In the 1930s Brooke Bond launched PG Tips in the UK tea market under the name of Pre-Gest-Tee. The name implied that the tea could be drunk prior to eating food, as a digestive aid. Grocers and salesmen abbreviated it to PG.1
After the Second World War, labelling regulations ruled out describing tea as aiding digestion—a property previously attributed to tea—and by 1950/1 the PG name was officially adopted. The company added "Tips" referring to the fact that only the tips (the top two leaves and bud) of the tea plants are used in the blend.2
PG Tips is available as loose tea, tea bags, and in vending formats. A "Special Blend" tea, which is the same as the tea blended for the brand's 75th anniversary, is available in tea bag form only.
The tea used in PG Tips is imported in bulk as single estate teas from around the world and blended in precise proportions set by the tea tasters to make blend 777, which can contain between 12 and 35 single estate teas at any one time (depending on season, etc.) at the Trafford Park factory in Manchester.
PG Tags, tea bags with a string, were launched in 1985, and tetrahedron shaped tea bags in 1996 (branded as Pyramid Bags). The tetrahedral bag was designed to help the tea leaves move more freely, as loose tea moves in a teapot, and supposedly create a better infusion. One 1605 version of the product packaging makes the claim: "The PG Tips pyramid tea bag gives the tea leaves 50% more room to move around than a flat conventional tea bag. So the tea bag works more like a miniature tea pot. This allows for all the freshness to be released for the best tasting cup of PG."3 During the T-Birds era, the tetrahedral tea bags were remade with a "freeflow" material, to allow the tea to infuse better.
The Brooke Bond name has now been dropped from all packaging, and the product is now known as PG Tips.
In Scotland, Unilever sells a specially developed blend of PG. It is called Scottish Blend.
In the Republic of Ireland, Unilever sells tea under the Lyons brand.
PG tips, Scottish Blend and Lyons teas are exported by Unilever International, based in Leatherhead, UK and Singapore, through a worldwide network of food distributors. Unilever North America manage PG Tips in the USA since 2011.
As of 2011, a "Special Moments" range was released, initially as the "New Ones". These teas were made by pressing the leaves.
Unlike the blended teas many companies were producing, Brooke’s teas were pure, high-quality teas from India and China. Brooke realized the importance of advertising early on, introducing the slogan, "Good tea unites good company, exhilarates the spirits, banishes restraint from conversation and promotes the happiest purposes of social intercourse."4
In 1956 PG Tips began using anthropomorphic chimpanzees in their TV advertisements. These were dressed in human clothes and were known as the 'Tipps family'. Their voices were often provided by celebrities, such as Peter Sellers and Bob Monkhouse. By 1958 PG Tips had risen from fourth to first place in the British tea market.5 The chimpanzees were from Twycross Zoo in Leicestershire.
These advertisements were stopped in the 1970s after complaints by animal rights organisations. However sales dropped and the chimps were bought back 18 months later. The last 'Tipps family' advert was broadcast in 2002.6 The PG Tips chimps spawned a spin-off in memorabilia, including trading cards and figurines.
The 'Tipps family' were replaced in 2002 with a house-sharing group of claymation birds called the T-Birds, animated by Aardman, the company behind Wallace and Gromit and Chicken Run. In Ireland these commercials were still airing in late 2006, though advertising Lyons Tea (another Unilever brand). This led to PG Tips becoming a major partner with Wallace and Gromit's first film The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, launched in October 2005. PG offered "Gromit" mugs on pack in the supermarket. According to The Grocer magazine, Unilever reported that during this "Gromit" mug promotion, PG Tips sales increased 600 percent. Wallace and Gromit also appeared in an advert with Lady Tottington (another character from the film) around the same time.
PG Tips also produced a long-running series of trade cards as give-aways. These cards ceased production in 1999 after a survey of customers showed that they were not contributing to developing the business.citation needed
In 2005, PG Tips celebrated its 75th anniversary with special packs, including a limited edition Golden pack and a one-off Diamond tea bag. The Diamond tea bag cost £7,500 and was made by Boodles jewelers and used Makaibari Silver Tips (Imperial).
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In 2007, PG Tips reunited Johnny Vegas and the ITV Digital Monkey character puppeteered by Nigel Plaskitt and Susan Beattie, voiced by Ben Miller and made by Paul Jomain, following a holiday TV special about famously bad decisions (ITV Digital's launch) where they featured briefly. ITV Digital was a British digital terrestrial television broadcaster, which launched a pay-TV service on the world's first digital terrestrial television network and ceased broadcasting in May 2002.
The Monkey character pointedly explains he's not a chimpanzee, he's a monkey, a nod to PG Tips' chimpanzee family.
One of the adverts was a spoof of the "deli scene" from the movie When Harry Met Sally; in the advert Monkey describes the taste of PG Tips by saying "Oh Yes" repeatedly like in the movie, finishing with a woman in the table nearby asking the waiter "I'll have whatever he's having". The ad ends with the tagline "How would you describe the taste?". It was first shown on 3 February 2010.7
When PG Tips released the "Special Moments" range (initially "The New Ones"), another advert was released to advertise the "Fresh" one. It featured Monkey and Al out rambling. Monkey says to Al that they need a cup of the "Fresh" one. Al takes so long to decide how the tea tastes that before he can come to a conclusion, Monkey has been swept away by an eagle. This advert was later modified showing Monkey being dropped off in the eagle's nest with the four flavours of the Special Moments range, as well as two eagle chicks, next to him
|A Tale of Two Continents|
|Release dates||21 March 2008(cinema)|
|Running time||9 minutes|
A short film entitled A Tale of Two Continents was released in March 2008.8 It is an adventure film parody, starring Monkey "wanting to change the world one tea at a time". It was shown in cinemas from 21 March 2008 until 10 April, before showings of family films such as The Spiderwick Chronicles and Horton Hears a Who. It was also given free in special limited edition versions of PG Tips in early 2008 as an EcoDisc, a type of DVD that is thinner and more flexible due to it being made of a single layer of polycarbonate, instead of two layers. The limited edition package also featured a teatowel of the EcoDisc cover, described as the "official merchandise" of the film.
In May 2007, Unilever became the first company to commit to sourcing all its tea in a sustainable manner.91011 To that end, the company asked the Rainforest Alliance, an international environmental NGO to start certifying tea estates in East Africa.1213 As of April 2012 all of the tea used in PG Tips is Rainforest Alliance certified.14
In 2011 the maker of PG Tips also stated it is to stop testing its teas on animals.15
- Tetley, PG tips' main competitor
- Lipton, another brand of tea also owned/made by the same company (Unilever) as PG tips.
- Typhoo tea, UK's third leading brand.
- "How would you describe the taste?" (Al and Monkey)
- "Do your bit, put the kettle on" (Al and Monkey)
- "We All Need a PG Moment" (used during the T-Birds era)
- "There's no other tea to beat PG" (later chimp ads), followed by "It's the taste!" spoken by a chimp
- "Dad, do you know the piano's on my foot?" MR SHIFTER: You hum it son, I'll play it!
- "Avez-vous un cuppa?" (Tour De France)
- "It's the Tea you can really Taste" (Earlier chimp ads)
- "PG Tips: A Manchester brew". BBC. March 1, 2005. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "History of PG Tips". English Tea Store. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "PG Tips Tea, Popular Brands". FamousFoods.com. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- History of PG Tips
- "Inside Story: The PG Tips ads". London: The Independent. 17 March 2008.
- Leonard, Tom (12 Jan 2002). "After 45 years the PG Tips chimps retire". London: The Telegraph.
- Sweney, Mark (1 February 2010). "PG Tips spoofs When Harry Met Sally in latest Monkey ad". London: guardian.co.uk.
- Sweney, Mark (4 March 2008). "Advertising (media),Media,UK news". The Guardian (London).
- Mortished, Carl (May 25, 2007). "Unilever seeks approval of its tea’s green credentials". The Times (London).
- Button, Martin (August 12, 2009). "Unilever recently announced plans to source our entire tea supply sustainably". News Vendor – The Blog of UK Vending Ltd. WordPress.com. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
- "Unilever commits to sourcing all its tea from sustainable ethical sources" (Press release). Unilever PLC. 2007-05-25.
- "Unilever commits to sourcing all its tea from sustainable ethical sources" (Press release). Unilever. (Archived June 17, 2007 at the Wayback Machine)
- "Time to brew up a sustainable cuppa". The Independent (London). 5 December 2007.
- "PG Tips tea - sustainable tea certified by the Rainforest Alliance". Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- Foley, Stephen (3 February 2011). The Independent (London) http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/food-and-drink/news/pg-tips-maker-agrees-to-halt-animal-tests-on-its-tea-2202615.html
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