||This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2009)|
|Type||Publicly funded, public-service broadcaster|
|Founded||1924 / 1933|
|Key people||Thor Gjermund Eriksen|
|Products||TV, radio, online services|
|Employees||3 490 (2010)1|
The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS), abbreviated NRK, is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in Norway. NRK mainly consists of three TV channels and three radio channels broadcasted through DVB-T, Cable Networks, Satellite Networks, IPTV, FM broadcasting as well as DAB. Several other radio channels are available in Norwegian metropolitan areas as well as through the website NRK.no which also offers an extensive TV service. NRK is a founding member of the European Broadcasting Union.2
94% of NRK's funding comes from a mandatory annual license fee charged to each person in possession of a TV. The remainder comes from commercial activities such as programme and DVD sales, spin-off products and certain types of sponsorship.
Regular radio broadcasts started in Norway in 1925, Kringkastningselskapet, a privately owned company founded in 1933 and a predecessor to NRK. Based on a model similar to the BBC, and located in Oslo, it was a replacement for privately operated radio stations in the larger cities. NRK initially set out to get coverage over the entire country, and had a monopoly on broadcasting in Norway. The monopoly was gradually dissolved from 1975 onwards, resulting in the introduction of cable TV in 1982, regional TV channels and satellite TV in 1986 (culminating in the launch of TV3 in 1987 and TVNorge in 1988) and the launch of the second free-to-air channel TV 2 in 1992.
During the German occupation, Norwegian transmitters were used to broadcast German war propaganda to Northern Europe (particularly Scotland and the northern half of Ireland where the sea path ensured a good signal) and Scandinavia.
NRK was also partly financed by commercials on radio until the German occupation.
NRK was one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950. In 1954 NRK started broadcasting television shows on a trial basis, with regular broadcasts starting in 1960.
NRK was the last of the major European public broadcasters to introduce a second radio station,citation needed officially starting as late as 1984. In 1993 NRK launched a third radio station, the youth-oriented P3. A 24-hour station for classical music, Alltid Klassisk (now called "NRK Klassisk"), introduced in 1995, was the first of its kind to be broadcast digitally using DAB. The 24-hour news station Alltid Nyheter was then introduced in 1997, followed by a radio station for teenagers, mP3, in 2000, which mostly plays dance music continually.
In 1996, a second television channel, NRK2, was launched. The original television channel is now known as NRK1. On 3 September 2007 NRK launched its third channel: a youth channel called NRK3. Later that year, on 1 December, NRK launched its fourth television channel, NRK Super, which is aimed at children. NRK3 and NRK Super share the same channel, with NRK Super broadcasting from 0700 to 1900 and NRK3 from 1900 to 0700.
A traditional music radio station, NRK Alltid folkemusikk (now known as "NRK Folkemusikk") was launched in 2004 on DAB and internet radio.
NRK's international radio transmissions, known as Utenlandssendingen, began shortwave transmission in 1948. Initially broadcasting in Norwegian, English-language programs were added later. The service was discontinued on 1 January 2002. All NRK broadcasting activities on shortwave ceased on 1 January 2004. NRK's mediumwave transmitter at Kvitsøy on 1314 kHz used to be widely heard internationally and was one of the most commonly heard trans-Atlantic DX signals in eastern North America. The frequency carried a mixture of NRK's radio channels P1 and P2, and was called Europakanalen (literally "The Europe Channel"). However, these mediumwave transmissions were discontinued on 1 July 2006.
NRK still holds the strongest position in number of viewers, though the competition from TV 2 is getting tougher.
NRK claims to have the longest running radio show, Lørdagsbarnetimen (lit. The Saturday Children's Hour), running since 20 December 1924.
In recent years, the network has shown itself to be the leading producer of original comedy shows in Norway, with such notable successes as Lille Lørdag, Åpen Post, Uti vår hage and Team Antonsen, centered around the comedians Harald Eia and Bård Tufte Johansen.
The CEO began major organisational changes in 2008, with the aim of creating a more agile NRK, while still adhering to the principles of the broadcaster-producer model introduced in January 2001.citation needed By January 2009 the number of programme-producing divisions had been reduced from five to three, separated more along geographical than functional lines, and at the same time simplifying trading in the internal market.citation needed The programme producing divisions are:
- Marienlyst covering all facilities in Oslo
- Distrikt, encompassing all regional offices and with their headquarters in Trondheim
- Sami, the producer of Sámi programmes situated in Karasjok
Since 12 March 2013, Thor Gjermund Eriksen has been Director-General of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation.3 The previous directors were Olav Midttun (1934–1947, except during the Nazi occupation), Kaare Fostervoll (1948–1962), Hans Jacob Ustvedt (1962–1971), Torolf Elster (1972–1981), Bjartmar Gjerde (1981–1988), Einar Førde (1989–2001), John G. Bernander (2001–2007)4 and Hans-Tore Bjerkaas (2007-2012)
- Dagsnytt Atten
- Nytt på nytt
- Melodi Grand Prix (The Norwegian national selection for Eurovision Song Contest)
- The Eurovision Song Contest 1986, Eurovision Song Contest 1996 and Eurovision Song Contest 2010
NRK has 12 regional offices around Norway. Each offices has its own broadcasts on both television (Part of NRK 1) and radio (Part of NRK P1), as well their own news sites on the internet. They also contribute news coverage for the national news programmes. NRK's headquarters are at Marienlyst in Oslo and Tyholt in Trondheim.
NRK has an HD outside broadcast van, producing high-definition video.6 The first Norwegian series filmed in HD was En Udødelig Mann ("An Immortal Man") about the young Henrik Ibsen. The action six-part miniseries called Kodenavn Hunter was also filmed in HD. Promotional videos are freely downloadable from NRK's site, and the full-length last episode is available.7
In preparation for the Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver, NRK announced that they would launch a high-definition channel, and their first native HD broadcast would be from Vancouver. NRK1 HD is a simulcast of NRK1.10
nrk.no is the brand name and home for NRK's online service. NRK has had an online presence supporting its TV and radio programmes and web-only initiatives since 1996. The development of nrk.no commenced in 1995. Nrk.no is the second most visited Norwegian website, only surpassed by the website of the country's leading tabloid, Verdens Gang.citation needed
- List of Norwegian-language radio stations
- List of Norwegian television channels
- List of programs broadcast by Norsk rikskringkasting
- http://medienorge.uib.no/?cat=statistikk&medium=radio&queryID=138 Antall ansatte i NRK (in Norwegian)] Medienorge/Inst. for informasjon- og medievitenskap, Universitetet i Bergen, retrieved 12 March 2013
- About NRK www.nrk.no (English)
- Nina Berglund: New NRK boss gets down to work Views and News from Norway, 12 March 2012
- Kringkastingsjefene, 22 April 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- Antall ansatte i NRK Medienorge (based on NRK), retrieved 12 March 2013
- "Skandinavias mest avanserte". Nordic Media Festival. Retrieved 2007-08-15.dead link
- "NRKBeta - Bittorrent (Norwegian)". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- "NRK1 i HD fra 12. February 2010 (Norwegian)". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- NRK.no: Official site (Norwegian)
- NRK's History in Brief (English)
- NRK's Channels (English)
- Television and radio schedules
- yr.no: Online weather service (Norwegian) & (English)