|Full name||Millwall Football Club|
|Founded||3 October 1885, as Millwall Rovers|
South Bermondsey, London
|Owner||Millwall Holdings plc|
|2012–13||The Championship, 20th|
|Website||Club home page|
Millwall Football Club (// or locally [ˈmɪɤɔo]) is an English professional football club based in South Bermondsey, south-east London, that plays in the Football League Championship, the second tier of English football. Founded as Millwall Rovers in 1885, the club has retained its name despite having last played in the Millwall area of the Isle of Dogs in 1910. From then until 1993 the club played at the Den, a now-demolished stadium in New Cross, before moving to its current home stadium nearby in South Bermondsey, also called the Den.
The traditional club crest is a lion rampant, referred to in the team's nickname "The Lions". Millwall's traditional kit consists of blue shirts, white shorts and blue socks. The current strip celebrates their 20th anniversary playing at the Den; it is a dark navy blue shirt with white pin stripes, white shorts and navy socks. Millwall have a long-standing rivalry with West Ham United. The local derby between the two sides has been contested almost 100 times since 1899. In the media, Millwall's supporters have often been associated with hooliganism, with numerous films having been made fictionalising their notoriety. The fans are renowned for their chant "No one likes us, we don't care".
In 2004, the team reached the final of the FA Cup and, in doing so, qualified for the UEFA Cup the following season, playing in Europe for the first time in their history. The club has also reached FA Cup semi-finals on another four occasions, in 1900, 1903, 1937 and 2013. Millwall have spent the majority of their existence competing in the second or third tier of the Football League. The team spent two seasons in the top flight between 1988–90, in which the club achieved its highest ever finish of tenth place in the First Division. Based on all results during the club's 86 seasons in the Football League from 1920–21 to 2012–13, Millwall are ranked as the 40th most successful club in English football.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Beginnings and relocation: 1885–1919
- 1.2 Entering the Football League: 1920–1939
- 1.3 Wartime doldrums, wounded Lions: 1940–1965
- 1.4 Unbeaten records and the class of '71: 1966–1987
- 1.5 The top flight and new stadium: 1988–1996
- 1.6 Relegation and administration: 1997–2000
- 1.7 Promotion, FA Cup Final and Europe: 2001–2004
- 1.8 Six managers in two years of upheaval: 2005–2006
- 1.9 Stability and play-off success: 2007–2013
- 1.10 A new era: 2013–present
- 2 Colours, crest and nickname
- 3 Stadia
- 4 Rivalries
- 5 Players
- 6 Managers
- 7 Club officials
- 8 Honours
- 9 Records and statistics
- 10 Millwall in European football
- 11 Supporters and hooliganism
- 12 In the community
- 13 In popular culture
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 External links
Millwall Rovers were formed by the workers of J.T. Morton's canning and preserve factory in the Millwall area of the Isle of Dogs in London's East End in 1885.2 Founded in Aberdeen in 1849 to supply sailing ships with food, the company opened their first English cannery and food processing plant at Millwall dock in 1872 and attracted a workforce from across the country, including the east coast of Scotland, primarily Dundee.2 The club secretary was 17-year-old Jasper Sexton, the son of the landlord of The Islander pub in Tooke Street where Millwall held their club meetings.3 Millwall Rovers' first fixture was held on a piece of waste ground on Glengall Road, on 3 October 1885 against Fillebrook, a team that played in Leytonstone. The newly formed team were beaten 5–0.2
Rovers found a better playing surface for the 1886–87 season, at the rear of the Lord Nelson pub and it became known as the Lord Nelson Ground.2 In November 1886, the East End Football Association was formed, along with the Senior Cup Competition. Millwall made it to the final against London Caledonians, which was played at Leyton Cricket Ground. The match finished 2–2 and the teams shared the cup for six months each.4 Millwall won the East London Senior Cup at the first attempt. The club also won it the following two years, and the trophy became their property.24
In April 1889, a resolution was passed for Millwall to drop 'Rovers' from their name and they were now playing under the name Millwall Athletic, inspired by their move to their new home The Athletic Grounds.45 They were founding members of the Southern Football League which they won for the first two years of its existence, and were runners-up in its third.6 They were forced to move to a new ground North Greenwich in 1901, as the Millwall Dock Company wanted to use their land as a timberyard.7 Millwall Athletic reached the FA Cup semi-finals in 1900 and 1903, and were also champions of the Western Football League in 1908 and 1909.8
Millwall moved to a new stadium, named The Den, in New Cross, South London in 1910.9 The club had previously occupied four different grounds in the 25 years since their formation in East London; limited expansion space on the Isle of Dogs meant The Lions had to move to boost support and attendances.7 The estimated cost of The Den was £10,000.7 The first match played at the new ground was on 22 October 1910 against reigning Southern League champions Brighton & Hove Albion, who won 1–0.10
Millwall, who had now also dropped 'Athletic' from its name, were invited to join the Football League in 1920 for the 1920–21 season, along with 22 other clubs, through the creation of the new Football League Third Division.11 The Southern League was shorn of its status, with almost all its clubs deciding to leave—Millwall followed suit.11 Millwall's first Football League match was on 28 August 1920 at The Den, and they were 2–0 winners against Bristol Rovers.12
In the 1925–26 season Millwall had 11 consecutive clean sheets, a Football League record, which they hold jointly with York City and Reading.13 Millwall became known as a hard-fighting Cup team and competed in various memorable matches, notably defeating three-time league winners and reigning champions Huddersfield Town 3–1 in the third round of the 1926–27 FA Cup.14 In the 1927–28 season Millwall won the Third Division South title and scored 87 goals at home in the league, an English record which still stands.13 Matches against Sunderland and Derby County saw packed crowds of 48,000-plus in the 1930s and 1940s.15 Their 1937 FA Cup run saw Millwall reach the semi-finals for the third time, and a fifth round game against Derby still stands as Millwall's record attendance of 48,762.1415 Millwall were the tenth best supported team in England in the pre-war years, despite languishing in the Third Division for most of the 1930s. Millwall were one of the most financially wealthy clubs in England. The club proposed plans to improve the Den and signed international players.16 Winger Reg 'JR' Smith was capped twice, scoring two goals for England in 1938.17 The Lions were pushing for promotion to the First Division toward the end of the decade, but one week into the 1939–40 season, World War II broke out and Millwall were robbed of their aim.16
On 7 April 1945, Millwall appeared in a Football League War Cup final at Wembley Stadium against Chelsea, but because it was a wartime cup final it is not acknowledged in the record books.18 With the war in Europe in its last days, the number of spectators allowed to attend games was relaxed. The attendance was 90,000, the largest crowd Millwall have ever played in front of, which included King George VI, whom the team were introduced to before kick-off.19
The loss of so many young men during the Second World War made it difficult for clubs to retain their former status. This was especially true for Millwall, who appeared to suffer more than most. From being one of the country's biggest clubs before the war, Millwall were reduced to one of its smallest afterward.18 The Den sustained severe bomb damage on 19 April 1943, and one week later a fire, determined to have been caused by a discarded cigarette, also destroyed an entire stand.18 The club accepted offers from neighbours Charlton Athletic, Crystal Palace and West Ham United to stage games at their grounds.18 On 24 February 1944, Millwall returned to The Den, to play in an all-standing stadium. This was achieved with considerable volunteer labour by Lions fans.18 One of the biggest Cup upsets came in the fourth round of the 1956–57 FA Cup on 26 January 1957, when Millwall beat Newcastle United 2–1 in front of a crowd of 45,646. At the time the club was fighting for Third Division survival.20
During the late 1950s and early 1960s Millwall's form was poor, and they were relegated into (and became a founding member of) Division Four.21 The first time in their history they had competed in the fourth tier of English football, which they remained in for four seasons until 1962. They returned for the 1964–65 season, but were immediately promoted. This is the last time Millwall played in the fourth tier.22
Later in the decade, Millwall established a record of 59 home games without defeat (43 wins and 16 draws) from 22 August 1964 to 14 January 1967. During this spell, Millwall played 55 different teams, kept 35 clean sheets, scored 112 goals and conceded 33.23 This was thanks largely to managers Billy Gray, who laid the foundations, and Benny Fenton, a former player who continued to build on Gray's side. All the players, which included winger Barry Rowan, goalkeeper Alex Stepney and strikers Hugh Curran and Len Julians, were presented with a commemorative gold cigarette lighter by the Football Association.23 The record was eventually broken by Liverpool, who were unbeaten for 63 games at home between 1978 and 1981.23
In the early 1970s, the Millwall team included many notable and memorable players, now remembered by some fans as "The Class of '71". This was a team that included; goalkeeper Bryan King, defender Harry Cripps, goalscoring midfielder Derek Possee, Millwall's most capped international player to date, Eamon Dunphy24 and the club's longest serving player, Barry Kitchener.25 They missed out on promotion to Division One by one point.26 By remaining unbeaten at home in Division Two for the 1971–72 season, Millwall became the only club to go through an entire season without losing a match at home in four different divisions 1927–28 Division Three South, 1964–65 Division Four, 1965–66 Division Three and 1971–72 Division Two).27 In 1974, Millwall hosted the first game to be played on a Sunday against Fulham.28 The Lions reached the quarter-finals of the League Cup in 1974, and again in 1977.29
George Graham managed Millwall from 1983 to 1986, and during that time he guided the club to a Football League Group Cup win, beating Lincoln City 3–2 in the final in the 1982–83 season.30 The 1984–85 season was particularly successful, Millwall reached the FA Cup quarter-finals and gained promotion to the Second Division, going unbeaten at home again in Division Three, winning 18 games and drawing five.31 In the FA Cup they were beaten 1–0 by First Division Luton Town at Kenilworth Road. The match is remembered for all the wrong reasons, after hooligans rioted at the game. 81 people (including 31 police officers) were injured in the disturbances.32
Graham's replacement was Glaswegian John Docherty. In his second season as manager, Millwall won the Second Division championship and gained promotion to the top flight of English football for the first time in the club's history.3435 Starting the 1988–89 season strongly, Millwall topped the league on 1 October 1988 having played six games (winning four and drawing two) and rarely slipped out of the top five before Christmas. This was mainly due to Tony Cascarino and Teddy Sheringham, who scored 99 goals between them in three seasons playing together.36 Millwall's first top division season ended with a tenth place finish, which was the lowest place occupied by the club all season. The following season, they briefly led the league for one night in September 1989 after beating Coventry City 4–1, but won only two more games all season and were relegated in 20th place at the end of the 1989–90 season.37
Just before relegation was confirmed, Docherty was sacked and replaced by ex-Middlesbrough manager Bruce Rioch.38</ref> Striker Teddy Sheringham, who later played for England and was the highest-scoring player throughout the Football League in the 1990–91 season,39 was sold to Nottingham Forest for £2 million after Millwall's 6–2 defeat to Brighton & Hove Albion in the Second Division play-offs.40 Rioch left Millwall in 1992 to be succeeded by Irish defender Mick McCarthy. McCarthy guided Millwall to third place in the new Division One at the end of the 1993–94 season.41 This was their first season at a new ground, at first known as The New Den (to distinguish it from its predecessor) but now called simply The Den, which was opened by the Labour party leader John Smith on 4 August 1993.42 The new ground was the first all-seater stadium to be built in England after the Taylor report on the Hillsborough disaster.43 The Lions knocked Arsenal out of the 1994–95 FA Cup in a third-round replay, beating them 2–0 at Highbury.44 They also reached the quarter-finals of the League Cup in 1995.29 Millwall lost 5–1 to Derby County in the play-off semi-finals that same 1994–95 season.3 McCarthy resigned to take charge of the Republic of Ireland national team on 5 February 1996, shortly after Millwall had been knocked off the top of the Division One table by Sunderland, following a 6–0 defeat.41
Jimmy Nicholl of Raith Rovers was appointed as McCarthy's replacement, but could not reverse the slump in form which saw Millwall relegated at the end of the 1995–96 season in 22nd place.3 Just five months earlier they had been top of Division One, but now Millwall found themselves in the third tier for the 1996–97 season. The club experienced severe financial difficulties that resulted in them being placed in financial administration for a short time.3 Nicholl was relieved of his duties and John Docherty returned on a short-term basis to stabilise the club.3
Millwall came out of administration, and new chairman Theo Paphitis appointed ex-West Ham United manager Billy Bonds as manager.45 The 1997–98 season was not a successful one, with the club hovering close to relegation to the fourth tier. Bonds was sacked and replaced by Keith "Rhino" Stevens, with Alan McLeary as his assistant. McLeary was later promoted to the role of joint-manager alongside Stevens.3
Stevens and McLeary led Millwall to their first ever official appearance at Wembley Stadium.3 The Lions reached the 1999 Football League Trophy Final with a golden goal win against Gillingham in the semi-finals, and a 2–1 aggregate victory over Walsall in the regional final. They faced Wigan Athletic in the final but, while playing in front of 49,000 of their own fans, lost 1–0 by to an injury-time goal.46 Millwall also lost 1–0 on aggregate to Wigan in the Second Division play-off semi-finals the 1999–2000 season.46
Mark McGhee was named as Millwall's new manager in September 2000, and eight months later the club won promotion as Division Two champions, with the team built by Keith Stevens, after five years in the third tier of the league.3 They finished with 93 points, a club record.47 Winning the first match of the 2001–02 season 4–0 at home to Norwich City set the team up well for a good year, in which Millwall qualified for the Division One play-offs, but lost to eventual winners Birmingham City 2–1 in the semi-finals. Millwall finished mid-table in the 2002–03 season and McGhee was sacked soon after the start of the 2003–04 season.48
In 2003, Dennis Wise, ex-Chelsea and England player, became caretaker, and subsequently permanent player-manager, of the club. In his first season in charge Wise led the club to the first FA Cup Final in their history.49 When Millwall took to the field at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff they were only the second team from outside the top flight to play in the Cup final since 1982, and were the first team from outside the Premier League to reach the final since the foundation of the top tier in 1992.50 The club was missing 16 players from their squad due to suspension or injury. They played the Cup final on 22 May 2004, losing 3–0 to Manchester United.51 As United had already qualified for the UEFA Champions League, Millwall were assured of playing in the UEFA Cup. Midfielder Curtis Weston, substituted for Wise with one minute of normal time remaining, became the youngest Cup final player in history at 17 years 119 days, beating the 125-year-old record of James F. M. Prinsep.52 In the 2004–05 UEFA Cup, Millwall lost 4–2 on aggregate in the first round proper to Hungarian champions Ferencváros, with Wise scoring both Millwall's goals.53
In 2005, Theo Paphitis announced that he was stepping down as chairman of the club with Jeff Burnige to replace him from May 2005.54 At the end of the 2004–05 season, manager Dennis Wise announced that he was leaving as he was unable to form a working relationship with the new chairman.49 Former Millwall striker Steve Claridge was announced as the new player-manager of Millwall. However, when Burnige then stepped down just two months after taking up the post, it was announced on 27 July that Claridge had been sacked after just 36 days, without ever taking charge of the team in a competitive match.55
Former Wolverhampton Wanderers manager Colin Lee replaced him but lasted only five months in charge of the club.55 On 21 December, with the club bottom of the Championship, he became the club's Director of Football and was replaced as manager by 32-year-old player Dave Tuttle, on a short-term contract until the end of the 2005–06 season.56 Tuttle had no prior experience in football management. In February 2006, Lee left the club altogether. Millwall experienced a difficult season, having had four managers in 2005. Their 13 goals scored at home was the second worst in Football League history.13 Their relegation to League One was confirmed on 17 April 2006 with a 2–0 loss against Southampton. In the closed season Nigel Spackman was appointed as the new manager, but he lasted only four months after a string of bad results.57 In September 2006, Theo Paphitis (chairman from 1997 to 2005) ended his nine-year association with the club after a year-long spell as a non-executive director.58
On 19 March 2007, Willie Donachie signed a two-year contract following some progress which had seen the club climb to 11th place in the league.59 Before Donachie took charge, Millwall had taken only six points from their first ten games. In the 2007–08 season Millwall sat bottom of the table at the beginning of October. Donachie was sacked on 8 October, with Richard Shaw and Colin West becoming caretaker managers.59
In March 2007, Chestnut Hill Ventures, led by American John Berylson, which have interests in business and financial services, retail, property and sport, invested £5 million into the club. The continued investment of Berylson, who has since become the club's major shareholder and chairman,61 has steered The Lions on a better course on and off the pitch. The appointment of Kenny Jackett as manager on 6 November 2007, proving crucial.62
Over the course of the next two seasons Jackett led Millwall to two top six finishes in League One, in fifth and third place respectively. He won the League One Manager of the Month award three times while in charge of the club.63 Several of his key signings helped propel Millwall toward the play-offs, and eventual promotion. After a play-off final defeat in the 2008–09 season against Scunthorpe United and losing out on automatic promotion on the last day of the 2009–10 season to Leeds United by one point, Millwall made it back to Wembley, finally breaking the play-off hoodoo run of five successive failures in 1991, 1994, 2000, 2002 and 2009, with a 1–0 win in the 2010 League One play-off final against Swindon Town, securing a return to the Football League Championship after a four-year absence.60
Millwall's first game back in the Championship was a 3–0 away win at Bristol City. The game had been much hyped due to City's signing of then-England goalkeeper David James. Only days after the defeat, Steve Coppell resigned as City manager.64 The Lions celebrated the 125th anniversary of the club on 2 October 2010, which was the closest home game date to the first fixture Millwall ever played against Fillebrook on 3 October 1885. Millwall drew 1–1 with Burnley and wore a special one-off kit for the game, made by manufacturers Macron, which bore the names of every footballer who had played for the club.65
Kenny Jackett celebrated five years in charge of the club in November 2012, with a 4–1 victory away at Nottingham Forest.66 After a strong start to the 2012–13 season, including a 13-game unbeaten run and flirting with the play-offs,67 Millwall finished poorly, with only five wins in the last 23 games, narrowly avoiding relegation on the last day of the season.68 Their poor league form coincided with reaching the semi-final of the FA Cup for the fifth time in their history.69 They played Wigan Athletic at Wembley Stadium on 14 April 2013, losing 2–0 to the eventual cup winners.70 Kenny Jackett resigned on 7 May 2013.71 He was Millwall's fourth-longest serving manager.72
After a month of searching, Millwall appointed St. Johnstone boss Steve Lomas as their new manager on 6 June 2013.73 His appointment proved mixed among some Millwall supporters, due to him being the former captain of West Ham United, their biggest rival.74 Club record goalscorer Neil Harris returned to Millwall as a coach on 23 June 2013 after retiring as a footballer through injury.75 Millwall sacked Steve Lomas on 26 December 2013, after winning only five of his 22 games in charge.76 Neil Harris and youth team coach Scott Fitzgerald took over as joint caretaker-managers.76 On 4 January 2014 Millwall lost 4–1 at Southend United in the FA Cup, a team 31 places below them in the football pyramid. Harris described the performance as a "shambles."77 Millwall appointed Ian Holloway as their new manager on 6 January 2014, with the club sitting 21st in the table. He was given the priority of maintaining their Football League Championship status.78
Millwall's traditional kit has predominantly consisted of blue shirts, white shorts and blue socks throughout their 125-year history.1 For the first 50 years, up until 1936, they played in a traditional navy blue, similar to the colours of Scotland national team.1 This colour was chosen because it paid homage to the Scottish roots of the club,2 with the nucleus of the first Millwall Rovers squad being from Dundee.79 In 1936, newly appointed Millwall manager Charlie Hewitt opted to change the kit colour from navy blue to a lighter royal blue,80 and the team have played in this colour for the best part of 74 years, with the exception of 1968–75 and 1999–2001, in which the team played in an all-white strip.1 Their kit for the 2010–11 season celebrated the 125th anniversary of the club, with Millwall adopting the darker navy blue of their first strip.81 The club has retained this colour since.1 As for change colours, yellow or white has been a frequent choice. The club had a grey away kit for the 2002–03 season, and also a green and white striped away kit for the 2003–04 season.
The club crest has been a rampant lion since 1936, which was also introduced by Charlie Hewitt.80 There have been many variations of the lion; the first was a single red lion, often mistakenly said to be chosen because of the club's Scottish roots.82 The lion bore a striking resemblance to signs used by pubs named The Red Lion.82 From 1956 to 1974 Millwall's crest was two leaping red lions facing each other.1 Former chairman Theo Paphitis brought back the badge in 1999, where it was used for a further eight years. The current crest is a leaping lion, which first appeared on a Millwall kit in 1979.1 It remained until 1999 and was re-introduced again in 2007.1 The club mascot is a giant lion called Zampa, so named after Zampa Road, the postal address of The Den.83
The team nickname is The Lions, previously The Dockers.8485 The original Dockers name arose from the job of many of the club's supporters in the early 1900s.2 The club did not like the moniker and changed the nickname after press headlined Millwall as 'Lions of the South', after knocking Football League leaders Aston Villa out of the 1899–1900 FA Cup. Millwall, then a Southern League side, went on to reach the semi-final.86 The club adopted the motto: We Fear No Foe Where E'er We Go.87 In the 2000s the club started to recognise its unique link with London's docks by introducing Dockers' Days, and archiving the club's dock roots in the Millwall FC Museum.88 Dockers' Days bring together past successful Millwall teams who parade on the pitch at half-time. Supporters who were dockers are allowed to attend the game for free.88 In 2011, Millwall officially named the east stand of The Den as the 'Dockers Stand' in honour of the club's former nickname.89
|Year||Kit manufacturer1||Main shirt sponsor||Secondary sponsor|
|1991–92||Fairview Homes PLC|
|1996–97||South London Press|
|2007–08||Bukta||K&T Heating Services Ltd|
|2013–||Prostate Cancer UK||Wallis Teagan|
- Main articles: The Den (1993–present), The Den (1910–1993), North Greenwich and The Athletic Grounds.
Millwall began life on the Isle of Dogs and inhabited four different grounds in the club's first 25 years.7 Their first home was a piece of waste ground called Glengall Road, where they only stayed for one year. From 1886 to 1890 they played behind The Lord Nelson pub on East Ferry Road, which was known as the Lord Nelson Ground, before being forced to leave by the landlady, who received a better offer for its use.7
They moved to their third home, The Athletic Grounds, on 6 September 1890.7 This was their first purpose-built ground, with a grandstand that seated 600 people and an overall capacity of between 10,000 and 15,000. The club was forced to move on again though, this time by the Millwall Dock Company who wanted to use it as a timberyard. They relocated in 1901 to a location near their second home, which became known as North Greenwich.7 They remained an east London club for a further nine years, with the last game played on the Isle of Dogs on 8 October 1910 against Portsmouth, which Millwall won 3–1.
On 22 October 1910, Millwall crossed the river to South London, moving to Cold Blow Lane in New Cross. The fifth ground was called The Den, built at a cost of £10,000 by noted football ground architect Archibald Leitch. The first game played there was against Brighton & Hove Albion, which Brighton won 1–0.10 Millwall remained there for 83 years, until moving to their sixth and current ground, at first known as The New Den but now called simply The Den, on 4 August 1993. The ground has an all-seated capacity of 20,146.15 A Sporting Lisbon team, managed by Bobby Robson helped open the ground by playing a friendly, which The Lions lost 2–1.387
A tradition at The Den is the playing of the official club song91 "Let 'em Come", by Roy Green, as Millwall and the opposing team walk onto the pitch. It was specifically written for the club and the lyrics represent old London culture, such as eating jellied eels92 and having a glass of beer before going to the game. The song ends with all home fans standing, arms raised singing the last line, "Let 'em all... come down.... to The Den!" A television drama about a Millwall supporter and ex-docker, starring David Jason, featured a lyric from the song in its title, Come Rain Come Shine. The song was played on repeat at Wembley Stadium after Millwall gained promotion to the Championship in 2010.93 The song "Shoeshine Boy" by the Mills Blue Rhythm Band was played as the entrance song prior to "Let 'em Come".94
Other songs that have been regularly played at The Den over the years in the build-up to a game include "London Calling" by The Clash, "Town Called Malice" by The Jam and "House of Fun" by Madness, which features the lyric "welcome to the lion's den...". Status Quo's cover version of "Rockin' All Over the World" is played after most home wins.95
Millwall were listed eighth out of a list of 92 Football League clubs with the most rivals, with West Ham United, Crystal Palace, Charlton Athletic, Leeds United, Portsmouth and Gillingham considering them a major rival.9697 Millwall were ranked as the seventh most offensive club to neutral fans.97
Millwall's fiercest rival is West Ham United. It is one of the most passionately contested local derbies in football.99 The two clubs have rarely met in recent years due to them playing in different leagues; the majority of their meetings happened before the First World War, with some 60 meetings between 1899–1915.100 The clubs have played almost 99 times since the first contest in 1899. Millwall have won 38, drawn 27 and lost 34.101 Despite violence between the two sets of supporters and calls for future games between the clubs to be played behind closed doors, they last met in the Football League Championship in 2011–12 with no outright ban on either set of fans, and no repeat of crowd trouble.98102 The rivalry between the sides, specifically the clubs' two hooligan firms has been depicted on the big screen several times, in films such as Green Street.103
Millwall are closest in proximity to Charlton Athletic, with The Den and The Valley being less than four miles (6.4 km) apart. Since their first competitive game in 1921, Millwall have won 33, drawn 24 and lost 12.104 The two clubs were in League One for the 2009–10 season which saw the first league meeting between them since the 1995–96 season. The Southeast London derby at The Valley on 19 December 2009 finished in a 4–4 draw, which was the highest-scoring game ever between the sides.105
After being promoted to the Championship for the 2010–11 season, Millwall reignited their rivalry with South London club Crystal Palace. The teams met for the first time in four years at Selhurst Park on 16 October 2010, with The Lions winning 1–0.106 In almost 100 competitive games between the two clubs since 1906, Millwall have won 39, drawn 29 and lost 29.107
Millwall also share rivalries with Gillingham, Portsmouth and Leeds United.96 Gillingham place Millwall as their most fierce rival.97 Portsmouth rank Millwall as their third biggest rival.97 Leeds consider Millwall to be their third biggest rival, behind Manchester United and Chelsea.97 The rivalry with Leeds came to prominence with the two teams battling for promotion in the 2008–09 Football League One season, with Millwall beating Leeds three times that year and knocking them out of the play-off semi-finals. The following season Leeds pipped Millwall to automatic promotion on the last day by one point, with The Lions eventually being promoted via the play-offs.108 Lions midfielder Liam Trotter said about playing Leeds, "It has always been a good rivalry. It is like a local derby."109 Due to trouble between the two sets of supporters, Leeds imposed a voucher scheme for Millwall fans wishing to go to games at Elland Road, making it harder for fans to attend.110
- As of 1 March 2014112
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- As of 29 December 2013.113
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- As voted by Millwall Supporters Club members and season ticket holders.114
See Millwall Lionesses for two female inductees.
Players included in the PFA Fans' Player of the Year whilst playing for Millwall:
Players included in the PFA Team of the Year whilst playing for Millwall:
The following is a list of notable footballers who have played for Millwall, including players who have been honoured in Millwall's Hall of Fame and have significantly contributed to the club's history3117 be it through being founder member players, having been given a testimonial for 10 years of service at the club, making over 100 appearances, scoring over 50 goals or having received recognition by their country in the form of international caps while playing for the club.118119120
There have been 32 permanent and 14 caretaker managers since the appointment of the club's first professional manager, Bert Lipsham on 4 May 1911.121 From 1890 to 1910, Millwall directors Kidd, Stopher and Saunders were honorary managers, also working under the title of club secretary.122 Bob Hunter is Millwall's longest serving manager, having stayed at the helm for 15 years. Prior to becoming manager, he was the club's trainer for 21 years. He died in office in 1933, having served at the club for a total of 36 years.123 Steve Claridge holds the shortest tenure at the club, having been in charge for a period of 36 days without ever taking charge of a first-team game.55 Every Millwall manager has come from the United Kingdom or Ireland.121
(s) = secretary (c) = caretaker
- Chairman: John Berylson
- Chief executive: Andy Ambler
- Directors: James T. Berylson, Constantine Gonticas, Trevor Keyse, Demos Kouvaris, Richard Press and Peter Garston
- General manager: Rick Bradbrook
- Manager: Ian Holloway
- Under-21s manager: Neil Harris
- Goalkeeping coach: Kevin Pressman
- Academy manager: Scott Fitzgerald
- Chief scout: Mick Harford
Based on all results during the club's 86 seasons in the Football League from 1920–21 to 2012–13, Millwall are ranked as the 40th most successful club in English football.127 The following table details the club's major achievements:
|Football League One||Play-off winners||2010||First ever promotion via the play-offs in sixth attempt.128|
|Football League One||Play-off finalists||2009|
|FA Cup||Finalists||2004||Qualified for the UEFA Cup.53|
|Football League Second Division||Champions||2001||Finished with 93 points, a club record.47|
|Football League Trophy||Finalists||1999||First official appearance at Wembley in a recognised competition.3|
|Football League Second Division||Champions||1988||Promoted to the top flight for the first time in the club's history.34|
|Football League Group Cup||Champions||1983|
|FA Youth Cup||Champions||1979, 1991|
|Football League Division Three||Promoted||1976||Automatically promoted after finishing third.129|
|Football League Division Three||Runners-up||1966, 1985||Unbeaten at home for the second successive season in 1965–66.23|
|Football League Fourth Division||Runners-up||1965||Finished one point behind the champions.130|
|Football League Fourth Division||Champions||1962|
|Football League War Cup||Finalists||1945||South final runners-up.131|
|Football League Third Division South Cup||Winners||1937||Joint winners with Watford (3–3 aggregate in final.)132|
|Football League Third Division South||Champions||1928, 1938||Millwall set an English record in 1928 with 87 league goals scored at home.13|
|Western Football League||Champions||1908, 1909|
|London League||Champions||1904||Unbeaten with 11 wins and one draw.133|
|Southern Football League||Champions||1895, 1896|
|United League||Champions||1897, 1899|
|East London Senior Cup||Winners||1887, 1888, 1889|
|East London FA Cup||Joint-winners||1886|
Barry Kitchener holds the record for Millwall appearances, having played 596 matches between 1966 and 1982.25 The goalscoring record is held by Neil Harris, with 138 in all competitions.134135 He broke the previous record of 111 goals, held by Teddy Sheringham on 13 January 2009, during a 3–2 away win at Crewe Alexandra.136 The club's widest victory margin in the league is 9–1,137 a scoreline which they achieved twice in their Football League Third Division South championship-winning year of 1927.138 They beat both Torquay United and Coventry City by this score at The Den. Millwall's heaviest league defeat was 8–1 away to Plymouth Argyle in 1932.137 The club's heaviest loss in all competitions was a 9–1 defeat at Aston Villa in an FA Cup fourth-round second-leg in 1946.137 Millwall's largest Cup win was 7–0 over Gateshead in 1936.137 Their highest scoring aggregate game was a 12-goal thriller at home to Preston North End in 1930 when Millwall lost 7–5.137
As of 26 December 2013
Players in bold denotes still playing for the club.139
Only Football League and senior cup competitions included.141
See List of Millwall F.C. seasons for Millwall's top goalscorer each year since 1895.
On 22 May 2004 Millwall played Manchester United in the FA Cup Final, losing 3–0. As United had already qualified for the UEFA Champions League, Millwall were assured of playing in the UEFA Cup. Millwall played in the first round proper and lost 4–2 on aggregate to Ferencváros.
|Season||Competition||Round||Opponents||1st leg||2nd leg||Aggregate|
|2004–05142||UEFA Cup||First round||Ferencváros||1–1||1–3||2–4|
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Millwall have averaged a gate close to 12,000 per home game over their 86 seasons in the Football League, while the club have spent the majority of that time yo-yoing back and forth between the second and third tiers of English football.144145 Originally based in the East End of London, the club moved across the River Thames in 1910 to south east London and support is drawn from the surrounding areas.146 The club and fans have a historic association with football hooliganism, which came to prevalence in the 1970s and 1980s with a firm known originally as F-Troop, eventually becoming more widely known as the Millwall Bushwackers, who were one of the most notorious hooligan gangs in England.147 On five occasions The Den was closed by The FA and the club has received numerous fines for crowd disorder.148 The BBC documentary Panorama was invited into the club by Millwall in 1977 to show the hooligan reputation was a myth and being blown out of proportion by reporting. Instead the BBC portrayed hooliganism as being deeply rooted in Millwall, and attempted to link them to the far-right political party National Front. The show was extremely damaging for the club.32146 Former club chairman Reg Burr once commented: "Millwall are a convenient coat peg for football to hang its social ills on",149 an example being the reporting of convicted murderer Gavin Grant. Although he had played for eight different clubs, playing his fewest number of games (four) for Millwall, and was signed to Bradford City at the time, the BBC used the headline, "Former Millwall striker Gavin Grant guilty of murder".150
The stigma of violence attached to Millwall can be traced back over 100 years. Millwall played local rivals West Ham United away at Upton Park on 17 September 1906 in a Western League game. Both sets of supporters were primarily made up of dockers, who lived and worked in the same locality in east London. Many were rivals working for opposing firms and vying for the same business.151 A local newspaper, East Ham Echo, reported that, "From the very first kick of the ball it was seen likely to be some trouble, but the storm burst when Dean and Jarvis came into collision (Millwall had two players sent off during the match). This aroused considerable excitement among the spectators. The crowds on the bank having caught the fever, free fights were plentiful."152 In the 1920s Millwall's ground was closed for two weeks after a Newport County goalkeeper, who had been struck by missiles, jumped into the crowd to confront some of the home supporters and was knocked unconscious.153 The ground was again closed for two weeks in 1934 following crowd disturbances after the visit of Bradford (Park Avenue). Pitch invasions resulted in another closure in 1947 and in 1950 the club was fined after a referee and linesman were ambushed outside the ground.148
In the 1960s, hooliganism in England became more widely reported. On 6 November 1965 Millwall beat west London club Brentford 2–1 away at Griffin Park and during the game a hand grenade was thrown onto the pitch from the Millwall end. Brentford's goalkeeper Chic Brodie picked it up, inspected it and threw it into his goal. It was later retrieved by police and determined to be a harmless dummy. There was fighting inside and outside the ground during the game between both sets of supporters, with one Millwall fan sustaining a broken jaw. The Sun newspaper ran the sensationalist grenade-related headline "Soccer Marches to War!"154155 Trouble was reported at Loftus Road on 26 March 1966 during a match between Queens Park Rangers and Millwall, at a time when both sides were near the top of the league table pushing for promotion to Division Two, but the London derby was won 6–1 by the west London based team, QPR. In the second-half, a coin was thrown from the terraces, which struck Millwall player Len Julians on the head, drawing blood. The stadium announcer warned that the game would be abandoned if there were any more disturbances from the crowd, prompting some Millwall fans to invade the pitch in an unsuccessful attempt to get the game abandoned.32 When Millwall's unbeaten home record of 59 games came to an end against Plymouth Argyle in 1967, the windows of the away team's coach were smashed. In the same year, a referee was attacked and the FA ordered the club to erect fences around The Den's terracing.148 On 11 March 1978 a riot broke out at The Den during an FA Cup quarter-final between Millwall and Ipswich Town, with the home team losing 6–1. Fighting began on the terraces and spilled onto the pitch; dozens of fans were injured, with some hooligans turning on their own team's supporters leaving some innocent fans bloodied. Bobby Robson, then manager of Ipswich, said of Millwall fans afterward, "They [the police] should have turned the flamethrowers on them".32 In 1982 Millwall club chairman Alan Thorne threatened to close the club because of violence sparked by losing in the FA Cup to non-league side Slough Town.148153
The 1985 Kenilworth Road riot, after an FA Cup sixth-round match between Luton Town and Millwall on 13 March 1985, became one of the worst and widely reported incidents of football hooliganism to date. On that night, approximately 20,000 people packed into a ground that usually only held half that number to watch Luton beat Millwall 1–0.148 Numerous pitch invasions, fighting in the stands and missile-throwing occurred, of which one such object hit Luton's goalkeeper Les Sealey. It led to a ban on away supporters by Luton from their Kenilworth Road ground for four years. Luton were asked by Millwall to make the Wednesday night match all-ticket, but this was ignored.153 As a result, rival hooligan firms gained access to the stadium. As well as the Millwall hooligans and those belonging to Luton's firm the MIGs, many of the 31 fans arrested after the violence were identified as being from Chelsea's Headhunters firm and West Ham United's Inter City Firm.153 The FA commissioned an inquiry which concluded that it was "not satisfied that Millwall F.C. took all reasonable precautions in accordance with the requirements of FA Rule 31(A)(II)." A £7,500 fine was levied against Millwall, though this was later withdrawn on appeal.156 The penalty that Millwall faced was perhaps that the club's name was now "synonymous with everything that was bad in football and society".157
In May 2002, hundreds of hooligans attaching themselves to Millwall were involved in disorder around the ground, after the team lost a play-off game to Birmingham City. It was described by the BBC as one of the worst cases of civil disorder seen in Britain in recent times. A police spokeswoman said that 47 police officers and 24 police horses were injured, and the Metropolitan Police considered suing the club after the events.158 The then chairman Theo Paphitis responded that Millwall could not be blamed for the actions of a mindless minority who attach themselves to the club. "The problem of mob violence is not solely a Millwall problem, it is not a football problem, it is a problem which plagues the whole of our society", he said. Paphitis later introduced a membership scheme whereby only fans who would be prepared to join and carry membership cards would be allowed into The Den. Scotland Yard withdrew its threat to sue, stating: "In light of the efforts made and a donation to a charity helping injured police officers, the Metropolitan Police Service has decided not to pursue legal action against Millwall F.C. in relation to the disorder".159 Some legal experts said it would have been difficult to hold a football club responsible for something that occurred away from its ground and involved people who did not attend the match. The scheme introduced by Paphitis now only applies to perceived high-risk away games. Many fans blame the scheme for diminishing Millwall's away support, such as at Leeds United where fans are issued with vouchers which are then exchanged for tickets at a designated point of West Yorkshire Police's choosing on the day of the game. Also, early kick-off times arranged by the police often result in only a few hundred fans making the trip.160161
In January 2009, hundreds of Millwall fans perceived as "high risk" individuals gained access to an FA Cup fourth-round match away at Hull City. The game, won 2–0 by Hull, was overshadowed when seats, coins and plastic bottles were thrown by some away supporters. There were conflicting reports in the media as to whether missiles were initially thrown by Hull supporters following chanting and jeering by Millwall fans of Jimmy Bullard (an ex-West Ham player) just prior to the fixture.162 On 25 August 2009, Millwall played away at West Ham United in the Football League Cup, losing 3–1 after extra time. One Millwall supporter was stabbed during clashes between the two sets of fans outside the ground. The game saw hundreds of West Ham fans invade the pitch on three occasions, forcing the game to be temporarily suspended once. The police later said the violence, because of its scale, was organised beforehand.163164 In the aftermath of the disorder, Millwall were handed three charges by the FA and later cleared of all of them; West Ham received four charges and were found guilty on two counts: violent, threatening, obscene and provocative behaviour, and entering the field of play. West Ham were fined £115,000, an amount seen as an insult by Millwall, which staunchly defended the actions of its own fans and the club's inability to do any more than it had for a match at a rival's ground.165
After a game against Queens Park Rangers at Loftus Road in September 2010, manager Kenny Jackett said Millwall's hooligan problems are to a certain extent exaggerated by media sensationalism. "I see it as unjust. We are an easy club to criticise and in my time [at the club], the way we have been reported is unfair", he said.166 Other examples of this include archive footage of their hooligan element's past bad behaviour being shown, when disorder has occurred at other grounds, not involving them.167 During a game between Millwall and Huddersfield Town, The Observer reported that a Huddersfield Town fan had thrown a coin at a linesman, and that some Millwall fans had intervened, and handed the culprit over to police. The News of the World, however, bore the headline: "Millwall Thugs Deck Linesman With Concrete". This has led to a siege mentality among supporters of the club, which gave rise to the Millwall fans' famous terrace chant, No one likes us, we don't care, being sung in defiant defence of themselves and their team.168169 In April 2013, Millwall met Wigan Athletic in a semi-final of the FA Cup. Millwall lost the game 2–0.70 Towards the end of the match, violence broke out in part of the stand allocated to Millwall, with individuals fighting amongst themselves and then against police, resulting in 14 arrests, of which two were Wigan supporters.170 In January 2014, a Millwall fan ripped a linesman's flag after a corner was not given to his side during a game against Leicester City; Millwall lost 1–3.171
In 1985, the club founded the Millwall Community Scheme (MCS), which offers sporting, educational and charitable projects.172 The scheme is based next door to The Den, in the Lions Centre.173 Working with local children from the surrounding boroughs of Lewisham and Southwark, Millwall aim "to teach life lessons wrapped in football", helping with social inclusion. The club help promote anti-knife and anti-gun crime.174 In a match against Charlton Athletic in 2009, both teams wore special kits for the match in honour of murdered local teenagers and supporters Jimmy Mizen and Rob Knox. The logos of both clubs' shirt sponsors were replaced by the text, "Street violence ruins lives".175 The club has also helped raise over £10,000 for the charity Help for Heroes.176
Millwall have been depicted in films several times, specifically highlighting the club's hooliganism firm the Bushwackers and the rivalry with West Ham United.147 Often glorifying football violence in the beginning, each film typically ends in loss of life, showing the futility of hooliganism.177
- The Firm (1989) – Real life Millwall supporter Gary Oldman plays Bex, leader of football firm the Inter City Crew, a fictional representation of West Ham's Inter City Firm and their violent exploits. Millwall's Bushwackers firm are called The Buccaneers in the film.178179
- Arrivederci Millwall (1990) – A group of Millwall supporters travel to the 1982 World Cup in Spain, just after the Falklands War breaks out, intent on avenging a personal loss.180
- Black Books (2000) – In the first episode "Cooking the Books", Bernard Black (Dylan Moran) attempts to antagonise some Millwall hooligans into injuring him severely enough so that he may avoid doing his taxes. Upon remarking, "How does the song go? Millwall, Millwall, we're really dreadful and all of our girlfriends are unfulfilled and alienated," he succeeds.
- The Football Factory (2004) – Primarily about the Chelsea Headhunters, who fight numerous other firms on away days, culminating in a big fight against Millwall's Bushwackers.181
- Green Street (2005) – Elijah Wood plays an American student who gets involved with West Ham's firm. The film builds up to a big clash with Millwall's firm at the climax, after the two teams are drawn against each other in the Cup, echoing similarities to the 2009 Upton Park riot.103
- Rise of the Footsoldier (2007) – The rise of a football hooligan is chronicled from his beginnings on the terraces to becoming a member of a notorious gang of criminals. The rivalry between West Ham and Millwall is portrayed during the opening scenes of the film.182
- Dhan Dhana Dhan Goal (2007) – The main protagonist Sunny Bhasin (John Abraham) initially agrees to leave Southhall United Football Club and signs a lucrative offer to play for Millwall F.C. He later decides not to play for Millwall though.
- Green Street 2: Stand Your Ground (2009) – A direct-to-video sequel to Green Street. It follows on directly from the original's climax, with several members of West Ham's and Millwall's firms ending up in prison together and arranging a football match.183184
- The Firm (2009) – A remake by Nick Love, director of The Football Factory and himself a Millwall supporter.185 Set in the 1980s, the film focuses on the music, fashion and culture surrounding football at the time.186 It was generally well received by critics.186187188 In October 2009, the Metropolitan Police released still photos from the film in relation to a search for hooligans from the Upton Park riot.189 The mistake led to an apology from Scotland Yard.190
- St George's Day (2012) – A British gangster film which featured cameos from Millwall players Liam Trotter, Alan Dunne, David Forde, Darren Ward and Scott Barron. The film also included several Millwall references such as 'No One Likes Us' and 'We Fear No Foe'.
The club's ground The Den doubled as The Dragons Lair, home ground of fictional team Harchester United in the television series Dream Team. It also appeared in episodes of the shows The Bill and Primeval.191 In literature, books such as "No One Likes Us, We Don't Care: True Stories from Millwall, Britain's Most Notorious Football Hooligans" by Andrew Woods focuses on the hooligan element of Millwall.192 Sunday Mirror columnist Michael Calvin spent the 2009–10 season covering Millwall, writing the book Family: Life, Death and Football. The book looks at the rivalry with West Ham United, the stabbing of a Millwall supporter and the Lions play-off success and promotion to The Championship under Kenny Jackett.193
Famous fans of Millwall include:
|Day-Lewis, DanielDaniel Day-Lewis||Actor||194|
|Haye, DavidDavid Haye||Boxer||195|
|Denzel WashingtonDenzel Washington||Actor||196|
|Emilio EstevezEmilio Estevez||Actor||197|
|Blake HarrisonBlake Harrison||Actor||198|
|Morse, LailaLaila Morse||Actress||199|
|Oldman, GaryGary Oldman||Actor||178|
|Wallace, GreggGregg Wallace||Television Presenter||200|
|Baker, DannyDanny Baker||Radio DJ||201|
|Theo PaphitisTheo Paphitis||Entrepreneur||202|
|Wright, IanIan Wright||Footballer||203|
|Liddle, RodRod Liddle||Journalist||204|
|Love, NickNick Love||Film director||185|
|Hassan, TamerTamer Hassan||Actor||205|
|Roland ManookianRoland Manookian||Actor||206|
|Harper, FrankFrank Harper||Actor||207|
|Fordham, AndyAndy Fordham||Darts player||208|
|Crow, BobBob Crow||Trade union leader||209|
|Frederiksen, LarsLars Frederiksen||Musician||210|
|Maloney, FrankFrank Maloney||Boxing promoter||211|
|Scroobius PipScroobius Pip||Musician||212|
|Louie McCarthy-ScarsbrookLouie McCarthy-Scarsbrook||Rugby player||213|
|Punk, CMCM Punk||Professional wrestler||214|
|Des O'ConnorDes O'Connor||Entertainer||215|
|Timo SoiniTimo Soini||Politician||216|
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