Nagano, Nagano

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Nagano
長野市
Core city
Nagano City
From top of left, Zenkoji, Mount Togakushi, Kinasa village, Nagano Big Hat arena, Airial in Kawanakajima, Oku-Subana Valley, Marukome, which headquarter in Nagano, and famous for miso product company in Japan, Oyaki Japanese sweets, Togakushi ski place, and Matsushiro Castle
From top of left, Zenkoji, Mount Togakushi, Kinasa village, Nagano Big Hat arena, Airial in Kawanakajima, Oku-Subana Valley, Marukome, which headquarter in Nagano, and famous for miso product company in Japan, Oyaki Japanese sweets, Togakushi ski place, and Matsushiro Castle
Flag of Nagano
Flag
Location of Nagano in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Nagano in Nagano Prefecture
Nagano is located in Japan
Nagano
Nagano
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 36°38′N 138°11′E / 36.633°N 138.183°E / 36.633; 138.183Coordinates: 36°38′N 138°11′E / 36.633°N 138.183°E / 36.633; 138.183
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
Prefecture Nagano Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Shōichi Washizawa
Area
 • Total 834.85 km2 (322.34 sq mi)
Population (April 1, 20111)
 • Total 387,146
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Tilia japonica
- Flower Apple
Address 1613 Midori-chō, Nagano-shi, Nagano-ken
380-8512
Phone number 26-226-4911
Website City of Nagano

Nagano (長野市 Nagano-shi?), the capital city of Nagano Prefecture, is located in the northern part of the prefecture near the confluence of the Chikuma and the Sai rivers, on the main Japanese island of Honshū.

As of April 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 387,146 and a population density of 460 persons per km². The total area is 834.85 km².

Description

Nagano is most famous for Zenkō-ji, a 7th-century Buddhist temple that overlooks the city. A million tourists visit Nagano annually. Nagano was originally a town in Kamiminochi District built around the hilltop temple that is the largest wooden building in eastern Japan, but the city now encompasses locations that were within Sarashina, Hanishina, and Kamitakai districts.

Downtown Nagano

Geography

Surrounding municipalities

All but the city of Myōkō are within Nagano Prefecture.

Climate

Nagano has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), bordering on humid continental (Köppen Dfa); its location in a sheltered inland valley means it receives less precipitation than any part of Japan except Hokkaidō. The city receives heavy winter snow totaling 2.57 metres (101 in) from December to March, but it is less gloomy during these cold months than the coast from Hagi to Wakkanai.

Climate data for Nagano, Nagano (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
22.5
(72.5)
24.4
(75.9)
30.8
(87.4)
32.6
(90.7)
35.6
(96.1)
37.9
(100.2)
38.7
(101.7)
36.3
(97.3)
32.2
(90)
26.2
(79.2)
21.3
(70.3)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
4.7
(40.5)
9.5
(49.1)
17.3
(63.1)
22.5
(72.5)
25.7
(78.3)
29.1
(84.4)
31.0
(87.8)
25.6
(78.1)
19.2
(66.6)
13.0
(55.4)
6.8
(44.2)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) −4.1
(24.6)
−3.8
(25.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.9
(40.8)
10.5
(50.9)
15.8
(60.4)
20.0
(68)
21.3
(70.3)
16.9
(62.4)
9.7
(49.5)
3.1
(37.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
7.66
(45.79)
Record low °C (°F) −17
(1)
−16.4
(2.5)
−14.6
(5.7)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.9
(39)
10.2
(50.4)
10.7
(51.3)
5.5
(41.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
−11.4
(11.5)
−15.2
(4.6)
−17
(1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 51.1
(2.012)
49.8
(1.961)
59.4
(2.339)
53.9
(2.122)
75.1
(2.957)
109.2
(4.299)
134.4
(5.291)
97.8
(3.85)
129.4
(5.094)
82.8
(3.26)
44.3
(1.744)
45.5
(1.791)
932.7
(36.72)
Snowfall cm (inches) 98
(38.6)
82
(32.3)
27
(10.6)
3
(1.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
45
(17.7)
257
(101.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 13.0 11.5 12.0 9.2 10.0 11.4 13.1 9.8 11.7 9.1 8.6 10.4 129.8
Avg. snowy days 22.9 19.6 8.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 10.8 63
 % humidity 78 74 68 61 64 70 74 72 74 75 76 77 71.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.2 131.3 168.5 198.3 207.3 162.2 168.8 204.3 141.7 152.4 139.1 135.6 1,936.7
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency3
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)4
Nagano, Nagano (1981–2010)
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
51
 
4
−4
 
 
50
 
5
−4
 
 
59
 
10
−1
 
 
54
 
17
5
 
 
75
 
23
11
 
 
109
 
26
16
 
 
134
 
29
20
 
 
98
 
31
21
 
 
129
 
26
17
 
 
83
 
19
10
 
 
44
 
13
3
 
 
46
 
7
−2
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency3

History

The city is located within Minuchi (水内郡), Takai (高井), Sarashina (更級郡), and Hanishina (埴科郡) Districts in the ancient Shinano Province. Zenkō-ji relocated from the current city of Iida (642). Afterwards, the town of Monzen became one of the motel towns of Hokkoku Kaidō.clarification needed The Battles of Kawanakajima were fought there including the fight between Takeda Shingen (武田信玄) and Uesugi Kenshin (上杉謙信). In 1742 (Inu-no-Mansui (戌の満水 or 千曲川大洪水), the water level reached 6.4 metres (21 ft)) at Akanuma (near the border with the former town of Toyono.) Due to Zenko-ji earthquake (May 8, 1847), nearly 10,000 people died. Nagono gained city status in 1897. The Matsushiro Underground Imperial Headquarters (松代大本営) was started in 1944, but was cancelled in 1945 due to the end of war. The city hosted the biggest mergers of the Showa Era I in 1954. In 1959, due to the flooding of Chikuma River, 71 people died or were missing and 20,000 homes were flooded. The biggest mergers of the Showa Era II occurred there in 1966. The Matsushiro Earthquake (松代群発地震) was here. Due to landslides (地附山地すべり災害) in 1985, 27 people died and 60 homes were destroyed or badly damaged. The city hosted the 1998 Winter Olympics and the Paralympics. In 1999, Nagano became a core city. Due to the mergers in the Heisei Era, the city absorbed the municipalities of Toyono, and the village of Togakushi, and Kinasa (from Kamiminochi District), and the village of Ōoka (from Sarashina District). Nagano hosted the 2005 Special Olympics World Winter Games.

Expansion

On April 1, 1897 the city was founded. It became the first city founded in Nagano Prefecture and the 43rd city in Japan). On October 16, 1966, the current and the second city of Nagano was founded by merging with 8 municipalities, including the original city. On January 1, 2005 the city absorbed municipalities from Kamiminochi District (Toyono, Togakushi, and Kinasa) and Sarashina District (Ooka). On January 1, 2010 Nagano absorbed the town of Shinshūshinmachi and the village of Nakajō from Kamiminochi District.5

1998 Winter Olympics

Nagano hosted the 1998 Winter Olympics and Paralympics, the third Olympic Games and second winter Olympics to be held in Japan, after the Tokyo 1964 Summer Olympics and the 1972 Winter Olympics in Sapporo (the first Winter Games ever held in Asia). As of 2010, Nagano was the southernmost host of the Winter Olympic Games. The Nagano Olympic Commemorative Marathon is held annually to commemorate the occasion.

Nagano Olympic Stadium, present day of Nagano Baseball Stadium
M-Wave arena

Sightseeing

Zenkō-ji, ancient temple in Nagano
Japanese macaque at Jigokudani hotspring

The historic site of the Battles of Kawanakajima was converted into parkland, with a municipal museum of the history of the Zenkoji plain.

Matsushiro, the former castle town of the Sanada clan, is located in the southern part of the city. The town retains an historic atmosphere, preserving many samurai residences, temples, and gardens of the feudal period, including the remains of the castle and mansion of feudal Lord Sanada Jumangoku.

Sporting venues built for the Winter Olympics include the M-Wave speed-skating arena (with the world's largest wooden suspension roof), Big Hat arena, and the Aqua Wing Arena.

North of the city is the village of Iizuna. A popular destination in both summer and winter, it includes a ski resort, campsite, onsen, 10 ponds and a mountain slide ride.

Northeast of the city is Japan's largest ski resort, Shiga Kogen,6 with the nearby Jigokudani Monkey Park,7 famous for the wild Japanese macaque often found bathing in its hot springs.

South of the downtown core, in Shinano, Mt. Chausu hosts the Nagano Chausuyama Zoo, an outdoor dinosaur park, botanical garden and museum of natural history.

Transportation

Rail

The city's main railway hub, Nagano Station, and the smaller Shinonoi Station, were expanded for the Olympics. The Hokuriku Shinkansen opened in 1997, connecting Nagano to Takasaki, Gunma. Nagano Station also serves the Shinano Railway Line, Shin'etsu Main Line, and Iiyama Line. The JR Chūō Main Line connects Nagano to the major city of Nagoya in Aichi Prefecture.

The Nagano Electric Railway also runs the Nagano Line to major sites around the city and its suburbs.

The city is connected by rail south to Matsumoto via the Shinonoi Line, which terminates at Shinonoi Station.

Bus

Buses for Kawanaka-jima Bus and the Nagano Dentetsu Bus Co. service the city, departing both Nagano Station and the Nagano Bus Terminal just west of the station.

Air

The city's nearest domestic airport is Matsumoto Airport, connected via a 70-minute express bus from Nagano City.

Education

The city has primary, middle and high schools, along with a technology college.

Elementary

Middle

High

College of Technology

Sister City

References

  1. ^ "市政情報 > 市の沿革・概要 > 人口・面積・自然". Nagano official website (in Japanese). Nagano City. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Yamanouchi Town". Info-yamanouchi.net. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  3. ^ a b "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  4. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  5. ^ "長野市・信州新町・中条村合併後調査報告について". Nagano official website (in Japanese). Nagano City. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Snow Monkeys. "Shiga Kogen | Snow Monkeys". Yudanaka-shibuonsen.com. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  7. ^ Snow Monkeys (2012-09-27). "Snow Monkey park | Snow Monkeys". Yudanaka-shibuonsen.com. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 

External links








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