Music of Kentucky
|Music of the United States|
The Music of Kentucky is heavily centered on Appalachian folk music and its descendants, especially in eastern Kentucky. Bluegrass music is of particular regional importance; Bill Monroe, "the father of bluegrass music", was born in the Ohio County community of Rosine, and he named his band, the Blue Grass Boys, after the bluegrass state, i.e., Kentucky. Merle Travis, originator of the influential guitar style known as Travis picking, was born and raised in Muhlenberg County. Kentucky is home to the Country Music Highway (Highway 23), which extends from Portsmouth, Ohio to the Virginia border in Pike County.1
Renfro Valley, Kentucky is home to Renfro Valley Entertainment Center and the Kentucky Music Hall of Fame and is known as "Kentucky's Country Music Capital", a designation given it by the Kentucky State Legislature in the late 1980s. The Renfro Valley Barn Dance was where Renfro Valley's musical heritage began, in 1939, and influential country music luminaries like Red Foley, Homer & Jethro, Lily May Ledford & the Original Coon Creek Girls, Martha Carson, and many others have performed as regular members of the shows there over the years. The Renfro Valley Gatherin' is today America's second oldest continually broadcast radio program of any kind. It is broadcast on local radio station WRVK and a syndicated network of nearly 200 other stations across the United States and Canada every week.
Major music venues in Kentucky include the Paramount Arts Center in Ashland. There is also Sturgill's Music Center in Tom T. Hall's hometown of Olive Hill. Just south of Olive Hill is Sandy Hook, the boyhood home of Keith Whitley, whose house is now a museum, exhibited in conjunction with the annual Tobacco Festival. The Kentucky Opry in Prestonsburg is a major institution, using the Mountain Arts Center. Louisville is home to the West Point Country Opry, while the city of Owensboro is a major bluegrass center, and is home to the International Bluegrass Music Association.2 In the capital city, Frankfort, there is the Kentucky Coffeetree Cafe. The cafe is a very intimate venue that features some of the top national and regional Bluegrass, American and Folk artists.
Singers gather annually at Benton on the fourth Sunday in May to sing from a shape note hymn and tune book called The Southern Harmony, and Musical Companion. This event, first organized in 1884 and called The Big Singing or Big Singing Day, is considered by many to be the oldest indigenous musical tradition in the United States. It was organized by James Roberts Lemon, a newspaper owner and publisher in western Kentucky.
Ashland is also home to the Summer Motion festival and Poage Landing Days, while Olive Hill also hosts the International Strange Music Weekend and the Shriner's Bluegrass Festival. The Renfro Valley Barn Dance has been held in Renfro Valley since 1939. Owensboro has ROMP (River Of Music Party) the last part of June every year. Other festivals include the Forkland Heritage Festival and Revue in Gravel Switch.2
Lexington is host to the oldest bluegrass music festival in the state. The Festival of the Bluegrass is held every June at the Kentucky Horse Park and considered one of the premier traditional bluegrass festivals in the country.
Wilmore, Kentucky is home to the Ichthus Music Festival. Ichthus is a Christian music festival held each year on the Ichthus Farm. Notable bands such as Switchfoot, Relient K, Pillar, and P.O.D. have all played at past Ichthus festivals.
Mount Sterling is home to the Gateway Music Festival.
Boomslang: A Celebration of Sound & Art is an annual multi-venue music festival in Lexington, sponsored by the University of Kentucky's college radio station, WRFL. The festival is an extension of WRFL's mission to provide a platform for non-mainstream, non-commercial music and other programming not found elsewhere in the region, featuring a variety of artists from both the region and from around the world. Genres tend to be experimental in nature, but have included everything from alternative rock, post-rock, electronic, hip hop, punk rock, metal, and psychedelic rock bands. Other festival features have included dance performances, local craft booths, fashion and art installations, workshops, literary events and film screenings, with a special focus on the artists and arts organizers that make Lexington unique.
In the 1830s, a Great Awakening of fervent Christianity began, leading to popular spiritual song traditions. During this period, the country was undergoing a religious revival that was centered on itinerant preachers called circuit riders, and outdoor worship gatherings (camp meetings) where hymns (camp songs) were sung. Earlier in the century, the first camp meeting was held in July 1800 in Logan County. In 1801, a meeting in Cane Ridge in Bourbon County lasted for six days and attracted ten to twenty thousand people.3
In 1916, Loraine Wyman and Howard Brockway collected Kentucky folk music which they published in two folios:
- Lonesome Tunes: Folk Songs from the Kentucky Mountains (1917, New York)
- Twenty Kentucky Mountain Songs (1920, Boston).
- Audio Adrenaline, a Christian rock band formed at Kentucky Christian University in Grayson
- Bleach, a Christian rock band formed at Kentucky Christian University in Grayson
- Kenny Bishop, born and raised in Richmond
- Steven Curtis Chapman, born and raised in Paducah
- Rosemary Clooney, born and raised in Maysville
- John Conlee, born in Versailles and raised in rural Woodford County
- Bobby Mackey, born in Concord
- J. D. Crowe, born in Lexington
- Billy Ray Cyrus, now better known as an actor, born in Flatwoods
- Jackie DeShannon, born in Hazel in Calloway County
- The Everly Brothers, with family roots in Muhlenberg County (older brother Don was born there)
- Exile, with the band roots and formation in Richmond, Kentucky
- Tom T. Hall, born and raised in Olive Hill
- Lionel Hampton, born in Louisville
- Richard Hell, born in Lexington
- Roscoe Holcomb, from Daisy, old-time banjo, guitar and harmonica player and singer, who inspired the phrase "high, lonesome sound" for mountain music
- Corprit Convict, from Louisville, Kentucky
- The Judds, from Ashland
- The Kentucky Headhunters, formed in Metcalfe County, where most of the original members grew up
- Lily May Ledford, early country musician from Powell County
- Brian Littrell of the Backstreet Boys, born and raised in Lexington
- KeKe Wyatt
- JeremyThaPrince born and raised in Louisville, KY
- Static Major born and raised in Louisville
- Loretta Lynn and her younger sister Crystal Gayle, both from Van Lear in Johnson County
- John Michael Montgomery, born in Danville and raised in Garrard County
- Montgomery Gentry, consisting of John Michael Montgomery's older brother Eddie Montgomery and Lexington native Troy Gentry
- Bill Monroe, born and raised in Rosine, Ky.
- Kevin Richardson of the Backstreet Boys, born in Lexington and raised near Irvine in Estill County
- Athena Cage, born and raised in Logan County, Kentucky - Russellville
- Ricky Skaggs, born and raised in Lawrence County
- Slint, a rock band formed in Louisville
- Dwight Yoakam, born in Pikeville
- Gary Stewart, born in Jenkins, KY
- GünwaЯ, young rock band from Southgate, Kentucky
- Patty Loveless, born in Elkhorn City, Kentucky and raised in Louisville
- Keith Whitley, born and raised in Sandy Hook, Kentucky
- Black Stone Cherry, formed in Edmonton, Kentucky
- Nappy Roots, formed in Bowling Green, Kentucky
- Seabird Christian/Alternative rock band from Independence, Kentucky
- Will Oldham, folk & indie musician, born in Louisville
- Halfway to Hazard, Country outfit out of Hazard, Kentucky
- The Infected, Punk rock group formed in Lexington. Founders of Eugene Records punk label.
- The Muckrakers Rock band from Louisville
- Mark Melloan, singer-songwriter from Elizabethtown
- Come Here Watson Indie/Alternative rock band based out of Independence, Kentucky
- My Morning Jacket Louisville based band
- Villebillies formed in Louisville
- Steve Gorman drummer for The Black Crowes born and raised in Hopkinsville
- Emarosa formed in Lexington in 2006
- Cage the Elephant formed in Bowling Green, Kentucky
- Kentucky Salsa All Stars formed in Louisville, Kentucky
- Sam Bush Bluegrass Hall of Fame inductee from Bowling Green, Kentucky
- Gravel Switch southern fueled rock band from Jamestown, Kentucky
- Not Your Average Walk In the Park Alternative rock band from Nicholasville, Kentucky
- Nick Lachey Lead singer of 98 Degrees from Harlan, Kentucky
The Debauchees- Rock Band from Louisville==References==
- Byron, pg. 69
- Byron, pgs. 69-101
- Chase, pg. 144
- Chase, Gilbert (2000). America's Music: From the Pilgrims to the Present. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-00454-X.
- Oral History Interview with Barbara Greenlief (Lily Mae Ledford's daughter) from Oral Histories of the American South