Nikola Gruevski

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nikola Gruevski
Никола Груевски
Gruevski.jpg
6th Prime Minister of Macedonia
Incumbent
Assumed office
27 August 2006
President Gjorge Ivanov
Preceded by Vlado Bučkovski
6th Finance Minister of Macedonia
In office
December 27, 1999 – January 11, 2002
Preceded by Boris Stojmenov
Succeeded by Petar Gosev
Personal details
Born (1970-08-31) 31 August 1970 (age 43)
Skopje, SFR Yugoslavia, (today Republic of Macedonia)
Nationality Macedonian
Political party VMRO-DPMNE
Spouse(s) Borkica Gruevska
Alma mater Saint Clement of Ohrid University of Bitola
Profession Economist
Religion Macedonian Orthodoxy

Nikola Gruevski, M.Sc. (Macedonian: Никола Груевски [ˈnikɔɫa ˈɡruefski] ( ); born 31 August 1970) is a Macedonian politician. He has been the Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia since 27 August 2006, and has led the ruling VMRO-DPMNE party since May 2003. He was Minister of Finance in the VMRO-DPMNE government led by Ljubčo Georgievski until September 2002.

Personal life

Born in Skopje in 1970, Gruevski was brought up in a family that was neither privileged nor poor. His father worked in furniture and design and his mother was a nurse. After his parents’ divorce, he was raised by his mother. At the age of four, however, she went to work in Libya, like thousands of other Yugoslav citizens, and took him with her.1 After their return Gruevski completed primary and secondary education in Skopje. Having graduated from the Faculty of Economics at St. Clement of Ohrid University of Bitola in 1994 (where he dabbled in amateur theatre and boxing) he entered the nascent finance sector, and was the first person to trade on Skopje's stock exchange.1 In 1996 he also acquired qualifications for the international capital market from a London Securities Institute.2 On 12 December 2006, he obtained a Master’s degree from the Faculty of Economics at Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje.3 Gruevski founded the Brokerage Association of the Republic of Macedonia in 1998 and made the first transaction on the Macedonian Stock Exchange.4

Gruevski divorced his first wife and married again in May 2007 to Borkica Gruevska with whom he has two daughters: Anastasija and Sofija.56

Gruevski's paternal grandparents stem from the Ottoman village of Krushoradi,7 where his grandfather Nikolaos Grouios/Nikola Gruev (1911-1940) was born.8 Until the official Greek annexation after the Second Balkan War in 1913, it was under the jurisdiction of the Bulgarian Exarchate.9 The Greek administration later changed the names of the local villagers according to Greek Church regulations.10 The village itself was renamed by the Greek authorities to Achlada in 1926.118 Grouios fought in the Greco-Italian War, where he lost his life.1 His name is mentioned on the war memorial in Achlada among the names of the locals who were killed during World War II. Years later, during the Greek Civil War, Gruevski's grandmother and father, like thousands of other Slavs in Greek Macedonia, fled north to what was then the Yugoslav Macedonia,1 where they changed their family name to Gruevski.1213

Political career

Minister of Finance

The government under Ljubčo Georgievski sold the Macedonian Telecom to Hungarian Matáv and the OKTA oil refinery to Hellenic Petroleum. Gruevski also implemented financial reforms, including the value added tax of 18%, requiring fiscal receipts for all Macedonian businesses, which was a program designed to fight tax evasion.

Party leader

Gruevski is the leader of the nationalist ruling party VMRO-DPMNE. After VMRO-DPMNE was defeated in the Macedonian parliamentary election, 2002, there was a period of infighting within the party. Gruevski emerged as the pro-EU leader, and was elected as a leader of the party, after Ljubčo Georgievski left the position. The former prime minister set up his own party (VMRO-People's Party), but VMRO-DPMNE retained most of the party's supporters.

Prime Minister

Nikola Gruevski announcing victory of 2006 parliamentary elections on Macedonia Square in Skopje

The VMRO-DPMNE won the Macedonian parliamentary election, 2006. On August 25 he constituted the new government. His government has many new faces, mostly in their 30s in key ministries and other positions. In the election Gruevski earned the distinction of becoming the first elected European head of government born in the 1970s. He remains the second youngest head of government in Europe, surpassed only by Montenegrin prime minister Igor Lukšić.1415

In June 2007 Gruevski attended a meeting in Tirana, Albania, along with U.S President George W. Bush, President of the United States, Sali Berisha, Prime Minister of Albania and Ivo Sanader, Prime Minister of Croatia.citation needed

On 1 June 2008, the coalition led by his party VMRO-DPMNE won Macedonian parliamentary election, 2008, their second electoral victory in a row, winning more than half of the seats in the parliament.16 The polling was marred by a number of violent incidents and allegations of fraud in some ethnic Albanian dominated municipalities. He created a government with the Democratic Union for Integration.17

On 5 June 2011, the coalition led by his party VMRO-DPMNE won the Macedonian parliamentary election, 2011, their third electoral victory in a row, winning 56 out of the 123 seats in the parliament. Objections of misuse of state resources, including the blackmail of over one hundred thousand public servants to act as agitators were neglected, and elections were declared valid. Gruevski formed the new government, again in coalition with the Democratic Union for Integration.

On January 6, 2012, Gruevski opened the triumphal archPorta Macedonia” in Skopje as a monument to 20th anniversary of Macedonian independence, and admitted that he personally has been the instigator of the Skopje 2014 project.1819

References

  1. ^ a b c d A profile of Gruevski, The Economist, Aug 12th 2011
  2. ^ iBi Center. "NATO PA – PLENARY – Nikola Gruevski". Nato-pa.int. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  3. ^ "уким". Ukim.edu.mk. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  4. ^ "President Of The Government Of The Republic Of Macedonia | Влада На Република Македонија". Vlada.mk. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  5. ^ Vest
  6. ^ daily.mk
  7. ^ "Gruevski is half Greek" Kanal 5 Television, 22 November 2010
  8. ^ a b "Dnevnik". Dnevnik. 22 February 1999. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  9. ^ Brancoff, D.M. La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne. Avec deux cartes ethnographiques, Paris, 1905, pp. 176-177.
  10. ^ Ivo Banac, "The Macedoine" in "The National Question in Yugoslavia. Origins, History, Politics", pp. 307-328, Cornell University Press, 1984, retrieved on September 8, 2007.
  11. ^ Greek Institution "Pandektis"
  12. ^ "Nicholas Grouios, Gruevski's Greek grandfather, on Zougla.gr
  13. ^ "The ultimate ruler of Skopje", New Files, on Skai TV
  14. ^ Who's your daddy? (accessed 24 December 2010)
  15. ^ Deputy Prime Minister > Biography (accessed 24 December 2010)
  16. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe – Macedonia
  17. ^ "PM claims win in Macedonian poll" BBC NEws, Link accessed 01/06/08
  18. ^ Macedonia, Kazakhstan: Triumphal Arches to Celebrate 20 Years of Independence, Global Voices Online
  19. ^ "PM Gruevski: Yes, Skopje 2014 was my Idea". MINA. 7 January 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 

Further reading

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Vlado Bučkovski
Prime Minister of Macedonia
2006–present
Incumbent







Creative Commons License