Member states of the Union of South American Nations

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There are currently 12 member states of the Union of South American Nations.

Of these, two belong to CARICOM, four belong to the Andean Community of Nations (CAN), and five to Mercosur.

UNASUL member states

Flag Country Capital Area
Population Density
Currency GDP per cap.
Gini HDI Official languages
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina

República Argentina
Buenos Aires 2,780,403 40,482,000 14.49/km² Argentine peso 15,0302 48.83 0.7974 Spanish
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia

Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Bulivya Mamallaqta
Wuliwya Suyu
La Paz
1,098,581 9,119,152 8.9/km² Bolivian boliviano 4,5752 57.23 0.6634 Spanish
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil

República Federativa do Brasil
Brasília 8,514,877 196,342,592 22/km² Brazilian real 11,0652 55.03 0.7184 Portuguese
Flag of Chile.svg Chile

República de Chile
Santiago 756,950 16,763,470 22/km² Chilean peso 14,9392 52.03 0.8054 Spanish
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia

República de Colombia
Bogotá 1,141,748 44,760,630 40/km² Colombian peso 9,0912 58.53 0.7104 Spanish
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador

República del Ecuador
Quito 256,370 13,922,000 53.8/km² Ecuadorian centavo
United States dollar
8,0212 54.43 0.7204 Spanish
Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana

Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Georgetown 214,999 858,863 3.502/km² Guyanese dollar 7,0042 43.23 0.6334 English
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay

República del Paraguay
Tetã Paraguái
Asunción 406,752 6,158,000 15.6/km² Paraguayan guaraní 4,7102 53.23 0.6654 Spanish
Flag of Peru.svg Peru

República del Perú
Lima 1,285,220 29,180,900 23/km² Peruvian nuevo sol 9,1072 50.53 0.7254 Spanish
Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname

Republiek Suriname
Paramaribo 163,821 470,784 2.9/km² Surinamese dollar 8,9472 41.53 0.6804 Dutch
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay

República Oriental del Uruguay
Montevideo 176,215 3,477,779 19.8/km² Uruguayan peso 13,9612 47.13 0.7834 Spanish
Flag of Venezuela (state).svg Venezuela

República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Caracas 916,445 28,199,822 30.2/km² Venezuelan bolívar 11,7262 49.53 0.7354 Spanish

Non-member states

Observer states

Flag Country5 Capital Area
Population Density
Currency GDP per cap.
Gini HDI Official languages
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico

Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Mexico City 1,972,550 112,322,757 57/km² Mexican peso 14,1512 51.63 0.7704 Spanish (de facto)
Flag of Panama.svg Panama

República de Panamá
Panama City 75,517 3,405,813 44.5/km² Panamanian balboa
United States dollar
12,2422 54.93 0.7684 Spanish


  1. ^ a b at purchasing power parity, per capita, in international dollars (rounded)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Report for Selected Countries and Subjects IMF
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Human Development Report 2010, United Nations Development Programme. Table 3 has the Gini coefficients by country. The year is not given for the Gini coefficient.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Historia". Secretary General of UNASUR. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 

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