Military of Kyrgyzstan
|Military of Kyrgyzstan
Military guard of honor near a monument in Bishkek's main square
|Service branches||National Guard
Air and Air Defence Forces
Ministry of Interior
Ministry of Emergency Situations
|Commander-in-Chief||President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev|
|Minister of Defence||Ismail Isakov1|
|First Deputy Defence Minister and Chief of General Staff||Colonel General Alik Mamyrkulov|
|1,234,457 (2002 est.), age 15–49|
|1,001,274 (2002 est.), age 15–49|
|50,590 (2002 est.)|
|Active personnel||15,500 (IISS 2007)|
|Budget||1.4 billion soms (IISS 2007)|
The armed forces of Kyrgyzstan, originally formed from former Soviet forces of the Turkestan Military District stationed in the newly independent state, includes the Army/Land Forces, the Air and Air Defence Forces, the Northern and Southern Groups of Forces, Interior Troops, Agency of National Security and Border Troops.
For much of the Soviet period, since 1967, the 8th Guards 'Panfilov' Motor Rifle Division was the main military force in the country, and the Division was only disbanded in January 2003.2 In 1967 the Division had been moved to Bishkek from the Baltic Military District, where it had previously been based.
In terms of foreign presence, the U.S.-led Operation Enduring Freedom coalition use the Manas Air Base (Bishkek's international airport) while Russia has the 999th Air Base at Kant which was set up by Moscow to counter the American military presence in the Former Soviet state. Moscow is believed to have promised Bishkek $1.1 billion for modernising its army. Agreements to this effect were reached during the visits to Bishkek by Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov in August and President Vladimir Putin in September 2012.3
- 1 Army
- 2 Special Forces
- 3 Air Force
- 4 References and links
- 5 Further reading
- 6 External links
The Army of Kyrgyzstan includes the 1st Motor Rifle Brigade (Mountain) at Osh, a brigade at Koy-Tash, in the Bishkek area, the 25th Special Forces Brigade, independent battalions at Karakol and Naryn, a brigade at Balykchi, and other units.
Two Groups of Forces, the Southern, and more recently the Northern, have been active during Kyrgyzstan's history. In 2004, the Northern Group of Forces was reported as consisting of the Balykchynsky brigade, the brigade deployed in suburb of Bishkek, separate battalions in Karakol and Naryn,and other army units.4
- T-72 - 150
- 100mm field gun BS-3 - 18
- 100mm antitank gun T-12 - 18
- 122mm howitzer D-30 - 72
- 122mm howitzer M-30 - 35
- 152mm howitzer D-1 - 16
Multiple Rocket Launchers
- BM-21 "Grad" - 15
- Makarov PM pistol
- TT-33 pistol
- PP-2000 submachine gun (elite units only)
- AK-47 assault rifle
- AKM assault rifle
- AK-74 assault rifle
- AK-101 assault rifle (elite units only)
- AN-94 assault rifle (elite units only) 6
- AKS-74U carbine
- AS Val suppressed assault rifle (elite units only) 6
- SKS carbine
- RPK light machine gun
- PKM general purpose machine gun
- PKP Pecheneg general purpose machine gun (elite units only) 6
- NSV heavy machine gun
- DShK heavy machine gun
- Dragunov SVD sniper rifle
- VSS Vintorez suppressed sniper rifle (elite units only) 6
- OSV-96 anti-material sniper rifle (elite units only) 6
- RPG-7 rocket launcher
- GP-25 grenade launcher
- AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher
- SPG-9 recoilless rifle
- 25th Special Force Brigade Scorpion. This brigade was formed in 1994. It began as the 525th Special Company, and now Scorpion is the best brigade in the country. Soldiers of this brigade use modern weapons and equipment.
- "Ilbirs" brigade. Ilbirs means Tiger in the Kyrgyz language. It was formed in April 1999. At that period it was the 24th Special Forces Battalion.
- The National Guard of Kyrgyzstan has an Airborne Battalion, Panther.
- Bars (Барс) and Edelweiss units.
- Alfa is an anti-terrorist unit. Almost all former Soviet countries' National Security Agencies have special teams called "Alfa". "Alfa" is a top-secret unit; there is no information available about it.
- "SOBR" (СОБР) is a special team, similar to the American SWAT teams. SOBR also exists in Russia and many other post-Soviet countries.
In August 2010, the Kyrgyz MOD received 45 Ford Ranger pickups and 44 Polaris quads from the U.S. Embassy’s Office of Military Cooperation to increase the mobility of Kyrgyz counterterrorism units, particularly in mountainous regions.7
The Air and Air Defense Force includes a regiment of MiG-21s and L-39s, four Antonov transports, and a helicopter regiment (apx 23 Mi-8, 9 Mi-24). Estimates for the numbers of MiG-21s range from 48 to 60-odd. However, only a few L-39s and the helicopters are capable of flight. All Kyrgyz military aircraft are reportedly based at Kant, alongside the Russian 999th Air Base.
Because of expense and military doctrine, Kyrgyzstan has not developed its air capability; a large number of the MiG-21 interceptors that it borrowed from Russia were returned in 1993, although a number of former Soviet air bases remain available. In 1996 about 100 decommissioned MiG-21s remained in Kyrgyzstan, along with ninety-six L-39 trainers and sixty-five helicopters. The air defense forces have received aid from Russia, which has sent military advisory units to establish a defense system. The Russians also help patrol Kyrgyz airspace as part of the Joint CIS Air Defense System Presently Kyrgyzstan has twenty-six SA-2 and SA-3 surface-to-air missiles in its air defense arsenal.
|Tupolev Tu-154||Soviet Union||VIP transport||Tu-154M||2||Leased from Air Manas|
|Boeing 737||United States||VIP transport||737-400||2||Leased from Kyrgyzstan Air Company|
|Aero L-39||Czech Republic||light attack/trainer||L-39||4||96 acquired from ex-USSR.|
|Mil Mi-24||Soviet Union||attack||Mi-24||6|
|Transport and Utility Helicopters|
|Mil Mi-8 Hip
Mil Mi-17 Hip-H
| Soviet Union
- Military Technology, World Defence Almanac Vol. XXXII, Issue 1, 2008, p.248
- http://www8.brinkster.com/vad777/sng/kirgizia.htm - accessed Aug 2007 and Jan 2008
- "Russia Gives $1.5 bln to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan for Military Expenditure". The Gazette of Central Asia (Satrapia). 19 November 2012.
- Vad777, accessed July 2008, reporting http://www.sk.kg/2004/n19/7.html - 2004, a dead link
- Jane's Armour and Artillery 1997-98 ISBN 0-7106-1542-6
- Kyrgyzstan Air Force at globalsecurity.org
- O'Mallery, William D., and McDErmott, Roger N., 'Kyrgyzstan's Security Tightrope,' Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Vol. 16, No. 3, September 2003, 72-111
- Martha Brill Olcott, Library of Congress Country Study Kyrgyzstan, National Security, 1996
- Henry Plater-Zyberk, Kyrgyzstan - Focusing on Security, Conflict Studies Research Centre K41, November 2003
- Armed Forces of the Republic of Kyrgizstan official site
- Ministry of Emergency Situation (Kyrgizstan) official site
- Ministry of Internal Affairs (Kyrgizstan) official site
- Kyrgizstan military ranks