Location of Mozambique Channel
Mozambique Channel is an arm of the Indian Ocean located between Madagascar and Mozambique. The channel is approximately 460 km (286 mi) across at its narrowest point between Angoche, Mozambique, and Tambohorano, Madagascar.
The channel reaches a depth of 3,292 m (10,800 feet) about 230 km (143 mi) off the coast of Mozambique. A warm current flows in a southward direction in the channel, leading into the
Agulhas Current off the east coast of South Africa. It is around 1,000 miles (1,600 km) long and the width of it varies from 250–600 miles (400–950 km).
International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) defines the limits of the Mozambique Channel as follows: 1
On the North. A line from the estuary of the River Rovuma ( ) to Ras Habu, the Northern point of 10°28′S 40°26′E / 10.467°S 40.433°E Ile Grande Comore, the Northern of the Comore (Comoro) Islands, to Cap d'Ambre (Amber) the Northern extremity of Madagascar ( ). 11°57′S 49°17′E / 11.950°S 49.283°E
On the East. The West coast of Madagascar.
On the South. A line from Cap Sainte-Marie, the Southern extreme of Madagascar to Ponto do Ouro on the mainland ( ). 26°53′S 32°56′E / 26.883°S 32.933°E
On the West. The mainland of South Africa.
Despite being defined as the South African coast by the IHO, the western limit of the channel is more correctly defined as the coast of
Southern Africa or, more specifically, of Mozambique.
Islands in the channel
Primeiras and Segundas Archipelago
The Mozambique Channel was a
World War II clashpoint during the Battle of Madagascar.
Coordinates: 18°S 41°E / 18°S 41°E