largest city in the National Capital Region of India (the largest being Delhi), and as of 2011 the 33rd most populous urban agglomeration and the 26th most populous city in India.56 It ranked 292 in 2006 and is projected to rank 242 in 2020 in the list of largest cities and urban areas in the world.7 The municipal area (as of 2001) is 141.89 km2 (54.78 sq mi)8 with the cantonment covering 35.68 km2 (3,568.06 ha).9 The city is one of the largest producers of sports goods, and the largest producer of musical instruments in India. It is also the largest producers of bicycle rickshaw in world.citation needed The city is also an education hub in western Uttar Pradesh.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Mythology
- 4 Climate
- 5 Geography
- 6 Meerut Cantonment
- 7 Development
- 8 Economy
- 9 Civic administration
- 10 Transport
- 11 Demographics
- 12 Culture
- 13 Film and television
- 14 Education
- 15 Media
- 16 Tourist destinations
- 17 See also
- 18 References
- 19 Further reading
- 20 External links
The city may have derived its name from Maya Rashtra, the capital of the kingdom of Mayasura, Mandodari's father and Ravana's father-in-law. This name may have mutated to Mairashtra, Mai-dant-ka-khera, Mairaath and eventually Meerut.1011
According to another version, Maya(sura), being a distinguished architect, received from King Yudhisthira the land on which the city of Meerut now stands and he called this place Mayarashtra, a name which in the course of time became shortened to Meerut. Tradition also has it that the city formed a part of the dominions of Mahipala, the king of Indraprastha, and the word Meerut is associated with his name.12
After the archaeological excavations at ‘Vidura-ka-tila’, a collection of several mounds named after Vidura, in 1950–52, a site 37 km (23 miles) north-east of Meerut, it was concluded to be remains of the ancient city of Hastinapur, the capital of Kauravas and Pandavas of Mahabharata, which was washed away by Ganges floods.131415
Meerut also contained a Harappan settlement known as Alamgirpur. It was also the easternmost settlement of the Indus valley civilisation. Meerut had been a centre of Buddhism in the period of Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (r. 273 BC to 232 BC.), and remains of Buddhist structures were found near the Jama Masjid in the present day city.16 The Ashoka Pillar, at Delhi ridge, next to the ‘Bara Hindu Rao Hospital’, near Delhi University, was carried to Delhi from Meerut, by Firuz Shah Tughluq (r. 1351–1388);141718 it was later damaged in a 1713 explosion, and restored in 1867.19
In the eleventh century AD, the south-west part of the district was ruled by Har Dat, the Dor Raja of Bulandshahr who built a fort, which was long known for its strength and finds mention in Ain-i-Akbari.20 He was later defeated by Mahmud Ghazni in 1018. A prominent local landmark, the Jama Masjid, dates from this period and is said to have been built by Mahmud's vizir. Shortly after its capture the city was regained by the local Hindu Raja and part of his fortifications, built for the city’s defence, survived until recent times. The first big invasion on the city came later in 1192 AD, from Mohammad Ghori, when his general Qutb-ud-din Aybak attacked the city, and a much worse fate lay ahead for the district, which came with the invasion of Timur in 1398, during which the Rajputs offered a tough resistance at the fort of Loni, where he fought the Sultan of Delhi, Muhammad Tughlaq. But, eventually they were all defeated and all the 1,00,000 prisoners his army had taken in since his invasion of India were massacred, according to Timur’s own accounts in Tuzk-e-Taimuri.21 Thereafter he went on to attack Delhi, where he again massacred the local population, and returned to attack Meerut town, then ruled by an Afghan chief, Ilias, and took the city in two days, leading to widespread devastation, before heading north once again.22
The city then came under the rule of the Mughal Empire and saw a period of relative tranquility.22 During the rule of Mughal Emperor, Akbar the Great (r. 1556–1605), there was a mint for copper coins here.16 During the decline of the Mughal Empire, after the death of Aurangzeb, the city came effectively under the control of local chieftains, the Saiyids of Muzaffarnagar in the north, the Jats in the south-east, and the Gujars along the Ganges and in the south-west. The city saw Sikh and Maratha invasions in the 18th century, with interruptions by Jats and Rohillas. Walter Reinhardt, an English soldier, established himself at Sardhana and some parts of the district came under his rule. Upon his death, they came into the hands of Begum Samru. During this time, the southern part of the district had remained under Maratha rule. In 1803, with the fall of Delhi, Daulat Rao Scindia of the Marathas ceded the territory to the British. The city was made headquarters of the eponymous district in 1818.222324
Meerut is famously associated with the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the British East India Company.25 The famous slogan "Dilli Chalo" ("Let's march to Delhi!") was first raised here. Meerut cantonment is the place where the rebellion started when Hindu and Muslim soldiers were given rifle cartridges rumoured to have a coating made of animal fat. The bullet wrapping was to be opened by mouth before use, which affected the religious sensibilities of both Muslims and Hindus as the fat used was alleged to be derived from lard and tallow; cows are held sacred by Hindus and Muslims consider the pig unclean. Meerut soldiers set fire to the bungalows of the English.
During this revolt, Meerut leapt into international prominence, when on 24 April 1857 eighty-five of the ninety troopers of the 3rd Cavalry refused to touch the cartridges and after court-martial were sentenced to ten years imprisonment. On Sunday, 10 May 1857, Kotwal Dhan Singh Gurjar opened the gates of the prison. These soldiers, along with other imprisoned soldiers escaped prison and declared themselves free, revolted, attacked and killed several of the British authorities to take the city in their control. This marked the beginning of a widespread revolt across northern India as these soldiers marched towards Delhi. 10 May is still celebrated as a local holiday in Meerut.26
Meerut was also the venue of the controversial Meerut Conspiracy Case in March 1929, in which several trade unionists, including three Englishmen, were arrested for organising Indian-rail strike. This immediately caught attention back in England, inspired the 1932 play titled Meerut Prisoners, by Manchester street theatre group, the 'Red Megaphones', highlighting the detrimental effects of colonisation and industrialisation27 Electricity was brought to Meerut in 1931.23 In the 1940s, Meerut cinemas had a "Don't Move" policy during playing of the British national anthem.citation needed The last session of the Indian National Congress before Indian independence was held at Victoria Park in Meerut on 26 November 1946. It was in this session that the Constitution-making committee was constituted.28
The city and district also suffered from communal (Hindu-Sikh) riots in 198429 and (Hindu-Muslim) riots in 198230 and in 1987, during which the Hashimpura massacre took place, in May 1987, when personnel of the Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) allegedly shot dead 42 Muslims, the trial of the case is still pending.3132 In 2006, a fire at a consumer electronics "Brand India" fair in Victoria Park Stadium killed over 100 people. But, according to some unofficial sources,who? the number of affected people is pegged at more than 200.
- Meerut was founded as Mayarashtra (lit. Maya's country) by Maya, who was the father of Mandodari, Ravana's wife in the Ramayana.33 Meerut was the capital of Maya.34 Thus the city is also known as 'Ravan Ki Sasural' literally meaning "Ravana's wife's home". There is an old Chandi Devi temple in the compound of Nauchandi ground. It is believed that Ravan's wife Mandodari used to come here to worship Goddess Chandi and since then every year a fate (Nauchandi Mela) is held in sacred days of Navratri ( also called days of Goddess )
- In the Ramayana, Shravan Kumar carried his feeble parents on his shoulders to all the pilgrimage sites in India, but it is believed that when he passed through Meerut, he put down his parents for a while to rest and drink. It was here that Lord Rama's father, King Dasharatha, mistook Shravan Kumar for a deer and accidentally shot him dead with an arrow. Shravan Kumar's parents cursed the king that he too would suffer and die due to separation from his son as they died.
Meerut has a monsoon influenced humid subtropical climate characterised by very hot summers and very cold winters. Summers last from early April to late June during and are extremely hot, with temperatures reaching 43 °C (109 °F).3 The monsoon arrives in late June and continues till the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover but with higher humidity. Temperatures rise again in October and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March3 The lowest temperature ever recorded is −0.4 °C (31.3 °F), recorded on Sunday, 6 January 2013.35 Rainfall is about 80 cm to 100 cm per annum, which is suitable for growing crops. Most of the rainfall is received during the monsoon. Humidity varies from 30 to 100%.3 The city receives no snow.
|Climate data for Meerut|
|Record high °C (°F)||29
|Average high °C (°F)||20.6
|Average low °C (°F)||7.9
|Record low °C (°F)||0
|Rainfall mm (inches)||24
|Avg. rainy days||2||1||1||0||1||3||9||11||4||1||0||0||33|
|Source #1: Department of Meteorology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India36|
|Source #2: climate-data.org37|
The city lies between the plains of the Ganges and those of the Yamuna. In area Meerut District covers 2,522 km2 (974 sq mi), which is larger than Delhi (Delhi covers an area of 1,484 km2 [573 sq mi]), but in population Meerut had population of 3,443,689, which is three times less than Delhi.
Meerut Cantonment was established by the British East India Company in 1803 after the Battle of Laswari. It is the second largest cantonment of India both in land area (3568.06 hectares) and population (90521 people as per 2001 census).citation needed The Revolt of 1857 started from "Kali Paltan" in Meerut Cantonment and Indian soldiers stationed here actively participated in the rebellion.49 The cantonment surrounds the old city from 3 sides – from Pallavpuram to Sainik Vihar to Ganga Nagar.38 It is well connected with the rest of country by roads as well as by rail. The Delhi Niti Paas Road (State Highway No. 45) passes through Meerut Cantonment.9 Meerut cantonment was the divisional headquarter of the 7th (Meerut) Division of the British Indian Army from 1829 to 1920.
Soldiers from the cantonment have actively participated in the Battle of Ypres, both the 1st and 2nd Battles of El Alamein, France, Burma Campaign, the Indo-Pak Wars, Bangladesh Liberation War and Kargil War. Its battalions and officers have shown great courage and have got many honours.citation needed
Meerut is the 63rd-fastest-growing urban area in the world.39 It is the 14th fastest developing city in India. A June 2011 report by U.S. financial services firm Morgan Stanley gave Meerut the 5th spot on the "vibrancy" index, ahead of Delhi and Mumbai.40 Meerut ranked second on both the financial penetration index, which measures things like the presence of ATMs and bank branches, and on the consumption index, indicating the city’s transformation into an urban town. While the city ranked in the bottom 10 in job creations, the report suggests that overall there are plenty of signs of "potential for urbanisation," including future employment opportunities.41 The infrastructure segment of Meerut is currently going through a boom phase with many new projects coming up in and around the city.4243 There are many new buildings, shopping complexes, malls, roads, flyovers and apartments coming up.
Delhi-Meerut expressway is expected to be completed by 2013, although there have been several delays to this plan over the past decade.44 The Upper Ganga Canal Expressway is also under development. A five star hotel, in Greenwood City, at Baghpat road bypass crossing and a three star hotel at Delhi road near Rithani are under construction.citation needed
Meerut is one of the important industrial towns of western Uttar Pradesh.3 It is traditionally known for handloom works and scissors industry.45 Meerut was one of the first cities in northern India where publishing was set up during the 19th century. It was a major center of commercial publishing during 1860s and 1870s.46
Meerut is a rich agricultural area with such pockets of land that do not fit in for crop purpose. Being in the proximity of Delhi, it is ideal for industry. It is home to 520 micro, small and medium scale industries.47 As of August 2006[update], Meerut has about 23,471 industrial units, including 15,510 small-scale units and 7,922 cottage industries.48
Existing industries in the city include tyres, textile, transformer, sugar, distillery, chemical, engineering, paper, publishing, and sports goods manufacture.454947 Prospective industries include IT and ITES.50 The city is home to some prominent regional pharmaceuticals companies like Perk Pharmaceuticals Limited, Mankind Pharma & Bestochem.51 Meerut is one of the major manufacturing regions for sports goods in India.515253 The city is especially famous for the manufacture of cricket goods with SG being the largest Indian cricket goods manufacturer and exporter operating in Meerut.54 Meerut is also a hub of gold design in India. Meerut is also the largest manufacturer of musical instruments in India.5152 Meerut is also home to a battle gear and armoury industry which produces gear for use in Hollywood films and television series. Notable uses have been in the movies Gladiator, 300 and the television series Spartacus: Blood and Sand. The industry is pegged to be around 25 crore (US$3.8 million) per annum.55
Uttar Pradesh State Industrial Development Corporation (UPSIDC) has two industrial estates in the city, namely Partapur and Udyog Puram.5657 Mohkampur industrial area is a private initiative. Paschimanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd has unrestricted power at Partapur, Udyogpuram and Mohkampur industrial areas. Bhur Baral industrial area is under development. 1200 hectares of land is available for industrial development. Identified industrial areas are at Shatabdi nagar, Delhi road, Baghpat road, Roorkee road, Mawana road, Parikshitgarh (Kila) road, Garh road, Gagol road (identified by UPSIDC) and Hapur road. 2000 hectares of land is being proposed for industrial development near Delhi–Meerut expressway. Nipro Glass from Japan has set up a large glass plant for medical use. Investment from outside Meerut has started pouring in as Delhi–Mumbai freight corridor and east freight corridor will be intersecting very near to Meerut, making it a cost effective destination for setting up industries.citation needed
GAIL Gas Ltd is laying infrastructure for piped CNG throughout the city for industrial, domestic and transport use. Some areas such as Supertech, Panchwati, Devlok Puri on Delhi Road have already been connected and extension to Shastri Nagar and Jagriti Vihar is planned for 2013.58
Aside shops representing a range of well-known brands, car showrooms, hotels, bars and clubs, the city's gold market is one of Asia’s largest, employing over 25,000 skilled craftsmen and processing around 60 kilograms of the precious metal per day.59 The city has over 40 BIS Hallmark showrooms.clarification needed
The city has a number of shopping malls, including PVS Mall in Shastri-Nagar, Melange Mall in Pallavpuram and Era Mall on Delhi Road. A number of other malls are expected to open soon.
Meerut has shown healthy numbers in terms of revenue generation. In 2005–06, Meerut occupied the fifth slot and contributed Rs 10,306 crore to the direct tax collection. It slipped to number six in 2006–07 when the revenue collection at Rs 11,203 crore was 18% lower than the target of Rs 13,627 crore. According to statistics compiled by the Income Tax department, Meerut contributed a Rs.10,089 crore to the national treasury in 2007/08, overall it was ranked 9th outperforming Lucknow, Jaipur, Bhopal, Kochi and Bhubaneshwar.60
The city is administered by Meerut Municipal Corporation, which is responsible for performing civic administrative functions. Infrastructure development of the city is looked after by the Meerut Development Authority (MDA).
Meerut it is the headquarter of NCR Zone and upwest zone A of Police. An ADG and a secretary level IAS officer cover west U.P.zone. Both the officers look after the legal and developmental condition and system of Western Uttar Pradesh from Meerut for 6 Division of western Uttar Pradesh, namely Meerut, Agra, Bareily Moradabad, Saharanpur and Aligarh under West Zone, and Meerut Division with Saharanpur is in NCR Zone. A DIG looks after Meerut for legal condition and law, Commissioner also looks for 6 district of Meerut Division.citation needed
The office of the Chief Commissioner, Customs & Central Excise, Meerut Zone, has jurisdiction over 13 districts of Uttrakhand and 14 districts of Uttar Pradesh. This jurisdiction was carved out of the Lucknow Zone. It comprises the erstwhile Customs & Central Excise Commissionerates of Meerut & Noida. The Meerut Commissionerate was bifurcated into two Commissionerates, namely, ‘Meerut-I and Ghaziabad’ and the Noida Commissionerate was bifurcated into ‘Noida and Meerut-II’. In addition, jurisdiction of Central Excise Division Bareilly was included in the jurisdiction of Meerut-II Commissionerate.62
The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport which is about 100 km away.
The Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar airstrip is located at Partapur. It was proposed by the state government that the airstrip be converted to an international airport to reduce pressure on Delhi airport.63 However, Plans to expand the airstrip were called off after protests against land acquisition started in other parts of the state.64 Following an accident in May 2012, the city administration barred private flights from using the airstrip.65
By road Meerut is well-connected to major cities like Delhi, Noida, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Haridwar, etc. A large number of people commute to Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida, Ghaziabad and Gurgaon every day for work. Three national highways (NH-58, NH-119 & NH-235) pass through Meerut. Upper Ganga Canal Expressway which passes through outskirts of the city is under development.
There are 2 main bus terminals, namely Bhainsali bus terminal and Sohrab Gate bus terminal from where Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses ply to cities all over the state and all nearby cities.
As Meerut has been declared a metropolitan city in 2007,citation needed JNNURM scheme has been put in place.52 Low Floor City Buses (under JNNURM)citation needed, Normal City Buses, auto rickshaws and rickshaws are convenient public transport options to commute within the city.66 Many new transport infrastructure projects like inner ring road, outer ring road and construction of new flyovers are proposed.6768
An 8 lane expressway from Ghaziabad to Meerut is proposed under the NCR Transport Plan 2021 which will decrease travel time to Delhi by 60 minutes.69
Meerut has seven railway stations: Meerut City, Meerut Cantt, Partapur, Sakoti Tanda, Daurala, Mohiuddinpur and Pabli Khas. Meerut City station is the busiest in the city. The railway line between Delhi and Meerut was constructed in 186423 and the Meerut Cantt station, which serves as a secondary railway station was founded in 1865. Meerut lies on the Delhi–Saharanpur railway line. The electrification of the line from Meerut to Ghaziabad has been done in 2012.
About 20,000 passengers travel daily to Delhi and back. Around 27 pairs of trains run between Meerut and Delhi, and four between Meerut and Khurja. Two trains are available for Lucknow daily, namely Nauchandi Express and Rajya Rani Express. A weekly train goes to Chennai and Kuchuvelli. Ahemdabad Mail connects the city to Gujrat, and Chattisgarh Express to Chattisgarh state.
A Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) has been proposed for operation between Meerut and Anand Vihar.7071 The RRTS is a rail-based mass transit system that would connect distant areas of National Capital Region (NCR) to the Capital.72 Once completed it will take only 45 minutes to commute between the two places with the train having a peak speed of 150 km per hour. The proposed system is to have dedicated trains between Anand Vihar and Meerut, which stop nowhere in between, and trains which stop at stations to be constructed after a gap of 4–5 km.70 Anand Vihar, Sahibabad, Mohan Nagar, Ghaziabad, Guldhar, Duhai, Moradnagar, Modi Nagar, Meerut South, Shatabdi Nagar, Meerut Centre, Begum Bridge, Meerut North and Pallavpuram are the proposed halts.73 On 14 December 2010 the NCR Planning Board, Meerut Development Authority (MDA) and Nagar Nigam Meerut approved this system.74 On 11 July 2013, the Union Cabinet of India approved the formation of the National Capital Region Transport Corporation Limited (NCRTC) with a seed capital of Rs. 100 crores. The corporation is to take up the construction of the 90 km long Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut corridor on a priority basis (along with two other corridors) with planned completion in 2017.75
According to the 2011 census, the Meerut Urban Agglomeration (including the area under the Municipal Corporation and the Cantonment Board), has a population of around 1.4 million,2 with the municipality contributing roughly 1.31 million of it.1 This makes Meerut the 33rd most populous urban agglomeration and the 26th most populous city in India. The sex ratio in Meerut is 888, lower than the state average of 908; while the child sex ratio is 847, lower than the state average of 899. 12.41% of the population is under 6 years of age. The overall literacy rate is 78.29%, higher than the state average of 69.72%.276
|1901||65,822 (55.53%)||52,717 (44.47%)||118,539||-0.71%|
|1911||66,542 (57.05%)||50,089 (42.95%)||116,631||-1.6%|
|1921||71,816 (58.57%)||50,793 (41.43%)||122,609||5.12%|
|1931||80,073 (58.57%)||56,636 (41.43%)||136,709||11.49%|
|1941||98,829 (58.38%)||70,461 (41.62%)||169,290||23.83%|
|1951||133,094 (57.08%)||100,089 (42.92%)||233,183||37.74%|
|1961||157,572 (55.48%)||126,425 (44.52%)||283,997||21.79%|
|Year||Male||Female||Total||Growth rate||Sex ratiob|
|200181||621,481 (53.50%)||540,235 (46.50%)||1,161,716||NA||NA|
|20112||754,857 (52.98%)||670,051 (47.02%)||1,424,908||22.66%||888|
|20112||83.74 (+18.52)||72.19 (+19.02)||78.29 (+18.67)|
Most traditional Indian festivals, including Holi, Dussehra, Diwali, Eid among others are celebrated with fervor in the city. Recently a divine tree Kalpavriksha planted at famous Dev temple Devnagar, Modipuram by Vijaypal Baghel in the presence of Acharya Dr.Devender Shastri. Notably, a fair by the name of Nauchandi Fair is held two weeks after Holi every year.83 The fair, which started in 1672,84 continues for about 15 days and is attended by lakhs of people. It includes events such as poetry recitations in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi etc.85 The Khariboli dialect of the Hindustani language is the dominant language for conversation with official business being conducted in either English, Hindi or Urdu.
Meerut is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Meerut Diocese, which covers the districts of Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Dehradun, Haridwar, Moradabad, Rampur, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Ghaziabad, Baghpat and Dhampur Tehsil of Bijnor district.86
Meerut is home to a booming local film industry, which has a large following in Western Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. The films are usually folklore stories or comedies or localised versions of Bollywood hits.87
Notable people from Meerut in the film and television industry include Bharat Bhushan,citation needed Mandakini,88 Achint Kaur,8990 Arun Govil,citation needed Kailash Kher,91 Chitrangada Singh,9092 Vishal Bhardwaj90 and Deepti Bhatnagar.909293
Meerut is an education hub of Western Uttar Pradesh with four universities, approximately 50 engineering colleges, 23 management colleges, seven pharmacy colleges, four colleges offering hotel management, one college offering fashion design, over 150 academic colleges and over 50 schools. The city is home to Chaudhary Charan Singh University (formerly Meerut University), Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Swami Vivekanand Subharti University and Shobhit University. The city has one government-run engineering college, Sir Chhotu Ram Institute of Engineering and Technology, which is a constituent college of Chaudhary Charan Singh University. The city also has St. John's Sr. Sec.School, which was established by Begum Samru and is over 130 years old.
The Indian Film and Television Institute is located at the western bypass of the city. The city has two medical colleges: Subharti Medical College and Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College. The city has many madrasahs which provide religious education as well as modern education with computer learning. The city also has coaching institutions for preparing students for entrance exams of engineering and medical fields. By the attempts of local jewellers and Zila Udyog Kendra, a jewel and gem training centre will soon be established in the city.citation needed
Meerut is becoming an important media center, as journalists from all over Uttar Pradesh and other Indian states are working in Meerut. As media centres are situated in Meerut, the city is getting a good amount of publicity on the national platform. The law and order situation has improved a lot in the recent past and media has had an important role to play in it. Radio stations shared with Delhi are Radio City 91.1 MHz, Big FM 92.7 MHz, Red FM 93.5 MHz, Radio One 94.3 MHz, Hit 95 (95 MHz), Radio Mirchi 98.3 MHz, AIR FM Rainbow 102.6 MHz, Meow FM 104.8 MHz, AIR FM Gold 106.4 MHz. Radio IIMT (90.4 MHz)94 is the only radio station located in the city. The Hindi-language daily newspapers Dainik Jagran,95 Amar Ujala, Dainik Hindustan, Janwani, National Duniya, DLA, I-Next are published from the city. The English language supplements HT City, Meerut with Hindustan Times and Meerut Plus with the Times of India are also published here. A fortnightly tabloid English Newspaper 'Pulse of Markets' promoting local businesses96 and The City Lifestyles, an English weekly newspaper are also published here.
Tourist destinations in and around Meerut include:
- Jain temples of Hastinapur – Located on the banks of old ravine of Ganges, Hastinapur is considered one of the holiest place on earth by Jains. It is believed to be the birthplace of three Jain Tirthankaras. There are many ancient Jain temples in Hastinapur. Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Jambudweep, Kailash Parvat, Shwetambar Jain Temple are the main and famous temples in Hastinapur. Apart from Jain temples, Pandeshwar temple, Historical Gurdwara and Hastinapur Sanctuary are worth being seen.97
- St. John's Church – This church was established by Chaplin Reverend Henry Fisher on behalf of the East India Company in 1819 in the cantonment area and was completed in 1822.1384 It is considered one of the oldest churches in North India. The Church was dedicated to the people by Bishop Wilson. It has a seating capacity of 10,000 people.13 During the war of 1857, this church was the scene of heavy fighting between Indians and the British forces.98
- Augarnath Temple – This temple (also known as Kalipaltan Mandir locally) is located at the site where the soldiers of the war of 1857 planned their operations. The temple also houses a memorial built to honour the martyrs of the revolt of 1857. The old temple has been replaced by a modern version.99
- Jama Masjid – The Jama Masjid was built by Hasan Mahdi, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi's Wazir (chief minister) in 1019 AD (older than the Qutb Minar).13100 That makes it the first Masjid in North India. And although it was restored by Humayun,13100 it is one of the oldest Muslim mosques in India.
- Martyr's Memorial (Hindi: शहीद स्मारक Shaheed Smarak): The memorial is a 30 metres (98 feet) high pillar of marble situated at Bhainsali. Functions are organised at the memorial around the national holidays of India.15 The memorial complex also houses the Government Freedom Struggle Museum which is dedicated to the first war of Indian independence.101
- Gandhi Bagh – This centrally located garden has a very beautiful and serene environment. Locally known as "Company Garden", it has been present since before independence, when it got renamed to its current name. It runs a musical fountain show every evening. Earlier, the garden used to have multiple entrances like the one shown on the right, which were always kept open, and there was no entry fee. But now, only one entrance is kept open and a ticketing system with nominal charges has been put in place.
- Shahpeer's Mausoleum (Hindi: शाहपीर की दरगाह Shahpeer ki dargah) – This is a Mughal mausoleum erected by the empress Nur Jahan in 1628 in honour of a local Muslim Hazrat Shahpeer.100102 It is a red stone structure that was partly built and is incomplete till date.102 The tomb is adorned by intricate nakashi (stone painting). There is no roof on the main tomb. Peoplewho? say that Shahpeer was the teacher of Mughal Emperor Jehangir. The tomb is listed by the Archaeological Survey of India as a national heritage monument.101103 Shahpeer gate was built in 1829 by a local Jagirdar "Raja Ji".
- Shahi Eid Gaah (Hindi: शाही ईदगाह) – It was built by Nasir ud din Mahmud, the youngest son of Iltutmish, and the eighth Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate. It is about six hundred years old and has a capacity of about one lac people to offer prayers (Namaz) on Eid. There is Nakkashi on the walls of Eidgah which reflect the Sulatani Gulam era.
- Parikshitgarh – The place is associated with and derives its name from King Parikshit of Hastinapur (the grandson of Arjuna). The fort was built by Parikshit and restored by Gurjar King Nain Singh in the eighteenth century.1013
- Dargah of Baley Miyan (Hindi: बले मियाँ की दरगाह Bale Miyan ki Dargah) – This dargah was built by Qutb-ud-din Aybak in 1194 in the memory of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud (known locally as Baley Miyan).13104 An Urs is organised annually at the Dargah during the Nauchandi fair.13
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