Otto Deßloch

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Otto Dessloch
Desslochotto.jpg
Otto Dessloch
Born (1889-06-11)11 June 1889
Bamberg
Died 13 May 1977(1977-05-13) (aged 87)
Munich
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Luftwaffe
Years of service 1910-1945
Rank Generaloberst
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves

Otto DesslochNote 1 (11 June 1889 – 13 May 1977) was a German World War II Luftwaffe general and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Dessloch was born at Bamberg. During World War II Dessloch commanded Luftwaffe units in the Eastern Front. After Paris was liberated by the Allied forces Dessloch commanded an air unit which avenged the liberation by bombing the city destroying civilian targets and killing 200 French civilians on September 1944.1

According to the Yad Vashem Memorial in Israel, Otto Dessloch is a war criminal.2

He died in Munich in 1977.

Awards

Wehrmachtbericht reference

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
30 October 1944 An diesem großen Erfolg haben Panzerverbände unter dem Befehl des Generals der Panzertruppe Breith und Verbände einer Luftflotte unter Führung von Generaloberst Deßloch hervorragenden Anteil.6 Armored units under the command of General of Panzer Troops Breith and units of an air fleet under the command of Colonel General Deßloch have an outstanding share in this great success.

Notes

  1. ^ His name, in German, is spelled with a "sharp S"; see ß.

References

Citations
  1. ^ Mitcham 2007, pp. 185–195.
  2. ^ Yad Vashem Photo Archive, Germany, War criminal Otto Dessloch
  3. ^ a b c d Thomas 1997, p. 115.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 159.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 82.
  6. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 313.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. Jr. (2007). Retreat to the Reich. Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3384-7. 
  • Schaulen, Fritjof (2003). Eichenlaubträger 1940 – 1945 Zeitgeschichte in Farbe I Abraham – Huppertz Oak Leaves Bearers 1940 – 1945 Contemporary History in Color I Abraham – Huppertz (in German). Selent, Germany: Pour le Mérite. ISBN 978-3-932381-20-1. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945 (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
none
Commander of Kampfgeschwader 155
1 April 1936 – 1 February 1938
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Wilhelm Süssmann
Preceded by
none
Commander of II. Flakkorps
30 October 1939 – 31 March 1942
Succeeded by
General der Flakartillerie Job Odebrecht
Preceded by
Generalfeldmarschall Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen
Commander of Luftflotte 4
4 September 1943 – 17 February 1944
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Alexander Holle
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Alexander Holle
Commander of Luftflotte 4
28 September 1944 – 21 April 1945
Succeeded by
redesignated to Luftwaffenkommando 4
Preceded by
Generalfeldmarschall Robert Ritter von Greim
Commander of Luftflotte 6
27 April 1945 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by
disbanded







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