Mother and Child Reunion (Degrassi: The Next Generation)
|"Mother and Child Reunion"|
|Degrassi: The Next Generation episode|
|Episode no.||Season 1
Episode 1 & 2
|Directed by||Bruce McDonald|
|Teleplay by||Yan Moore|
|Story by||Yan Moore
|Cinematography by||Gavin Smith|
|Original air date||October 14, 2001|
|Degrassi: The Next Generation (season 1)
List of Degrassi: The Next Generation episodes
"Mother and Child Reunion" is the two-part pilot episode of the Canadian teen drama television series Degrassi: The Next Generation, which premiered on October 14, 2001 on the CTV Television Network. The episode was written by story editor Aaron Martin and series co-creator/creative consultant Yan Moore, and directed by Bruce McDonald. As with the majority of Degrassi: The Next Generation episodes, "Mother and Child Reunion" takes its title from a pop song, "Mother and Child Reunion", written and performed by Paul Simon.
Degrassi: The Next Generation is the fourth series in the fictional Degrassi universe created in 1979. The preceding series, Degrassi High, ended in 1991, although a television movie, School's Out, aired in 1992 and wrapped up the storylines of the characters. "Mother and Child Reunion" reunited some of those characters in a ten-year high school reunion, while also introducing a new generation of Degrassi Community School students: Emma Nelson, Manny Santos, J.T. Yorke and Toby Isaacs.
The episode received mixed reviews from the mass media, with the Ottawa Citizen saying that it offers "nothing new to viewers familiar with the groundbreaking preceding series", and The Seattle Times saying it "soft-pedals through the issues", although the acting from the new generation of children was lauded as "stellar ... solid [and] believable" by Canoe.ca's AllPop. It was nominated for two Gemini Awards and two Directors Guild of Canada Awards, winning in the "Outstanding Achievement in a Television Series – Children's" category.
Archie "Snake" Simpson (played by Stefan Brogren), a former student of Degrassi High, and now teacher at Degrassi Community School, has arranged a mixed reunion for the classes of 1991 and 1992. Spike Nelson (Amanda Stepto), Caitlin Ryan (Stacie Mistysyn), and Lucy Fernandez (Anais Granofsky), who also attended Degrassi High, plan on attending and try to persuade Joey Jeremiah (Pat Mastroianni) to join them. Joey, however, is reticent as he is still dealing with his grief over the death of his wife. Along with Caitlin's fiancé Keith (Don McKellar), the five friends go out to a bar for the night, reminiscing about the past and discussing their present lives.
Spike's daughter, Emma (played by Miriam McDonald) is told by her online boyfriend, Jordan, that he is coming to Toronto for a school field trip, and asks her if she would like to meet him for the first time. Her friends, Manny Santos (Cassie Steele), J.T. Yorke (Ryan Cooley) and Toby Isaacs (Jake Goldsbie) warn her of the potential dangers of meeting somebody she only knows from the Internet, and tell her that he could be an Internet stalker, pointing out that schools do not take field trips in the middle of summer. However, Emma is undeterred, convinced that Jordan is just a normal boy with whom she shares the same interests.
At the reunion party, Joey and Caitlin meet Alison Hunter (Sara Holmes), another Degrassi High attendee. As the evening progresses, Joey overhears Keith and Alison flirting with each other and Keith reveals he does not want to marry Caitlin. When Joey confronts Keith, their argument turns into a physical altercation, and Alison has to tell Caitlin about Keith's hesitance over getting married. Joey and Caitlin have a heart-to-heart discussion about their past and their relationships, and after ten years, finally make amends, while Wheels (Neil Hope) apologizes to Lucy for crippling her while driving drunk nine years ago.
While her mother attends the reunion, Emma visits Jordan at his hotel where she meets his teacher, Mr. Nystrom (Jeff Gruich). He takes her up to Jordan's hotel room but as they enter, Emma sees that it is completely empty except for a video camera which has been set up. She immediately becomes suspicious and tries to escape but Nystrom blocks her access to the bedroom door. She locks herself in the bathroom, and comes to the startling realization that Nystrom is Jordan. Nystrom apologizes and tells Emma he will let her go, but when she comes out of the bathroom he grabs and restrains her.
Unable to get in contact with Emma, Manny tells Toby and J. T. that she is afraid that Emma may have gone to meet Jordan. They hack into Emma's email account and realize that Jordan has told her a number of lies. After discovering which hotel Emma is meeting Jordan at, they rush to the school to inform Spike. As Nystrom attempts to rape Emma, Spike and Snake arrive just in time to save her. Emma manages to break free from Nystrom and rushes out of the hotel room. Snake restrains Nystrom until the police arrive to take him away.
Linda Schuyler had co-created The Kids of Degrassi Street in 1979 with Kit Hood, and Yan Moore was a writer on that series. As the children grew up, the Degrassi franchise developed into Degrassi Junior High and Degrassi High. In 1999 two episodes of Jonovision, a CBC Television talk show aimed at teenagers, reunited some of the cast members from the series.1 At the same time, Schuyler and Moore were developing a new television drama. When the Jonovision reunion episode proved to be popular, Schuyler and Moore wondered about reuniting the characters, too.2 As the months passed, they began thinking about what might have happened to the characters of Degrassi High and realized that the character Emma Nelson, born at the end of Degrassi Junior High's second season, would soon be entering junior high school.3 Stephen Stohn, Schuyler's husband suggested Degrassi: The Next Generation as the name for the new sequel series, borrowing the concept from Star Trek: The Next Generation, of which he was a fan.4
The new series was offered a place on a number of television networks, with CTV and CBC (the franchise's former network) vying as the top contenders. CTV won through, offering $10 million for a fifteen-episode season.5 The project was greenlit in May 2000, with the originally planned reunion episode serving as the pilot to the new series.3 CTV announced the new series at its annual press conference in June 2001, and said the pilot would air in the fall.6
In contrast to the previous Degrassi series, which were filmed on and around De Grassi Street in Riverdale, Toronto,7 Degrassi Junior High used Vincent Massey Public School, then known as Daisy Avenue Public School, as its primary filming location, and Centennial College was used in Degrassi High. Degrassi: The Next Generation is filmed at Epitome Pictures' studios in North York, Toronto.8 A 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) former printing factory was converted in 1997 for Epitome, consisting of four soundstages and a backlot.9 The exterior of Degrassi Community School was located on the studio's backlot, and used the same colours and glass pattern as Degrassi High's Centennial College.10
Production on "Mother and Child Reunion" began earlier than expected, as CTV initially planned to launch the series in January 2002. At the eleventh hour the broadcaster decided to bring it forward to October 2001 to coincide with the back-to-school season.5 The episode was written by series co-creator Moore, also credited as creative consultant, and script editor Aaron Martin. Co-creator Schuyler, with her husband and Epitome Pictures partner Stohn, served as executive producers. The line producer was David Lowe.11 "Mother and Child Reunion" was directed by Bruce McDonald, who had previously directed the films Roadkill (1989), Highway 61 (1991), Hard Core Logo (1996), and the television series Queer As Folk (2001–2005).1213 Epitome Pictures sought funding from the Government of Canada, through its two Crown corporations, Telefilm Canada and the Canadian Television Fund, which provide financial support to Canadian audiovisual productions. Filming began on July 3,8 before Epitome Pictures could finalize their contracts with Telefilm and the Television Fund.5 Other financial contributors included Royal Bank of Canada, Cogeco, Shaw Communications, and Bell Canada.14
To appeal to Degrassi's established audience, a number of references to events which occurred in Degrassi Junior High, Degrassi High and School's Out were written into the episode. Throughout those two series, Joey would frequently wear a fedora which became that character's trademark prop.15 The fedora made a reappearance in this episode, and was worn by Manny, Spike, Snake, Caitlin and Lucy, but not Joey, and it appeared in every scene which featured a character from the old series. The accident in School's Out when Wheels hit Lucy while drink-driving was discussed twice, first at the bar when the characters were discussing their lives, and a second time when Wheels came to the reunion to apologize to Lucy. Finally, Joey and Caitlin made amends; their relationship had ended when he cheated on her with Tessa in School's Out.
Prior to the episode airing, a website was created with a "virtual school" in which fans could "enrol" in order to receive regular emails from their character "classmates" and discuss ongoing plots, in an effort to provide a complete viewing experience for the audience.16 As the broadcast date of the episode neared, more content was added to the website to make it appear as if it were a true school reunion website.17 The website was actually seen on screen when the characters Spike and Caitlin were reminiscing about their high school days.16
"Mother and Child Reunion" aired on the terrestrial television network CTV on October 14, 2001 and was advertised as a television special.18 In the United States it was broadcast on July 1, 2002 on The N, a digital cable network, and served as the final episode of season one.19 In Australia, the episode aired on the terrestrial network ABC TV on August 1, 2002.20 The episode has been released on DVD as part of the complete first season DVD boxset, which was released in Canada on October 19, 2004,21 in the U.S. on September 28, 2004,22 and in Australia on September 8, 2010.23 The episode is also available at iTunes Stores to download and watch on home computers and certain iPod models,24 and at Zune Marketplace for the Xbox 360 and Zune media players.25
Producers were able to bring back a number of actors from Degrassi High to guest star as their characters for the reunion storyline. Stefan Brogren, Pat Mastroianni, Stacie Mistysyn and Amanda Stepto agreed early on to return for the episode to play their characters Archie "Snake" Simpson, Joey Jeremiah, Caitlin Ryan and Christine "Spike" Nelson respectively, and appeared at the CTV press conference in June to publicize the new series. Brogren and Stepto signed contracts to appear in the entire season.27 Dan Woods also returned to play Dan Raditch, now principal of Degrassi Community School.28 By the time "Mother and Child Reunion" began to shoot, twelve more former Degrassi High cast members had agreed to appear: Danah Jean Brown (Trish Skye), Darrin Brown (Dwayne Myers), Michael Carry (Simon Dexter), Irene Courakos (Alexa Pappadopoulos), Chrissa Erodotou (Diana Economopoulos), Anais Granofsky (Lucy Fernandez), Rebecca Haines (Kathleen Mead), Sara Holmes (Alison Hunter), Neil Hope (Derek "Wheels" Wheeler), Kyra Levy (Maya Goldberg), Cathy Keenan (Liz O'Rourke), and Siluck Saysanasy (Yick Yu) all reprised their roles.18
For the new generation of students, the producers chose from six hundred auditionees,27 all of whom were children in an attempt to provide a group of characters that the target audience of teenagers could relate to, rather than actors in their twenties pretending to be teenagers, something other shows of the same period and target audience such as Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Dawson's Creek were doing.8 Miriam McDonald first auditioned in October 2000 to play Emma Nelson, Spike's daughter, and was selected for the role after a callback and three screen tests.29 Ryan Cooley appeared as J.T. Yorke, Jake Goldsbie as Toby Isaacs, and Cassie Steele as Manny Santos.30 All signed their contracts just days before appearing at the CTV press conference.6 Christina Schmidt appeared briefly as Terri McGreggor,31 and Melissa McIntyre appeared in just one scene as Ashley Kerwin; she had no lines to speak in this episode.3233 Cassie Steele's sister, Alex Steele, made her first appearance as Angela Jeremiah, Joey's six-year-old daughter.34 She returned with Mastroianni to the series at the beginning of season two to take on more permanent roles.35
Film director Kevin Smith, who had been a fan of Degrassi from the early 1990s when he worked at a convenience store in Leonardo, New Jersey,36 has paid homage to Degrassi by making reference to it in several of his films. For example, he named a Clerks character Caitlin Bree after Caitlin Ryan, his favorite Degrassi character,37 wrote Shannen Doherty's character Rene wearing a Degrassi jacket throughout his Mallrats film,38 and had Jason Lee's character in Chasing Amy specifically mention Degrassi Junior High as the television show he would rather be watching, instead of going out.39 At the press conference for the new series, Schuyler announced that Smith would appear in "Mother and Child Reunion" as Caitlin's boyfriend,40 but due to scheduling conflicts he was unable to film the role and it was passed on to Don McKellar.41 Smith and his View Askewniverse sidekick Jason Mewes later guest starred in Degrassi: The Next Generation for three episodes of season four,4243 two episodes of season five,44 and four episodes of season eight.45
"Mother and Child Reunion" received mixed reviews from the media. Stephanie McGrath of Canoe.ca's AllPop acknowledged Miriam McDonald's portrayal of Emma Nelson as "stellar acting abilities in a super creepy storyline ... high on tension, low on cheese [and] top-notch", and continued, "The young actors actually showed up their classic Degrassi counter-parts in the pilot episode. Their acting was solid, believable and age-appropriate, while some of the older crowd's dialogue sounded a bit stilted and over-rehearsed. Slightly wooden acting aside, it was still good to see Joey, Caitlin and the gang together again. Emma's story-line demonstrates that the creative forces behind The Next Generation haven't lost touch with teens yet, showing that one instalment of Degrassi: The Next Generation is worth 20 episodes of Dawson's Creek."46
Tony Atherton of the Ottawa Citizen had mixed feelings of the new incarnation, saying it "has a cleaner, more polished look, has lost its edge [and offers] nothing new to viewers familiar with the groundbreaking preceding series, nor to anyone else who has watched the deluge of teen dramas since", adding that because there is "little ground left to break in teen drama there is a sense of déjà vu with regards to the plots and characters". He did, however, praise the show for having "the same simple narrative told from a kid's viewpoint, and the same regard for unvarnished reality [as Degrassi Junior High and Degrassi High. It is light years from far-fetched high-school melodramas like Boston Public and Dawson's Creek ... is every bit as good as its beloved predecessor. In fact, in some respects it is even better".47
When the series began in the U.S., The Seattle Times' Melanie McFarland was unsure whether its success and popularity in Canada would continue across the border. "As popular as Degrassi was, it was still a mere cult hit in the United States; the crowd that had access to it initially on PBS might not be able to tune into [The N]. Soft-pedaling through the issues might work for today's family of viewers, but what's gentle enough for Mom and Dad's peace of mind might not be enough to hook Junior or the original Degrassi's older fans". She was, however, "happy The N chose Degrassi students to navigate teen perils instead of digging up Screech and the gang characters from Saved by the Bell, a popular children's sitcom from the early 1990s for another nauseating go-round".48
"Mother and Child Reunion" was nominated for two Directors Guild of Canada Awards, winning in the "Outstanding Achievement in a Television Series – Children's" category,49 and picked up two Gemini Award nominations in the categories for "Best Photography in a Dramatic Program or Series" and "Best Short Dramatic Program".50
- Brioux, Bill (December 24, 1999). "Back to Degrassi St.". Jam (Canadian Online Explorer). Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- Ellis 2005, p. 12
- "How It All Happened". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- Stohn, Stephen (July 11, 2003). "Shooting Season 3" (Requires registration). Epitome Virtual Reality. Retrieved February 8, 2008.
- Yaffe, Samantha (September 3, 2001). "Degrassi finds its place in the 21st century". Playback (Brunico Communications).
- Honey, Kim (June 7, 2001). "CTV's high-school reunion". The Globe and Mail (Toronto, Ontario: CTVglobemedia). p. R.3.
- Ellis 2005, pp. 106–111
- McGrath, Stephanie (September 21, 2001). "Touring Degrassi: an exclusive peak at the new set". Jam (Canadian Online Explorer). Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- "Epitome Pictures Studios" (Flash). Epitome Pictures. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- Ellis 2005, pp. 116–117
- Degrassi: The Next Generation – The Complete First Season (DVD). Flower Mound, Texas: Funimation Entertainment. September 28, 2004.
- Ladouceur, Liisa (February 12, 2010). "Indie Director Bruce McDonald stages real concert for fake movie band Trigger". Spinner.com. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- Wright, Benjamin (September 15, 2011). "Bruce McDonald attached to direct the supernatural thriller Dark Highway". IndieWIRE. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- "Credits". Epitome Pictures. Archived from the original on April 20, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- Ellis 2005, p. 42
- Ellis 2005, pp. 146–147
- "Degrassi Reunion Roundup". Epitome Pictures. September 2001. Archived from the original on September 23, 2001. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- "CTV Press Release". CTV Television Network (Press release). Degrassi.tv. August 4, 2001. Archived from the original on May 17, 2010. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- "Listings for Monday July 1". TV Guide 50 (2570). June 24, 2002.
- "Switch on". The Australian (Sydney, New South Wales: News Limited). August 1, 2002. p. M26.
- "Degrassi: The Next Generation – Season 1 (Canadian)". TVShowsOnDVD.com. 2004. Retrieved August 15, 2008.
- "Degrassi: The Next Generation – Season 1 DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD.com. 2004. Retrieved August 15, 2008.
- "Degrassi: The Next Generation – Series 1". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- Epitome Pictures. "Degrassi: The Next Generation" (Requires iTunes software to access). iTunes Store. Retrieved August 15, 2008.
- "Mother & Child Reunion: Part 1". Microsoft. Retrieved August 7, 2010.
- Ellis 2005, p. 43
- Atherton, Tony (June 6, 2001). "Degrassi High Cast Set To Return This Fall". Ottawa Citizen (Canwest). "Some of the original teen cast, now in their late 20s, were on hand yesterday to offer advice to the 11 youngsters chosen from among 600 who auditioned for the series of half-hour shows."
- Ellis 2005, pp. 42–51
- Baldwin, Carol (September 14, 2001). "Local actor's role links new and old Degrassi". Oakville Beaver (Oakville, Ontario: Metroland Media Group).
- Ellis 2005, pp. 74–75, 58–59, 66–67, 80–81
- "Degrassi sequel is big break for K-W's Chrissy Schmidt". Kitchener-Waterloo Record (Torstar). October 14, 2001.
- Scapillato, Joan (October 14, 2001). "Port teen wins lead role in Degrassi's next generation". Welland Tribune (Osprey Media).
- Ellis 2005, pp. 82, 76–77
- Ellis 2005, p. 89
- "When Doves Cry". Degrassi: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 1. September 22, 2002. CTV Television Network.
- Ellis 2005, p. 6
- "Actor/Writer/Director Kevin Smith guests stars on three-part season finale of The N's Degrassi: The Next Generation" (Press release). View Askew Productions. July 12, 2005. Retrieved September 24, 2007.
- Kevin Smith (actor, writer, director); Scott Mosier (producer) (October 20, 1995). Mallrats (Motion picture). Gramercy Pictures.
- Kevin Smith (actor, writer, director); Scott Mosier (producer) (April 4, 1997). Chasing Amy (Motion Picture). Miramax Films.
- Slotek, Jim (July 7, 2001). "School's back in at Degrassi". Jam (Canadian Online Explorer). Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- Slotek, Jim (September 20, 2001). "Bell rings at Degrassi". Jam (Canadian Online Explorer). Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- "West End Girls". Degrassi: The Next Generation. Season 4. Episode 20. January 31, 2005. CTV Television Network.
- "Going Down The Road". Degrassi: The Next Generation. Season 4. Episode 21–22. February 7, 2005–February 14, 2005. CTV Television Network.
- Sean Reycraft (story, teleplay); Kate Miles Melville (story); Phil Earnshaw (director) (November 28, 2005). "The Lexicon of Love Part One". Degrassi: The Next Generation. Season 5. Episode 11. CTV Television Network.
- Salem, Rob (August 30, 2009). "Degrassi takes Tinseltown". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- McGrath, Stephanie (October 12, 2001). ""Degrassi: The Next Generation" Episode 1, Recap". AllPop. Canadian Online Explorer. Archived from the original on June 3, 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- Atherton, Tony (October 14, 2001). "Degrassi returns with new, old faces: Unfortunately, the stories are stuck in the old ruts". Ottawa Citizen (CanWest). p. A12.
- McFarland, Melanie (March 30, 2002). "'Degrassi' back in a new generation". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
- "2002 Directors Guild of Canada Awards" (Flash). Directors Guild of Canada. 2002. Retrieved December 8, 2007.
- "Canadian Awards Database History Search". Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television. 2007. Retrieved December 8, 2007.
- Ellis, Kathryn (September 2005). Degrassi: Generations - The Official 411. New York, New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 978-1-4165-1680-4.
- "Mother and Child Reunion Part One" at the Internet Movie Database
- "Mother and Child Reunion Part Two" at the Internet Movie Database
- "Mother and Child Reunion Part One" at TV.com
- "Mother and Child Reunion Part Two" at TV.com