Outline of Syria

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The location of Syria
An enlargeable map of the Syrian Arab Republic

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Syria:

Syria – country in Western Asia, that borders Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south and Israel to the southwest. Civilization in Syria was one of the most ancient on earth. Syria is part of the Fertile Crescent, and from approximately 10,000 BCE it was one of the centers of Neolithic culture where agriculture and cattle breeding appeared for the first time in the world. Over the millennia, Syria has been conquered and settled by many different peoples. A country of fertile plains, high mountains and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Kurds, Armenians, Assyrians, Christians, Druze, Alawite Shias and Arab Sunnis. The latter make up the majority of the population. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in civil war in the wake of uprisings (considered an extension of the Arab Spring, the mass movement of revolutions and protests in the Arab world) against Assad and the neo-Ba'athist government. The opposition Syrian National Coalition selected Ghassan Hitto as prime minister of a rival provisional government on March 19, 2013 after being invited to do so by several foreign governments and the Arab League.1

General reference

An enlargeable relief map of Syria

Geography of Syria

An enlargeable topographic map of Syria
 Turkey 822 km
 Iraq 605 km
 Jordan 375 km
 Lebanon 375 km
 Israel 76 km

Environment of Syria

Natural geographic features of Syria

Regions of Syria

Ecoregions of Syria

Administrative divisions of Syria

Provinces of Syria
Districts of Syria
Municipalities of Syria

Demography of Syria

Government and politics of Syria

Main article: Government of Syria and Politics of Syria

Branches of the government of Syria

Executive branch of the government of Syria

Legislative branch of the government of Syria

Judicial branch of the government of Syria

Judiciary of Syria

  • High Judicial Council
  • Court system of Syria
    • Court of Cassation of Syria
    • High Constitutional Court of Syria
    • Civil and criminal courts of Syria
    • Military courts of Syria
    • Security courts of Syria
  • Supreme Court of Syria

Foreign relations of Syria

International organization membership

The Syrian Arab Republic is a member of:2

Syria is 1 of only 7 U.N. members which is not a member of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.

Law and order in Syria

Military of Syria

Local government in Syria

History of Syria

Main article: History of Syria, Timeline of Syrian history, and Current events of Syria

History of Syria, by period

History of Syria, by region

History of Syria, by subject

Culture of Syria

Art in Syria

People of Syria

People of Syria

Religion in Syria

Religion in Syria

Sports in Syria

Economy and infrastructure of Syria

Education in Syria

Health in Syria

See also


External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Syria

Cities & Towns

Creative Commons License