Mid back unrounded vowel

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Mid back unrounded vowel
ɤ
ɤ̞
IPA number 315 430
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɤ​̞
Unicode (hex) U+0264 U+031E

The mid back unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. While there is no dedicated symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the "exact" mid back unrounded vowel between close-mid [ɤ] and open-mid [ʌ] (since no language is known to distinguish all three), ɤ is normally used. If precision is desired, diacritics can be used, such as ɤ̞ or ʌ̝.

Features

IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
ɪʏ
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
ɤ̞
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
aɶ
ɑɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
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Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Bulgarian1 път [pɤ̞̈t̪] 'path' Centralized. See Bulgarian phonology
English Norfolk2 plus [plɤ̞̈s] 'plus' Centralized, corresponds to ʌ in other dialects.
Estonian3 kõrv [kɤ̞rv] 'ear'

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Asu, Eva Liina; Teras, Pire (2009), "Estonian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 39 (3): 367–372 
  • Lodge, Ken (2009), A Critical Introduction to Phonetics, pp. 167–169, ISBN 978-0-8264-8873-2 
  • Ternes, Elmer; Vladimirova-Buhtz, Tatjana (1999), "Bulgarian", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University Press, pp. 55–57, ISBN 0-521-63751-1 







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