|Mount Roskill / Mt Roskill|
Mount Roskill from Big King. The Waitakere Ranges in the background.
Location of Mount Roskill in Auckland.
|Local authority||Auckland Council|
|North||Balmoral, Eden Valley|
|West||New Windsor, New Zealand, Wesley|
Mt Roskill was formed as a result of volcanic activity some 20,000 years ago.1 The peak, which is to the southwest end of the suburb, is 110 metres in height, and is one of the many extinct cones which dot the isthmus of Auckland, all of which are part of the Auckland Volcanic Field. The scoria cone was built by fire-fountaining from two craters. The main southern crater was excavated in 1961-62 and filled with a reservoir, now only maintained as an emergency supply. Lava flowed from the base of the cone to the north and northwest. It was the site of a pā, and was known as Puketapapa (the flat-topped mountain in Maori).
Since 2009, the extension of State Highway 20 passes close to the cone. The effects of the new motorway on the cone had been the subject of significant discussion, and a major mitigation package had been proposed to reduce the impact of the motorway (and the continuation of the Waikaraka Cycleway that runs parallel to it).2
The funding of this mitigation and the missing cycleway section was briefly in doubt in 2009, when a cost blowout to $2 million was criticised after Council had set aside $1.6 million. Cycling advocates from Cycle Action Auckland, the Mount Roskill Community Board Chairman Richard Barter and Councillor John Lister however noted various elements unrelated to the cycleway that had driven up the cost, such as a toilet block, bluestone walls, extensive landscaping and artwork, much of it related to Winstone Park itself, or the effects of the motorway. The cycle path section itself was priced at only $300,000.3 The path section was finished after six months of construction work and it (and the park facilities) opened to the public on 25 July 2010.4
The suburb, named after the Mount, is located seven kilometres to the south of the city centre, and is surrounded by the neighbouring suburbs of Three Kings, Sandringham, Wesley, Hillsborough and Mount Albert. The Mount Roskill shops are located at the intersection of Mount Albert and Dominion Roads.
One of the city's larger suburbs, it was largely farmland until after the Second World War. It was a separate borough from 1947 until local government reorganisation in 1989 amalgamated it with Auckland City.
Mount Roskill is an ethnically diverse community with at least 54 different nationalities represented there, making it one of the most diverse suburbs in New Zealand.citation needed A mix of Indians, Pacific Islanders, Europeans, and various East and South Asian groups make this middle class community interesting.
Mt Roskill Library was built and opened to public in August 1977. It was refurbished and the floor area extended in November 2011. Mt Roskill Library has English, Maori, Chinese, Tamil, Arabic and Somali collections.
Mount Roskill has been home to many successful New Zealanders who attended the local schools. Among them are:citation needed
- Rugby coach John Hart,
- Billionaire Graeme Hart,
- Rugby union international Doug Howlett,
- Actor Russell Crowe,
- Evangelist Bill Subritzky,
- Reserve Bank Governor Alan Bollard,
- Tennis player Brett Steven,
- Labour MP Phil Goff,
- Rugby league and Rugby union international Matthew Ridge,
- The Hay family (of Keith Hay Homes),
- New Zealand Kiwis representative Evarn Tuimavave,
- New York Times Best Selling author Nalini Singh, and
- Home of the world famous Owairaka Athletic Club.
In 2007, the Mount Roskill Community Board commissioned a 176 page book titled Just Passing Through: A History of Mt Roskill (Jade Reidy) which covered the growth of the district from 1840 up until the present time. It identified the significant input of Mount Roskill residents internationally, such as athletics coach Arthur Lydiard in the chapter "How Sport Put Mt Roskill on the World Map."
- Mt Roskill Borough Council: Roskill: An Illstrated History of New Zealand's Largest Borough; 1984; ISNB 0908570848
- "Motorway fight hits a peak". The New Zealand Herald. 12 March 2003. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- Horrell, Rhiannon (6 May 2009). "Cycleway costs soar". Central Leader. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
- "Scenic cycleway opens". CityScene. Auckland City Council. 25 July 2010.
- Nicola Legat:"In God We Trust? The Mount Roskillisation of Auckland" Metro 152 (February 1994): 58-67.
- David Craig: "Thin Topsoil: Queer Blokes, Moral Modernity and Real Estate Politics in New Zealand's Biggest Borough" in Ian Carter, David Craig and Steve Matthewman: Almighty Auckland? Palmerston North: Dunmore Press: 2004: ISBN 0-86469-452-0
- Jade Reidy Just Passing Through: The Making of Mt Roskill (c) 2007 Auckland City Council ISBN 978-1-877362-18-7
- City of Volcanoes: A geology of Auckland - Searle, Ernest J.; revised by Mayhill, R.D.; Longman Paul, 1981. First published 1964. ISBN 0-582-71784-1.
- Volcanoes of Auckland: The Essential Guide. Hayward, B.W., Murdoch, G., Maitland, G.; Auckland University Press, 2011.