Near-close vowel

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A near-close vowel or a near-high vowel is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The defining characteristic of a near-close vowel is that the tongue is positioned similarly to a close vowel, but slightly less constricted. Near-close vowels are sometimes described as lax variants of the fully close vowels. The near-close vowels which have dedicated symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet are:

There also are near-close vowels which don't have dedicated symbols in the IPA:








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