Melbourne, Florida

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Melbourne, Florida
City
Downtown Melbourne
Downtown Melbourne
Official seal of Melbourne, Florida
Seal
Official logo of Melbourne, Florida
Logo
Nickname(s): The Harbor City,1 The Midway City2
Location in Brevard County and the state of Florida
Location in Brevard County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°7′N 80°38′W / 28.117°N 80.633°W / 28.117; -80.633Coordinates: 28°7′N 80°38′W / 28.117°N 80.633°W / 28.117; -80.633
Country United States
State Florida
County Brevard
Settled c. 1867
Incorporated (village) December 22, 1888
Consolidated with Eau Gallie July 15, 1969
Founded by Cornthwaite John Hector
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Kathy Meehan
 • City Manager Mike McNees
Area3
 • Total 39.6 sq mi (103 km2)
 • Land 33.9 sq mi (88 km2)
 • Water 5.7 sq mi (15 km2)  14.4%
Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)4
 • Total 76,068
 • Density 2,518.8/sq mi (972.5/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 32901, 32934, 32935, 32940, 32902, 32912, 32936, 32941, 32904
Area code 321
FIPS code 12-43975 5
GNIS feature ID 0294589 6
Website City of Melbourne

Melbourne /ˈmɛlbərn/ is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 76,068.4 The municipal area is the second largest by size and by population in the county.7 Melbourne is a principal city of the Palm Bay – Melbourne – Titusville, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1969 the city was expanded by merging with nearby Eau Gallie.

The city was named Melbourne in honor of its first postmaster, Cornthwaite John Hector, an Englishman who had spent much of his life in Melbourne, Australia.8

History

Early human occupation

Evidence for the presence of Paleo-Indians in the Melbourne area during the late Pleistocene epoch was uncovered during the 1920s. C. P. Singleton, a Harvard University zoologist, discovered the bones of a mammoth (Mammuthus columbi) on his property along Crane Creek, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from Melbourne, and brought in Amherst College paleontologist Frederick B. Loomis to excavate the skeleton. Loomis found a second elephant, with a "large rough flint instrument" 9 among fragments of the elephant's ribs. Loomis found in the same stratum mammoth, mastodon, horse, ground sloth, tapir, peccary, camel, and saber-tooth cat bones, all extinct in Florida since the end of the Pleistocene 10,000 years ago. At a nearby site a human rib and charcoal were found in association with Mylodon, Megalonyx, and Chlamytherium (ground sloth) teeth. A finely worked spear point found with these items may have been displaced from a later stratum. In 1925 attention shifted to the Melbourne golf course. A crushed human skull with finger, arm, and leg bones was found in association with a horse tooth. A piece of ivory that appeared to have been modified by humans was found at the bottom of the stratum containing bones. Other finds included a spear point near a mastodon bone and a turtle-back scraper and blade found with bear, camel, mastodon, horse, and tapir bones.10 Similar human remains, Pleistocene animals and Paleo-Indian artifacts were found in Vero Beach, 30 miles (48 km) south of Melbourne, and similar Paleo-Indian artifacts were found at Lake Helen Blazes, 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Melbourne.

Settlement

The Hotel Carleton c. 1907

After the Civil War, pioneer families arrived, and Melbourne was founded in 1867 by former slaves.

The first settlers were Richard W. Goode, his father John Goode, Cornthwaite John Hector, Captain Peter Wright, Balaam Allen, Wright Brothers, and Thomas Mason.11 The city, formerly called "Crane Creek",12 was named Melbourne in honor of its first postmaster, Cornthwaite John Hector, an Englishman who had spent much of his life in Melbourne, Australia.8 He is buried in the Melbourne Cemetery, along with many early residents in the area. The first school in Melbourne was built in 1883 and is now owned by Florida Tech and is on permanent exhibit on the campus. By 1885, the town had 70 people.13 The Greater Allen Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church was founded in 1885 and is still active.14

In the late 1890s, the Brownlie-Maxwell Funeral Home opened and it is still in business. The oldest black-owned business in the county is Tucker's Cut-Rate plumbing. It opened in 1934.15

In the early 1900s, houses were often built in the frame vernacular style.16

In 1919, a fire destroyed most of downtown. At the time, it was rebuilt west of the train depot.1718

In late 1942 the Naval Air Station Melbourne was established as a site to train newly commissioned Navy and Marine pilots for World War II. The program ran until 1946, and the land that was used for that program makes up most of what is currently the Melbourne International Airport.19 In 1969, the cities of Eau Gallie and Melbourne voted to merge, forming modern-day Melbourne.

Geography

Melbourne is located approximately 60 miles (97 km) southeast of Orlando on the Space Coast, along Interstate 95. It is approximately midway between Jacksonville and Miami. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.6 square miles (102.5 km2), of which 33.9 square miles (87.7 km2) is land and 5.7 square miles (14.8 km2) (14.42%) is water.3

The east-west street named Brevard Drive was historically the "center" of town; with addresses called "north" and "south" of this street. The north-south Babcock Street provided the same centerline for "east" and "west" directions.

Melbourne Beachside has a small presence on the South Beaches barrier island. It is often confused with Melbourne Beach, a separate political entity.

Climate

Melbourne, Florida has a humid subtropical climate or Köppen climate classification Cfa – typical of the Gulf and South Atlantic states. Although Melbourne is classified as a Humid Subtropical climate (8 or more months with a mean temperature of 50 F/10 C or higher), Melbourne is located far enough southward that it lies close to the broad transition zone from subtropical to tropical climates (all months have a mean temperature of 64.4 F/18 C or higher). Melbourne averages 2900 hours of sunshine annually. Melbourne has the typical two season climate commonly found in humid subtropical climates – a hot and wet season (late May through October) and the warm and dry season (November through April).

Melbourne averages 49 inches (1,200 mm) of rainfall annually, much of it coming in convective thunderstorms in the late May to early October time period. The record rainfall occurred on August 20, 2008, when Tropical Storm Fay dropped 18.21 inches (46.3 cm).20 Melbourne can sometimes have moderate to severe drought conditions from late fall through spring, with brush fires occurring and water restrictions put in place. The National Weather Service located at Melbourne International Airport averages 2.9 days per year with frost, although several years might pass without a frost in the city of Melbourne or at the ocean beaches. According to the National Weather Service, there is no record of snow or snow flurries in the city of Melbourne in that last 150 years.citation needed

Climate data for Melbourne, Florida (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 71.4
(21.9)
73.6
(23.1)
76.8
(24.9)
80.4
(26.9)
85.1
(29.5)
88.6
(31.4)
90.0
(32.2)
89.7
(32.1)
87.7
(30.9)
83.5
(28.6)
78.1
(25.6)
73.2
(22.9)
81.5
(27.5)
Average low °F (°C) 50.5
(10.3)
53.3
(11.8)
56.9
(13.8)
61.0
(16.1)
67.7
(19.8)
72.1
(22.3)
73.1
(22.8)
73.6
(23.1)
73.2
(22.9)
68.3
(20.2)
60.4
(15.8)
53.8
(12.1)
63.7
(17.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.22
(56.4)
2.38
(60.5)
3.21
(81.5)
2.06
(52.3)
3.16
(80.3)
6.43
(163.3)
5.73
(145.5)
7.18
(182.4)
7.05
(179.1)
4.89
(124.2)
2.93
(74.4)
2.36
(59.9)
49.59
(1,259.6)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.4 7.5 7.8 5.9 7.4 12.7 12.2 14.2 13.6 10.8 8.4 8.0 115.9
Source: NOAA21

Flora

Tropical flora typical of more southerly locations may be grown in the Melbourne area (coconut palms, royal palms, Christmas palms, and bananas), but may be damaged or killed when subjected to infrequent light freezes.

Environment

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection has ordered the city to reduce pollution of the Indian River Lagoon, which it borders; about 80% of the city's landmass drains in the direction of the lagoon. The city must reduce run-off by 44,000 pounds (20,000 kg) of nitrogen and 13,000 pounds (5,900 kg) of phosphorus. The city responded by banning the use of fertilizer before flood and storm warnings.22

Demographics

Melbourne Demographics
2010 Census Melbourne Brevard County Florida
Total population 76,068 543,376 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +6.6% +14.1% +17.6%
Population density 2,246.4/sq mi 535.0/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 80.9% 77.6% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 75.1% 53.7% 57.9%
Black or African-American 10.3% 10.1% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 8.9% 8.1% 22.5%
Asian 3.1% 2.1% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.3% 0.4% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 3.1% 2.6% 2.5%
Some Other Race 2.2% 1.7% 3.6%
A visitor welcome sign for Melbourne.

As of 2010, there were 38,955 households out of which 12.6% were vacant. As of 2000, 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.82.

In 2000, the city the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The per capita income for the city was $19,175. In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $34,571, and the median income for a family was $42,760. Males had a median income of $32,242 versus $22,419 for females. In Melbourne, about 8.6% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Languages

As of 2000, 90.39% of residents spoke English as their first language, while 4.69% spoke Spanish, 0.84% spoke French, 0.73% spoke German, and 0.55% spoke Arabic as their mother tongue. In total, 9.60% of the total population spoke languages other than English.23

Government

Melbourne City Hall

The Melbourne City Council consists of the mayor and six district council members.2425 Melbourne uses a Council-Manager form of government.26

City Officials27

  • Kathy Meehan, Mayor - Elected on November 2012, term expires November 2016
  • Greg Jones, Vice Mayor & District 6 Council Member - Elected on November 2010, term expires November 2014
  • Mike Nowlin, District 1 Council Member - Re-elected on November 2012, term expires November 2016
  • Betty Moore, District 2 Council Member - Elected on November 2012, term expires November 2014
  • Yvonne Minus, District 3 Council Member - Appointed on January 16, 2014, term expires November 2014
  • John Thomas, District 4 Council Member - Elected on November 2010, term expires November 2014
  • Molly Tasker, District 5 Council Member - Re-Elected on November 2012, term expires November 2016

The following are appointed by the council:

  • Paul R. Gougelman, III, City Attorney
  • Mike McNees, City Manager
  • Cathleen A. Wysor, City Clerk

Melbourne city officials created the Babcock Street Redevelopment District in 1998 to stimulate new development along Babcock Street from U.S. 1 south to U.S. 192. A 218-unit apartment complex built in 2005 is most recent step in an effort to revitalize this area.

Melbourne also is attempting to revitalize the downtown Eau Gallie Riverfront district.

A $165.3 million budget was passed for the 2012-13 fiscal year.28

In 2007, the city had a taxable real estate base of $4.96 billion.29

A 2011 study rated the general pension fund for city employees highly at 190%. Less favorably rated were the pension plans for fire and police employees.30

In 2009, the city had 870 full-time employees and 176 part-time employees.31

Public safety

In 2010, the city employed 170 police, 140 of which were unionized.32 For administration, the city is divided into ten areas that require patrol.33

A 2009 survey indicated that the city was ranked 84 out of 400 in crime statistics, with #1 being the worst. Crimes included murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and motor vehicle theft.34

A 2009 Halloween street party sponsored by a downtown restaurant attracted an estimated 8,000-10,000 people. This overwhelmed the downtown area. Street parties were curtailed until public safety issues were addressed.35

Economy

Industry

Melbourne International Airport is located near the center of the city. Melbourne contains defense and technology companies with a high concentration of high-tech workers.36 The following corporations have operations in Melbourne:

Workforce

In 2007, the average size of Melbourne's labor force was 39,391. Of that group, 37,708 were employed and 1,683 were unemployed, for an unemployment rate of 4.3%.41

Housing

In 2008, 259 building permits were issued for 263 units. There were 209 permits issued for 320 units in 2007, which was down from 329 permits for 512 units in 2006.42

The median home price in 2007 was $215,000.41

In May 2005, the Melbourne-TitusvillePalm Bay area was among the top 20 in home price appreciation from 2003 to 2004.43

Competitiveness

In 2009, Forbes ranked the area 18th out of 100 Metropolitan Statistical Areas and first out of 8 metros in Florida for affordable housing, and short commute times, among others.44

Retail and commerce

Melbourne has two downtown business districts, a result of the merger of Eau Gallie into Melbourne:

  • Downtown Eau Gallie Arts District
  • Historic Downtown Melbourne - among other retail outlets, this has 26 eating and drinking establishments within a four block extent.45

Healthcare

The area has four hospitals, day care for senior citizens, hospice, walk-in, and urgent care facilities.46 There is Holmes Regional Medical Center, Wuesthoff Medical Center Melbourne Campus, and Kindred Hospital which does not accept emergency patients. A new Viera hospital was opened in May 2011.

Tourism

The city has two golf courses. There were 96,477 rounds played in 2009-10. Revenues were $2,207,502. Rounds and revenue have been dropping since 2006. in 2011, the city raised rates for residents to the same as for non-residents, $27 per round or $522 annual fee.47

A monthly "Friday Fest" has been attended by 3,000 people and supported by 55 vendors.48

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

  • The annual Melbourne Independent Filmmakers' Festival, held in early November, provides a venue for new filmmaker talent
  • The Melbourne Area Pilots Association hosts a General Aviation Day at Melbourne International Airport in September
  • The Annual IndiaFest and India Day are held in February and in August
  • The Melbourne Arts Festival, held in April, draws from 50,000-60,000 visitors 49
  • The Melbourne Main Street Fall Festival was expected to have an attendance of 30,000 in October, over two days.48
  • The Melbourne Oktoberfest has been held each October since 1977 50 most recently this was held at the Wickham Park Pavilion
  • Christian churches have been producing a "Bible on Parade" since 1990, each participating church portrays a book of the Bible, a spokesperson said in 2011, that it may be the only one of its kind in America 51

Museums and points of interest

Historic sites

There are three places on the National Register of Historic Places:52

The following places also are historic:

Museums

Performing arts

Groups

Buildings

Sports

Melbourne was an official host city for the 1996 Olympic Torch Relay.53

There are co-ed adult and youth sports programs in flag football and ultimate frisbee.54

Brevard Zoo

Parks, recreation, and attractions

The city of Melbourne contains over 554.72 acres (2.2 km2) of city park land, including 17 community parks,55 13 neighborhood parks,56 and five smaller city parks.57

Education

88.5% of all residents 25 years or older are high school graduates. 25.7% have a Bachelor's Degree or higher.41

Public schools are run by the Brevard County School Board.

Colleges and universities

Elementary schools 60

  • Roy Allen Elementary
  • Ascension Catholic School
  • Dr. W. J. Creel Elementary
  • Croton Elementary
  • Harbor City Elementary
  • Holy Trinity Episcopal Academy Lower School (Preschool – 6)
  • Longleaf Elementary
  • Meadowlane Primary 61
  • Meadowlane Intermediate 62
  • New Covenant Christian School
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School
  • Quest Elementary
  • Sabal Elementary
  • Sherwood Elementary
  • Suntree Elementary
  • University Park Elementary

Middle schools

  • Ascension Catholic School 63
  • DeLaura Middle School
  • Central Middle School
  • Florida Air Academy
  • Holy Trinity Episcopal Academy Upper School
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Middle School
  • New Covenant Christian School
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School
  • Stone Middle School
  • Southwest Middle School

High schools

Public
Private

Adult education

  • Palm Bay High Adult/Community Education
  • South Area Adult Center

Media

Print

Radio

Television

Melbourne is part of the Orlando television market. Cable is provided by Bright House Networks.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Major roads

The city is responsible for about 300 miles (480 km) of road. It would like to resurface 5% (15 miles (24 km)) of that each year. It was able to afford to pave half of that in 2013.65

Roads in the older part of the city, in what is today the southeast, are oriented toward the north-south road, Babcock Street, with compass directions measured east and west from that road. In the same area, the east-west road, Brevard Drive, separates compass directions north and south.

All are at least four-lane roads, unless otherwise designated.

  • US 1.svg U.S. 1 - Harbor City Boulevard is the local street name, and it runs parallel to the Indian River on the eastern side of the city. The highway is six-lanes through much of the city, from Robert J. Conlan Boulevard in nearby Palm Bay to the south to SR 404 to the north. This road allows access to the beaches over three causeways: Pineda, Eau Gallie, and Melbourne Causeway.
  • US 192.svg U.S. Route 192 - Locally named New Haven Avenue and Strawbridge Avenue (downtown), it passes through commercial, entertainment, and retail areas of Melbourne. It serves as a route to Kissimmee and the tourist corridor of Orlando to the west, and the town of Indialantic to the east via the Melbourne Causeway.
  • I-95.svg Interstate 95 - This highway is six-lanes throughout its run in Melbourne. There are two exits: Exit 180 (U.S. Route 192) and Exit 183 (Eau Gallie Boulevard). Another interchange has been constructed near mile 188 to accommodate the expansion of the Pineda Causeway. Additionally, Exit 191 (Wickham Road) serves the Melbourne area, it is not marked as she .
  • Florida A1A.svg SR A1A - This road runs along the beaches and provides access to other areas of Brevard County.
  • Florida 507.svg SR 507 - Babcock Street
  • Florida 404.svg SR 404 - Pineda Causeway
  • Florida 508.svg SR 508 - NASA Boulevard
  • Florida 518.svg SR 518 - Eau Gallie Boulevard
  • Brevard County Road 509 FL.svg CR 509 - Wickham/Minton Road. Up to 38,680 cars use Wickham Road weekdays. The average is 33,850.66
  • Brevard County Road 511 FL.svg CR 511 - John Rodes Boulevard/Aurora Road

Rail

Historical marker (click to enlarge)

The Union Cypress Company Railroad ran east to west through south Melbourne in the early 1900s. The mill town of Hopkins was near the present-day streets of Mill Street and Main Street.

The Florida East Coast Railway runs through Melbourne, staying west of U.S. 1 through its entire run.

Bus

Airport

Melbourne International Airport (Florida) Monument Sign 1.jpg

Melbourne International Airport (IATA: MLBICAO: KMLBFAA LID: MLB) is located about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northwest of the city's original business district. The airport has daily flights to Atlanta (via Delta and Delta Connection), and Charlotte (via US Airways Express).

Utilities

Melbourne Water Tower

Power is provided by Florida Power and Light. Gas is provided by Florida City Gas.

Cable TV service is provided by Bright House Networks.

Traditional landline telephone service is mainly provided by AT&T, while some cable customers use Bright House Networks digital telephone (VOIP) service.

Internet service providers in Melbourne range from various 56 kbit/s providers, AT&T (formerly BellSouth) FastAccess DSL, and Bright House Networks cable internet, which uses Road Runner as their ISP. Fiber optic networks are installed in the city mainly for business purposes and have not been integrated for home use.

The Water Department not only provides water for the city, but for surrounding towns and cities for a premium, including Melbourne Beach, Indialantic, Indian Harbour Beach, Satellite Beach, Palm Shores, Melbourne Village, and a portion of Brevard County. Wholesale water service is provided to West Melbourne. The total distribution area is about 100 square miles (259 km2)69 Two water treatment plants take water from Lake Washington and deep wells, providing 25,000,000 US gallons (95,000,000 litres; 21,000,000 imperial gallons) of drinking water per day. This water is treated with chloramine and ozone.7071 In 2003, water rates were $2.27/1,000 US gallons (3,785 l) sewer $4.47/1,000 US gallons (3,785 l).72

Solid waste removal and recycling is provided by Solid Waste Management, part of the city of Melbourne's Environmental Community Outreach (ECO) Division.

Namesakes

Melbourne Square, in the city of Melbourne, is located on US 192 west of downtown, is the largest shopping area in Brevard County.citation needed

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ City logo
  2. ^ Raley, Karen and Raley Flotte, Ann, Images of America Melbourne and Eau Gallie
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Melbourne city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Melbourne city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the population for the Incorporated Places of Florida" (CSV). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  8. ^ a b "The History of Melbourne, Florida". 
  9. ^ Purdy:23
  10. ^ Purdy:23-9
  11. ^ Shofner, Jerrell H., History of Brevard County Volume 1
  12. ^ Kennerly, Britt (10 January 2011). "Freed slaves helped map out local history". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1A. 
  13. ^ Kellersberger, Julia Lake. Rooted in Florida Soil, Florida Institute of Technology Press, 1971, p. 12.
  14. ^ Neale, Rick (1 March 2010). "Church has 125 reasons to smile". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 9A. 
  15. ^ Price, Wayne (22 March 2009). "70 years & counting". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1E. 
  16. ^ Sonnenberg, Maria (November 9, 2013). "Historic preservation". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 5D. 
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ Brotenarkle, Ben (March 25, 2014). "Historian publishes collection of articles". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 11A. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  19. ^ The History of Melbourne Florida
  20. ^ "Tropical Storm Fay continues to drift west". Florida Today. Florida Today. 2008-08-21. 
  21. ^ "NowData — NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-06-07. 
  22. ^ Neale, Rick (March 27, 2013). "Ordinance regulates fertilizer use". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1B. 
  23. ^ Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Melbourne, FL
  24. ^ Map of City Council Districts - City of Melbourne, Florida
  25. ^ Melbourne City Council Members - City of Melbourne, Florida
  26. ^ Council-Manager Form of Government - City of Melbourne, Florida
  27. ^ http://www.melbourneflorida.org/forms/pdf-forms/officials.pdf
  28. ^ http://www.melbourneflorida.org/pub/budget/budget_2012-2013.pdf
  29. ^ Dean, James (April 26, 2008). More taxes or fewer services. Florida Today. 
  30. ^ Walker, Don (November 11, 2011). "Cities pensions among the best, bottom". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 4B. 
  31. ^ "Information about the City of Melbourne, Florida". City of Melbourne, Florida. 2010-10-24. 
  32. ^ Downs, Megan (7 March 2010). "Union letter critical of chief". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1B. 
  33. ^ Community Policing Area Map - Melbourne Florida Police Department
  34. ^ Moody, R. Norman (28 November 2009). "Brevard crime up, down". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 5B. 
  35. ^ Cervenra, Susanne (13 January 2010). "Melbourne council suspends gated street events". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today). pp. 1B. 
  36. ^ U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Metro areas with highest percentages of high-tech workers”. Bureau of Labor Statistics website, August 25, 2003. Accessed October 23, 2007.
  37. ^ a b c "Brevard County School Budget 2009:General information". 
  38. ^ Peterson, Patrick (20 December 2010). "DRS opens new, expanded offices". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 20A. 
  39. ^ Price, Wayne T. (5 November 2010). "Embraer facility nearly done". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 6C. 
  40. ^ "Where we are." LiveTV. Retrieved on January 19, 2010.
  41. ^ a b c Melbourne Community Data Sheet Economic Development Council of Florida's Space Coast. Retrieved on 2009-07-23.
  42. ^ Building Permits United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2009-07-23.
  43. ^ ""Home prices up 11% in fourth quarter" by Steve Kerch for MarketWatch". 
  44. ^ Price, Wayne T. (8 November 2009). "Forbes:Brevard's got bang for buck". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1A. 
  45. ^ Cervenka, Susanne (April 24, 2011). "Downtown Identity". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1E. 
  46. ^ Community Links - City of Melbourne, Florida
  47. ^ Cervenka, Susanne (March 31, 2011). "Residents lose discount on golf". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1A. 
  48. ^ a b Sonnenberg, Maria (September 18, 2013). "A fest for the entire family:Thousands attend free monthly festival in Melbourne". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1G. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  49. ^ Best, Keilani (6 March 2010). "Festivals boost economy". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 7C. 
  50. ^ http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20081019/NEWS01/810190317/1006/news01&referrer=NEWSFRONTCAROUSEL
  51. ^ Courbat, Cindi (December 4, 2011). "Parade gives meaning to season". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1B. 
  52. ^ Brevard places on National Register of Historic Places
  53. ^ Information about the City of Melbourne, Florida
  54. ^ American Sports League
  55. ^ Community Parks - Parks Division - City of Melbourne, Florida
  56. ^ Neighborhood Parks - Parks Division - City of Melbourne, Florida
  57. ^ Other Parks - Parks Division - City of Melbourne, Florida
  58. ^ Keiser University
  59. ^ Everest University
  60. ^ Schools Listing
  61. ^ Meadowlane Primary
  62. ^ Meadowlane Intermediate
  63. ^ Ascension Catholic School
  64. ^ The Florida Tech Crimson
  65. ^ Gunnerson, Scott (December 29, 2013). "Road work falls miles behind". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 3A. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  66. ^ Neale, Rick (February 2010). "box:System reduces Wickham delays". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 3A. 
  67. ^ Space Coast Area Transit official website
  68. ^ Information about Melbourne Greyhound station
  69. ^ Melbourne Water Supply retrieved June 9, 2008
  70. ^ Melbourne's Water Supply retrieved November 18, 2011
  71. ^ 2011 City of Melbourne - Annual Drinking Water Quality Report. Melbourne, Florida: City of Melbourne, Florida. 2011. ISBN 0-06-621330-4. 
  72. ^ Florida Water Rates Evaluation of Single-Family Homes
  73. ^ Bowe Gardeners. A Tribute to Thomas Barbour (1884–1946) memorial dated 1976 located in Ballard Park, Melbourne, Florida.
  74. ^ Cherry, Mike (25 December 2009). "Herschel & Hurst". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 3C. 
  75. ^ Zora Neale Hurston Digital Archive @ University of Florida retrieved February 10, 2011
  76. ^ Biographical Dictionary of the United States Congress - NELSON, Clarence William (Bill), (1942-) retrieved February 10, 2011
  77. ^ From small town to big time » Sports » The Register-Herald, Beckley, West Virginia
  78. ^ Schapiro, Jeff (March 27, 2010). "Former six-term Rep. Stanford E. Parris dies at 80". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  79. ^ Will Perdue NBA & ABA Statistics | Basketball-Reference.com
  80. ^ Lee Stange at SABR Baseball Biography Project

References

  • Purdy, Barbara A. (2008). Florida's People During the Last Ice Age. University Press of Florida. ISBN 978-0-8130-3204-7

External links








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